Guide to the Secure Configuration of Debian 12

with profile ANSSI-BP-028 (intermediary)
This profile contains configurations that align to ANSSI-BP-028 v2.0 at the intermediary hardening level. ANSSI is the French National Information Security Agency, and stands for Agence nationale de la sécurité des systèmes d'information. ANSSI-BP-028 is a configuration recommendation for GNU/Linux systems. A copy of the ANSSI-BP-028 can be found at the ANSSI website: https://www.ssi.gouv.fr/administration/guide/recommandations-de-securite-relatives-a-un-systeme-gnulinux/
This guide presents a catalog of security-relevant configuration settings for Debian 12. It is a rendering of content structured in the eXtensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF) in order to support security automation. The SCAP content is is available in the scap-security-guide package which is developed at https://www.open-scap.org/security-policies/scap-security-guide.

Providing system administrators with such guidance informs them how to securely configure systems under their control in a variety of network roles. Policy makers and baseline creators can use this catalog of settings, with its associated references to higher-level security control catalogs, in order to assist them in security baseline creation. This guide is a catalog, not a checklist, and satisfaction of every item is not likely to be possible or sensible in many operational scenarios. However, the XCCDF format enables granular selection and adjustment of settings, and their association with OVAL and OCIL content provides an automated checking capability. Transformations of this document, and its associated automated checking content, are capable of providing baselines that meet a diverse set of policy objectives. Some example XCCDF Profiles, which are selections of items that form checklists and can be used as baselines, are available with this guide. They can be processed, in an automated fashion, with tools that support the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP). The DISA STIG, which provides required settings for US Department of Defense systems, is one example of a baseline created from this guidance.
Do not attempt to implement any of the settings in this guide without first testing them in a non-operational environment. The creators of this guidance assume no responsibility whatsoever for its use by other parties, and makes no guarantees, expressed or implied, about its quality, reliability, or any other characteristic.

Profile Information

Profile TitleANSSI-BP-028 (intermediary)
Profile IDxccdf_org.ssgproject.content_profile_anssi_bp28_intermediary

CPE Platforms

  • cpe:/o:debian:debian_linux:12

Revision History

Current version: 0.1.74

  • draft (as of 2024-06-20)

Table of Contents

  1. System Settings
    1. Installing and Maintaining Software
    2. Account and Access Control
    3. GRUB2 bootloader configuration
    4. Network Configuration and Firewalls
    5. File Permissions and Masks
    6. SELinux
  2. Services
    1. DHCP
    2. Mail Server Software
    3. Network Time Protocol
    4. Obsolete Services
    5. SSH Server
  3. System Accounting with auditd
    1. Configure auditd Rules for Comprehensive Auditing

Checklist

Group   Guide to the Secure Configuration of Debian 12   Group contains 61 groups and 220 rules
Group   System Settings   Group contains 42 groups and 189 rules
[ref]   Contains rules that check correct system settings.
Group   Installing and Maintaining Software   Group contains 6 groups and 28 rules
[ref]   The following sections contain information on security-relevant choices during the initial operating system installation process and the setup of software updates.
Group   System and Software Integrity   Group contains 2 groups and 2 rules
[ref]   System and software integrity can be gained by installing antivirus, increasing system encryption strength with FIPS, verifying installed software, enabling SELinux, installing an Intrusion Prevention System, etc. However, installing or enabling integrity checking tools cannot prevent intrusions, but they can detect that an intrusion may have occurred. Requirements for integrity checking may be highly dependent on the environment in which the system will be used. Snapshot-based approaches such as AIDE may induce considerable overhead in the presence of frequent software updates.
Group   Software Integrity Checking   Group contains 1 group and 2 rules
[ref]   Both the AIDE (Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment) software and the RPM package management system provide mechanisms for verifying the integrity of installed software. AIDE uses snapshots of file metadata (such as hashes) and compares these to current system files in order to detect changes.

The RPM package management system can conduct integrity checks by comparing information in its metadata database with files installed on the system.
Group   Verify Integrity with AIDE   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   AIDE conducts integrity checks by comparing information about files with previously-gathered information. Ideally, the AIDE database is created immediately after initial system configuration, and then again after any software update. AIDE is highly configurable, with further configuration information located in /usr/share/doc/aide-VERSION .

Rule   Install AIDE   [ref]

The aide package can be installed with the following command:
$ apt-get install aide
Rationale:
The AIDE package must be installed if it is to be available for integrity checking.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_aide_installed
References:
cis-csc1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9
cjis5.10.1.3
cobit5APO01.06, BAI01.06, BAI02.01, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS04.07, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06
disaCCI-002696, CCI-002699, CCI-001744
isa-62443-20094.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4
isa-62443-2013SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.6
ism1034, 1288, 1341, 1417
iso27001-2013A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.8.2.3
nistCM-6(a)
nist-csfDE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.DS-1, PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3
pcidssReq-11.5
os-srgSRG-OS-000445-GPOS-00199
anssiR76, R79
pcidss411.5.2


[[packages]]
name = "aide"
version = "*"

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Ensure aide is installed
  package:
    name: aide
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - package_aide_installed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
include install_aide

class install_aide {
  package { 'aide':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -y "aide"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Build and Test AIDE Database   [ref]

Run the following command to generate a new database:
$ sudo aideinit
By default, the database will be written to the file /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new. Storing the database, the configuration file /etc/aide.conf, and the binary /usr/sbin/aide (or hashes of these files), in a secure location (such as on read-only media) provides additional assurance about their integrity. The newly-generated database can be installed as follows:
$ sudo cp /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new /var/lib/aide/aide.db
To initiate a manual check, run the following command:
$ sudo /usr/sbin/aide --check
If this check produces any unexpected output, investigate.
Rationale:
For AIDE to be effective, an initial database of "known-good" information about files must be captured and it should be able to be verified against the installed files.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_build_database
References:
cis-csc1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9
cjis5.10.1.3
cobit5APO01.06, BAI01.06, BAI02.01, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS04.07, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06
isa-62443-20094.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4
isa-62443-2013SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.8.2.3
nistCM-6(a)
nist-csfDE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.DS-1, PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3
pcidssReq-11.5
os-srgSRG-OS-000445-GPOS-00199
anssiR76, R79
pcidss411.5.2

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Ensure AIDE Is Installed
  ansible.builtin.apt:
    name: aide
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Check if DB Path in /etc/aide/aide.conf Is
    Already Set
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/aide/aide.conf
    regexp: ^#?(\s*)(database=)(.*)$
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: database_replace
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Check if DB Out Path in /etc/aide/aide.conf
    Is Already Set
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/aide/aide.conf
    regexp: ^#?(\s*)(database_out=)(.*)$
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: database_out_replace
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Fix DB Path in Config File if Necessary
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/aide/aide.conf
    regexp: ^#?(\s*)(database)(\s*)=(\s*)(.*)$
    line: \2\3=\4file:/var/lib/aide/aide.db
    backrefs: true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - database_replace.found > 0
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Fix DB Out Path in Config File if Necessary
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/aide/aide.conf
    regexp: ^#?(\s*)(database_out)(\s*)=(\s*)(.*)$
    line: \2\3=\4file:/var/lib/aide/aide.db.new
    backrefs: true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - database_out_replace.found > 0
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Ensure the Default DB Path is Added
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/aide/aide.conf
    line: database=file:/var/lib/aide/aide.db
    create: true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - database_replace.found == 0
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Ensure the Default Out Path is Added
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/aide/aide.conf
    line: database_out=file:/var/lib/aide/aide.db.new
    create: true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - database_out_replace.found == 0
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Build and Test AIDE Database
  ansible.builtin.command: /usr/sbin/aideinit -y -f
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -y "aide"

AIDE_CONFIG=/etc/aide/aide.conf
DEFAULT_DB_PATH=/var/lib/aide/aide.db

# Fix db path in the config file, if necessary
if ! grep -q '^database=file:' ${AIDE_CONFIG}; then
    # replace_or_append gets confused by 'database=file' as a key, so should not be used.
    #replace_or_append "${AIDE_CONFIG}" '^database=file' "${DEFAULT_DB_PATH}" '@CCENUM@' '%s:%s'
    echo "database=file:${DEFAULT_DB_PATH}" >> ${AIDE_CONFIG}
fi

# Fix db out path in the config file, if necessary
if ! grep -q '^database_out=file:' ${AIDE_CONFIG}; then
    echo "database_out=file:${DEFAULT_DB_PATH}.new" >> ${AIDE_CONFIG}
fi

/usr/sbin/aideinit -y -f

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Disk Partitioning   Group contains 9 rules
[ref]   To ensure separation and protection of data, there are top-level system directories which should be placed on their own physical partition or logical volume. The installer's default partitioning scheme creates separate logical volumes for /, /boot, and swap.
  • If starting with any of the default layouts, check the box to \"Review and modify partitioning.\" This allows for the easy creation of additional logical volumes inside the volume group already created, though it may require making /'s logical volume smaller to create space. In general, using logical volumes is preferable to using partitions because they can be more easily adjusted later.
  • If creating a custom layout, create the partitions mentioned in the previous paragraph (which the installer will require anyway), as well as separate ones described in the following sections.
If a system has already been installed, and the default partitioning scheme was used, it is possible but nontrivial to modify it to create separate logical volumes for the directories listed above. The Logical Volume Manager (LVM) makes this possible. See the LVM HOWTO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/ for more detailed information on LVM.

Rule   Ensure /boot Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

It is recommended that the /boot directory resides on a separate partition. This makes it easier to apply restrictions e.g. through the noexec mount option. Eventually, the /boot partition can be configured not to be mounted automatically with the noauto mount option.
Rationale:
The /boot partition contains the kernel and bootloader files. Access to this partition should be restricted.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_boot
References:
anssiR28

Rule   Ensure /home Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

If user home directories will be stored locally, create a separate partition for /home at installation time (or migrate it later using LVM). If /home will be mounted from another system such as an NFS server, then creating a separate partition is not necessary at installation time, and the mountpoint can instead be configured later.
Rationale:
Ensuring that /home is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, and also helps ensure that users cannot trivially fill partitions used for log or audit data storage.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_home
References:
cis-csc12, 15, 8
cobit5APO13.01, DSS05.02
disaCCI-000366, CCI-001208
isa-62443-2013SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3
nistCM-6(a), SC-5(2)
nist-csfPR.PT-4
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR28

Rule   Ensure /opt Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

It is recommended that the /opt directory resides on a separate partition.
Rationale:
The /opt partition contains additional software, usually installed outside the packaging system. Putting this directory on a separate partition makes it easier to apply restrictions e.g. through the nosuid mount option.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_opt
References:
anssiR28

Rule   Ensure /srv Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

If a file server (FTP, TFTP...) is hosted locally, create a separate partition for /srv at installation time (or migrate it later using LVM). If /srv will be mounted from another system such as an NFS server, then creating a separate partition is not necessary at installation time, and the mountpoint can instead be configured later.
Rationale:
Srv deserves files for local network file server such as FTP. Ensuring that /srv is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, and also helps ensure that users cannot trivially fill partitions used for log or audit data storage.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_srv
References:
anssiR28

Rule   Ensure /usr Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

It is recommended that the /usr directory resides on a separate partition.
Rationale:
The /usr partition contains system software, utilities and files. Putting it on a separate partition allows limiting its size and applying restrictions through mount options.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_usr
References:
anssiR28

Rule   Ensure /var Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

The /var directory is used by daemons and other system services to store frequently-changing data. Ensure that /var has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
Ensuring that /var is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options. This helps protect system services such as daemons or other programs which use it. It is not uncommon for the /var directory to contain world-writable directories installed by other software packages.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var
References:
cis-csc12, 15, 8
cobit5APO13.01, DSS05.02
disaCCI-000366
isa-62443-2013SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3
nistCM-6(a), SC-5(2)
nist-csfPR.PT-4
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR28

Rule   Ensure /var/log Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

System logs are stored in the /var/log directory. Ensure that /var/log has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
Placing /var/log in its own partition enables better separation between log files and other files in /var/.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_log
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 14, 15, 16, 3, 5, 6, 8
cobit5APO11.04, APO13.01, BAI03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, MEA02.01
disaCCI-000366
isa-62443-20094.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4
isa-62443-2013SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3
nerc-cipCIP-007-3 R6.5
nistCM-6(a), AU-4, SC-5(2)
nist-csfPR.PT-1, PR.PT-4
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR28

Rule   Ensure /var/tmp Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

The /var/tmp directory is a world-writable directory used for temporary file storage. Ensure it has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
The /var/tmp partition is used as temporary storage by many programs. Placing /var/tmp in its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, which can help protect programs which use it.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_tmp
References:
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR28

Rule   Ensure tmp.mount Unit Us Enabled   [ref]

The /tmp directory is a world-writable directory used for temporary file storage. This directory is managed by systemd-tmpfiles. Ensure that the tmp.mount systemd unit is enabled.
Rationale:
The /tmp directory is used as temporary storage by many programs. Placing /tmp in a tmpfs filesystem enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, which can help protect programs which use it. The tmp.mount unit configures the tmpfs filesystem and ensures the /tmp directory is wiped during reboot.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_systemd_tmp_mount_enabled
References:
anssiR28

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Enable mount tmp
  ansible.builtin.systemd:
    name: tmp.mount
    enabled: 'yes'
    state: started
    masked: 'false'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - systemd_tmp_mount_enabled

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

SYSTEMCTL_EXEC='/usr/bin/systemctl'
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" unmask 'tmp.mount'
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" start 'tmp.mount'
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" enable 'tmp.mount'

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Sudo   Group contains 16 rules
[ref]   Sudo, which stands for "su 'do'", provides the ability to delegate authority to certain users, groups of users, or system administrators. When configured for system users and/or groups, Sudo can allow a user or group to execute privileged commands that normally only root is allowed to execute.

For more information on Sudo and addition Sudo configuration options, see https://www.sudo.ws.

Rule   Install sudo Package   [ref]

The sudo package can be installed with the following command:
$ apt-get install sudo
Rationale:
sudo is a program designed to allow a system administrator to give limited root privileges to users and log root activity. The basic philosophy is to give as few privileges as possible but still allow system users to get their work done.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_sudo_installed
References:
ism1382, 1384, 1386
nistCM-6(a)
osppFMT_MOF_EXT.1
os-srgSRG-OS-000324-GPOS-00125
anssiR33
pcidss42.2.6


[[packages]]
name = "sudo"
version = "*"

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Ensure sudo is installed
  package:
    name: sudo
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSSv4-2.2.6
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - package_sudo_installed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
include install_sudo

class install_sudo {
  package { 'sudo':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -y "sudo"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify Group Who Owns /etc/sudoers.d Directory   [ref]

To properly set the group owner of /etc/sudoers.d, run the command:
$ sudo chgrp root /etc/sudoers.d
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/sudoers.d directory by the root group is important because this directory hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this directory is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_groupowner_etc_sudoersd
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Ensure group owner on /etc/sudoers.d/
  file:
    path: /etc/sudoers.d/
    state: directory
    group: root
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_groupowner_etc_sudoersd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
find -H /etc/sudoers.d/ -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec chgrp root {} \;

Rule   Verify User Who Owns /etc/sudoers.d Directory   [ref]

To properly set the owner of /etc/sudoers.d, run the command:
$ sudo chown root /etc/sudoers.d 
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/sudoers.d directory by the root user is important because this directory hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this directory is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_owner_etc_sudoersd
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Ensure owner on directory /etc/sudoers.d/
  file:
    path: /etc/sudoers.d/
    state: directory
    owner: '0'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_owner_etc_sudoersd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
find -H /etc/sudoers.d/ -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec chown 0 {} \;

Rule   Verify Permissions On /etc/sudoers.d Directory   [ref]

To properly set the permissions of /etc/sudoers.d, run the command:
$ sudo chmod 0750 /etc/sudoers.d
Rationale:
Setting correct permissions on the /etc/sudoers.d directory is important because this directory hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this directory is critical for system security. Restricting the permissions ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_permissions_etc_sudoersd
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Find /etc/sudoers.d/ file(s)
  command: 'find -H /etc/sudoers.d/ -maxdepth 1 -perm /u+s,g+ws,o+xwrt  -type d '
  register: files_found
  changed_when: false
  failed_when: false
  check_mode: false
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_permissions_etc_sudoersd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set permissions for /etc/sudoers.d/ file(s)
  file:
    path: '{{ item }}'
    mode: u-s,g-ws,o-xwrt
    state: directory
  with_items:
  - '{{ files_found.stdout_lines }}'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_permissions_etc_sudoersd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure





find -H /etc/sudoers.d/ -maxdepth 1 -perm /u+s,g+ws,o+xwrt -type d -exec chmod u-s,g-ws,o-xwrt {} \;

Rule   Verify Group Who Owns /etc/sudoers File   [ref]

To properly set the group owner of /etc/sudoers, run the command:
$ sudo chgrp root /etc/sudoers
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/sudoers file by the root group is important because this file hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_groupowner_etc_sudoers
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Test for existence /etc/sudoers
  stat:
    path: /etc/sudoers
  register: file_exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_groupowner_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure group owner root on /etc/sudoers
  file:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    group: root
  when: file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_groupowner_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
chgrp root /etc/sudoers

Rule   Verify User Who Owns /etc/sudoers File   [ref]

To properly set the owner of /etc/sudoers, run the command:
$ sudo chown root /etc/sudoers 
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/sudoers file by the root user is important because this file hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_owner_etc_sudoers
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Test for existence /etc/sudoers
  stat:
    path: /etc/sudoers
  register: file_exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_owner_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure owner 0 on /etc/sudoers
  file:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    owner: '0'
  when: file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_owner_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
chown 0 /etc/sudoers

Rule   Verify Permissions On /etc/sudoers File   [ref]

To properly set the permissions of /etc/sudoers, run the command:
$ sudo chmod 0440 /etc/sudoers
Rationale:
Setting correct permissions on the /etc/sudoers file is important because this file hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Restricting the permissions ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_permissions_etc_sudoers
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Test for existence /etc/sudoers
  stat:
    path: /etc/sudoers
  register: file_exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure permission u-xws,g-xws,o-xwrt on /etc/sudoers
  file:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    mode: u-xws,g-xws,o-xwrt
  when: file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure





chmod u-xws,g-xws,o-xwrt /etc/sudoers

Rule   Ensure sudo Runs In A Minimal Environment - sudo env_reset   [ref]

The sudo env_reset tag, when specified, will run the command in a minimal environment, containing the TERM, PATH, HOME, MAIL, SHELL, LOGNAME, USER and SUDO_* variables. This should be enabled by making sure that the env_reset tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Forcing sudo to reset the environment ensures that environment variables are not passed on to the command accidentaly, preventing leak of potentially sensitive information.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_env_reset
References:
anssiR39

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure env_reset is enabled in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults.*\benv_reset\b.*$
    line: Defaults env_reset
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  tags:
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_env_reset

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\benv_reset\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option env_reset
        echo "Defaults env_reset" >> /etc/sudoers
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

Rule   Ensure sudo Ignores Commands In Current Dir - sudo ignore_dot   [ref]

The sudo ignore_dot tag, when specified, will ignore the current directory in the PATH environment variable. This should be enabled by making sure that the ignore_dot tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Ignoring the commands in the user's current directory prevents an attacker from executing commands downloaded locally.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_ignore_dot
References:
anssiR39

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure ignore_dot is enabled in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults.*\bignore_dot\b.*$
    line: Defaults ignore_dot
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  tags:
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_ignore_dot

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\bignore_dot\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option ignore_dot
        echo "Defaults ignore_dot" >> /etc/sudoers
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

Rule   Ensure Privileged Escalated Commands Cannot Execute Other Commands - sudo NOEXEC   [ref]

The sudo NOEXEC tag, when specified, prevents user executed commands from executing other commands, like a shell for example. This should be enabled by making sure that the NOEXEC tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Restricting the capability of sudo allowed commands to execute sub-commands prevents users from running programs with privileges they wouldn't have otherwise.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_noexec
References:
anssiR39

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure noexec is enabled in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults.*\bnoexec\b.*$
    line: Defaults noexec
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  tags:
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_noexec

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\bnoexec\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option noexec
        echo "Defaults noexec" >> /etc/sudoers
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

Rule   Ensure Only Users Logged In To Real tty Can Execute Sudo - sudo requiretty   [ref]

The sudo requiretty tag, when specified, will only execute sudo commands from users logged in to a real tty. This should be enabled by making sure that the requiretty tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Restricting the use cases in which a user is allowed to execute sudo commands reduces the attack surface.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_requiretty
References:
anssiR39

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure requiretty is enabled in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults.*\brequiretty\b.*$
    line: Defaults requiretty
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  tags:
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_requiretty

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\brequiretty\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option requiretty
        echo "Defaults requiretty" >> /etc/sudoers
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

Rule   Ensure sudo umask is appropriate - sudo umask   [ref]

The sudo umask tag, when specified, will be added the to the user's umask in the command environment. The umask should be configured by making sure that the umask=0077 tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
The umask value influences the permissions assigned to files when they are created. A misconfigured umask value could result in files with excessive permissions that can be read or written to by unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_umask
References:
anssiR39

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_sudo_umask # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_sudo_umask: !!str 0077
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure umask is enabled with the appropriate value in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults\s(.*)\bumask=[-]?.+\b(.*)$
    line: Defaults \1umask={{ var_sudo_umask }}\2
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
    backrefs: true
  register: edit_sudoers_umask_option
  tags:
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_umask

- name: Enable umask option with appropriate value in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    line: Defaults umask={{ var_sudo_umask }}
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  when: edit_sudoers_umask_option is defined and not edit_sudoers_umask_option.changed
  tags:
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_umask

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict


var_sudo_umask='0077'


if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\bumask=\w+\b\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option umask
        echo "Defaults umask=${var_sudo_umask}" >> /etc/sudoers
    else
        # sudoers file defines Option umask, remediate if appropriate value is not set
        if ! grep -P "^[\s]*Defaults.*\bumask=${var_sudo_umask}\b.*$" /etc/sudoers; then
            
            escaped_variable=${var_sudo_umask//$'/'/$'\/'}
            sed -Ei "s/(^[\s]*Defaults.*\bumask=)[-]?.+(\b.*$)/\1$escaped_variable\2/" /etc/sudoers
        fi
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

Rule   Ensure Only Users Logged In To Real tty Can Execute Sudo - sudo use_pty   [ref]

The sudo use_pty tag, when specified, will only execute sudo commands from users logged in to a real tty. This should be enabled by making sure that the use_pty tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Requiring that sudo commands be run in a pseudo-terminal can prevent an attacker from retaining access to the user's terminal after the main program has finished executing.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_use_pty
References:
pcidssReq-10.2.5
anssiR39
pcidss42.2.6

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-2.2.6
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_use_pty

- name: Ensure use_pty is enabled in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults.*\buse_pty\b.*$
    line: Defaults use_pty
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-2.2.6
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_use_pty

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'sudo' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\buse_pty\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option use_pty
        echo "Defaults use_pty" >> /etc/sudoers
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Explicit arguments in sudo specifications   [ref]

All commands in the sudoers file must strictly specify the arguments allowed to be used for a given user. If the command is supposed to be executed only without arguments, pass "" as an argument in the corresponding user specification.
Warning:  This rule doesn't come with a remediation, as absence of arguments in the user spec doesn't mean that the command is intended to be executed with no arguments.
Warning:  The rule can produce false findings when an argument contains a comma - sudoers syntax allows comma escaping using backslash, but the check doesn't support that. For example, root ALL=(ALL) echo 1\,2 allows root to execute echo 1,2, but the check would interpret it as two commands echo 1\ and 2.
Rationale:
Any argument can modify quite significantly the behavior of a program, whether regarding the realized operation (read, write, delete, etc.) or accessed resources (path in a file system tree). To avoid any possibility of misuse of a command by a user, the ambiguities must be removed at the level of its specification. For example, on some systems, the kernel messages are only accessible by root. If a user nevertheless must have the privileges to read them, the argument of the dmesg command has to be restricted in order to prevent the user from flushing the buffer through the -c option:
user ALL = dmesg ""
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudoers_explicit_command_args
References:
anssiR43

Rule   Don't define allowed commands in sudoers by means of exclusion   [ref]

Policies applied by sudo through the sudoers file should not involve negation. Each user specification in the sudoers file contains a comma-delimited list of command specifications. The definition can make use glob patterns, as well as of negations. Indirect definition of those commands by means of exclusion of a set of commands is trivial to bypass, so it is not allowed to use such constructs.
Warning:  This rule doesn't come with a remediation, as negations indicate design issues with the sudoers user specifications design. Just removing negations doesn't increase the security - you typically have to rethink the definition of allowed commands to fix the issue.
Rationale:
Specifying access right using negation is inefficient and can be easily circumvented. For example, it is expected that a specification like
# To avoid absolutely , this rule can be easily circumvented!
user ALL = ALL ,!/ bin/sh
prevents the execution of the shell but that’s not the case: just copy the binary /bin/sh to a different name to make it executable again through the rule keyword ALL.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudoers_no_command_negation
References:
anssiR42

Rule   Don't target root user in the sudoers file   [ref]

The targeted users of a user specification should be, as much as possible, non privileged users (i.e.: non-root). User specifications have to explicitly list the runas spec (i.e. the list of target users that can be impersonated), and ALL or root should not be used.
Warning:  This rule doesn't come with a remediation, as the exact requirement allows exceptions, and removing lines from the sudoers file can make the system non-administrable.
Rationale:
It is common that the command to be executed does not require superuser rights (editing a file whose the owner is not root, sending a signal to an unprivileged process,etc.). In order to limit any attempt of privilege escalation through a command, it is better to apply normal user rights.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudoers_no_root_target
References:
anssiR40
Group   Updating Software   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The apt_get command line tool is used to install and update software packages. The system also provides a graphical software update tool in the System menu, in the Administration submenu, called Software Update.

Debian 12 systems contain an installed software catalog called the RPM database, which records metadata of installed packages. Consistently using apt_get or the graphical Software Update for all software installation allows for insight into the current inventory of installed software on the system.

Rule   Ensure Software Patches Installed   [ref]

If the system has an apt repository available, run the following command to install updates:
$ apt update && apt full-upgrade


NOTE: U.S. Defense systems are required to be patched within 30 days or sooner as local policy dictates.
Warning:  The OVAL feed of Debian 12 is not a XML file, which may not be understood by all scanners.
Rationale:
Installing software updates is a fundamental mitigation against the exploitation of publicly-known vulnerabilities. If the most recent security patches and updates are not installed, unauthorized users may take advantage of weaknesses in the unpatched software. The lack of prompt attention to patching could result in a system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_security_patches_up_to_date
References:
cis-csc18, 20, 4
cjis5.10.4.1
cobit5APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, BAI03.10, DSS05.01, DSS05.02
disaCCI-000366, CCI-001227
isa-62443-20094.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9
iso27001-2013A.12.6.1, A.14.2.3, A.16.1.3, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3
nistSI-2(5), SI-2(c), CM-6(a)
nist-csfID.RA-1, PR.IP-12
osppFMT_MOF_EXT.1
pcidssReq-6.2
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR61
pcidss46.3.3
Group   Account and Access Control   Group contains 11 groups and 24 rules
[ref]   In traditional Unix security, if an attacker gains shell access to a certain login account, they can perform any action or access any file to which that account has access. Therefore, making it more difficult for unauthorized people to gain shell access to accounts, particularly to privileged accounts, is a necessary part of securing a system. This section introduces mechanisms for restricting access to accounts under Debian 12.
Group   Protect Accounts by Configuring PAM   Group contains 4 groups and 13 rules
[ref]   PAM, or Pluggable Authentication Modules, is a system which implements modular authentication for Linux programs. PAM provides a flexible and configurable architecture for authentication, and it should be configured to minimize exposure to unnecessary risk. This section contains guidance on how to accomplish that.

PAM is implemented as a set of shared objects which are loaded and invoked whenever an application wishes to authenticate a user. Typically, the application must be running as root in order to take advantage of PAM, because PAM's modules often need to be able to access sensitive stores of account information, such as /etc/shadow. Traditional privileged network listeners (e.g. sshd) or SUID programs (e.g. sudo) already meet this requirement. An SUID root application, userhelper, is provided so that programs which are not SUID or privileged themselves can still take advantage of PAM.

PAM looks in the directory /etc/pam.d for application-specific configuration information. For instance, if the program login attempts to authenticate a user, then PAM's libraries follow the instructions in the file /etc/pam.d/login to determine what actions should be taken.

One very important file in /etc/pam.d is /etc/pam.d/system-auth. This file, which is included by many other PAM configuration files, defines 'default' system authentication measures. Modifying this file is a good way to make far-reaching authentication changes, for instance when implementing a centralized authentication service.
Warning:  Be careful when making changes to PAM's configuration files. The syntax for these files is complex, and modifications can have unexpected consequences. The default configurations shipped with applications should be sufficient for most users.
Warning:  Running authconfig or system-config-authentication will re-write the PAM configuration files, destroying any manually made changes and replacing them with a series of system defaults. One reference to the configuration file syntax can be found at https://fossies.org/linux/Linux-PAM-docs/doc/sag/Linux-PAM_SAG.pdf.
Group   Set Lockouts for Failed Password Attempts   Group contains 4 rules
[ref]   The pam_faillock PAM module provides the capability to lock out user accounts after a number of failed login attempts. Its documentation is available in /usr/share/doc/pam-VERSION/txts/README.pam_faillock.

Warning:  Locking out user accounts presents the risk of a denial-of-service attack. The lockout policy must weigh whether the risk of such a denial-of-service attack outweighs the benefits of thwarting password guessing attacks.

Rule   Limit Password Reuse   [ref]

Do not allow users to reuse recent passwords. This can be accomplished by using the remember option for the pam_unix or pam_pwhistory PAM modules.
Warning:  If the system relies on authselect tool to manage PAM settings, the remediation will also use authselect tool. However, if any manual modification was made in PAM files, the authselect integrity check will fail and the remediation will be aborted in order to preserve intentional changes. In this case, an informative message will be shown in the remediation report.
Warning:  Newer versions of authselect contain an authselect feature to easily and properly enable pam_pwhistory.so module. If this feature is not yet available in your system, an authselect custom profile must be used to avoid integrity issues in PAM files.
Rationale:
Preventing re-use of previous passwords helps ensure that a compromised password is not re-used by a user.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16, 5
cjis5.6.2.1.1
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
cui3.5.8
disaCCI-000200
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistIA-5(f), IA-5(1)(e)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7
pcidssReq-8.2.5
os-srgSRG-OS-000077-GPOS-00045
anssiR31
pcidss48.3.7

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(f)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_unix_remember # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_unix_remember: !!str 2
  tags:
    - always

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if the required PAM module option is present
    in /etc/pam.d/common-password
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^\s*password\s+\[success=[A-Za-z0-9].*\]\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*\sremember\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module_remember_option_present
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(f)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the "remember" PAM option for "pam_unix.so"
    is included in /etc/pam.d/common-password
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+\[success=[A-Za-z0-9].*\]\s+pam_unix.so.*)
    line: \1 remember={{ var_password_pam_unix_remember }}
    state: present
  register: result_pam_remember_add
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_remember_option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(f)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the required value for "remember" PAM option
    from "pam_unix.so" in /etc/pam.d/common-password
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+\[success=[A-Za-z0-9].*\]\s+pam_unix.so\s+.*)(remember)=[0-9a-zA-Z]+\s*(.*)
    line: \1\2={{ var_password_pam_unix_remember }} \3
  register: result_pam_remember_edit
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_remember_option_present.found > 0
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(f)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_password_pam_unix_remember='2'






if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
    valueRegex="$var_password_pam_unix_remember" defaultValue="$var_password_pam_unix_remember"
    # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
    [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
    # add an equals sign to non-empty values
    [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

    # fix 'type' if it's wrong
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*(?"'!'"password\\s)[[:alnum:]]+\\s+[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_unix.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*)[[:alnum:]]+(\\s+[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_unix.so)/\\1password\\2/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    fi

    # fix 'control' if it's wrong
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+(?"'!'"\[success=[[:alnum:]].*\])[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_unix.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+)[[:alnum:]]+(\\s+pam_unix.so)/\\1\[success=[[:alnum:]].*\]\\2/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    fi

    # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+\[success=[[:alnum:]].*\]\\s+pam_unix.so(\\s.+)?\\s+remember(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+\[success=[[:alnum:]].*\]\\s+pam_unix.so(\\s.+)?\\s)remember=[^[:space:]]*/\\1remember${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

    # add 'option=default' if option is not set
    elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+\[success=[[:alnum:]].*\]\\s+pam_unix.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
            grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+\[success=[[:alnum:]].*\]\\s+pam_unix.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\sremember(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+\[success=[[:alnum:]].*\]\\s+pam_unix.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 remember${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    # add a new entry if none exists
    elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+\[success=[[:alnum:]].*\]\\s+pam_unix.so(\\s.+)?\\s+remember${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
        echo "password \[success=[[:alnum:]].*\] pam_unix.so remember${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    fi
else
    echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts   [ref]

This rule configures the system to lock out accounts after a number of incorrect login attempts using pam_faillock.so. pam_faillock.so module requires multiple entries in pam files. These entries must be carefully defined to work as expected. Ensure that the file /etc/security/faillock.conf contains the following entry: deny = <count> Where count should be less than or equal to 3 and greater than 0.
Warning:  If the system relies on authselect tool to manage PAM settings, the remediation will also use authselect tool. However, if any manual modification was made in PAM files, the authselect integrity check will fail and the remediation will be aborted in order to preserve intentional changes. In this case, an informative message will be shown in the remediation report. If the system supports the /etc/security/faillock.conf file, the pam_faillock parameters should be defined in faillock.conf file.
Rationale:
By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, also known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16
cjis5.5.3
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10
cui3.1.8
disaCCI-000044, CCI-002236, CCI-002237, CCI-002238
isa-62443-20094.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9
ism0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistCM-6(a), AC-7(a)
nist-csfPR.AC-7
osppFIA_AFL.1
pcidssReq-8.1.6
os-srgSRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005
anssiR31
pcidss48.3.4

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check if system relies on authselect
    tool
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /usr/bin/authselect
  register: result_authselect_present
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Remediation where authselect
    tool is present
  block:

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check integrity of authselect
      current profile
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect check
    register: result_authselect_check_cmd
    changed_when: false
    failed_when: false

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Informative message based
      on the authselect integrity check result
    ansible.builtin.assert:
      that:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
      fail_msg:
      - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
      - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not
        selected or the selected profile is not intact.
      - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
        is available.
      - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand,
        a custom authselect profile is recommended.
      success_msg:
      - authselect integrity check passed

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current features
    ansible.builtin.shell:
      cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
    register: result_authselect_features
    changed_when: false
    when:
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure "with-faillock" feature
      is enabled using authselect tool
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect enable-feature with-faillock
    register: result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd
    when:
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
    - result_authselect_features.stdout is not search("with-faillock")

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
      are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd is not skipped
    - result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd is success
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Remediation where authselect
    tool is not present
  block:

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check if pam_faillock.so
      is already enabled
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth
      regexp: .*auth.*pam_faillock\.so (preauth|authfail)
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_faillock_is_enabled

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Enable pam_faillock.so preauth
      editing PAM files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      line: auth        required      pam_faillock.so preauth
      insertbefore: ^auth.*sufficient.*pam_unix\.so.*
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_is_enabled.found == 0

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Enable pam_faillock.so authfail
      editing PAM files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      line: auth        required      pam_faillock.so authfail
      insertbefore: ^auth.*required.*pam_deny\.so.*
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_is_enabled.found == 0

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Enable pam_faillock.so account
      section editing PAM files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      line: account     required      pam_faillock.so
      insertbefore: ^account.*required.*pam_unix\.so.*
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_is_enabled.found == 0
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - not result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny: !!str 3
  tags:
    - always

- name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check the presence of /etc/security/faillock.conf
    file
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /etc/security/faillock.conf
  register: result_faillock_conf_check
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the pam_faillock.so
    deny parameter in /etc/security/faillock.conf
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/security/faillock.conf
    regexp: ^\s*deny\s*=
    line: deny = {{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny }}
    state: present
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_faillock_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the pam_faillock.so
    deny parameter not in PAM files
  block:

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check if /etc/pam.d/system-auth
      file is present
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    register: result_pam_file_present

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check the proper remediation
      for the system
    block:

    - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Define the PAM file to
        be edited as a local fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth

    - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check if system relies
        on authselect tool
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /usr/bin/authselect
      register: result_authselect_present

    - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect custom
        profile is used if authselect is present
      block:

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check integrity of authselect
          current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect check
        register: result_authselect_check_cmd
        changed_when: false
        failed_when: false

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Informative message based
          on the authselect integrity check result
        ansible.builtin.assert:
          that:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
          fail_msg:
          - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
          - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
            not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
          - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
            is available.
          - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
            demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
          success_msg:
          - authselect integrity check passed

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current
          profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
        register: result_authselect_profile
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Define the current authselect
          profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Define the new authselect
          custom profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current
          features to also enable them in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
        register: result_authselect_features
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check if any custom profile
          with the same name was already created
        ansible.builtin.stat:
          path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Create an authselect
          custom profile based on the current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
            }}
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
          are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the authselect
          custom profile is selected
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Restore the authselect
          features in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
        loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
        register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_features is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
          are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Change the PAM file to
          be edited according to the custom authselect profile
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
            | basename }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

    - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "deny" option
        from "pam_faillock.so" is not present in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: (.*auth.*pam_faillock.so.*)\bdeny\b=?[0-9a-zA-Z]*(.*)
        replace: \1\2
      register: result_pam_option_removal

    - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
        are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - result_pam_option_removal is changed
    when:
    - result_pam_file_present.stat.exists

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check if /etc/pam.d/password-auth
      file is present
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    register: result_pam_file_present

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check the proper remediation
      for the system
    block:

    - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Define the PAM file to
        be edited as a local fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/password-auth

    - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check if system relies
        on authselect tool
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /usr/bin/authselect
      register: result_authselect_present

    - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect custom
        profile is used if authselect is present
      block:

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check integrity of authselect
          current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect check
        register: result_authselect_check_cmd
        changed_when: false
        failed_when: false

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Informative message based
          on the authselect integrity check result
        ansible.builtin.assert:
          that:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
          fail_msg:
          - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
          - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
            not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
          - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
            is available.
          - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
            demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
          success_msg:
          - authselect integrity check passed

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current
          profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
        register: result_authselect_profile
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Define the current authselect
          profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Define the new authselect
          custom profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current
          features to also enable them in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
        register: result_authselect_features
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check if any custom profile
          with the same name was already created
        ansible.builtin.stat:
          path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Create an authselect
          custom profile based on the current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
            }}
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
          are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the authselect
          custom profile is selected
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Restore the authselect
          features in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
        loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
        register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_features is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
          are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

      - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Change the PAM file to
          be edited according to the custom authselect profile
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
            | basename }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

    - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "deny" option
        from "pam_faillock.so" is not present in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: (.*auth.*pam_faillock.so.*)\bdeny\b=?[0-9a-zA-Z]*(.*)
        replace: \1\2
      register: result_pam_option_removal

    - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
        are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - result_pam_option_removal is changed
    when:
    - result_pam_file_present.stat.exists
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_faillock_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the pam_faillock.so
    deny parameter in PAM files
  block:

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Check if pam_faillock.so
      deny parameter is already enabled in pam files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth
      regexp: .*auth.*pam_faillock\.so (preauth|authfail).*deny
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_faillock_deny_parameter_is_present

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the inclusion of pam_faillock.so
      preauth deny parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so preauth.*)
      line: \1required\3 deny={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny }}
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_deny_parameter_is_present.found == 0

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the inclusion of pam_faillock.so
      authfail deny parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so authfail.*)
      line: \1required\3 deny={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny }}
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_deny_parameter_is_present.found == 0

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the desired value
      for pam_faillock.so preauth deny parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so preauth.*)(deny)=[0-9]+(.*)
      line: \1required\3\4={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny }}\5
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_deny_parameter_is_present.found > 0

  - name: Lock Accounts After Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the desired value
      for pam_faillock.so authfail deny parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so authfail.*)(deny)=[0-9]+(.*)
      line: \1required\3\4={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny }}\5
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_deny_parameter_is_present.found > 0
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - not result_faillock_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny='3'


if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
    if ! authselect check; then
echo "
authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
exit 1
fi
authselect enable-feature with-faillock

authselect apply-changes -b
else
    
pam_file="/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth\s+required\s+pam_faillock\.so\s+preauth.*$' "$pam_file" ; then
    # insert at the top
    sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^# here are the per-package modules/i auth        required      pam_faillock.so preauth' "$pam_file"
fi
if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth\s+\[default=die\]\s+pam_faillock\.so\s+authfail.*$' "$pam_file" ; then

    num_lines=$(sed -n 's/^\s*auth.*success=\([1-9]\).*pam_unix\.so.*/\1/p' "$pam_file")
    if [ ! -z "$num_lines" ]; then

        # Add pam_faillock (authfail) module below pam_unix, skipping N-1 lines, where N is
        # the number of jumps in the pam_unix success=N statement. Ignore commented and empty lines.

        append_position=$(cat -n "${pam_file}" \
                          | grep -P "^\s+\d+\s+auth\s+.*$" \
                          | grep -w "pam_unix.so" -A $(( num_lines - 1 )) \
                          | tail -n 1 | cut -f 1 | tr -d ' '
                         )
        sed -i --follow-symlinks ''${append_position}'a auth        [default=die]      pam_faillock.so authfail' "$pam_file"
    else
        sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*pam_unix\.so.*/a auth        [default=die]      pam_faillock.so authfail' "$pam_file"
    fi
fi
if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth\s+sufficient\s+pam_faillock\.so\s+authsucc.*$' "$pam_file" ; then
    sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*pam_faillock\.so.*authfail.*/a auth        sufficient      pam_faillock.so authsucc' "$pam_file"
fi

pam_file="/etc/pam.d/common-account"
if ! grep -qE '^\s*account\s+required\s+pam_faillock\.so.*$' "$pam_file" ; then
    echo 'account   required     pam_faillock.so' >> "$pam_file"
fi

fi

AUTH_FILES=("/etc/pam.d/system-auth" "/etc/pam.d/password-auth")

FAILLOCK_CONF="/etc/security/faillock.conf"
if [ -f $FAILLOCK_CONF ]; then
    regex="^\s*deny\s*="
    line="deny = $var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny"
    if ! grep -q $regex $FAILLOCK_CONF; then
        echo $line >> $FAILLOCK_CONF
    else
        sed -i --follow-symlinks 's|^\s*\(deny\s*=\s*\)\(\S\+\)|\1'"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny"'|g' $FAILLOCK_CONF
    fi
    for pam_file in "${AUTH_FILES[@]}"
    do
        if [ -e "$pam_file" ] ; then
            PAM_FILE_PATH="$pam_file"
            if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
                
                if ! authselect check; then
                echo "
                authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
                This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
                It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
                In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
                exit 1
                fi

                CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
                # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
                if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
                    ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
                    authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
                    CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
                    
                    authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
                    authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
                    for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                        authselect enable-feature $feature;
                    done
                    
                    authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
                fi
                PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "$pam_file")
                PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

                authselect apply-changes -b
            fi
            
        if grep -qP '^\s*auth\s.*\bpam_faillock.so\s.*\bdeny\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(.*auth.*pam_faillock.so.*)\bdeny\b=?[[:alnum:]]*(.*)/\1\2/g' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        fi
            if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
                
                authselect apply-changes -b
            fi
        else
            echo "$pam_file was not found" >&2
        fi
    done
else
    for pam_file in "${AUTH_FILES[@]}"
    do
        if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth.*pam_faillock\.so (preauth|authfail).*deny' "$pam_file"; then
            sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*preauth.*silent.*/ s/$/ deny='"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny"'/' "$pam_file"
            sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*authfail.*/ s/$/ deny='"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny"'/' "$pam_file"
        else
            sed -i --follow-symlinks 's/\(^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*preauth.*silent.*\)\('"deny"'=\)[0-9]\+\(.*\)/\1\2'"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny"'\3/' "$pam_file"
            sed -i --follow-symlinks 's/\(^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*authfail.*\)\('"deny"'=\)[0-9]\+\(.*\)/\1\2'"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_deny"'\3/' "$pam_file"
        fi
    done
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts   [ref]

Utilizing pam_faillock.so, the fail_interval directive configures the system to lock out an account after a number of incorrect login attempts within a specified time period. Ensure that the file /etc/security/faillock.conf contains the following entry: fail_interval = <interval-in-seconds> where interval-in-seconds is 900 or greater.
Warning:  If the system relies on authselect tool to manage PAM settings, the remediation will also use authselect tool. However, if any manual modification was made in PAM files, the authselect integrity check will fail and the remediation will be aborted in order to preserve intentional changes. In this case, an informative message will be shown in the remediation report. If the system supports the /etc/security/faillock.conf file, the pam_faillock parameters should be defined in faillock.conf file.
Rationale:
By limiting the number of failed logon attempts the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_interval
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10
disaCCI-000044, CCI-002236, CCI-002237, CCI-002238
isa-62443-20094.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9
ism0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistCM-6(a), AC-7(a)
nist-csfPR.AC-7
osppFIA_AFL.1
os-srgSRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005
anssiR31

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_interval
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check if system relies
    on authselect tool
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /usr/bin/authselect
  register: result_authselect_present
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_interval
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Remediation where authselect
    tool is present
  block:

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check integrity of
      authselect current profile
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect check
    register: result_authselect_check_cmd
    changed_when: false
    failed_when: false

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Informative message
      based on the authselect integrity check result
    ansible.builtin.assert:
      that:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
      fail_msg:
      - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
      - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not
        selected or the selected profile is not intact.
      - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
        is available.
      - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand,
        a custom authselect profile is recommended.
      success_msg:
      - authselect integrity check passed

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current
      features
    ansible.builtin.shell:
      cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
    register: result_authselect_features
    changed_when: false
    when:
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure "with-faillock"
      feature is enabled using authselect tool
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect enable-feature with-faillock
    register: result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd
    when:
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
    - result_authselect_features.stdout is not search("with-faillock")

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
      are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd is not skipped
    - result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd is success
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_interval
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Remediation where authselect
    tool is not present
  block:

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check if pam_faillock.so
      is already enabled
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth
      regexp: .*auth.*pam_faillock\.so (preauth|authfail)
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_faillock_is_enabled

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Enable pam_faillock.so
      preauth editing PAM files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      line: auth        required      pam_faillock.so preauth
      insertbefore: ^auth.*sufficient.*pam_unix\.so.*
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_is_enabled.found == 0

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Enable pam_faillock.so
      authfail editing PAM files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      line: auth        required      pam_faillock.so authfail
      insertbefore: ^auth.*required.*pam_deny\.so.*
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_is_enabled.found == 0

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Enable pam_faillock.so
      account section editing PAM files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      line: account     required      pam_faillock.so
      insertbefore: ^account.*required.*pam_unix\.so.*
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_is_enabled.found == 0
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - not result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_interval
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval: !!str 900
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check the presence of
    /etc/security/faillock.conf file
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /etc/security/faillock.conf
  register: result_faillock_conf_check
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_interval
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the pam_faillock.so
    fail_interval parameter in /etc/security/faillock.conf
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/security/faillock.conf
    regexp: ^\s*fail_interval\s*=
    line: fail_interval = {{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval }}
    state: present
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_faillock_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_interval
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the pam_faillock.so
    fail_interval parameter not in PAM files
  block:

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check if /etc/pam.d/system-auth
      file is present
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    register: result_pam_file_present

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check the proper remediation
      for the system
    block:

    - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Define the PAM file
        to be edited as a local fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth

    - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check if system relies
        on authselect tool
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /usr/bin/authselect
      register: result_authselect_present

    - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect
        custom profile is used if authselect is present
      block:

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check integrity
          of authselect current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect check
        register: result_authselect_check_cmd
        changed_when: false
        failed_when: false

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Informative message
          based on the authselect integrity check result
        ansible.builtin.assert:
          that:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
          fail_msg:
          - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
          - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
            not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
          - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
            is available.
          - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
            demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
          success_msg:
          - authselect integrity check passed

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect
          current profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
        register: result_authselect_profile
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Define the current
          authselect profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Define the new
          authselect custom profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect
          current features to also enable them in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
        register: result_authselect_features
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check if any custom
          profile with the same name was already created
        ansible.builtin.stat:
          path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Create an authselect
          custom profile based on the current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
            }}
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect
          changes are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the authselect
          custom profile is selected
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Restore the authselect
          features in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
        loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
        register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_features is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect
          changes are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Change the PAM
          file to be edited according to the custom authselect profile
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
            | basename }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

    - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "fail_interval"
        option from "pam_faillock.so" is not present in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: (.*auth.*pam_faillock.so.*)\bfail_interval\b=?[0-9a-zA-Z]*(.*)
        replace: \1\2
      register: result_pam_option_removal

    - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect
        changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - result_pam_option_removal is changed
    when:
    - result_pam_file_present.stat.exists

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check if /etc/pam.d/password-auth
      file is present
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    register: result_pam_file_present

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check the proper remediation
      for the system
    block:

    - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Define the PAM file
        to be edited as a local fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/password-auth

    - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check if system relies
        on authselect tool
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /usr/bin/authselect
      register: result_authselect_present

    - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect
        custom profile is used if authselect is present
      block:

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check integrity
          of authselect current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect check
        register: result_authselect_check_cmd
        changed_when: false
        failed_when: false

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Informative message
          based on the authselect integrity check result
        ansible.builtin.assert:
          that:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
          fail_msg:
          - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
          - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
            not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
          - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
            is available.
          - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
            demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
          success_msg:
          - authselect integrity check passed

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect
          current profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
        register: result_authselect_profile
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Define the current
          authselect profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Define the new
          authselect custom profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect
          current features to also enable them in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
        register: result_authselect_features
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check if any custom
          profile with the same name was already created
        ansible.builtin.stat:
          path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Create an authselect
          custom profile based on the current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
            }}
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect
          changes are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the authselect
          custom profile is selected
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Restore the authselect
          features in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
        loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
        register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_features is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect
          changes are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

      - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Change the PAM
          file to be edited according to the custom authselect profile
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
            | basename }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

    - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "fail_interval"
        option from "pam_faillock.so" is not present in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: (.*auth.*pam_faillock.so.*)\bfail_interval\b=?[0-9a-zA-Z]*(.*)
        replace: \1\2
      register: result_pam_option_removal

    - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect
        changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - result_pam_option_removal is changed
    when:
    - result_pam_file_present.stat.exists
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_faillock_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_interval
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the pam_faillock.so
    fail_interval parameter in PAM files
  block:

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Check if pam_faillock.so
      fail_interval parameter is already enabled in pam files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth
      regexp: .*auth.*pam_faillock\.so (preauth|authfail).*fail_interval
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_faillock_fail_interval_parameter_is_present

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the inclusion
      of pam_faillock.so preauth fail_interval parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so preauth.*)
      line: \1required\3 fail_interval={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval
        }}
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_fail_interval_parameter_is_present.found == 0

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the inclusion
      of pam_faillock.so authfail fail_interval parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so authfail.*)
      line: \1required\3 fail_interval={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval
        }}
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_fail_interval_parameter_is_present.found == 0

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the desired
      value for pam_faillock.so preauth fail_interval parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so preauth.*)(fail_interval)=[0-9]+(.*)
      line: \1required\3\4={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval }}\5
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_fail_interval_parameter_is_present.found > 0

  - name: Set Interval For Counting Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the desired
      value for pam_faillock.so authfail fail_interval parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so authfail.*)(fail_interval)=[0-9]+(.*)
      line: \1required\3\4={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval }}\5
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_fail_interval_parameter_is_present.found > 0
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - not result_faillock_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_interval
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval='900'


if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
    if ! authselect check; then
echo "
authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
exit 1
fi
authselect enable-feature with-faillock

authselect apply-changes -b
else
    
pam_file="/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth\s+required\s+pam_faillock\.so\s+preauth.*$' "$pam_file" ; then
    # insert at the top
    sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^# here are the per-package modules/i auth        required      pam_faillock.so preauth' "$pam_file"
fi
if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth\s+\[default=die\]\s+pam_faillock\.so\s+authfail.*$' "$pam_file" ; then

    num_lines=$(sed -n 's/^\s*auth.*success=\([1-9]\).*pam_unix\.so.*/\1/p' "$pam_file")
    if [ ! -z "$num_lines" ]; then

        # Add pam_faillock (authfail) module below pam_unix, skipping N-1 lines, where N is
        # the number of jumps in the pam_unix success=N statement. Ignore commented and empty lines.

        append_position=$(cat -n "${pam_file}" \
                          | grep -P "^\s+\d+\s+auth\s+.*$" \
                          | grep -w "pam_unix.so" -A $(( num_lines - 1 )) \
                          | tail -n 1 | cut -f 1 | tr -d ' '
                         )
        sed -i --follow-symlinks ''${append_position}'a auth        [default=die]      pam_faillock.so authfail' "$pam_file"
    else
        sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*pam_unix\.so.*/a auth        [default=die]      pam_faillock.so authfail' "$pam_file"
    fi
fi
if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth\s+sufficient\s+pam_faillock\.so\s+authsucc.*$' "$pam_file" ; then
    sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*pam_faillock\.so.*authfail.*/a auth        sufficient      pam_faillock.so authsucc' "$pam_file"
fi

pam_file="/etc/pam.d/common-account"
if ! grep -qE '^\s*account\s+required\s+pam_faillock\.so.*$' "$pam_file" ; then
    echo 'account   required     pam_faillock.so' >> "$pam_file"
fi

fi

AUTH_FILES=("/etc/pam.d/system-auth" "/etc/pam.d/password-auth")

FAILLOCK_CONF="/etc/security/faillock.conf"
if [ -f $FAILLOCK_CONF ]; then
    regex="^\s*fail_interval\s*="
    line="fail_interval = $var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval"
    if ! grep -q $regex $FAILLOCK_CONF; then
        echo $line >> $FAILLOCK_CONF
    else
        sed -i --follow-symlinks 's|^\s*\(fail_interval\s*=\s*\)\(\S\+\)|\1'"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval"'|g' $FAILLOCK_CONF
    fi
    for pam_file in "${AUTH_FILES[@]}"
    do
        if [ -e "$pam_file" ] ; then
            PAM_FILE_PATH="$pam_file"
            if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
                
                if ! authselect check; then
                echo "
                authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
                This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
                It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
                In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
                exit 1
                fi

                CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
                # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
                if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
                    ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
                    authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
                    CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
                    
                    authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
                    authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
                    for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                        authselect enable-feature $feature;
                    done
                    
                    authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
                fi
                PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "$pam_file")
                PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

                authselect apply-changes -b
            fi
            
        if grep -qP '^\s*auth\s.*\bpam_faillock.so\s.*\bfail_interval\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(.*auth.*pam_faillock.so.*)\bfail_interval\b=?[[:alnum:]]*(.*)/\1\2/g' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        fi
            if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
                
                authselect apply-changes -b
            fi
        else
            echo "$pam_file was not found" >&2
        fi
    done
else
    for pam_file in "${AUTH_FILES[@]}"
    do
        if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth.*pam_faillock\.so (preauth|authfail).*fail_interval' "$pam_file"; then
            sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*preauth.*silent.*/ s/$/ fail_interval='"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval"'/' "$pam_file"
            sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*authfail.*/ s/$/ fail_interval='"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval"'/' "$pam_file"
        else
            sed -i --follow-symlinks 's/\(^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*preauth.*silent.*\)\('"fail_interval"'=\)[0-9]\+\(.*\)/\1\2'"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval"'\3/' "$pam_file"
            sed -i --follow-symlinks 's/\(^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*authfail.*\)\('"fail_interval"'=\)[0-9]\+\(.*\)/\1\2'"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_fail_interval"'\3/' "$pam_file"
        fi
    done
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts   [ref]

This rule configures the system to lock out accounts during a specified time period after a number of incorrect login attempts using pam_faillock.so. Ensure that the file /etc/security/faillock.conf contains the following entry: unlock_time=<interval-in-seconds> where interval-in-seconds is 900 or greater. pam_faillock.so module requires multiple entries in pam files. These entries must be carefully defined to work as expected. In order to avoid any errors when manually editing these files, it is recommended to use the appropriate tools, such as authselect or authconfig, depending on the OS version. If unlock_time is set to 0, manual intervention by an administrator is required to unlock a user. This should be done using the faillock tool.
Warning:  If the system supports the new /etc/security/faillock.conf file but the pam_faillock.so parameters are defined directly in /etc/pam.d/system-auth and /etc/pam.d/password-auth, the remediation will migrate the unlock_time parameter to /etc/security/faillock.conf to ensure compatibility with authselect tool. The parameters deny and fail_interval, if used, also have to be migrated by their respective remediation.
Warning:  If the system relies on authselect tool to manage PAM settings, the remediation will also use authselect tool. However, if any manual modification was made in PAM files, the authselect integrity check will fail and the remediation will be aborted in order to preserve intentional changes. In this case, an informative message will be shown in the remediation report. If the system supports the /etc/security/faillock.conf file, the pam_faillock parameters should be defined in faillock.conf file.
Rationale:
By limiting the number of failed logon attempts the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16
cjis5.5.3
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10
cui3.1.8
disaCCI-000044, CCI-002236, CCI-002237, CCI-002238
isa-62443-20094.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9
ism0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistCM-6(a), AC-7(b)
nist-csfPR.AC-7
osppFIA_AFL.1
pcidssReq-8.1.7
os-srgSRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005
anssiR31
pcidss48.3.4

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check if system relies on
    authselect tool
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /usr/bin/authselect
  register: result_authselect_present
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Remediation where authselect
    tool is present
  block:

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check integrity of authselect
      current profile
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect check
    register: result_authselect_check_cmd
    changed_when: false
    failed_when: false

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Informative message based
      on the authselect integrity check result
    ansible.builtin.assert:
      that:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
      fail_msg:
      - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
      - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not
        selected or the selected profile is not intact.
      - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
        is available.
      - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand,
        a custom authselect profile is recommended.
      success_msg:
      - authselect integrity check passed

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current features
    ansible.builtin.shell:
      cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
    register: result_authselect_features
    changed_when: false
    when:
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure "with-faillock" feature
      is enabled using authselect tool
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect enable-feature with-faillock
    register: result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd
    when:
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
    - result_authselect_features.stdout is not search("with-faillock")

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
      are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd is not skipped
    - result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd is success
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Remediation where authselect
    tool is not present
  block:

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check if pam_faillock.so
      is already enabled
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth
      regexp: .*auth.*pam_faillock\.so (preauth|authfail)
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_faillock_is_enabled

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Enable pam_faillock.so preauth
      editing PAM files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      line: auth        required      pam_faillock.so preauth
      insertbefore: ^auth.*sufficient.*pam_unix\.so.*
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_is_enabled.found == 0

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Enable pam_faillock.so authfail
      editing PAM files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      line: auth        required      pam_faillock.so authfail
      insertbefore: ^auth.*required.*pam_deny\.so.*
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_is_enabled.found == 0

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Enable pam_faillock.so account
      section editing PAM files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      line: account     required      pam_faillock.so
      insertbefore: ^account.*required.*pam_unix\.so.*
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_is_enabled.found == 0
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - not result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time: !!str 900
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check the presence of /etc/security/faillock.conf
    file
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /etc/security/faillock.conf
  register: result_faillock_conf_check
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the pam_faillock.so
    unlock_time parameter in /etc/security/faillock.conf
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/security/faillock.conf
    regexp: ^\s*unlock_time\s*=
    line: unlock_time = {{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time }}
    state: present
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_faillock_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the pam_faillock.so
    unlock_time parameter not in PAM files
  block:

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check if /etc/pam.d/system-auth
      file is present
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    register: result_pam_file_present

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check the proper remediation
      for the system
    block:

    - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Define the PAM file to
        be edited as a local fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth

    - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check if system relies
        on authselect tool
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /usr/bin/authselect
      register: result_authselect_present

    - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect custom
        profile is used if authselect is present
      block:

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check integrity of authselect
          current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect check
        register: result_authselect_check_cmd
        changed_when: false
        failed_when: false

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Informative message
          based on the authselect integrity check result
        ansible.builtin.assert:
          that:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
          fail_msg:
          - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
          - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
            not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
          - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
            is available.
          - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
            demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
          success_msg:
          - authselect integrity check passed

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current
          profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
        register: result_authselect_profile
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Define the current authselect
          profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Define the new authselect
          custom profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current
          features to also enable them in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
        register: result_authselect_features
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check if any custom
          profile with the same name was already created
        ansible.builtin.stat:
          path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Create an authselect
          custom profile based on the current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
            }}
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
          are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the authselect
          custom profile is selected
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Restore the authselect
          features in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
        loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
        register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_features is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
          are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Change the PAM file
          to be edited according to the custom authselect profile
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
            | basename }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

    - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "unlock_time"
        option from "pam_faillock.so" is not present in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: (.*auth.*pam_faillock.so.*)\bunlock_time\b=?[0-9a-zA-Z]*(.*)
        replace: \1\2
      register: result_pam_option_removal

    - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
        are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - result_pam_option_removal is changed
    when:
    - result_pam_file_present.stat.exists

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check if /etc/pam.d/password-auth
      file is present
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    register: result_pam_file_present

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check the proper remediation
      for the system
    block:

    - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Define the PAM file to
        be edited as a local fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/password-auth

    - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check if system relies
        on authselect tool
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /usr/bin/authselect
      register: result_authselect_present

    - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect custom
        profile is used if authselect is present
      block:

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check integrity of authselect
          current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect check
        register: result_authselect_check_cmd
        changed_when: false
        failed_when: false

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Informative message
          based on the authselect integrity check result
        ansible.builtin.assert:
          that:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
          fail_msg:
          - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
          - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
            not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
          - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
            is available.
          - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
            demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
          success_msg:
          - authselect integrity check passed

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current
          profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
        register: result_authselect_profile
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Define the current authselect
          profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Define the new authselect
          custom profile as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Get authselect current
          features to also enable them in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.shell:
          cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
        register: result_authselect_features
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check if any custom
          profile with the same name was already created
        ansible.builtin.stat:
          path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
        changed_when: false
        when:
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Create an authselect
          custom profile based on the current profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
            }}
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
          are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the authselect
          custom profile is selected
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
        register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
        - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Restore the authselect
          features in the custom profile
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
        loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
        register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
        when:
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_authselect_features is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
          are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        when:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
        - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
        - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

      - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Change the PAM file
          to be edited according to the custom authselect profile
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
            | basename }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

    - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "unlock_time"
        option from "pam_faillock.so" is not present in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: (.*auth.*pam_faillock.so.*)\bunlock_time\b=?[0-9a-zA-Z]*(.*)
        replace: \1\2
      register: result_pam_option_removal

    - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes
        are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - result_pam_option_removal is changed
    when:
    - result_pam_file_present.stat.exists
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_faillock_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the pam_faillock.so
    unlock_time parameter in PAM files
  block:

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Check if pam_faillock.so
      unlock_time parameter is already enabled in pam files
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/system-auth
      regexp: .*auth.*pam_faillock\.so (preauth|authfail).*unlock_time
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_faillock_unlock_time_parameter_is_present

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the inclusion of
      pam_faillock.so preauth unlock_time parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so preauth.*)
      line: \1required\3 unlock_time={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
        }}
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_unlock_time_parameter_is_present.found == 0

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the inclusion of
      pam_faillock.so authfail unlock_time parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so authfail.*)
      line: \1required\3 unlock_time={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
        }}
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_unlock_time_parameter_is_present.found == 0

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the desired value
      for pam_faillock.so preauth unlock_time parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so preauth.*)(unlock_time)=[0-9]+(.*)
      line: \1required\3\4={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time }}\5
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_unlock_time_parameter_is_present.found > 0

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the desired value
      for pam_faillock.so authfail unlock_time parameter in auth section
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ item }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: (^\s*auth\s+)([\w\[].*\b)(\s+pam_faillock.so authfail.*)(unlock_time)=[0-9]+(.*)
      line: \1required\3\4={{ var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time }}\5
      state: present
    loop:
    - /etc/pam.d/system-auth
    - /etc/pam.d/password-auth
    when:
    - result_pam_faillock_unlock_time_parameter_is_present.found > 0
  when:
  - '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - not result_faillock_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.3
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.8
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time='900'


if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
    if ! authselect check; then
echo "
authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
exit 1
fi
authselect enable-feature with-faillock

authselect apply-changes -b
else
    
pam_file="/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth\s+required\s+pam_faillock\.so\s+preauth.*$' "$pam_file" ; then
    # insert at the top
    sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^# here are the per-package modules/i auth        required      pam_faillock.so preauth' "$pam_file"
fi
if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth\s+\[default=die\]\s+pam_faillock\.so\s+authfail.*$' "$pam_file" ; then

    num_lines=$(sed -n 's/^\s*auth.*success=\([1-9]\).*pam_unix\.so.*/\1/p' "$pam_file")
    if [ ! -z "$num_lines" ]; then

        # Add pam_faillock (authfail) module below pam_unix, skipping N-1 lines, where N is
        # the number of jumps in the pam_unix success=N statement. Ignore commented and empty lines.

        append_position=$(cat -n "${pam_file}" \
                          | grep -P "^\s+\d+\s+auth\s+.*$" \
                          | grep -w "pam_unix.so" -A $(( num_lines - 1 )) \
                          | tail -n 1 | cut -f 1 | tr -d ' '
                         )
        sed -i --follow-symlinks ''${append_position}'a auth        [default=die]      pam_faillock.so authfail' "$pam_file"
    else
        sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*pam_unix\.so.*/a auth        [default=die]      pam_faillock.so authfail' "$pam_file"
    fi
fi
if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth\s+sufficient\s+pam_faillock\.so\s+authsucc.*$' "$pam_file" ; then
    sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*pam_faillock\.so.*authfail.*/a auth        sufficient      pam_faillock.so authsucc' "$pam_file"
fi

pam_file="/etc/pam.d/common-account"
if ! grep -qE '^\s*account\s+required\s+pam_faillock\.so.*$' "$pam_file" ; then
    echo 'account   required     pam_faillock.so' >> "$pam_file"
fi

fi

AUTH_FILES=("/etc/pam.d/system-auth" "/etc/pam.d/password-auth")

FAILLOCK_CONF="/etc/security/faillock.conf"
if [ -f $FAILLOCK_CONF ]; then
    regex="^\s*unlock_time\s*="
    line="unlock_time = $var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time"
    if ! grep -q $regex $FAILLOCK_CONF; then
        echo $line >> $FAILLOCK_CONF
    else
        sed -i --follow-symlinks 's|^\s*\(unlock_time\s*=\s*\)\(\S\+\)|\1'"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time"'|g' $FAILLOCK_CONF
    fi
    for pam_file in "${AUTH_FILES[@]}"
    do
        if [ -e "$pam_file" ] ; then
            PAM_FILE_PATH="$pam_file"
            if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
                
                if ! authselect check; then
                echo "
                authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
                This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
                It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
                In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
                exit 1
                fi

                CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
                # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
                if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
                    ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
                    authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
                    CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
                    
                    authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
                    authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
                    for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                        authselect enable-feature $feature;
                    done
                    
                    authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
                fi
                PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "$pam_file")
                PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

                authselect apply-changes -b
            fi
            
        if grep -qP '^\s*auth\s.*\bpam_faillock.so\s.*\bunlock_time\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(.*auth.*pam_faillock.so.*)\bunlock_time\b=?[[:alnum:]]*(.*)/\1\2/g' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        fi
            if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
                
                authselect apply-changes -b
            fi
        else
            echo "$pam_file was not found" >&2
        fi
    done
else
    for pam_file in "${AUTH_FILES[@]}"
    do
        if ! grep -qE '^\s*auth.*pam_faillock\.so (preauth|authfail).*unlock_time' "$pam_file"; then
            sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*preauth.*silent.*/ s/$/ unlock_time='"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time"'/' "$pam_file"
            sed -i --follow-symlinks '/^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*authfail.*/ s/$/ unlock_time='"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time"'/' "$pam_file"
        else
            sed -i --follow-symlinks 's/\(^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*preauth.*silent.*\)\('"unlock_time"'=\)[0-9]\+\(.*\)/\1\2'"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time"'\3/' "$pam_file"
            sed -i --follow-symlinks 's/\(^auth.*required.*pam_faillock\.so.*authfail.*\)\('"unlock_time"'=\)[0-9]\+\(.*\)/\1\2'"$var_accounts_passwords_pam_faillock_unlock_time"'\3/' "$pam_file"
        fi
    done
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Set Password Quality Requirements   Group contains 1 group and 7 rules
[ref]   The default pam_pwquality PAM module provides strength checking for passwords. It performs a number of checks, such as making sure passwords are not similar to dictionary words, are of at least a certain length, are not the previous password reversed, and are not simply a change of case from the previous password. It can also require passwords to be in certain character classes. The pam_pwquality module is the preferred way of configuring password requirements.

The man pages pam_pwquality(8) provide information on the capabilities and configuration of each.
Group   Set Password Quality Requirements with pam_pwquality   Group contains 7 rules
[ref]   The pam_pwquality PAM module can be configured to meet requirements for a variety of policies.

For example, to configure pam_pwquality to require at least one uppercase character, lowercase character, digit, and other (special) character, make sure that pam_pwquality exists in /etc/pam.d/system-auth:
password    requisite     pam_pwquality.so try_first_pass local_users_only retry=3 authtok_type=
If no such line exists, add one as the first line of the password section in /etc/pam.d/system-auth. Next, modify the settings in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to match the following:
difok = 4
minlen = 14
dcredit = -1
ucredit = -1
lcredit = -1
ocredit = -1
maxrepeat = 3
The arguments can be modified to ensure compliance with your organization's security policy. Discussion of each parameter follows.

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Digit Characters   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's dcredit parameter controls requirements for usage of digits in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many digits. When set to a positive number, pam_pwquality will grant +1 additional length credit for each digit. Modify the dcredit setting in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to require the use of a digit in passwords.
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks.

Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Requiring digits makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16, 5
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
disaCCI-000194
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1
ism0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistIA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7
osppFMT_SMF_EXT.1
pcidssReq-8.2.3
os-srgSRG-OS-000071-GPOS-00039
anssiR31
pcidss48.3.6

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_dcredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_dcredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Digit Characters - Ensure
    PAM variable dcredit is set accordingly
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/security/pwquality.conf
    regexp: ^#?\s*dcredit
    line: dcredit = {{ var_password_pam_dcredit }}
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_password_pam_dcredit='-1'






# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^dcredit")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$var_password_pam_dcredit"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^dcredit\\>" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^dcredit\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Lowercase Characters   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's lcredit parameter controls requirements for usage of lowercase letters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many lowercase characters. When set to a positive number, pam_pwquality will grant +1 additional length credit for each lowercase character. Modify the lcredit setting in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to require the use of a lowercase character in passwords.
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks.
Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possble combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Requiring a minimum number of lowercase characters makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16, 5
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
disaCCI-000193
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1
ism0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistIA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7
osppFMT_SMF_EXT.1
pcidssReq-8.2.3
os-srgSRG-OS-000070-GPOS-00038
anssiR31
pcidss48.3.6

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_lcredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_lcredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Lowercase Characters -
    Ensure PAM variable lcredit is set accordingly
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/security/pwquality.conf
    regexp: ^#?\s*lcredit
    line: lcredit = {{ var_password_pam_lcredit }}
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_password_pam_lcredit='-1'






# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^lcredit")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$var_password_pam_lcredit"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^lcredit\\>" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^lcredit\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Different Categories   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's minclass parameter controls requirements for usage of different character classes, or types, of character that must exist in a password before it is considered valid. For example, setting this value to three (3) requires that any password must have characters from at least three different categories in order to be approved. The default value is zero (0), meaning there are no required classes. There are four categories available:
* Upper-case characters
* Lower-case characters
* Digits
* Special characters (for example, punctuation)
Modify the minclass setting in /etc/security/pwquality.conf entry to require 4 differing categories of characters when changing passwords.
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks.

Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.

Requiring a minimum number of character categories makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_minclass
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16, 5
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
disaCCI-000195
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1
ism0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistIA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7
os-srgSRG-OS-000072-GPOS-00040
anssiR68

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_password_pam_minclass
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_minclass # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_minclass: !!str 4
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Different Categories -
    Ensure PAM variable minclass is set accordingly
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/security/pwquality.conf
    regexp: ^#?\s*minclass
    line: minclass = {{ var_password_pam_minclass }}
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_password_pam_minclass
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_password_pam_minclass='4'






# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^minclass")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$var_password_pam_minclass"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^minclass\\>" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^minclass\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Length   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's minlen parameter controls requirements for minimum characters required in a password. Add minlen=15 after pam_pwquality to set minimum password length requirements.
Rationale:
The shorter the password, the lower the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. Password length is one factor of several that helps to determine strength and how long it takes to crack a password. Use of more characters in a password helps to exponentially increase the time and/or resources required to compromise the password.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_minlen
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16, 5
cjis5.6.2.1.1
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
disaCCI-000205
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1
ism0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistIA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7
osppFMT_SMF_EXT.1
pcidssReq-8.2.3
os-srgSRG-OS-000078-GPOS-00046
anssiR31, R68
pcidss48.3.6

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_minlen # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_minlen: !!str 15
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Length - Ensure PAM variable
    minlen is set accordingly
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/security/pwquality.conf
    regexp: ^#?\s*minlen
    line: minlen = {{ var_password_pam_minlen }}
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_password_pam_minlen='15'






# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^minlen")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$var_password_pam_minlen"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^minlen\\>" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^minlen\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Special Characters   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's ocredit= parameter controls requirements for usage of special (or "other") characters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many special characters. When set to a positive number, pam_pwquality will grant +1 additional length credit for each special character. Modify the ocredit setting in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to equal -1 to require use of a special character in passwords.
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks.

Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised. Requiring a minimum number of special characters makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16, 5
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
disaCCI-001619
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1
ism0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistIA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7
osppFMT_SMF_EXT.1
os-srgSRG-OS-000266-GPOS-00101
anssiR31

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_ocredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_ocredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Special Characters - Ensure
    PAM variable ocredit is set accordingly
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/security/pwquality.conf
    regexp: ^#?\s*ocredit
    line: ocredit = {{ var_password_pam_ocredit }}
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_password_pam_ocredit='-1'






# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^ocredit")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$var_password_pam_ocredit"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^ocredit\\>" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^ocredit\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Authentication Retry Prompts Permitted Per-Session   [ref]

To configure the number of retry prompts that are permitted per-session: Edit the pam_pwquality.so statement in /etc/pam.d/common-password to show retry=3 , or a lower value if site policy is more restrictive. The DoD requirement is a maximum of 3 prompts per session.
Rationale:
Setting the password retry prompts that are permitted on a per-session basis to a low value requires some software, such as SSH, to re-connect. This can slow down and draw additional attention to some types of password-guessing attacks. Note that this is different from account lockout, which is provided by the pam_faillock module.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_retry
References:
cis-csc1, 11, 12, 15, 16, 3, 5, 9
cjis5.5.3
cobit5BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
disaCCI-000192, CCI-000366
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.12.1.2, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistCM-6(a), AC-7(a), IA-5(4)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.IP-1
osppFMT_MOF_EXT.1
os-srgSRG-OS-000069-GPOS-00037, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR68

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_password_pam_retry='3'


if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
    valueRegex="$var_password_pam_retry" defaultValue="$var_password_pam_retry"
    # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
    [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
    # add an equals sign to non-empty values
    [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

    # fix 'type' if it's wrong
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*(?"'!'"password\\s)[[:alnum:]]+\\s+[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_pwquality.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*)[[:alnum:]]+(\\s+[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_pwquality.so)/\\1password\\2/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    fi

    # fix 'control' if it's wrong
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+(?"'!'"requisite)[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_pwquality.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+)[[:alnum:]]+(\\s+pam_pwquality.so)/\\1requisite\\2/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    fi

    # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_pwquality.so(\\s.+)?\\s+retry(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_pwquality.so(\\s.+)?\\s)retry=[^[:space:]]*/\\1retry${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

    # add 'option=default' if option is not set
    elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_pwquality.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
            grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_pwquality.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\sretry(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_pwquality.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 retry${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    # add a new entry if none exists
    elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_pwquality.so(\\s.+)?\\s+retry${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
        echo "password requisite pam_pwquality.so retry${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    fi
else
    echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Uppercase Characters   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's ucredit= parameter controls requirements for usage of uppercase letters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many uppercase characters. When set to a positive number, pam_pwquality will grant +1 additional length credit for each uppercase character. Modify the ucredit setting in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to require the use of an uppercase character in passwords.
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks.

Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16, 5
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
disaCCI-000192, CCI-000193
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1
ism0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistIA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7
osppFMT_SMF_EXT.1
pcidssReq-8.2.3
os-srgSRG-OS-000069-GPOS-00037, SRG-OS-000070-GPOS-00038
anssiR31

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_ucredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_ucredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Uppercase Characters -
    Ensure PAM variable ucredit is set accordingly
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/security/pwquality.conf
    regexp: ^#?\s*ucredit
    line: ucredit = {{ var_password_pam_ucredit }}
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_password_pam_ucredit='-1'






# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^ucredit")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$var_password_pam_ucredit"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^ucredit\\>" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^ucredit\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Set Password Hashing Algorithm   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The system's default algorithm for storing password hashes in /etc/shadow is SHA-512. This can be configured in several locations.

Rule   Set Password Hashing Algorithm in /etc/login.defs   [ref]

In /etc/login.defs, add or correct the following line to ensure the system will use yescrypt as the hashing algorithm:
ENCRYPT_METHOD yescrypt
         
Rationale:
Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Passwords that are encrypted with a weak algorithm are no more protected than if they are kept in plain text.

Using a stronger hashing algorithm makes password cracking attacks more difficult.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_set_password_hashing_algorithm_logindefs
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16, 5
cjis5.6.2.2
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
cui3.13.11
disaCCI-000196
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1
ism0418, 1055, 1402
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nistIA-5(c), IA-5(1)(c), CM-6(a)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7
pcidssReq-8.2.1
os-srgSRG-OS-000073-GPOS-00041
pcidss48.3.2

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'login' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_password_hashing_algorithm='yescrypt'

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^ENCRYPT_METHOD")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s %s" "$stripped_key" "$var_password_hashing_algorithm"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^ENCRYPT_METHOD\\>" "/etc/login.defs"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^ENCRYPT_METHOD\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/login.defs"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/login.defs" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/login.defs" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/login.defs"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/login.defs"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Install pam_pwquality Package   [ref]

The libpam-pwquality package can be installed with the following command:
$ apt-get install libpam-pwquality
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks. "pwquality" enforces complex password construction configuration and has the ability to limit brute-force attacks on the system.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_pam_pwquality_installed
References:
disaCCI-000366
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00225


[[packages]]
name = "libpam-pwquality"
version = "*"

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - package_pam_pwquality_installed

- name: Ensure libpam-pwquality is installed
  package:
    name: libpam-pwquality
    state: present
  when: '"libpam-runtime" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - package_pam_pwquality_installed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
include install_libpam-pwquality

class install_libpam-pwquality {
  package { 'libpam-pwquality':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive apt-get install -y "libpam-pwquality"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Protect Physical Console Access   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   It is impossible to fully protect a system from an attacker with physical access, so securing the space in which the system is located should be considered a necessary step. However, there are some steps which, if taken, make it more difficult for an attacker to quickly or undetectably modify a system from its console.

Rule   Configure Logind to terminate idle sessions after certain time of inactivity   [ref]

To configure logind service to terminate inactive user sessions after 600 seconds, edit the file /etc/systemd/logind.conf. Ensure that there is a section
[Login]
which contains the configuration
StopIdleSessionSec=600
        
.
Rationale:
Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been let unattended.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_logind_session_timeout
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, 7, 8
cjis5.5.6
cobit5APO13.01, BAI03.01, BAI03.02, BAI03.03, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
cui3.1.11
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 6.2
iso27001-2013A.12.4.1, A.12.4.3, A.14.1.1, A.14.2.1, A.14.2.5, A.18.1.4, A.6.1.2, A.6.1.5, A.7.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nerc-cipCIP-004-6 R2.2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.1, CIP-007-3 R5.3.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.3
nistCM-6(a), AC-17(a), AC-2(5), AC-12, AC-17(a), SC-10, CM-6(a)
nist-csfDE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, PR.AC-1, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.IP-2
osppFMT_SMF_EXT.1.1
pcidssReq-8.1.8
os-srgSRG-OS-000163-GPOS-00072
anssiR32

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_logind_session_timeout # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_logind_session_timeout: !!str 600
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set 'StopIdleSessionSec' to '{{ var_logind_session_timeout }}' in the [Login]
    section of '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'
  ini_file:
    path: /etc/systemd/logind.conf
    section: Login
    option: StopIdleSessionSec
    value: '{{ var_logind_session_timeout }}'
    create: true
    mode: 420
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ( ansible_distribution == 'RedHat' and ansible_distribution_version is version('8.7',
    '>=') and ansible_distribution == 'RedHat' and ansible_distribution_version is
    version('9.0', '!=') ) or ansible_distribution == 'OracleLinux' and ansible_distribution_version
    is version('8.7', '>=')
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.6
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.11
  - NIST-800-53-AC-12
  - NIST-800-53-AC-17(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-17(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-10
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - logind_session_timeout
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && { ( grep -qP "^ID=[\"']?rhel[\"']?$" "/etc/os-release" && { real="$(grep -P "^VERSION_ID=[\"']?[\w.]+[\"']?$" /etc/os-release | sed "s/^VERSION_ID=[\"']\?\([^\"']\+\)[\"']\?$/\1/")"; expected="8.7"; printf "%s\n%s" "$expected" "$real" | sort -VC; } && grep -qP "^ID=[\"']?rhel[\"']?$" "/etc/os-release" && { real="$(grep -P "^VERSION_ID=[\"']?[\w.]+[\"']?$" /etc/os-release | sed "s/^VERSION_ID=[\"']\?\([^\"']\+\)[\"']\?$/\1/")"; expected="9.0"; [[ "$real" != "$expected" ]]; } ) || grep -qP "^ID=[\"']?ol[\"']?$" "/etc/os-release" && { real="$(grep -P "^VERSION_ID=[\"']?[\w.]+[\"']?$" /etc/os-release | sed "s/^VERSION_ID=[\"']\?\([^\"']\+\)[\"']\?$/\1/")"; expected="8.7"; printf "%s\n%s" "$expected" "$real" | sort -VC; }; }; then

var_logind_session_timeout='600'



# Try find '[Login]' and 'StopIdleSessionSec' in '/etc/systemd/logind.conf', if it exists, set
# to '$var_logind_session_timeout', if it isn't here, add it, if '[Login]' doesn't exist, add it there
if grep -qzosP '[[:space:]]*\[Login]([^\n\[]*\n+)+?[[:space:]]*StopIdleSessionSec' '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'; then
    
    sed -i "s/StopIdleSessionSec[^(\n)]*/StopIdleSessionSec=$var_logind_session_timeout/" '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'
elif grep -qs '[[:space:]]*\[Login]' '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'; then
    sed -i "/[[:space:]]*\[Login]/a StopIdleSessionSec=$var_logind_session_timeout" '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'
else
    if test -d "/etc/systemd"; then
        printf '%s\n' '[Login]' "StopIdleSessionSec=$var_logind_session_timeout" >> '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'
    else
        echo "Config file directory '/etc/systemd' doesnt exist, not remediating, assuming non-applicability." >&2
    fi
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Protect Accounts by Restricting Password-Based Login   Group contains 3 groups and 3 rules
[ref]   Conventionally, Unix shell accounts are accessed by providing a username and password to a login program, which tests these values for correctness using the /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow files. Password-based login is vulnerable to guessing of weak passwords, and to sniffing and man-in-the-middle attacks against passwords entered over a network or at an insecure console. Therefore, mechanisms for accessing accounts by entering usernames and passwords should be restricted to those which are operationally necessary.
Group   Set Password Expiration Parameters   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The file /etc/login.defs controls several password-related settings. Programs such as passwd, su, and login consult /etc/login.defs to determine behavior with regard to password aging, expiration warnings, and length. See the man page login.defs(5) for more information.

Users should be forced to change their passwords, in order to decrease the utility of compromised passwords. However, the need to change passwords often should be balanced against the risk that users will reuse or write down passwords if forced to change them too often. Forcing password changes every 90-360 days, depending on the environment, is recommended. Set the appropriate value as PASS_MAX_DAYS and apply it to existing accounts with the -M flag.

The PASS_MIN_DAYS (-m) setting prevents password changes for 7 days after the first change, to discourage password cycling. If you use this setting, train users to contact an administrator for an emergency password change in case a new password becomes compromised. The PASS_WARN_AGE (-W) setting gives users 7 days of warnings at login time that their passwords are about to expire.

For example, for each existing human user USER, expiration parameters could be adjusted to a 180 day maximum password age, 7 day minimum password age, and 7 day warning period with the following command:
$ sudo chage -M 180 -m 7 -W 7 USER

Rule   Set Root Account Password Maximum Age   [ref]

Configure the root account to enforce a 365-day maximum password lifetime restriction by running the following command:
$ sudo chage -M 365 root
Rationale:
Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed periodically. If the operating system does not limit the lifetime of passwords and force users to change their passwords, there is the risk that the operating system passwords could be compromised.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_set_max_life_root
References:
anssiR31

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

var_accounts_maximum_age_root='365'

chage -M $var_accounts_maximum_age_root root
Group   Verify Proper Storage and Existence of Password Hashes   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   By default, password hashes for local accounts are stored in the second field (colon-separated) in /etc/shadow. This file should be readable only by processes running with root credentials, preventing users from casually accessing others' password hashes and attempting to crack them. However, it remains possible to misconfigure the system and store password hashes in world-readable files such as /etc/passwd, or to even store passwords themselves in plaintext on the system. Using system-provided tools for password change/creation should allow administrators to avoid such misconfiguration.

Rule   Set number of Password Hashing Rounds - password-auth   [ref]

Configure the number or rounds for the password hashing algorithm. This can be accomplished by using the rounds option for the pam_unix PAM module.

In file /etc/pam.d/common-password append rounds=11 to the pam_unix.so entry, as shown below:
password [success=1 default=ignore] pam_unix.so ...existing_options... rounds=11
         
Warning:  Setting a high number of hashing rounds makes it more difficult to brute force the password, but requires more CPU resources to authenticate users.
Rationale:
Using a higher number of rounds makes password cracking attacks more difficult.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_unix_rounds_password_auth
References:
disaCCI-000196
os-srgSRG-OS-000073-GPOS-00041
anssiR68

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libpam-runtime' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

var_password_pam_unix_rounds='11'



if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
    PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        if ! authselect check; then
        echo "
        authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
        In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        exit 1
        fi

        CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
        # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
        if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
            ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
            authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
            CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
            authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
            for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                authselect enable-feature $feature;
            done
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        fi
        PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "/etc/pam.d/common-password")
        PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
    if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"\[success=1 default=ignore\]"'\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
            if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_unix.so\s*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH")" -eq 1 ]; then
                # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
                sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_unix.so.*)/\1'"\[success=1 default=ignore\]"' \2/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
            else
                echo 'password    '"\[success=1 default=ignore\]"'    pam_unix.so' >> "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
            fi
        fi
        # Check the option
        if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"\[success=1 default=ignore\]"'\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*\srounds\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*password\s+'"\[success=1 default=ignore\]"'\s+pam_unix.so.*/ s/$/ rounds='"$var_password_pam_unix_rounds"'/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        else
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(\s*password\s+'"\[success=1 default=ignore\]"'\s+pam_unix.so\s+.*)('"rounds"'=)[[:alnum:]]+\s*(.*)/\1\2'"$var_password_pam_unix_rounds"' \3/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        fi
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
else
    echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password was not found" >&2
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Restrict Root Logins   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   Direct root logins should be allowed only for emergency use. In normal situations, the administrator should access the system via a unique unprivileged account, and then use su or sudo to execute privileged commands. Discouraging administrators from accessing the root account directly ensures an audit trail in organizations with multiple administrators. Locking down the channels through which root can connect directly also reduces opportunities for password-guessing against the root account. The login program uses the file /etc/securetty to determine which interfaces should allow root logins. The virtual devices /dev/console and /dev/tty* represent the system consoles (accessible via the Ctrl-Alt-F1 through Ctrl-Alt-F6 keyboard sequences on a default installation). The default securetty file also contains /dev/vc/*. These are likely to be deprecated in most environments, but may be retained for compatibility. Root should also be prohibited from connecting via network protocols. Other sections of this document include guidance describing how to prevent root from logging in via SSH.

Rule   Direct root Logins Not Allowed   [ref]

To further limit access to the root account, administrators can disable root logins at the console by editing the /etc/securetty file. This file lists all devices the root user is allowed to login to. If the file does not exist at all, the root user can login through any communication device on the system, whether via the console or via a raw network interface. This is dangerous as user can login to the system as root via Telnet, which sends the password in plain text over the network. By default, Debian 12's /etc/securetty file only allows the root user to login at the console physically attached to the system. To prevent root from logging in, remove the contents of this file. To prevent direct root logins, remove the contents of this file by typing the following command:
$ sudo echo > /etc/securetty
Warning:  This rule only checks the /etc/securetty file existence and its content. If you need to restrict user access using the /etc/securetty file, make sure the pam_securetty.so PAM module is properly enabled in relevant PAM files.
Rationale:
Disabling direct root logins ensures proper accountability and multifactor authentication to privileged accounts. Users will first login, then escalate to privileged (root) access via su / sudo. This is required for FISMA Low and FISMA Moderate systems.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_no_direct_root_logins
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16, 5
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10
cui3.1.1, 3.1.6
hipaa164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(7)(i), 164.308(a)(7)(ii)(A), 164.310(a)(1), 164.310(a)(2)(i), 164.310(a)(2)(ii), 164.310(a)(2)(iii), 164.310(b), 164.310(c), 164.310(d)(1), 164.310(d)(2)(iii)
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nerc-cipCIP-003-8 R5.1.1, CIP-003-8 R5.3, CIP-004-6 R2.2.3, CIP-004-6 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.2, CIP-007-3 R5.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.1, CIP-007-3 R5.3.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.3
nistIA-2, CM-6(a)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7
anssiR33
pcidss48.6.1

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Direct root Logins Not Allowed
  copy:
    dest: /etc/securetty
    content: ''
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.6
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-2
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_direct_root_logins
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

echo > /etc/securetty

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Secure Session Configuration Files for Login Accounts   Group contains 7 rules
[ref]   When a user logs into a Unix account, the system configures the user's session by reading a number of files. Many of these files are located in the user's home directory, and may have weak permissions as a result of user error or misconfiguration. If an attacker can modify or even read certain types of account configuration information, they can often gain full access to the affected user's account. Therefore, it is important to test and correct configuration file permissions for interactive accounts, particularly those of privileged users such as root or system administrators.

Rule   Set Interactive Session Timeout   [ref]

Setting the TMOUT option in /etc/profile ensures that all user sessions will terminate based on inactivity. The value of TMOUT should be exported and read only. The TMOUT setting in a file loaded by /etc/profile, e.g. /etc/profile.d/tmout.sh should read as follows:
typeset -xr TMOUT=600
        
or
declare -xr TMOUT=600
        
Using the typeset keyword is preferred for wider compatibility with ksh and other shells.
Rationale:
Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_tmout
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 15, 16
cobit5DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10
cui3.1.11
disaCCI-000057, CCI-001133, CCI-002361
isa-62443-20094.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3
nerc-cipCIP-004-6 R2.2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.1, CIP-007-3 R5.3.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.3
nistAC-12, SC-10, AC-2(5), CM-6(a)
nist-csfPR.AC-7
osppFMT_MOF_EXT.1
os-srgSRG-OS-000163-GPOS-00072, SRG-OS-000029-GPOS-00010
anssiR32
pcidss48.6.1

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_tmout # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_tmout: !!str 600
  tags:
    - always

- name: Correct any occurrence of TMOUT in /etc/profile
  replace:
    path: /etc/profile
    regexp: ^[^#].*TMOUT=.*
    replace: typeset -xr TMOUT={{ var_accounts_tmout }}
  register: profile_replaced
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.11
  - NIST-800-53-AC-12
  - NIST-800-53-AC-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-10
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - accounts_tmout
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Interactive Session Timeout
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/profile.d/tmout.sh
    create: true
    regexp: TMOUT=
    line: typeset -xr TMOUT={{ var_accounts_tmout }}
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.11
  - NIST-800-53-AC-12
  - NIST-800-53-AC-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-10
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - accounts_tmout
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

var_accounts_tmout='600'


# if 0, no occurence of tmout found, if 1, occurence found
tmout_found=0


for f in /etc/profile /etc/profile.d/*.sh; do

    if grep --silent '^[^#].*TMOUT' $f; then
        sed -i -E "s/^(.*)TMOUT\s*=\s*(\w|\$)*(.*)$/typeset -xr TMOUT=$var_accounts_tmout\3/g" $f
        tmout_found=1
    fi
done

if [ $tmout_found -eq 0 ]; then
        echo -e "\n# Set TMOUT to $var_accounts_tmout per security requirements" >> /etc/profile.d/tmout.sh
        echo "typeset -xr TMOUT=$var_accounts_tmout" >> /etc/profile.d/tmout.sh
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   User Initialization Files Must Be Group-Owned By The Primary Group   [ref]

Change the group owner of interactive users files to the group found in
/etc/passwd
for the user. To change the group owner of a local interactive user home directory, use the following command:
$ sudo chgrp USER_GROUP /home/USER/.INIT_FILE
        
This rule ensures every initialization file related to an interactive user is group-owned by an interactive user.
Warning:  Due to OVAL limitation, this rule can report a false negative in a specific situation where two interactive users swap the group-ownership of their respective initialization files.
Rationale:
Local initialization files for interactive users are used to configure the user's shell environment upon logon. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_user_dot_group_ownership
References:
disaCCI-000366
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure interactive local users are the group-owners of their respective initialization
    files
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) system("chgrp -f " $4" "$6"/.[^\.]?*")
      }' /etc/passwd
  tags:
  - accounts_user_dot_group_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) system("chgrp -f " $4" "$6"/.[^\.]?*") }' /etc/passwd

Rule   User Initialization Files Must Be Owned By the Primary User   [ref]

Set the owner of the user initialization files for interactive users to the primary owner with the following command:
$ sudo chown USER /home/USER/.*
This rule ensures every initialization file related to an interactive user is owned by an interactive user.
Warning:  Due to OVAL limitation, this rule can report a false negative in a specific situation where two interactive users swap the ownership of their respective initialization files.
Rationale:
Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon logon. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_user_dot_user_ownership
References:
disaCCI-000366
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure interactive local users are the owners of their respective initialization
    files
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) system("chown -f " $3" "$6"/.[^\.]?*")
      }' /etc/passwd
  tags:
  - accounts_user_dot_user_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) system("chown -f " $3" "$6"/.[^\.]?*") }' /etc/passwd

Rule   All User Files and Directories In The Home Directory Must Be Group-Owned By The Primary Group   [ref]

Change the group of a local interactive users files and directories to a group that the interactive user is a member of. To change the group owner of a local interactive users files and directories, use the following command:
$ sudo chgrp USER_GROUP /home/USER/FILE_DIR
        
This rule ensures every file or directory under the home directory related to an interactive user is group-owned by an interactive user.
Warning:  Due to OVAL limitation, this rule can report a false negative in a specific situation where two interactive users swap the group-ownership of folders or files in their respective home directories.
Rationale:
If a local interactive users files are group-owned by a group of which the user is not a member, unintended users may be able to access them.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_users_home_files_groupownership
References:
disaCCI-000366
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Get all local users from /etc/passwd
  ansible.builtin.getent:
    database: passwd
    split: ':'
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_groupownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Create local_users variable from the getent output
  ansible.builtin.set_fact:
    local_users: '{{ ansible_facts.getent_passwd|dict2items }}'
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_groupownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Test for existence of home directories to avoid creating them, but only fixing
    ownership
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: '{{ item.value[4] }}'
  register: path_exists
  loop: '{{ local_users }}'
  when:
  - item.value[1]|int >= 1000
  - item.value[1]|int != 65534
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_groupownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure interactive local users are the owners of their respective home directories
  ansible.builtin.file:
    path: '{{ item.0.value[4] }}'
    group: '{{ item.0.value[2] }}'
    recurse: true
  loop: '{{ local_users|zip(path_exists.results)|list }}'
  when: item.1.stat is defined and item.1.stat.exists
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_groupownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

for user in $(awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) print $1 }' /etc/passwd); do
    home_dir=$(getent passwd $user | cut -d: -f6)
    group=$(getent passwd $user | cut -d: -f4)
    # Only update the group-ownership when necessary. This will avoid changing the inode timestamp
    # when the group is already defined as expected, therefore not impacting in possible integrity
    # check systems that also check inodes timestamps.
    find $home_dir -not -group $group -exec chgrp -f $group {} \;
done

Rule   All User Files and Directories In The Home Directory Must Have a Valid Owner   [ref]

Either remove all files and directories from the system that do not have a valid user, or assign a valid user to all unowned files and directories. To assign a valid owner to a local interactive user's files and directories, use the following command:
$ sudo chown -R USER /home/USER
        
This rule ensures every file or directory under the home directory related to an interactive user is owned by an interactive user.
Warning:  Due to OVAL limitation, this rule can report a false negative in a specific situation where two interactive users swap the ownership of folders or files in their respective home directories.
Rationale:
If local interactive users do not own the files in their directories, unauthorized users may be able to access them. Additionally, if files are not owned by the user, this could be an indication of system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_users_home_files_ownership
References:
disaCCI-000366
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Get all local users from /etc/passwd
  ansible.builtin.getent:
    database: passwd
    split: ':'
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Create local_users variable from the getent output
  ansible.builtin.set_fact:
    local_users: '{{ ansible_facts.getent_passwd|dict2items }}'
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Test for existence of home directories to avoid creating them, but only fixing
    ownership
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: '{{ item.value[4] }}'
  register: path_exists
  loop: '{{ local_users }}'
  when:
  - item.value[1]|int >= 1000
  - item.value[1]|int != 65534
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure interactive local users are the owners of their respective home directories
  ansible.builtin.file:
    path: '{{ item.0.value[4] }}'
    owner: '{{ item.0.value[1] }}'
    recurse: true
  loop: '{{ local_users|zip(path_exists.results)|list }}'
  when: item.1.stat is defined and item.1.stat.exists
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

for user in $(awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) print $1 }' /etc/passwd); do
    home_dir=$(getent passwd $user | cut -d: -f6)
    # Only update the ownership when necessary. This will avoid changing the inode timestamp
    # when the owner is already defined as expected, therefore not impacting in possible integrity
    # check systems that also check inodes timestamps.
    find $home_dir -not -user $user -exec chown -f $user {} \;
done

Rule   All User Files and Directories In The Home Directory Must Have Mode 0750 Or Less Permissive   [ref]

Set the mode on files and directories in the local interactive user home directory with the following command:
$ sudo chmod 0750 /home/USER/FILE_DIR
        
Files that begin with a "." are excluded from this requirement.
Rationale:
If a local interactive user files have excessive permissions, unintended users may be able to access or modify them.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_users_home_files_permissions
References:
disaCCI-000366
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Get all local users from /etc/passwd
  ansible.builtin.getent:
    database: passwd
    split: ':'
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_permissions
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Create local_users variable from the getent output
  ansible.builtin.set_fact:
    local_users: '{{ ansible_facts.getent_passwd|dict2items }}'
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_permissions
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Test for existence home directories to avoid creating them.
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: '{{ item.value[4] }}'
  register: path_exists
  loop: '{{ local_users }}'
  when:
  - item.value[1]|int >= 1000
  - item.value[1]|int != 65534
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_permissions
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure interactive local users have proper permissions on their respective
    home directories
  ansible.builtin.file:
    path: '{{ item.0.value[4] }}'
    mode: u-s,g-w-s,o=-
    follow: false
    recurse: true
  loop: '{{ local_users|zip(path_exists.results)|list }}'
  when: item.1.stat is defined and item.1.stat.exists
  tags:
  - accounts_users_home_files_permissions
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

for home_dir in $(awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) print $6 }' /etc/passwd); do
    # Only update the permissions when necessary. This will avoid changing the inode timestamp when
    # the permission is already defined as expected, therefore not impacting in possible integrity
    # check systems that also check inodes timestamps.
    find "$home_dir" -perm /7027 -exec chmod u-s,g-w-s,o=- {} \;
done

Rule   Ensure All User Initialization Files Have Mode 0740 Or Less Permissive   [ref]

Set the mode of the user initialization files to 0740 with the following command:
$ sudo chmod 0740 /home/USER/.INIT_FILE
        
Rationale:
Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon logon. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_permission_user_init_files
References:
disaCCI-000366
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_user_initialization_files_regex # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_user_initialization_files_regex: !!str ^(\.bashrc|\.zshrc|\.cshrc|\.profile|\.bash_login|\.bash_profile)$
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure All User Initialization Files Have Mode 0740 Or Less Permissive - Gather
    User Info
  ansible.builtin.getent:
    database: passwd
  tags:
  - file_permission_user_init_files
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure All User Initialization Files Have Mode 0740 Or Less Permissive - Find
    Init Files
  ansible.builtin.find:
    paths: '{{ item.value[4] }}'
    pattern: '{{ var_user_initialization_files_regex }}'
    hidden: true
    use_regex: true
  with_dict: '{{ ansible_facts.getent_passwd }}'
  when:
  - item.value[4] != "/sbin/nologin"
  - item.key not in ["nobody", "nfsnobody"]
  - item.value[1] | int >= 1000
  register: found_init_files
  tags:
  - file_permission_user_init_files
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure All User Initialization Files Have Mode 0740 Or Less Permissive - Fix
    Init Files Permissions
  ansible.builtin.file:
    path: '{{ item.1.path }}'
    mode: u-s,g-wxs,o=
  loop: '{{ q(''ansible.builtin.subelements'', found_init_files.results, ''files'',
    {''skip_missing'': True}) }}'
  tags:
  - file_permission_user_init_files
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

var_user_initialization_files_regex='^(\.bashrc|\.zshrc|\.cshrc|\.profile|\.bash_login|\.bash_profile)$'


readarray -t interactive_users < <(awk -F: '$3>=1000   {print $1}' /etc/passwd)
readarray -t interactive_users_home < <(awk -F: '$3>=1000   {print $6}' /etc/passwd)
readarray -t interactive_users_shell < <(awk -F: '$3>=1000   {print $7}' /etc/passwd)

USERS_IGNORED_REGEX='nobody|nfsnobody'

for (( i=0; i<"${#interactive_users[@]}"; i++ )); do
    if ! grep -qP "$USERS_IGNORED_REGEX" <<< "${interactive_users[$i]}" && \
        [ "${interactive_users_shell[$i]}" != "/sbin/nologin" ]; then
        
        readarray -t init_files < <(find "${interactive_users_home[$i]}" -maxdepth 1 \
            -exec basename {} \; | grep -P "$var_user_initialization_files_regex")
        for file in "${init_files[@]}"; do
            chmod u-s,g-wxs,o= "${interactive_users_home[$i]}/$file"
        done
    fi
done
Group   GRUB2 bootloader configuration   Group contains 2 groups and 11 rules
[ref]   During the boot process, the boot loader is responsible for starting the execution of the kernel and passing options to it. The boot loader allows for the selection of different kernels - possibly on different partitions or media. The default Debian 12 boot loader for x86 systems is called GRUB2. Options it can pass to the kernel include single-user mode, which provides root access without any authentication, and the ability to disable SELinux. To prevent local users from modifying the boot parameters and endangering security, protect the boot loader configuration with a password and ensure its configuration file's permissions are set properly.
Group   Non-UEFI GRUB2 bootloader configuration   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   Non-UEFI GRUB2 bootloader configuration

Rule   Set Boot Loader Password in grub2   [ref]

The grub2 boot loader should have a superuser account and password protection enabled to protect boot-time settings.

Since plaintext passwords are a security risk, generate a hash for the password by running the following command:
# grub2-setpassword
When prompted, enter the password that was selected.

Warning:  To prevent hard-coded passwords, automatic remediation of this control is not available. Remediation must be automated as a component of machine provisioning, or followed manually as outlined above. Also, do NOT manually add the superuser account and password to the grub.cfg file as the grub2-mkconfig command overwrites this file.
Rationale:
Password protection on the boot loader configuration ensures users with physical access cannot trivially alter important bootloader settings. These include which kernel to use, and whether to enter single-user mode.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_password
References:
cis-csc1, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5
cobit5DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.06, DSS06.10
cui3.4.5
disaCCI-000213
hipaa164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(7)(i), 164.308(a)(7)(ii)(A), 164.310(a)(1), 164.310(a)(2)(i), 164.310(a)(2)(ii), 164.310(a)(2)(iii), 164.310(b), 164.310(c), 164.310(d)(1), 164.310(d)(2)(iii)
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.3, 4.3.3.5.4, 4.3.3.5.5, 4.3.3.5.6, 4.3.3.5.7, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.1, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.11, SR 1.12, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.6, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.2, SR 2.3, SR 2.4, SR 2.5, SR 2.6, SR 2.7
iso27001-2013A.18.1.4, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nistCM-6(a)
nist-csfPR.AC-1, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.PT-3
osppFIA_UAU.1
os-srgSRG-OS-000080-GPOS-00048
anssiR5
Group   UEFI GRUB2 bootloader configuration   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   UEFI GRUB2 bootloader configuration
Warning:  UEFI generally uses vfat file systems, which does not support Unix-style permissions managed by chmod command. In this case, in order to change file permissions for files within /boot/efi it is necessary to update the mount options in /etc/fstab file and reboot the system.

Rule   Set the UEFI Boot Loader Password   [ref]

The grub2 boot loader should have a superuser account and password protection enabled to protect boot-time settings.

Since plaintext passwords are a security risk, generate a hash for the password by running the following command:
# grub2-setpassword
When prompted, enter the password that was selected.

Warning:  To prevent hard-coded passwords, automatic remediation of this control is not available. Remediation must be automated as a component of machine provisioning, or followed manually as outlined above. Also, do NOT manually add the superuser account and password to the grub.cfg file as the grub2-mkconfig command overwrites this file.
Rationale:
Password protection on the boot loader configuration ensures users with physical access cannot trivially alter important bootloader settings. These include which kernel to use, and whether to enter single-user mode.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_uefi_password
References:
cis-csc11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5
cobit5DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.03, DSS06.06
cui3.4.5
disaCCI-000213
hipaa164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(7)(i), 164.308(a)(7)(ii)(A), 164.310(a)(1), 164.310(a)(2)(i), 164.310(a)(2)(ii), 164.310(a)(2)(iii), 164.310(b), 164.310(c), 164.310(d)(1), 164.310(d)(2)(iii)
isa-62443-20094.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.3, 4.3.3.5.4, 4.3.3.5.5, 4.3.3.5.6, 4.3.3.5.7, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.1, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.11, SR 1.12, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.6, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.2, SR 2.3, SR 2.4, SR 2.5, SR 2.6, SR 2.7
iso27001-2013A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nistCM-6(a)
nist-csfPR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.PT-3
osppFIA_UAU.1
os-srgSRG-OS-000080-GPOS-00048
anssiR5

Rule   Configure L1 Terminal Fault mitigations   [ref]

L1 Terminal Fault (L1TF) is a hardware vulnerability which allows unprivileged speculative access to data which is available in the Level 1 Data Cache when the page table entry isn't present. Select the appropriate mitigation by adding the argument l1tf=full,force to the default GRUB 2 command line for the Linux operating system. Configure the default Grub2 kernel command line to contain l1tf=full,force as follows:
# grub2-editenv - set "$(grub2-editenv - list | grep kernelopts) l1tf=full,force"
Since Linux Kernel 4.19 you can check the L1TF vulnerability state with the following command: cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/l1tf
Warning:  Enabling L1TF mitigations may impact performance of the system.
Rationale:
The L1TF vulnerability allows an attacker to bypass memory access security controls imposed by the system or hypervisor. The L1TF vulnerability allows read access to any physical memory location that is cached in the L1 Data Cache.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_l1tf_argument
References:
anssiR8

Complexity:medium
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - grub2_l1tf_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_l1tf_options # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_l1tf_options: !!str full,force
  tags:
    - always

- name: Check l1tf argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*l1tf=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: argcheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_l1tf_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check l1tf argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: linecheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_l1tf_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add l1tf argument
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    line: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="l1tf={{ var_l1tf_options }} "
    state: present
    dest: /etc/default/grub
    create: true
    mode: '0644'
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc != 0
  tags:
  - grub2_l1tf_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Replace existing l1tf argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: l1tf=[a-zA-Z0-9,]+
    replace: l1tf={{ var_l1tf_options }}
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc == 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_l1tf_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add l1tf argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: (^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*)"
    replace: \1 l1tf={{ var_l1tf_options }}"
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_l1tf_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Update grub defaults and the bootloader menu
  command: /usr/sbin/update-grub
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_l1tf_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'grub2-common' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

var_l1tf_options='full,force'




# Correct the form of default kernel command line in GRUB
if grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*l1tf=.*"'  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # modify the GRUB command-line if an l1tf= arg already exists
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)l1tf=[^[:space:]]\+\(.*\"\)/\1l1tf=$var_l1tf_options\2/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add to already existing GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters
elif grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX='  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # no l1tf=arg is present, append it
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)\"/\1 l1tf=$var_l1tf_options\"/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters line
else
       echo "GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\"l1tf=$var_l1tf_options\"" >> '/etc/default/grub'
fi
update-grub

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Force kernel panic on uncorrected MCEs   [ref]

A Machine Check Exception is an error generated by the CPU itdetects an error in itself, memory or I/O devices. These errors may be corrected and generate a check log entry, if an error cannot be corrected the kernel may panic or SIGBUS. To force the kernel to panic on any uncorrected error reported by Machine Check set the MCE tolerance to zero by adding mce=0 to the default GRUB 2 command line for the Linux operating system. Configure the default Grub2 kernel command line to contain mce=0 as follows:
# grub2-editenv - set "$(grub2-editenv - list | grep kernelopts) mce=0"
Rationale:
Allowing uncorrected errors to result on a SIGBUS may allow an attacker to continue trying to exploit a vulnerability such as Rowhammer.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_mce_argument
References:
anssiR8

Complexity:medium
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - grub2_mce_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check mce argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*mce=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: argcheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_mce_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check mce argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: linecheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_mce_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add mce argument
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    line: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="mce=0 "
    state: present
    dest: /etc/default/grub
    create: true
    mode: '0644'
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc != 0
  tags:
  - grub2_mce_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Replace existing mce argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: mce=[a-zA-Z0-9,]+
    replace: mce=0
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc == 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_mce_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add mce argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: (^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*)"
    replace: \1 mce=0"
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_mce_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Update grub defaults and the bootloader menu
  command: /usr/sbin/update-grub
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_mce_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'grub2-common' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

# Correct the form of default kernel command line in GRUB
if grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*mce=.*"'  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # modify the GRUB command-line if an mce= arg already exists
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)mce=[^[:space:]]\+\(.*\"\)/\1mce=0\2/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add to already existing GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters
elif grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX='  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # no mce=arg is present, append it
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)\"/\1 mce=0\"/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters line
else
       echo "GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\"mce=0\"" >> '/etc/default/grub'
fi
update-grub

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Microarchitectural Data Sampling mitigation   [ref]

Microarchitectural Data Sampling (MDS) is a hardware vulnerability which allows unprivileged speculative access to data which is available in various CPU internal buffers. When performing store, load, L1 refill operations, processors write data into temporary microarchitectural structures (buffers), and the data in the buffer can be forwarded to load operations as an optimization. Under certain conditions, data unrelated to the load operations can be speculatively forwarded from the buffers to a disclosure gadget which allows in turn to infer the value via a cache side channel attack. Select the appropriate mitigation by adding the argument mds=full,nosmt to the default GRUB 2 command line for the Linux operating system. Configure the default Grub2 kernel command line to contain mds=full,nosmt as follows:
# grub2-editenv - set "$(grub2-editenv - list | grep kernelopts) mds=full,nosmt"
Not all processors are affected by all variants of MDS, but the mitigation mechanism is identical for all of them. Since Linux Kernel 5.2 you can check whether the system is vulnerable or mitigated with the following command: cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/mds
Warning:  Enabling MDS mitigations will impact performance of the system, mainly by workloads with high rates of user-kernel-user space transitions. For example, system calls, NMIs and interrupts.
Rationale:
The MDS vulnerability allows an attacker to sample data from internal CPU buffers.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_mds_argument
References:
anssiR8

Complexity:medium
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - grub2_mds_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_mds_options # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_mds_options: !!str full,nosmt
  tags:
    - always

- name: Check mds argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*mds=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: argcheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_mds_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check mds argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: linecheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_mds_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add mds argument
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    line: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="mds={{ var_mds_options }} "
    state: present
    dest: /etc/default/grub
    create: true
    mode: '0644'
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc != 0
  tags:
  - grub2_mds_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Replace existing mds argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: mds=[a-zA-Z0-9,]+
    replace: mds={{ var_mds_options }}
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc == 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_mds_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add mds argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: (^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*)"
    replace: \1 mds={{ var_mds_options }}"
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_mds_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Update grub defaults and the bootloader menu
  command: /usr/sbin/update-grub
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_mds_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'grub2-common' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

var_mds_options='full,nosmt'




# Correct the form of default kernel command line in GRUB
if grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*mds=.*"'  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # modify the GRUB command-line if an mds= arg already exists
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)mds=[^[:space:]]\+\(.*\"\)/\1mds=$var_mds_options\2/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add to already existing GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters
elif grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX='  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # no mds=arg is present, append it
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)\"/\1 mds=$var_mds_options\"/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters line
else
       echo "GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\"mds=$var_mds_options\"" >> '/etc/default/grub'
fi
update-grub

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Enable randomization of the page allocator   [ref]

To enable randomization of the page allocator in the kernel, add the page_alloc.shuffle=1 argument to the default GRUB 2 command line. Configure the default Grub2 kernel command line to contain page_alloc.shuffle=1 as follows:
# grub2-editenv - set "$(grub2-editenv - list | grep kernelopts) page_alloc.shuffle=1"
Rationale:
The CONFIG_SHUFFLE_PAGE_ALLOCATOR config option is primarily focused on improving the average utilization of a direct-mapped memory-side-cache. Aside of this performance effect, it also reduces predictability of page allocations in situations when the bad actor can crash the system and somehow leverage knowledge of (page) allocation order right after a fresh reboot, or can control the timing between a hot-pluggable memory node (as in NUMA node) and applications allocating memory ouf of that node. The page_alloc.shuffle=1 kernel command line parameter then forces this functionality irrespectively of memory cache architecture.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_page_alloc_shuffle_argument
References:
anssiR8

Complexity:medium
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - grub2_page_alloc_shuffle_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check page_alloc.shuffle argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*page_alloc.shuffle=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: argcheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_page_alloc_shuffle_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check page_alloc.shuffle argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: linecheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_page_alloc_shuffle_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add page_alloc.shuffle argument
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    line: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="page_alloc.shuffle=1 "
    state: present
    dest: /etc/default/grub
    create: true
    mode: '0644'
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc != 0
  tags:
  - grub2_page_alloc_shuffle_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Replace existing page_alloc.shuffle argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: page_alloc.shuffle=[a-zA-Z0-9,]+
    replace: page_alloc.shuffle=1
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc == 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_page_alloc_shuffle_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add page_alloc.shuffle argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: (^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*)"
    replace: \1 page_alloc.shuffle=1"
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_page_alloc_shuffle_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Update grub defaults and the bootloader menu
  command: /usr/sbin/update-grub
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_page_alloc_shuffle_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'grub2-common' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

# Correct the form of default kernel command line in GRUB
if grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*page_alloc.shuffle=.*"'  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # modify the GRUB command-line if an page_alloc.shuffle= arg already exists
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)page_alloc.shuffle=[^[:space:]]\+\(.*\"\)/\1page_alloc.shuffle=1\2/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add to already existing GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters
elif grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX='  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # no page_alloc.shuffle=arg is present, append it
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)\"/\1 page_alloc.shuffle=1\"/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters line
else
       echo "GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\"page_alloc.shuffle=1\"" >> '/etc/default/grub'
fi
update-grub

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Enable Kernel Page-Table Isolation (KPTI)   [ref]

To enable Kernel page-table isolation, add the argument pti=on to the default GRUB 2 command line for the Linux operating system. Configure the default Grub2 kernel command line to contain pti=on as follows:
# grub2-editenv - set "$(grub2-editenv - list | grep kernelopts) pti=on"
Rationale:
Kernel page-table isolation is a kernel feature that mitigates the Meltdown security vulnerability and hardens the kernel against attempts to bypass kernel address space layout randomization (KASLR).
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_pti_argument
References:
disaCCI-000381
nistSI-16
os-srgSRG-OS-000433-GPOS-00193, SRG-OS-000095-GPOS-00049
anssiR8

Complexity:medium
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-SI-16
  - grub2_pti_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check pti argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*pti=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: argcheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-SI-16
  - grub2_pti_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check pti argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: linecheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-SI-16
  - grub2_pti_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add pti argument
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    line: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="pti=on "
    state: present
    dest: /etc/default/grub
    create: true
    mode: '0644'
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc != 0
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-SI-16
  - grub2_pti_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Replace existing pti argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: pti=[a-zA-Z0-9,]+
    replace: pti=on
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc == 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-SI-16
  - grub2_pti_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add pti argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: (^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*)"
    replace: \1 pti=on"
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-SI-16
  - grub2_pti_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Update grub defaults and the bootloader menu
  command: /usr/sbin/update-grub
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-SI-16
  - grub2_pti_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'grub2-common' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

# Correct the form of default kernel command line in GRUB
if grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*pti=.*"'  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # modify the GRUB command-line if an pti= arg already exists
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)pti=[^[:space:]]\+\(.*\"\)/\1pti=on\2/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add to already existing GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters
elif grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX='  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # no pti=arg is present, append it
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)\"/\1 pti=on\"/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters line
else
       echo "GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\"pti=on\"" >> '/etc/default/grub'
fi
update-grub

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure the confidence in TPM for entropy   [ref]

The TPM security chip that is available in most modern systems has a hardware RNG. It is also used to feed the entropy pool, but generally not credited entropy. Use rng_core.default_quality in the kernel command line to set the trust level on the hardware generators. The trust level defines the amount of entropy to credit. A value of 0 tells the system not to trust the hardware random number generators available, and doesn't credit any entropy to the pool. A value of 1000 assigns full confidence in the generators, and credits all the entropy it provides to the pool. Note that the value of rng_core.default_quality is global, affecting the trust on all hardware random number generators. Select the appropriate confidence by adding the argument rng_core.default_quality=500 to the default GRUB 2 command line for the Linux operating system. Configure the default Grub2 kernel command line to contain rng_core.default_quality=500 as follows:
# grub2-editenv - set "$(grub2-editenv - list | grep kernelopts) rng_core.default_quality=500"
Rationale:
A system may struggle to initialize its entropy pool and end up starving. Crediting entropy from the hardware number generators available in the system helps fill up the entropy pool.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_rng_core_default_quality_argument
References:
anssiR8

Complexity:medium
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - grub2_rng_core_default_quality_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_rng_core_default_quality # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_rng_core_default_quality: !!str 500
  tags:
    - always

- name: Check rng_core.default_quality argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*rng_core.default_quality=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: argcheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_rng_core_default_quality_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check rng_core.default_quality argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: linecheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_rng_core_default_quality_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add rng_core.default_quality argument
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    line: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="rng_core.default_quality={{ var_rng_core_default_quality
      }} "
    state: present
    dest: /etc/default/grub
    create: true
    mode: '0644'
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc != 0
  tags:
  - grub2_rng_core_default_quality_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Replace existing rng_core.default_quality argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: rng_core.default_quality=[a-zA-Z0-9,]+
    replace: rng_core.default_quality={{ var_rng_core_default_quality }}
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc == 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_rng_core_default_quality_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add rng_core.default_quality argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: (^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*)"
    replace: \1 rng_core.default_quality={{ var_rng_core_default_quality }}"
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_rng_core_default_quality_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Update grub defaults and the bootloader menu
  command: /usr/sbin/update-grub
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_rng_core_default_quality_argument
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'grub2-common' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

var_rng_core_default_quality='500'




# Correct the form of default kernel command line in GRUB
if grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*rng_core.default_quality=.*"'  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # modify the GRUB command-line if an rng_core.default_quality= arg already exists
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)rng_core.default_quality=[^[:space:]]\+\(.*\"\)/\1rng_core.default_quality=$var_rng_core_default_quality\2/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add to already existing GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters
elif grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX='  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # no rng_core.default_quality=arg is present, append it
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)\"/\1 rng_core.default_quality=$var_rng_core_default_quality\"/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters line
else
       echo "GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\"rng_core.default_quality=$var_rng_core_default_quality\"" >> '/etc/default/grub'
fi
update-grub

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable merging of slabs with similar size   [ref]

The kernel may merge similar slabs together to reduce overhead and increase cache hotness of objects. Disabling merging of slabs keeps the slabs separate and reduces the risk of kernel heap overflows overwriting objects in merged caches. To disable merging of slabs in the Kernel add the argument slab_nomerge=yes to the default GRUB 2 command line for the Linux operating system. Configure the default Grub2 kernel command line to contain slab_nomerge=yes as follows:
# grub2-editenv - set "$(grub2-editenv - list | grep kernelopts) slab_nomerge=yes"
Warning:  Disabling merge of slabs will slightly increase kernel memory utilization.
Rationale:
Disabling the merge of slabs of similar sizes prevents the kernel from merging a seemingly useless but vulnerable slab with a useful and valuable slab. This increase the risk that a heap overflow could overwrite objects from merged caches, with unmerged caches the heap overflow would only affect the objects in the same cache. Overall, this reduces the kernel attack surface area by isolating slabs from each other.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_slab_nomerge_argument
References:
anssiR8

Complexity:medium
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - grub2_slab_nomerge_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check slab_nomerge argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*slab_nomerge=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: argcheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_slab_nomerge_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check slab_nomerge argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: linecheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_slab_nomerge_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add slab_nomerge argument
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    line: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="slab_nomerge=yes "
    state: present
    dest: /etc/default/grub
    create: true
    mode: '0644'
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc != 0
  tags:
  - grub2_slab_nomerge_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Replace existing slab_nomerge argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: slab_nomerge=[a-zA-Z0-9,]+
    replace: slab_nomerge=yes
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc == 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_slab_nomerge_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add slab_nomerge argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: (^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*)"
    replace: \1 slab_nomerge=yes"
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_slab_nomerge_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Update grub defaults and the bootloader menu
  command: /usr/sbin/update-grub
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_slab_nomerge_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'grub2-common' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

# Correct the form of default kernel command line in GRUB
if grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*slab_nomerge=.*"'  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # modify the GRUB command-line if an slab_nomerge= arg already exists
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)slab_nomerge=[^[:space:]]\+\(.*\"\)/\1slab_nomerge=yes\2/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add to already existing GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters
elif grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX='  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # no slab_nomerge=arg is present, append it
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)\"/\1 slab_nomerge=yes\"/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters line
else
       echo "GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\"slab_nomerge=yes\"" >> '/etc/default/grub'
fi
update-grub

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Speculative Store Bypass Mitigation   [ref]

Certain CPUs are vulnerable to an exploit against a common wide industry wide performance optimization known as Speculative Store Bypass (SSB). In such cases, recent stores to the same memory location cannot always be observed by later loads during speculative execution. However, such stores are unlikely and thus they can be detected prior to instruction retirement at the end of a particular speculation execution window. Since Linux Kernel 4.17 you can check the SSB mitigation state with the following command: cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/spec_store_bypass Select the appropriate SSB state by adding the argument spec_store_bypass_disable=seccomp to the default GRUB 2 command line for the Linux operating system. Configure the default Grub2 kernel command line to contain spec_store_bypass_disable=seccomp as follows:
# grub2-editenv - set "$(grub2-editenv - list | grep kernelopts) spec_store_bypass_disable=seccomp"
Warning:  Disabling Speculative Store Bypass may impact performance of the system.
Rationale:
In vulnerable processsors, the speculatively forwarded store can be used in a cache side channel attack. An example of this is reading memory to which the attacker does not directly have access, for example inside the sandboxed code.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_spec_store_bypass_disable_argument
References:
anssiR8

Complexity:medium
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - grub2_spec_store_bypass_disable_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_spec_store_bypass_disable_options # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_spec_store_bypass_disable_options: !!str seccomp
  tags:
    - always

- name: Check spec_store_bypass_disable argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*spec_store_bypass_disable=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: argcheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_spec_store_bypass_disable_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check spec_store_bypass_disable argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: linecheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_spec_store_bypass_disable_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add spec_store_bypass_disable argument
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    line: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="spec_store_bypass_disable={{ var_spec_store_bypass_disable_options
      }} "
    state: present
    dest: /etc/default/grub
    create: true
    mode: '0644'
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc != 0
  tags:
  - grub2_spec_store_bypass_disable_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Replace existing spec_store_bypass_disable argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: spec_store_bypass_disable=[a-zA-Z0-9,]+
    replace: spec_store_bypass_disable={{ var_spec_store_bypass_disable_options }}
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc == 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_spec_store_bypass_disable_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add spec_store_bypass_disable argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: (^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*)"
    replace: \1 spec_store_bypass_disable={{ var_spec_store_bypass_disable_options
      }}"
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_spec_store_bypass_disable_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Update grub defaults and the bootloader menu
  command: /usr/sbin/update-grub
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_spec_store_bypass_disable_argument
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'grub2-common' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

var_spec_store_bypass_disable_options='seccomp'




# Correct the form of default kernel command line in GRUB
if grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*spec_store_bypass_disable=.*"'  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # modify the GRUB command-line if an spec_store_bypass_disable= arg already exists
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)spec_store_bypass_disable=[^[:space:]]\+\(.*\"\)/\1spec_store_bypass_disable=$var_spec_store_bypass_disable_options\2/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add to already existing GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters
elif grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX='  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # no spec_store_bypass_disable=arg is present, append it
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)\"/\1 spec_store_bypass_disable=$var_spec_store_bypass_disable_options\"/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters line
else
       echo "GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\"spec_store_bypass_disable=$var_spec_store_bypass_disable_options\"" >> '/etc/default/grub'
fi
update-grub

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Enforce Spectre v2 mitigation   [ref]

Spectre V2 is an indirect branch poisoning attack that can lead to data leakage. An exploit for Spectre V2 tricks the indirect branch predictor into executing code from a future indirect branch chosen by the attacker, even if the privilege level is different. Since Linux Kernel 4.15 you can check the Spectre V2 mitigation state with the following command: cat /sys/devices/system/cpu/vulnerabilities/spectre_v2 Enforce the Spectre V2 mitigation by adding the argument spectre_v2=on to the default GRUB 2 command line for the Linux operating system. Configure the default Grub2 kernel command line to contain spectre_v2=on as follows:
# grub2-editenv - set "$(grub2-editenv - list | grep kernelopts) spectre_v2=on"
Rationale:
The Spectre V2 vulnerability allows an attacker to read memory that he should not have access to.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_grub2_spectre_v2_argument
References:
anssiR8

Complexity:medium
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - grub2_spectre_v2_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check spectre_v2 argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*spectre_v2=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: argcheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_spectre_v2_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check spectre_v2 argument exists
  command: grep '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=' /etc/default/grub
  failed_when: false
  register: linecheck
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_spectre_v2_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add spectre_v2 argument
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    line: GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="spectre_v2=on "
    state: present
    dest: /etc/default/grub
    create: true
    mode: '0644'
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc != 0
  tags:
  - grub2_spectre_v2_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Replace existing spectre_v2 argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: spectre_v2=[a-zA-Z0-9,]+
    replace: spectre_v2=on
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc == 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_spectre_v2_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add spectre_v2 argument
  replace:
    path: /etc/default/grub
    regexp: (^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*)"
    replace: \1 spectre_v2=on"
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - argcheck is not skipped and linecheck is not skipped and argcheck.rc != 0 and
    linecheck.rc == 0
  tags:
  - grub2_spectre_v2_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Update grub defaults and the bootloader menu
  command: /usr/sbin/update-grub
  when:
  - '"grub2-common" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - grub2_spectre_v2_argument
  - high_severity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_complexity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'grub2-common' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

# Correct the form of default kernel command line in GRUB
if grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=.*spectre_v2=.*"'  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # modify the GRUB command-line if an spectre_v2= arg already exists
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)spectre_v2=[^[:space:]]\+\(.*\"\)/\1spectre_v2=on\2/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add to already existing GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters
elif grep -q '^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX='  '/etc/default/grub' ; then
       # no spectre_v2=arg is present, append it
       sed -i "s/\(^\s*GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\".*\)\"/\1 spectre_v2=on\"/"  '/etc/default/grub'
# Add GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX parameters line
else
       echo "GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=\"spectre_v2=on\"" >> '/etc/default/grub'
fi
update-grub

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Network Configuration and Firewalls   Group contains 8 groups and 53 rules
[ref]   Most systems must be connected to a network of some sort, and this brings with it the substantial risk of network attack. This section discusses the security impact of decisions about networking which must be made when configuring a system.

This section also discusses firewalls, network access controls, and other network security frameworks, which allow system-level rules to be written that can limit an attackers' ability to connect to your system. These rules can specify that network traffic should be allowed or denied from certain IP addresses, hosts, and networks. The rules can also specify which of the system's network services are available to particular hosts or networks.
Group   IPSec Support   Group contains 9 rules
[ref]   Support for Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) is provided with Libreswan.

Rule   Verify Group Who Owns /etc/ipsec.d Directory   [ref]

To properly set the group owner of /etc/ipsec.d, run the command:
$ sudo chgrp root /etc/ipsec.d
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/ipsec.d directory by the root group is important because this directory hosts Libreswan configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the Libreswan configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_groupowner_etc_ipsecd
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_groupowner_etc_ipsecd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure group owner on /etc/ipsec.d/
  file:
    path: /etc/ipsec.d/
    state: directory
    group: root
  when: '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_groupowner_etc_ipsecd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libreswan' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

find -H /etc/ipsec.d/ -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec chgrp root {} \;

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify User Who Owns /etc/ipsec.d Directory   [ref]

To properly set the owner of /etc/ipsec.d, run the command:
$ sudo chown root /etc/ipsec.d 
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/ipsec.d directory by the root user is important because this directory hosts Libreswan configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the Libreswan configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_owner_etc_ipsecd
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_owner_etc_ipsecd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure owner on directory /etc/ipsec.d/
  file:
    path: /etc/ipsec.d/
    state: directory
    owner: '0'
  when: '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_owner_etc_ipsecd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libreswan' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

find -H /etc/ipsec.d/ -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec chown 0 {} \;

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify Permissions On /etc/ipsec.d Directory   [ref]

To properly set the permissions of /etc/ipsec.d, run the command:
$ sudo chmod 0700 /etc/ipsec.d
Rationale:
Setting correct permissions on the /etc/ipsec.d directory is important because this directory hosts Libreswan configuration. Protection of this directory is critical for system security. Restricting the permissions ensures exclusive control of the Libreswan configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_permissions_etc_ipsecd
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_permissions_etc_ipsecd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Find /etc/ipsec.d/ file(s)
  command: 'find -H /etc/ipsec.d/ -maxdepth 1 -perm /u+s,g+xwrs,o+xwrt  -type d '
  register: files_found
  changed_when: false
  failed_when: false
  check_mode: false
  when: '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_permissions_etc_ipsecd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set permissions for /etc/ipsec.d/ file(s)
  file:
    path: '{{ item }}'
    mode: u-s,g-xwrs,o-xwrt
    state: directory
  with_items:
  - '{{ files_found.stdout_lines }}'
  when: '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_permissions_etc_ipsecd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libreswan' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

find -H /etc/ipsec.d/ -maxdepth 1 -perm /u+s,g+xwrs,o+xwrt -type d -exec chmod u-s,g-xwrs,o-xwrt {} \;

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify Group Who Owns /etc/ipsec.conf File   [ref]

To properly set the group owner of /etc/ipsec.conf, run the command:
$ sudo chgrp root /etc/ipsec.conf
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/ipsec.conf file by the root group is important because this file hosts Libreswan configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the Libreswan configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_groupowner_etc_ipsec_conf
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_groupowner_etc_ipsec_conf
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Test for existence /etc/ipsec.conf
  stat:
    path: /etc/ipsec.conf
  register: file_exists
  when: '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_groupowner_etc_ipsec_conf
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure group owner root on /etc/ipsec.conf
  file:
    path: /etc/ipsec.conf
    group: root
  when:
  - '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_groupowner_etc_ipsec_conf
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libreswan' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

chgrp root /etc/ipsec.conf

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify Group Who Owns /etc/ipsec.secrets File   [ref]

To properly set the group owner of /etc/ipsec.secrets, run the command:
$ sudo chgrp root /etc/ipsec.secrets
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/ipsec.secrets file by the root group is important because this file hosts Libreswan configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the Libreswan configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_groupowner_etc_ipsec_secrets
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_groupowner_etc_ipsec_secrets
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Test for existence /etc/ipsec.secrets
  stat:
    path: /etc/ipsec.secrets
  register: file_exists
  when: '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_groupowner_etc_ipsec_secrets
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure group owner root on /etc/ipsec.secrets
  file:
    path: /etc/ipsec.secrets
    group: root
  when:
  - '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_groupowner_etc_ipsec_secrets
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libreswan' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

chgrp root /etc/ipsec.secrets

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify User Who Owns /etc/ipsec.conf File   [ref]

To properly set the owner of /etc/ipsec.conf, run the command:
$ sudo chown root /etc/ipsec.conf 
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/ipsec.conf file by the root user is important because this file hosts Libreswan configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the Libreswan configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_owner_etc_ipsec_conf
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_owner_etc_ipsec_conf
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Test for existence /etc/ipsec.conf
  stat:
    path: /etc/ipsec.conf
  register: file_exists
  when: '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_owner_etc_ipsec_conf
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure owner 0 on /etc/ipsec.conf
  file:
    path: /etc/ipsec.conf
    owner: '0'
  when:
  - '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_owner_etc_ipsec_conf
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libreswan' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

chown 0 /etc/ipsec.conf

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify User Who Owns /etc/ipsec.secrets File   [ref]

To properly set the owner of /etc/ipsec.secrets, run the command:
$ sudo chown root /etc/ipsec.secrets 
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/ipsec.secrets file by the root user is important because this file hosts Libreswan configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the Libreswan configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_owner_etc_ipsec_secrets
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_owner_etc_ipsec_secrets
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Test for existence /etc/ipsec.secrets
  stat:
    path: /etc/ipsec.secrets
  register: file_exists
  when: '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_owner_etc_ipsec_secrets
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure owner 0 on /etc/ipsec.secrets
  file:
    path: /etc/ipsec.secrets
    owner: '0'
  when:
  - '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_owner_etc_ipsec_secrets
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libreswan' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

chown 0 /etc/ipsec.secrets

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify Permissions On /etc/ipsec.conf File   [ref]

To properly set the permissions of /etc/ipsec.conf, run the command:
$ sudo chmod 0644 /etc/ipsec.conf
Rationale:
Setting correct permissions on the /etc/ipsec.conf file is important because this file hosts Libreswan configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Restricting the permissions ensures exclusive control of the Libreswan configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_permissions_etc_ipsec_conf
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_etc_ipsec_conf
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Test for existence /etc/ipsec.conf
  stat:
    path: /etc/ipsec.conf
  register: file_exists
  when: '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_etc_ipsec_conf
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure permission u-xs,g-xws,o-xwt on /etc/ipsec.conf
  file:
    path: /etc/ipsec.conf
    mode: u-xs,g-xws,o-xwt
  when:
  - '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_etc_ipsec_conf
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libreswan' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

chmod u-xs,g-xws,o-xwt /etc/ipsec.conf

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify Permissions On /etc/ipsec.secrets File   [ref]

To properly set the permissions of /etc/ipsec.secrets, run the command:
$ sudo chmod 0644 /etc/ipsec.secrets
Rationale:
Setting correct permissions on the /etc/ipsec.secrets file is important because this file hosts Libreswan configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Restricting the permissions ensures exclusive control of the Libreswan configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_permissions_etc_ipsec_secrets
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_etc_ipsec_secrets
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Test for existence /etc/ipsec.secrets
  stat:
    path: /etc/ipsec.secrets
  register: file_exists
  when: '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_etc_ipsec_secrets
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure permission u-xs,g-xws,o-xwt on /etc/ipsec.secrets
  file:
    path: /etc/ipsec.secrets
    mode: u-xs,g-xws,o-xwt
  when:
  - '"libreswan" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_etc_ipsec_secrets
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'libreswan' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

chmod u-xs,g-xws,o-xwt /etc/ipsec.secrets

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   iptables and ip6tables   Group contains 3 rules
[ref]   A host-based firewall called netfilter is included as part of the Linux kernel distributed with the system. It is activated by default. This firewall is controlled by the program iptables, and the entire capability is frequently referred to by this name. An analogous program called ip6tables handles filtering for IPv6.

Unlike TCP Wrappers, which depends on the network server program to support and respect the rules written, netfilter filtering occurs at the kernel level, before a program can even process the data from the network packet. As such, any program on the system is affected by the rules written.

This section provides basic information about strengthening the iptables and ip6tables configurations included with the system. For more complete information that may allow the construction of a sophisticated ruleset tailored to your environment, please consult the references at the end of this section.

Rule   Verify Group Who Owns /etc/iptables Directory   [ref]

To properly set the group owner of /etc/iptables, run the command:
$ sudo chgrp root /etc/iptables
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/iptables directory by the root group is important because this directory hosts iptables configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the iptables configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_groupowner_etc_iptables
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_groupowner_etc_iptables
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure group owner on /etc/iptables/
  file:
    path: /etc/iptables/
    state: directory
    group: root
  when: '"iptables" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_groupowner_etc_iptables
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'iptables' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

find -H /etc/iptables/ -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec chgrp root {} \;

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify User Who Owns /etc/iptables Directory   [ref]

To properly set the owner of /etc/iptables, run the command:
$ sudo chown root /etc/iptables 
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/iptables directory by the root user is important because this directory hosts iptables configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the iptables configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_owner_etc_iptables
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_owner_etc_iptables
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure owner on directory /etc/iptables/
  file:
    path: /etc/iptables/
    state: directory
    owner: '0'
  when: '"iptables" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_owner_etc_iptables
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'iptables' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

find -H /etc/iptables/ -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec chown 0 {} \;

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Verify Permissions On /etc/iptables Directory   [ref]

To properly set the permissions of /etc/iptables, run the command:
$ sudo chmod 0600 /etc/iptables
Rationale:
Setting correct permissions on the /etc/iptables directory is important because this directory hosts iptables configuration. Protection of this directory is critical for system security. Restricting the permissions ensures exclusive control of the iptables configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_permissions_etc_iptables
References:
anssiR50

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_permissions_etc_iptables
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Find /etc/iptables/ file(s)
  command: 'find -H /etc/iptables/ -maxdepth 1 -perm /u+xs,g+xwrs,o+xwrt  -type d '
  register: files_found
  changed_when: false
  failed_when: false
  check_mode: false
  when: '"iptables" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_permissions_etc_iptables
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set permissions for /etc/iptables/ file(s)
  file:
    path: '{{ item }}'
    mode: u-xs,g-xwrs,o-xwrt
    state: directory
  with_items:
  - '{{ files_found.stdout_lines }}'
  when: '"iptables" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_permissions_etc_iptables
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if dpkg-query --show --showformat='${db:Status-Status}\n' 'iptables' 2>/dev/null | grep -q installed; then

find -H /etc/iptables/ -maxdepth 1 -perm /u+xs,g+xwrs,o+xwrt -type d -exec chmod u-xs,g-xwrs,o-xwrt {} \;

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   IPv6   Group contains 1 group and 16 rules
[ref]   The system includes support for Internet Protocol version 6. A major and often-mentioned improvement over IPv4 is its enormous increase in the number of available addresses. Another important feature is its support for automatic configuration of many network settings.
Group   Configure IPv6 Settings if Necessary   Group contains 16 rules
[ref]   A major feature of IPv6 is the extent to which systems implementing it can automatically configure their networking devices using information from the network. From a security perspective, manually configuring important configuration information is preferable to accepting it from the network in an unauthenticated fashion.

Rule   Configure Accepting Default Router in Router Advertisements on All IPv6 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr = 0
Rationale:
An illicit router advertisement message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_defrtr
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_defrtr
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_defrtr
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_defrtr_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_defrtr_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_defrtr_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_defrtr
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_defrtr_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_defrtr_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_defrtr_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_defrtr\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Accepting Prefix Information in Router Advertisements on All IPv6 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo = 0
Rationale:
An illicit router advertisement message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_pinfo
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_pinfo
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_pinfo
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_pinfo_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_pinfo_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_pinfo_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_pinfo
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_pinfo_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_pinfo_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_pinfo_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_pinfo\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Accepting Router Preference in Router Advertisements on All IPv6 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref = 0
Rationale:
An illicit router advertisement message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_rtr_pref
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_rtr_pref
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_rtr_pref
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_rtr_pref
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_ra_rtr_pref\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Accepting ICMP Redirects for All IPv6 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
Rationale:
An illicit ICMP redirect message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_redirects
References:
cis-csc11, 14, 3, 9
cobit5BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.05, DSS06.06
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-000366, CCI-001551
isa-62443-20094.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.3, 4.3.3.5.4, 4.3.3.5.5, 4.3.3.5.6, 4.3.3.5.7, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.1, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.11, SR 1.12, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.6, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.2, SR 2.3, SR 2.4, SR 2.5, SR 2.6, SR 2.7, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.12.1.2, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.9.1.2
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), CM-6(a), CM-6(b), CM-6.1(iv)
nist-csfPR.IP-1, PR.PT-3
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_redirects

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_redirects
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_redirects_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_redirects_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_redirects_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_redirects

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_redirects_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_redirects_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_redirects_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Kernel Parameter for Accepting Source-Routed Packets on all IPv6 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
Rationale:
Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures. This requirement applies only to the forwarding of source-routerd traffic, such as when IPv6 forwarding is enabled and the system is functioning as a router.

Accepting source-routed packets in the IPv6 protocol has few legitimate uses. It should be disabled unless it is absolutely required.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_source_route
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 4, 6, 8, 9
cobit5APO01.06, APO13.01, DSS01.05, DSS03.01, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, DSS06.02
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-000366
isa-62443-20094.2.3.4, 4.3.3.4, 4.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.1, A.12.1.2, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.2, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.2, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), CM-6(a)
nist-csfDE.AE-1, ID.AM-3, PR.AC-5, PR.DS-5, PR.PT-4
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_source_route

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_source_route
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_source_route_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_source_route_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_source_route_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_source_route

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_source_route_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_source_route_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_accept_source_route_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Auto Configuration on All IPv6 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf = 0
Rationale:
An illicit router advertisement message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_autoconf
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_autoconf
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf from config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_autoconf
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_autoconf_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_autoconf_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_autoconf_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_autoconf
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_autoconf_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_autoconf_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_autoconf_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.all.autoconf\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Maximum Number of Autoconfigured Addresses on All IPv6 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses=1
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses = 1
Rationale:
The number of global unicast IPv6 addresses for each interface should be limited exactly to the number of statically configured addresses.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_max_addresses
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_max_addresses
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_max_addresses
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_max_addresses_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_max_addresses_value: !!str 1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_max_addresses_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_max_addresses
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_max_addresses_value='1'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_max_addresses_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_max_addresses_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.all.max_addresses\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Denying Router Solicitations on All IPv6 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations = 0
Rationale:
To prevent discovery of the system by other systems, router solicitation requests should be denied.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_router_solicitations
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_router_solicitations
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_router_solicitations
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_router_solicitations_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_router_solicitations_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_router_solicitations_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_router_solicitations
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_router_solicitations_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_router_solicitations_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_all_router_solicitations_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.all.router_solicitations\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Accepting Default Router in Router Advertisements on All IPv6 Interfaces By Default   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr = 0
Rationale:
An illicit router advertisement message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_defrtr
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_defrtr
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_defrtr
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_defrtr_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_defrtr_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_defrtr_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_defrtr
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_defrtr_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_defrtr_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_defrtr_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_defrtr\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Accepting Prefix Information in Router Advertisements on All IPv6 Interfaces By Default   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo = 0
Rationale:
An illicit router advertisement message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_pinfo
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_pinfo
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_pinfo
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_pinfo_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_pinfo_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_pinfo_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_pinfo
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_pinfo_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_pinfo_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_pinfo_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_pinfo\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Accepting Router Preference in Router Advertisements on All IPv6 Interfaces By Default   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref = 0
Rationale:
An illicit router advertisement message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_rtr_pref
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_rtr_pref
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_rtr_pref
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_rtr_pref
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_ra_rtr_pref_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_ra_rtr_pref\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Kernel Parameter for Accepting ICMP Redirects by Default on IPv6 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0
Rationale:
An illicit ICMP redirect message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_redirects
References:
cis-csc11, 14, 3, 9
cobit5BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.05, DSS06.06
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-000366, CCI-001551
isa-62443-20094.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.3, 4.3.3.5.4, 4.3.3.5.5, 4.3.3.5.6, 4.3.3.5.7, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.1, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.11, SR 1.12, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.6, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.2, SR 2.3, SR 2.4, SR 2.5, SR 2.6, SR 2.7, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.12.1.2, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.9.1.2
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), CM-6(a)
nist-csfPR.IP-1, PR.PT-3
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_redirects

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_redirects
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_redirects_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_redirects_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_redirects_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_redirects

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_redirects_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_redirects_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_redirects_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_redirects\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Kernel Parameter for Accepting Source-Routed Packets on IPv6 Interfaces by Default   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
Rationale:
Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures. This requirement applies only to the forwarding of source-routerd traffic, such as when IPv6 forwarding is enabled and the system is functioning as a router. Accepting source-routed packets in the IPv6 protocol has few legitimate uses. It should be disabled unless it is absolutely required.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_source_route
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 4, 6, 8, 9
cobit5APO01.06, APO13.01, DSS01.05, DSS03.01, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, DSS06.02
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-000366
isa-62443-20094.2.3.4, 4.3.3.4, 4.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.1, A.12.1.2, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.2, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.2, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), CM-6(a), CM-6(b), CM-6.1(iv)
nist-csfDE.AE-1, ID.AM-3, PR.AC-5, PR.DS-5, PR.PT-4
pcidssReq-1.4.3
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR13
pcidss41.4.2

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.2
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_source_route

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.2
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_source_route
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_source_route_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_source_route_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_source_route_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.2
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_source_route

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_source_route_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_source_route_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_accept_source_route_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.default.accept_source_route\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Auto Configuration on All IPv6 Interfaces By Default   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf = 0
Rationale:
An illicit router advertisement message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_autoconf
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_autoconf
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_autoconf
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_autoconf_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_autoconf_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_autoconf_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_autoconf
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_autoconf_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_autoconf_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_autoconf_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.default.autoconf\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Maximum Number of Autoconfigured Addresses on All IPv6 Interfaces By Default   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses=1
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses = 1
Rationale:
The number of global unicast IPv6 addresses for each interface should be limited exactly to the number of statically configured addresses.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_max_addresses
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_max_addresses
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_max_addresses
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_max_addresses_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_max_addresses_value: !!str 1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_max_addresses_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_max_addresses
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_max_addresses_value='1'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_max_addresses_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_max_addresses_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.default.max_addresses\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Denying Router Solicitations on All IPv6 Interfaces By Default   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations = 0
Rationale:
To prevent discovery of the system by other systems, router solicitation requests should be denied.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_router_solicitations
References:
anssiR13

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_router_solicitations
  - unknown_severity

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations
    from config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations
    replace: '#net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_router_solicitations
  - unknown_severity
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_router_solicitations_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_router_solicitations_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_router_solicitations_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_router_solicitations
  - unknown_severity

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_router_solicitations_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations="$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_router_solicitations_value"

#
# If net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv6_conf_default_router_solicitations_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv6.conf.default.router_solicitations\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Kernel Parameters Which Affect Networking   Group contains 2 groups and 22 rules
[ref]   The sysctl utility is used to set parameters which affect the operation of the Linux kernel. Kernel parameters which affect networking and have security implications are described here.
Group   Network Related Kernel Runtime Parameters for Hosts and Routers   Group contains 19 rules
[ref]   Certain kernel parameters should be set for systems which are acting as either hosts or routers to improve the system's ability defend against certain types of IPv4 protocol attacks.

Rule   Disable Accepting Packets Routed Between Local Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local = 0
Rationale:
Configure net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local=0 to consider as invalid the packets received from outside whose source is the 127.0.0.0/8 address block. In combination with suitable routing, this can be used to direct packets between two local interfaces over the wire and have them accepted properly.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_local
References:
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_local

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_local

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local is set to 0
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local
    value: '0'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_local

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local="0"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to "0"
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local = 0" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "0"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_local\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Accepting ICMP Redirects for All IPv4 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
Rationale:
ICMP redirect messages are used by routers to inform hosts that a more direct route exists for a particular destination. These messages modify the host's route table and are unauthenticated. An illicit ICMP redirect message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
This feature of the IPv4 protocol has few legitimate uses. It should be disabled unless absolutely required."
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_redirects
References:
cis-csc1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9
cjis5.10.1.1
cobit5APO13.01, BAI04.04, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.06
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-000366, CCI-001503, CCI-001551
isa-62443-20094.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.3, 4.3.3.5.4, 4.3.3.5.5, 4.3.3.5.6, 4.3.3.5.7, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.1, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.11, SR 1.12, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.6, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.2, SR 2.3, SR 2.4, SR 2.5, SR 2.6, SR 2.7, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.12.1.2, A.12.1.3, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.17.2.1, A.9.1.2
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), CM-6(a), SC-7(a)
nist-csfDE.CM-1, PR.DS-4, PR.IP-1, PR.PT-3
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_redirects

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_redirects
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_redirects_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_redirects_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_redirects_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_redirects

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_redirects_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects="$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_redirects_value"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_redirects_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Kernel Parameter for Accepting Source-Routed Packets on all IPv4 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
Rationale:
Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures. This requirement applies only to the forwarding of source-routerd traffic, such as when IPv4 forwarding is enabled and the system is functioning as a router.

Accepting source-routed packets in the IPv4 protocol has few legitimate uses. It should be disabled unless it is absolutely required.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_source_route
References:
cis-csc1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9
cobit5APO01.06, APO13.01, BAI04.04, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS01.05, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-000366
isa-62443-20094.2.3.4, 4.3.3.4, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.3, 4.3.3.5.4, 4.3.3.5.5, 4.3.3.5.6, 4.3.3.5.7, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.1, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.11, SR 1.12, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.6, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.2, SR 2.3, SR 2.4, SR 2.5, SR 2.6, SR 2.7, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.1, A.12.1.2, A.12.1.3, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.2, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.2, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.17.2.1, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nerc-cipCIP-007-3 R4, CIP-007-3 R4.1, CIP-007-3 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), SC-5, CM-6(a), SC-7(a)
nist-csfDE.AE-1, DE.CM-1, ID.AM-3, PR.AC-5, PR.DS-4, PR.DS-5, PR.IP-1, PR.PT-3, PR.PT-4
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-5
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_source_route

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-5
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_source_route
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_source_route_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_source_route_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_source_route_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-5
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_source_route

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_source_route_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route="$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_source_route_value"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_accept_source_route_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure ARP filtering for All IPv4 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter=0
         
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter = 0
         
Warning:  This behaviour may cause problems to system on a high availability or load balancing configuration.
Rationale:
Prevents the Linux Kernel from handling the ARP table globally. By default, the kernel may respond to an ARP request from a certain interface with information from another interface.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_filter
References:
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_filter

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter from config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_filter
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_filter_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_filter_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_filter_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_filter

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_filter_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter="$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_filter_value"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_filter_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_filter\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Response Mode of ARP Requests for All IPv4 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore=2
         
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore = 2
         
Warning:  The ARP response mode may impact behaviour of workloads and firewalls on the system.
Rationale:
Avoids ARP Flux on system that have more than one interface on the same subnet.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_ignore
References:
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_ignore

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore from config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_ignore
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_ignore_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_ignore_value: !!str 2
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_ignore_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_ignore

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_ignore_value='2'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore="$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_ignore_value"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_arp_ignore_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.all.arp_ignore\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Drop Gratuitious ARP frames on All IPv4 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp=1
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp = 1
Warning:  This can cause problems if ARP proxies are used in the network.
Rationale:
Drop Gratuitous ARP frames to prevent ARP poisoning.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_drop_gratuitous_arp
References:
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_drop_gratuitous_arp

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_drop_gratuitous_arp

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp is set to 1
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp
    value: '1'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_drop_gratuitous_arp

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp="1"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to "1"
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp = 1" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "1"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.all.drop_gratuitous_arp\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Prevent Routing External Traffic to Local Loopback on All IPv4 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet = 0
Rationale:
Refuse the routing of packets whose source or destination address is the local loopback. This prohibits the use of network 127/8 for local routing purposes. Enabling route_localnet can expose applications listening on localhost to external traffic.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_route_localnet
References:
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_route_localnet

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_route_localnet

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet is set to 0
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet
    value: '0'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_route_localnet

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet="0"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to "0"
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet = 0" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "0"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Enable Kernel Parameter to Use Reverse Path Filtering on all IPv4 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter=1
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 1
Rationale:
Enabling reverse path filtering drops packets with source addresses that should not have been able to be received on the interface they were received on. It should not be used on systems which are routers for complicated networks, but is helpful for end hosts and routers serving small networks.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_rp_filter
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9
cobit5APO01.06, APO13.01, BAI04.04, DSS01.03, DSS01.05, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, DSS06.02
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-000366, CCI-001551
isa-62443-20094.2.3.4, 4.3.3.4, 4.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.1, A.12.1.2, A.12.1.3, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.2, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.2, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.17.2.1, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), CM-6(a), SC-7(a)
nist-csfDE.AE-1, DE.CM-1, ID.AM-3, PR.AC-5, PR.DS-4, PR.DS-5, PR.PT-4
pcidssReq-1.4.3
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR12
pcidss41.4.3

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.3
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_rp_filter

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter from config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.3
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_rp_filter
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_rp_filter_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_rp_filter_value: !!str 1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_rp_filter_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.3
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_rp_filter

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_rp_filter_value='1'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter="$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_rp_filter_value"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_rp_filter_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Kernel Parameter for Accepting Secure ICMP Redirects on all IPv4 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = 0
Rationale:
Accepting "secure" ICMP redirects (from those gateways listed as default gateways) has few legitimate uses. It should be disabled unless it is absolutely required.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_secure_redirects
References:
cis-csc1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9
cobit5APO01.06, APO13.01, BAI04.04, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS01.05, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-001503, CCI-001551
isa-62443-20094.2.3.4, 4.3.3.4, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.3, 4.3.3.5.4, 4.3.3.5.5, 4.3.3.5.6, 4.3.3.5.7, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.1, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.11, SR 1.12, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.6, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.2, SR 2.3, SR 2.4, SR 2.5, SR 2.6, SR 2.7, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.1, A.12.1.2, A.12.1.3, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.2, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.2, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.17.2.1, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), CM-6(a), SC-7(a)
nist-csfDE.AE-1, DE.CM-1, ID.AM-3, PR.AC-5, PR.DS-4, PR.DS-5, PR.IP-1, PR.PT-3, PR.PT-4
pcidssReq-1.4.3
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR12
pcidss41.4.3

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.3
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_secure_redirects

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.3
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_secure_redirects
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_secure_redirects_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_secure_redirects_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_secure_redirects_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.3
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_secure_redirects

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_secure_redirects_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects="$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_secure_redirects_value"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_secure_redirects_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Sending and Accepting Shared Media Redirects for All IPv4 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media=0
         
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media = 0
         
Rationale:
This setting should be aligned with net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects because it overrides it. If shared_media is enabled for an interface secure_redirects will be enabled too.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_shared_media
References:
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_shared_media

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_shared_media
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_shared_media_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_shared_media_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_shared_media_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_shared_media

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_shared_media_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media="$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_shared_media_value"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_all_shared_media_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.all.shared_media\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Kernel Parameter for Accepting ICMP Redirects by Default on IPv4 Interfaces   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = 0
Rationale:
ICMP redirect messages are used by routers to inform hosts that a more direct route exists for a particular destination. These messages modify the host's route table and are unauthenticated. An illicit ICMP redirect message could result in a man-in-the-middle attack.
This feature of the IPv4 protocol has few legitimate uses. It should be disabled unless absolutely required.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_redirects
References:
cis-csc1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9
cjis5.10.1.1
cobit5APO01.06, APO13.01, BAI04.04, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS01.05, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-000366, CCI-001551
isa-62443-20094.2.3.4, 4.3.3.4, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.3, 4.3.3.5.4, 4.3.3.5.5, 4.3.3.5.6, 4.3.3.5.7, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.1, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.11, SR 1.12, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.6, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.2, SR 2.3, SR 2.4, SR 2.5, SR 2.6, SR 2.7, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.1, A.12.1.2, A.12.1.3, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.2, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.2, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.17.2.1, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), CM-6(a), SC-7(a)
nist-csfDE.AE-1, DE.CM-1, ID.AM-3, PR.AC-5, PR.DS-4, PR.DS-5, PR.IP-1, PR.PT-3, PR.PT-4
pcidssReq-1.4.3
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR12
pcidss41.4.3

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.3
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_redirects

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.3
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_redirects
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_redirects_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_redirects_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_redirects_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-1.4.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-1.4.3
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_redirects

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_redirects_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects="$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_redirects_value"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_redirects_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_redirects\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Kernel Parameter for Accepting Source-Routed Packets on IPv4 Interfaces by Default   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = 0
Rationale:
Source-routed packets allow the source of the packet to suggest routers forward the packet along a different path than configured on the router, which can be used to bypass network security measures.
Accepting source-routed packets in the IPv4 protocol has few legitimate uses. It should be disabled unless it is absolutely required, such as when IPv4 forwarding is enabled and the system is legitimately functioning as a router.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_source_route
References:
cis-csc1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9
cjis5.10.1.1
cobit5APO01.06, APO13.01, BAI04.04, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS01.05, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-000366, CCI-001551
isa-62443-20094.2.3.4, 4.3.3.4, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.3, 4.3.3.5.4, 4.3.3.5.5, 4.3.3.5.6, 4.3.3.5.7, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.1, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.11, SR 1.12, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.6, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.2, SR 2.3, SR 2.4, SR 2.5, SR 2.6, SR 2.7, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.1, A.12.1.2, A.12.1.3, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.2, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.2, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.17.2.1, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nerc-cipCIP-007-3 R4, CIP-007-3 R4.1, CIP-007-3 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), SC-5, SC-7(a)
nist-csfDE.AE-1, DE.CM-1, ID.AM-3, PR.AC-5, PR.DS-4, PR.DS-5, PR.IP-1, PR.PT-3, PR.PT-4
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-5
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_source_route

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-5
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_source_route
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_source_route_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_source_route_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_source_route_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.10.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-5
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_source_route

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_source_route_value='0'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route="$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_source_route_value"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_accept_source_route_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.default.accept_source_route\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Enable Kernel Parameter to Use Reverse Path Filtering on all IPv4 Interfaces by Default   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter=1
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 1
Rationale:
Enabling reverse path filtering drops packets with source addresses that should not have been able to be received on the interface they were received on. It should not be used on systems which are routers for complicated networks, but is helpful for end hosts and routers serving small networks.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_rp_filter
References:
cis-csc1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9
cobit5APO01.06, APO13.01, BAI04.04, DSS01.03, DSS01.05, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, DSS06.02
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-000366
isa-62443-20094.2.3.4, 4.3.3.4, 4.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.1, A.12.1.2, A.12.1.3, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.2, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.2, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.17.2.1, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), CM-6(a), SC-7(a)
nist-csfDE.AE-1, DE.CM-1, ID.AM-3, PR.AC-5, PR.DS-4, PR.DS-5, PR.PT-4
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_rp_filter

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter from config
    files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_rp_filter
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_rp_filter_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_rp_filter_value: !!str 1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_rp_filter_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_rp_filter

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_rp_filter_value='1'


#
# Set runtime for net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter
#
/sbin/sysctl -q -n -w net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter="$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_rp_filter_value"

#
# If net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter present in /etc/sysctl.conf, change value to appropriate value
#	else, add "net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = value" to /etc/sysctl.conf
#

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_rp_filter_value"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter\\>" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
else
    if [[ -s "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "${SYSCONFIG_FILE}"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Kernel Parameter for Accepting Secure Redirects By Default   [ref]

To set the runtime status of the net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects kernel parameter, run the following command:
$ sudo sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects=0
To make sure that the setting is persistent, add the following line to a file in the directory /etc/sysctl.d:
net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects = 0
Rationale:
Accepting "secure" ICMP redirects (from those gateways listed as default gateways) has few legitimate uses. It should be disabled unless it is absolutely required.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_secure_redirects
References:
cis-csc1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9
cobit5APO01.06, APO13.01, BAI04.04, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS01.05, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06
cui3.1.20
disaCCI-001551
isa-62443-20094.2.3.4, 4.3.3.4, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.5.3, 4.3.3.5.4, 4.3.3.5.5, 4.3.3.5.6, 4.3.3.5.7, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.1, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.4.3.3
isa-62443-2013SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.11, SR 1.12, SR 1.13, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.6, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 2.2, SR 2.3, SR 2.4, SR 2.5, SR 2.6, SR 2.7, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6
iso27001-2013A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.12.1.1, A.12.1.2, A.12.1.3, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.2, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.2, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.17.2.1, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5
nerc-cipCIP-007-3 R4, CIP-007-3 R4.1, CIP-007-3 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1
nistCM-7(a), CM-7(b), SC-5, SC-7(a)
nist-csfDE.AE-1, DE.CM-1, ID.AM-3, PR.AC-5, PR.DS-4, PR.DS-5, PR.IP-1, PR.PT-3, PR.PT-4
os-srgSRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227
anssiR12

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
- name: List /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sysctl.d/
    - /run/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/
    - /usr/lib/sysctl.d/
    contains: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects.*$
    patterns: '*.conf'
    file_type: any
  register: find_sysctl_d
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-5
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_secure_redirects

- name: Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects from
    config files
  replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects
    replace: '#net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects'
  loop: '{{ find_sysctl_d.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-5
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_secure_redirects
- name: XCCDF Value sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_secure_redirects_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_secure_redirects_value: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure sysctl net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects is set
  sysctl:
    name: net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects
    value: '{{ sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_secure_redirects_value }}'
    sysctl_file: /etc/sysctl.conf
    state: present
    reload: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.20
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-5
  - NIST-800-53-SC-7(a)
  - disable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_secure_redirects

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:true
Strategy:disable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

# Comment out any occurrences of net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects from /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf files

for f in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf /run/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/local/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf /usr/lib/sysctl.d/*.conf; do


  # skip systemd-sysctl symlink (/etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf -> /etc/sysctl.conf)
  if [[ "$(readlink -f "$f")" == "/etc/sysctl.conf" ]]; then continue; fi

  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]*net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      escaped_entry=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$entry")
      # comment out "net.ipv4.conf.default.secure_redirects" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^${escaped_entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"
  fi
done

#
# Set sysctl config file which to save the desired value
#

SYSCONFIG_FILE="/etc/sysctl.conf"

sysctl_net_ipv4_conf_default_se