Guide to the Secure Configuration of SUSE Linux Enterprise 15

with profile ANSSI-BP-028 (high)
This profile contains configurations that align to ANSSI-BP-028 v2.0 at the high hardening level. ANSSI is the French National Information Security Agency, and stands for Agence nationale de la sécurité des systèmes d'information. ANSSI-BP-028 is a configuration recommendation for GNU/Linux systems. A copy of the ANSSI-BP-028 can be found at the ANSSI website: https://www.ssi.gouv.fr/administration/guide/recommandations-de-securite-relatives-a-un-systeme-gnulinux/ Only the components strictly necessary to the service provided by the system should be installed. Those whose presence can not be justified should be disabled, removed or deleted. Performing a minimal install is a good starting point, but doesn't provide any assurance over any package installed later. Manual review is required to assess if the installed services are minimal.
This guide presents a catalog of security-relevant configuration settings for SUSE Linux Enterprise 15. It is a rendering of content structured in the eXtensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF) in order to support security automation. The SCAP content is is available in the scap-security-guide package which is developed at https://www.open-scap.org/security-policies/scap-security-guide.

Providing system administrators with such guidance informs them how to securely configure systems under their control in a variety of network roles. Policy makers and baseline creators can use this catalog of settings, with its associated references to higher-level security control catalogs, in order to assist them in security baseline creation. This guide is a catalog, not a checklist, and satisfaction of every item is not likely to be possible or sensible in many operational scenarios. However, the XCCDF format enables granular selection and adjustment of settings, and their association with OVAL and OCIL content provides an automated checking capability. Transformations of this document, and its associated automated checking content, are capable of providing baselines that meet a diverse set of policy objectives. Some example XCCDF Profiles, which are selections of items that form checklists and can be used as baselines, are available with this guide. They can be processed, in an automated fashion, with tools that support the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP). The DISA STIG, which provides required settings for US Department of Defense systems, is one example of a baseline created from this guidance.
Do not attempt to implement any of the settings in this guide without first testing them in a non-operational environment. The creators of this guidance assume no responsibility whatsoever for its use by other parties, and makes no guarantees, expressed or implied, about its quality, reliability, or any other characteristic.

Profile Information

Profile TitleANSSI-BP-028 (high)
Profile IDxccdf_org.ssgproject.content_profile_anssi_bp28_high

CPE Platforms

  • cpe:/o:suse:linux_enterprise_desktop:15
  • cpe:/o:suse:linux_enterprise_server:15

Revision History

Current version: 0.1.73

  • draft (as of 2024-02-22)

Table of Contents

  1. System Settings
    1. Installing and Maintaining Software
    2. Account and Access Control
    3. System Accounting with auditd
    4. GRUB2 bootloader configuration
    5. Kernel Configuration
    6. Configure Syslog
    7. Network Configuration and Firewalls
    8. File Permissions and Masks
    9. SELinux
  2. Services
    1. DHCP
    2. Mail Server Software
    3. Network Time Protocol
    4. Obsolete Services
    5. SSH Server

Checklist

Group   Guide to the Secure Configuration of SUSE Linux Enterprise 15   Group contains 73 groups and 351 rules
Group   System Settings   Group contains 57 groups and 319 rules
[ref]   Contains rules that check correct system settings.
Group   Installing and Maintaining Software   Group contains 6 groups and 43 rules
[ref]   The following sections contain information on security-relevant choices during the initial operating system installation process and the setup of software updates.
Group   System and Software Integrity   Group contains 2 groups and 6 rules
[ref]   System and software integrity can be gained by installing antivirus, increasing system encryption strength with FIPS, verifying installed software, enabling SELinux, installing an Intrusion Prevention System, etc. However, installing or enabling integrity checking tools cannot prevent intrusions, but they can detect that an intrusion may have occurred. Requirements for integrity checking may be highly dependent on the environment in which the system will be used. Snapshot-based approaches such as AIDE may induce considerable overhead in the presence of frequent software updates.
Group   Software Integrity Checking   Group contains 1 group and 6 rules
[ref]   Both the AIDE (Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment) software and the RPM package management system provide mechanisms for verifying the integrity of installed software. AIDE uses snapshots of file metadata (such as hashes) and compares these to current system files in order to detect changes.

The RPM package management system can conduct integrity checks by comparing information in its metadata database with files installed on the system.
Group   Verify Integrity with AIDE   Group contains 6 rules
[ref]   AIDE conducts integrity checks by comparing information about files with previously-gathered information. Ideally, the AIDE database is created immediately after initial system configuration, and then again after any software update. AIDE is highly configurable, with further configuration information located in /usr/share/doc/aide-VERSION .

Rule   Install AIDE   [ref]

The aide package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install aide
Rationale:
The AIDE package must be installed if it is to be available for integrity checking.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_aide_installed
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83289-9

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 5.10.1.3, APO01.06, BAI01.06, BAI02.01, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS04.07, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06, CCI-002696, CCI-002699, CCI-001744, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.6, 1034, 1288, 1341, 1417, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.8.2.3, CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.DS-1, PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3, Req-11.5, SRG-OS-000445-GPOS-00199, SLES-15-010419, 1.4.1, BP28(R76), BP28(R79), 11.5.2, SV-255922r880967_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi


[[packages]]
name = "aide"
version = "*"

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
include install_aide

class install_aide {
  package { 'aide':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Ensure aide is installed
  package:
    name: aide
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83289-9
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - package_aide_installed

Rule   Build and Test AIDE Database   [ref]

Run the following command to generate a new database:
$ sudo /usr/bin/aide --init
By default, the database will be written to the file /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new. Storing the database, the configuration file /etc/aide.conf, and the binary /usr/bin/aide (or hashes of these files), in a secure location (such as on read-only media) provides additional assurance about their integrity. The newly-generated database can be installed as follows:
$ sudo cp /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new /var/lib/aide/aide.db
To initiate a manual check, run the following command:
$ sudo /usr/bin/aide --check
If this check produces any unexpected output, investigate.
Rationale:
For AIDE to be effective, an initial database of "known-good" information about files must be captured and it should be able to be verified against the installed files.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_build_database
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85787-0

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 5.10.1.3, APO01.06, BAI01.06, BAI02.01, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS04.07, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.6, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.8.2.3, CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.DS-1, PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3, Req-11.5, SRG-OS-000445-GPOS-00199, SLES-15-010419, 1.4.1, BP28(R76), BP28(R79), 11.5.2, SV-255922r880967_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper -q --no-remote ref


zypper install -y "aide"

/usr/bin/aide --init
/bin/cp -p /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new /var/lib/aide/aide.db

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Ensure Repositories Are Updated
  ansible.builtin.command: zypper -q --no-remote ref
  ignore_errors: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85787-0
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Ensure AIDE Is Installed
  ansible.builtin.package:
    name: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
  with_items:
  - aide
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85787-0
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Build and Test AIDE Database
  ansible.builtin.command: /usr/bin/aide --init
  changed_when: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85787-0
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Check Whether the Stock AIDE Database Exists
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new
  register: aide_database_stat
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85787-0
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Stage AIDE Database
  ansible.builtin.copy:
    src: /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new
    dest: /var/lib/aide/aide.db
    backup: true
    remote_src: true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - (aide_database_stat.stat.exists is defined and aide_database_stat.stat.exists)
  tags:
  - CCE-85787-0
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Configure Systemd Timer Execution of AIDE   [ref]

At a minimum, AIDE should be configured to run a weekly scan. To implement a systemd service and a timer unit to run the service periodically: For example, if a systemd timer is expected to be started every day at 5AM
OnCalendar=*-*-* 05:00:0
[Timer]
section in the timer unit and a Unit section starting the AIDE check service unit should be referred.
Rationale:
AIDE provides a means to check if unauthorized changes are made to the system. AIDE itself does not setup a periodic execution, so in order to detect unauthorized changes a systemd service to run the check and a systemd timer to take care of periodical execution of that systemd service should be defined.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-92516-4

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 5.10.1.3, APO01.06, BAI01.06, BAI02.01, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS04.07, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06, CCI-001744, CCI-002699, CCI-002702, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.6, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.8.2.3, SI-6(d), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.DS-1, PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3, Req-11.5, SRG-OS-000363-GPOS-00150, SRG-OS-000446-GPOS-00200, SRG-OS-000447-GPOS-00201, SLES-15-010570, 1.4.2, BP28(R76), 11.5.2, SV-234864r902854_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && { rpm --quiet -q aide; }; then

zypper install -y "aide"

# create unit file for periodic aide database check
cat > /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.service <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=Aide Check
[Service]
Type=simple
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/aide --check
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

# create unit file for the aide check timer
cat > /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.timer <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=Aide check every day at 5AM
[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-* 05:00:00
Unit=aidecheck.service
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

#  setup service unit files attributes
chown root:root /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.*
chmod 0644 /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.*

# enable the aide related services
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable aidecheck.service
systemctl --now enable aidecheck.timer

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-92516-4
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-SI-6(d)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Configure Systemd Timer Execution of AIDE - Define AIDE Periodic Check Service
  ansible.builtin.blockinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.service
    owner: root
    group: root
    mode: '0644'
    block: |
      [Unit]
      Description=Aide Check
      [Service]
      Type=simple
      ExecStart=/usr/sbin/aide --check
      [Install]
      WantedBy=multi-user.target
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"aide" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-92516-4
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-SI-6(d)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Configure Systemd Timer Execution of AIDE - Define AIDE Periodic Check Service
    Timer
  ansible.builtin.blockinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.timer
    owner: root
    group: root
    mode: '0644'
    block: |
      [Unit]
      Description=Aide check every day at 5AM
      [Timer]
      OnCalendar=*-*-* 05:00:00
      Unit=aidecheck.service
      [Install]
      WantedBy=multi-user.target
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"aide" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-92516-4
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-SI-6(d)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Configure Systemd Timer Execution of AIDE - Ensure AIDE Service is Enabled
  ansible.builtin.systemd:
    name: aidecheck.service
    enabled: true
    daemon_reload: true
    masked: false
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"aide" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-92516-4
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-SI-6(d)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Configure Systemd Timer Execution of AIDE - Ensure AIDE Service Timer is Enabled
  ansible.builtin.systemd:
    name: aidecheck.timer
    state: started
    enabled: true
    daemon_reload: true
    masked: false
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"aide" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-92516-4
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-SI-6(d)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Configure Notification of Post-AIDE Scan Details   [ref]

AIDE should notify appropriate personnel of the details of a scan after the scan has been run. If AIDE has already been configured for periodic execution in /etc/crontab, append the following line to the existing AIDE line:
 | /bin/mail -s "$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check" root@localhost
Otherwise, add the following line to /etc/crontab:
05 4 * * * root /usr/sbin/aide --check | /bin/mail -s "$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check" root@localhost
AIDE can be executed periodically through other means; this is merely one example.
Rationale:
Unauthorized changes to the baseline configuration could make the system vulnerable to various attacks or allow unauthorized access to the operating system. Changes to operating system configurations can have unintended side effects, some of which may be relevant to security.

Detecting such changes and providing an automated response can help avoid unintended, negative consequences that could ultimately affect the security state of the operating system. The operating system's Information Management Officer (IMO)/Information System Security Officer (ISSO) and System Administrators (SAs) must be notified via email and/or monitoring system trap when there is an unauthorized modification of a configuration item.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_scan_notification
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91214-7

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, BAI01.06, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, CCI-001744, CCI-002699, CCI-002702, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, SR 6.2, SR 7.6, A.12.1.2, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, CM-6(a), CM-3(5), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3, SRG-OS-000363-GPOS-00150, SRG-OS-000446-GPOS-00200, SRG-OS-000447-GPOS-00201, SLES-15-010570, BP28(R76), SV-234864r902854_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"
var_aide_scan_notification_email='root@localhost'



# create unit file for periodic aide database check
cat > /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.service <<CHECKEOF
[Unit]
        Description=Aide Check
        Before=aidecheck-notify.service
        Wants=aidecheck-notify.service
        [Service]
        Type=forking
        ExecStart=/usr/bin/aide --check -r file:/tmp/aide-report.log
        [Install]
        WantedBy=multi-user.target
CHECKEOF
cat > /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck-notify.service <<NOTIFYEOF
[Unit]
        Description=Status email for AIDE check result
        After=aidecheck.service
        [Service]
        Type=forking
        ExecStart=/bin/sh -c 'cat /tmp/aide-report.log | /bin/mail -s "$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check"  $var_aide_scan_notification_email'
NOTIFYEOF

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_aide_scan_notification_email # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_aide_scan_notification_email: !!str root@localhost
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure AIDE is installed
  package:
    name: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
  with_items:
  - aide
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-91214-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-CM-3(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - aide_scan_notification
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure Notification of Post-AIDE Scan Details check service
  ansible.builtin.blockinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.service
    owner: root
    group: root
    mode: '0644'
    block: |
      [Unit]
      Description=Aide Check
      Before=aidecheck-notify.service
      Wants=aidecheck-notify.service
      [Service]
      Type=forking
      ExecStart=/usr/bin/aide --check -r file:/tmp/aide-report.log
      [Install]
      WantedBy=multi-user.target
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-91214-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-CM-3(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - aide_scan_notification
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure Notification of Post-AIDE Scan Details notify service
  ansible.builtin.blockinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck-notify.service
    owner: root
    group: root
    mode: '0644'
    block: |
      [Unit]
      Description=Status email for AIDE check result
      After=aidecheck.service
      [Service]
      Type=forking
      ExecStart=/bin/sh -c 'cat /tmp/aide-report.log | /bin/mail -s "$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check"  {{ var_aide_scan_notification_email }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-91214-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-CM-3(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - aide_scan_notification
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Configure AIDE to Verify Access Control Lists (ACLs)   [ref]

By default, the acl option is added to the FIPSR ruleset in AIDE. If using a custom ruleset or the acl option is missing, add acl to the appropriate ruleset. For example, add acl to the following line in /etc/aide.conf:
FIPSR = p+i+n+u+g+s+m+c+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha256
AIDE rules can be configured in multiple ways; this is merely one example that is already configured by default. The remediation provided with this rule adds acl to all rule sets available in /etc/aide.conf
Rationale:
ACLs can provide permissions beyond those permitted through the file mode and must be verified by the file integrity tools.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_verify_acls
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85623-7

References:  2, 3, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, DSS06.02, CCI-000366, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, A.11.2.4, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.4, SI-7, SI-7(1), CM-6(a), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040040, BP28(R76), SV-234986r880968_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

aide_conf="/etc/aide.conf"

groups=$(LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" $aide_conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u)

for group in $groups
do
	config=$(grep "^$group\s*=" $aide_conf | cut -f2 -d '=' | tr -d ' ')

	if ! [[ $config = *acl* ]]
	then
		if [[ -z $config ]]
		then
			config="acl"
		else
			config=$config"+acl"
		fi
	fi
	sed -i "s/^$group\s*=.*/$group = $config/g" $aide_conf
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather list of packages
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ''
  tags:
  - CCE-85623-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040040
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_acls
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Get rules groups
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" /etc/aide.conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u || true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  register: find_rules_groups_results
  tags:
  - CCE-85623-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040040
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_acls
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure the acl rule is present when aide is installed.
  replace:
    path: /etc/aide.conf
    regexp: (^\s*{{ item }}\s*=\s*)(?!.*acl)([^\s]*)
    replace: \g<1>\g<2>+acl
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  with_items: '{{ find_rules_groups_results.stdout_lines | map(''trim'') | list }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-85623-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040040
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_acls
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Configure AIDE to Verify Extended Attributes   [ref]

By default, the xattrs option is added to the FIPSR ruleset in AIDE. If using a custom ruleset or the xattrs option is missing, add xattrs to the appropriate ruleset. For example, add xattrs to the following line in /etc/aide.conf:
FIPSR = p+i+n+u+g+s+m+c+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha256
AIDE rules can be configured in multiple ways; this is merely one example that is already configured by default. The remediation provided with this rule adds xattrs to all rule sets available in /etc/aide.conf
Rationale:
Extended attributes in file systems are used to contain arbitrary data and file metadata with security implications.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_verify_ext_attributes
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85624-5

References:  2, 3, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, DSS06.02, CCI-000366, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, A.11.2.4, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.4, SI-7, SI-7(1), CM-6(a), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040050, BP28(R76), SV-234987r880969_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

aide_conf="/etc/aide.conf"

groups=$(LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" $aide_conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u)

for group in $groups
do
	config=$(grep "^$group\s*=" $aide_conf | cut -f2 -d '=' | tr -d ' ')

	if ! [[ $config = *xattrs* ]]
	then
		if [[ -z $config ]]
		then
			config="xattrs"
		else
			config=$config"+xattrs"
		fi
	fi
	sed -i "s/^$group\s*=.*/$group = $config/g" $aide_conf
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather list of packages
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ''
  tags:
  - CCE-85624-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040050
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_ext_attributes
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Get rules groups
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" /etc/aide.conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u || true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  register: find_rules_groups_results
  tags:
  - CCE-85624-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040050
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_ext_attributes
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure the xattrs rule is present when aide is installed.
  replace:
    path: /etc/aide.conf
    regexp: (^\s*{{ item }}\s*=\s*)(?!.*xattrs)([^\s]*)
    replace: \g<1>\g<2>+xattrs
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  with_items: '{{ find_rules_groups_results.stdout_lines | map(''trim'') | list }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-85624-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040050
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_ext_attributes
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
Group   Disk Partitioning   Group contains 10 rules
[ref]   To ensure separation and protection of data, there are top-level system directories which should be placed on their own physical partition or logical volume. The installer's default partitioning scheme creates separate logical volumes for /, /boot, and swap.
  • If starting with any of the default layouts, check the box to \"Review and modify partitioning.\" This allows for the easy creation of additional logical volumes inside the volume group already created, though it may require making /'s logical volume smaller to create space. In general, using logical volumes is preferable to using partitions because they can be more easily adjusted later.
  • If creating a custom layout, create the partitions mentioned in the previous paragraph (which the installer will require anyway), as well as separate ones described in the following sections.
If a system has already been installed, and the default partitioning scheme was used, it is possible but nontrivial to modify it to create separate logical volumes for the directories listed above. The Logical Volume Manager (LVM) makes this possible. See the LVM HOWTO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/ for more detailed information on LVM.

Rule   Ensure /boot Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

It is recommended that the /boot directory resides on a separate partition. This makes it easier to apply restrictions e.g. through the noexec mount option. Eventually, the /boot partition can be configured not to be mounted automatically with the noauto mount option.
Rationale:
The /boot partition contains the kernel and bootloader files. Access to this partition should be restricted.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_boot
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91176-8

References:  BP28(R28)

Rule   Ensure /home Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

If user home directories will be stored locally, create a separate partition for /home at installation time (or migrate it later using LVM). If /home will be mounted from another system such as an NFS server, then creating a separate partition is not necessary at installation time, and the mountpoint can instead be configured later.
Rationale:
Ensuring that /home is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, and also helps ensure that users cannot trivially fill partitions used for log or audit data storage.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_home
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85639-3

References:  12, 15, 8, APO13.01, DSS05.02, CCI-000366, CCI-001208, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, CM-6(a), SC-5(2), PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040200, 1.1.17, BP28(R28), SV-235004r622137_rule

Rule   Ensure /opt Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

It is recommended that the /opt directory resides on a separate partition.
Rationale:
The /opt partition contains additional software, usually installed outside the packaging system. Putting this directory on a separate partition makes it easier to apply restrictions e.g. through the nosuid mount option.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_opt
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91177-6

References:  BP28(R28)

Rule   Ensure /srv Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

If a file server (FTP, TFTP...) is hosted locally, create a separate partition for /srv at installation time (or migrate it later using LVM). If /srv will be mounted from another system such as an NFS server, then creating a separate partition is not necessary at installation time, and the mountpoint can instead be configured later.
Rationale:
Srv deserves files for local network file server such as FTP. Ensuring that /srv is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, and also helps ensure that users cannot trivially fill partitions used for log or audit data storage.
Severity: 
unknown
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_srv
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91178-4

References:  BP28(R28)

Rule   Ensure /tmp Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

The /tmp directory is a world-writable directory used for temporary file storage. Ensure it has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
The /tmp partition is used as temporary storage by many programs. Placing /tmp in its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, which can help protect programs which use it.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_tmp
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91179-2

References:  12, 15, 8, APO13.01, DSS05.02, CCI-000366, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, CM-6(a), SC-5(2), PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 1.1.2, BP28(R28)

Rule   Ensure /usr Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

It is recommended that the /usr directory resides on a separate partition.
Rationale:
The /usr partition contains system software, utilities and files. Putting it on a separate partition allows limiting its size and applying restrictions through mount options.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_usr
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91180-0

References:  BP28(R28)

Rule   Ensure /var Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

The /var directory is used by daemons and other system services to store frequently-changing data. Ensure that /var has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
Ensuring that /var is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options. This helps protect system services such as daemons or other programs which use it. It is not uncommon for the /var directory to contain world-writable directories installed by other software packages.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85640-1

References:  12, 15, 8, APO13.01, DSS05.02, CCI-000366, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, CM-6(a), SC-5(2), PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040210, 1.1.10, BP28(R28), SV-235005r622137_rule

Rule   Ensure /var/log Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

System logs are stored in the /var/log directory. Ensure that /var/log has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
Placing /var/log in its own partition enables better separation between log files and other files in /var/.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_log
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91181-8

References:  1, 12, 14, 15, 16, 3, 5, 6, 8, APO11.04, APO13.01, BAI03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, MEA02.01, CCI-000366, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, CIP-007-3 R6.5, CM-6(a), AU-4, SC-5(2), PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 1.1.15, BP28(R28)

Rule   Ensure /var/log/audit Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

Audit logs are stored in the /var/log/audit directory. Ensure that /var/log/audit has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM. Make absolutely certain that it is large enough to store all audit logs that will be created by the auditing daemon.
Rationale:
Placing /var/log/audit in its own partition enables better separation between audit files and other files, and helps ensure that auditing cannot be halted due to the partition running out of space.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_log_audit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85618-7

References:  1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, APO11.04, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI04.04, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, MEA02.01, CCI-000366, CCI-001849, 164.312(a)(2)(ii), 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6, A.12.1.3, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.17.2.1, CIP-007-3 R6.5, CM-6(a), AU-4, SC-5(2), PR.DS-4, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, FMT_SMF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000341-GPOS-00132, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-APP-000357-CTR-000800, SLES-15-030810, 1.1.16, BP28(R71), SV-234980r622137_rule

Rule   Ensure /var/tmp Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

The /var/tmp directory is a world-writable directory used for temporary file storage. Ensure it has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
The /var/tmp partition is used as temporary storage by many programs. Placing /var/tmp in its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, which can help protect programs which use it.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_tmp
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91182-6

References:  SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 1.1.11, BP28(R28)

Group   Sudo   Group contains 18 rules
[ref]   Sudo, which stands for "su 'do'", provides the ability to delegate authority to certain users, groups of users, or system administrators. When configured for system users and/or groups, Sudo can allow a user or group to execute privileged commands that normally only root is allowed to execute.

For more information on Sudo and addition Sudo configuration options, see https://www.sudo.ws.

Rule   Install sudo Package   [ref]

The sudo package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install sudo
Rationale:
sudo is a program designed to allow a system administrator to give limited root privileges to users and log root activity. The basic philosophy is to give as few privileges as possible but still allow system users to get their work done.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_sudo_installed
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91183-4

References:  1382, 1384, 1386, CM-6(a), FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000324-GPOS-00125, 1.3.1, BP28(R33), 2.2.6


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "sudo"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi


[[packages]]
name = "sudo"
version = "*"

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
include install_sudo

class install_sudo {
  package { 'sudo':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Ensure sudo is installed
  package:
    name: sudo
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-91183-4
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSSv4-2.2.6
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - package_sudo_installed

Rule   Verify Group Who Owns /etc/sudoers.d Directory   [ref]

To properly set the group owner of /etc/sudoers.d, run the command:
$ sudo chgrp root /etc/sudoers.d
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/sudoers.d directory by the root group is important because this directory hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this directory is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_groupowner_etc_sudoersd
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
find -H /etc/sudoers.d/ -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec chgrp root {} \;

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Ensure group owner on /etc/sudoers.d/
  file:
    path: /etc/sudoers.d/
    state: directory
    group: root
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_groupowner_etc_sudoersd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Verify User Who Owns /etc/sudoers.d Directory   [ref]

To properly set the owner of /etc/sudoers.d, run the command:
$ sudo chown root /etc/sudoers.d 
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/sudoers.d directory by the root user is important because this directory hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this directory is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_owner_etc_sudoersd
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
find -H /etc/sudoers.d/ -maxdepth 1 -type d -exec chown 0 {} \;

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Ensure owner on directory /etc/sudoers.d/
  file:
    path: /etc/sudoers.d/
    state: directory
    owner: '0'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_owner_etc_sudoersd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Verify Permissions On /etc/sudoers.d Directory   [ref]

To properly set the permissions of /etc/sudoers.d, run the command:
$ sudo chmod 0750 /etc/sudoers.d
Rationale:
Setting correct permissions on the /etc/sudoers.d directory is important because this directory hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this directory is critical for system security. Restricting the permissions ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_directory_permissions_etc_sudoersd
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure





find -H /etc/sudoers.d/ -maxdepth 1 -perm /u+s,g+ws,o+xwrt -type d -exec chmod u-s,g-ws,o-xwrt {} \;

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Find /etc/sudoers.d/ file(s)
  command: 'find -H /etc/sudoers.d/ -maxdepth 1 -perm /u+s,g+ws,o+xwrt  -type d '
  register: files_found
  changed_when: false
  failed_when: false
  check_mode: false
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_permissions_etc_sudoersd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set permissions for /etc/sudoers.d/ file(s)
  file:
    path: '{{ item }}'
    mode: u-s,g-ws,o-xwrt
    state: directory
  with_items:
  - '{{ files_found.stdout_lines }}'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - directory_permissions_etc_sudoersd
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Verify Group Who Owns /etc/sudoers File   [ref]

To properly set the group owner of /etc/sudoers, run the command:
$ sudo chgrp root /etc/sudoers
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/sudoers file by the root group is important because this file hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_groupowner_etc_sudoers
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
chgrp root /etc/sudoers

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Test for existence /etc/sudoers
  stat:
    path: /etc/sudoers
  register: file_exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_groupowner_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure group owner root on /etc/sudoers
  file:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    group: root
  when: file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_groupowner_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Verify User Who Owns /etc/sudoers File   [ref]

To properly set the owner of /etc/sudoers, run the command:
$ sudo chown root /etc/sudoers 
Rationale:
The ownership of the /etc/sudoers file by the root user is important because this file hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Assigning the ownership to root ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_owner_etc_sudoers
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
chown 0 /etc/sudoers

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Test for existence /etc/sudoers
  stat:
    path: /etc/sudoers
  register: file_exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_owner_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure owner 0 on /etc/sudoers
  file:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    owner: '0'
  when: file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_owner_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Verify Permissions On /etc/sudoers File   [ref]

To properly set the permissions of /etc/sudoers, run the command:
$ sudo chmod 0440 /etc/sudoers
Rationale:
Setting correct permissions on the /etc/sudoers file is important because this file hosts sudo configuration. Protection of this file is critical for system security. Restricting the permissions ensures exclusive control of the sudo configuration.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_permissions_etc_sudoers
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure





chmod u-xws,g-xws,o-xwrt /etc/sudoers

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Test for existence /etc/sudoers
  stat:
    path: /etc/sudoers
  register: file_exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure permission u-xws,g-xws,o-xwrt on /etc/sudoers
  file:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    mode: u-xws,g-xws,o-xwrt
  when: file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_etc_sudoers
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Ensure That the sudo Binary Has the Correct Permissions   [ref]

To properly set the permissions of /usr/bin/sudo, run the command:
$ sudo chmod 4111 /usr/bin/sudo
Rationale:
The sudoers program should only be usable by people who have the correct permissions.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_permissions_sudo
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R38)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q sudo; then

chmod u-wr,g-wrs,o-wrt /usr/bin/sudo

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_sudo
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Test for existence /usr/bin/sudo
  stat:
    path: /usr/bin/sudo
  register: file_exists
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_sudo
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure permission u-wr,g-wrs,o-wrt on /usr/bin/sudo
  file:
    path: /usr/bin/sudo
    mode: u-wr,g-wrs,o-wrt
  when:
  - '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - file_exists.stat is defined and file_exists.stat.exists
  tags:
  - configure_strategy
  - file_permissions_sudo
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Ensure sudo Runs In A Minimal Environment - sudo env_reset   [ref]

The sudo env_reset tag, when specified, will run the command in a minimal environment, containing the TERM, PATH, HOME, MAIL, SHELL, LOGNAME, USER and SUDO_* variables. This should be enabled by making sure that the env_reset tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Forcing sudo to reset the environment ensures that environment variables are not passed on to the command accidentaly, preventing leak of potentially sensitive information.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_env_reset
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91184-2

References:  BP28(R39)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\benv_reset\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option env_reset
        echo "Defaults env_reset" >> /etc/sudoers
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure env_reset is enabled in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults.*\benv_reset\b.*$
    line: Defaults env_reset
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  tags:
  - CCE-91184-2
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_env_reset

Rule   Ensure sudo Ignores Commands In Current Dir - sudo ignore_dot   [ref]

The sudo ignore_dot tag, when specified, will ignore the current directory in the PATH environment variable. This should be enabled by making sure that the ignore_dot tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Ignoring the commands in the user's current directory prevents an attacker from executing commands downloaded locally.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_ignore_dot
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91185-9

References:  BP28(R39)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\bignore_dot\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option ignore_dot
        echo "Defaults ignore_dot" >> /etc/sudoers
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure ignore_dot is enabled in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults.*\bignore_dot\b.*$
    line: Defaults ignore_dot
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  tags:
  - CCE-91185-9
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_ignore_dot

Rule   Ensure Privileged Escalated Commands Cannot Execute Other Commands - sudo NOEXEC   [ref]

The sudo NOEXEC tag, when specified, prevents user executed commands from executing other commands, like a shell for example. This should be enabled by making sure that the NOEXEC tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Restricting the capability of sudo allowed commands to execute sub-commands prevents users from running programs with privileges they wouldn't have otherwise.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_noexec
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91186-7

References:  BP28(R39)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\bnoexec\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option noexec
        echo "Defaults noexec" >> /etc/sudoers
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure noexec is enabled in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults.*\bnoexec\b.*$
    line: Defaults noexec
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  tags:
  - CCE-91186-7
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_noexec

Rule   Ensure Only Users Logged In To Real tty Can Execute Sudo - sudo requiretty   [ref]

The sudo requiretty tag, when specified, will only execute sudo commands from users logged in to a real tty. This should be enabled by making sure that the requiretty tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Restricting the use cases in which a user is allowed to execute sudo commands reduces the attack surface.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_requiretty
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91188-3

References:  BP28(R39)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\brequiretty\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option requiretty
        echo "Defaults requiretty" >> /etc/sudoers
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure requiretty is enabled in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults.*\brequiretty\b.*$
    line: Defaults requiretty
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  tags:
  - CCE-91188-3
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_requiretty

Rule   Ensure sudo umask is appropriate - sudo umask   [ref]

The sudo umask tag, when specified, will be added the to the user's umask in the command environment. The umask should be configured by making sure that the umask=0077 tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
The umask value influences the permissions assigned to files when they are created. A misconfigured umask value could result in files with excessive permissions that can be read or written to by unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_umask
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91189-1

References:  BP28(R39)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict


var_sudo_umask='0077'


if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\bumask=\w+\b\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option umask
        echo "Defaults umask=${var_sudo_umask}" >> /etc/sudoers
    else
        # sudoers file defines Option umask, remediate if appropriate value is not set
        if ! grep -P "^[\s]*Defaults.*\bumask=${var_sudo_umask}\b.*$" /etc/sudoers; then
            
            escaped_variable=${var_sudo_umask//$'/'/$'\/'}
            sed -Ei "s/(^[\s]*Defaults.*\bumask=)[-]?.+(\b.*$)/\1$escaped_variable\2/" /etc/sudoers
        fi
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_sudo_umask # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_sudo_umask: !!str 0077
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure umask is enabled with the appropriate value in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults\s(.*)\bumask=[-]?.+\b(.*)$
    line: Defaults \1umask={{ var_sudo_umask }}\2
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
    backrefs: true
  register: edit_sudoers_umask_option
  tags:
  - CCE-91189-1
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_umask

- name: Enable umask option with appropriate value in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    line: Defaults umask={{ var_sudo_umask }}
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  when: edit_sudoers_umask_option is defined and not edit_sudoers_umask_option.changed
  tags:
  - CCE-91189-1
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_umask

Rule   Ensure Only Users Logged In To Real tty Can Execute Sudo - sudo use_pty   [ref]

The sudo use_pty tag, when specified, will only execute sudo commands from users logged in to a real tty. This should be enabled by making sure that the use_pty tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Requiring that sudo commands be run in a pseudo-terminal can prevent an attacker from retaining access to the user's terminal after the main program has finished executing.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_add_use_pty
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91190-9

References:  Req-10.2.5, 1.3.2, BP28(R39), 2.2.6


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q sudo; then

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults[\s]*\buse_pty\b.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option use_pty
        echo "Defaults use_pty" >> /etc/sudoers
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-91190-9
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-2.2.6
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_use_pty

- name: Ensure use_pty is enabled in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults.*\buse_pty\b.*$
    line: Defaults use_pty
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91190-9
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-2.2.6
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_add_use_pty

Rule   Ensure a dedicated group owns sudo   [ref]

Restrict the execution of privilege escalated commands to a dedicated group of users. Ensure the group owner of /usr/bin/sudo is root.
Warning:  Changing group owner of /usr/bin/sudo to a group with no member users will prevent any and all escalatation of privileges. Additionally, the system may become unmanageable if root logins are not allowed.
Warning:  This rule doesn't come with a remediation, before remediating the sysadmin needs to add users to the dedicated sudo group.
Rationale:
Restricting the set of users able to execute commands as privileged user reduces the attack surface.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_dedicated_group
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91191-7

References:  BP28(R38)

Rule   Explicit arguments in sudo specifications   [ref]

All commands in the sudoers file must strictly specify the arguments allowed to be used for a given user. If the command is supposed to be executed only without arguments, pass "" as an argument in the corresponding user specification.
Warning:  This rule doesn't come with a remediation, as absence of arguments in the user spec doesn't mean that the command is intended to be executed with no arguments.
Warning:  The rule can produce false findings when an argument contains a comma - sudoers syntax allows comma escaping using backslash, but the check doesn't support that. For example, root ALL=(ALL) echo 1\,2 allows root to execute echo 1,2, but the check would interpret it as two commands echo 1\ and 2.
Rationale:
Any argument can modify quite significantly the behavior of a program, whether regarding the realized operation (read, write, delete, etc.) or accessed resources (path in a file system tree). To avoid any possibility of misuse of a command by a user, the ambiguities must be removed at the level of its specification. For example, on some systems, the kernel messages are only accessible by root. If a user nevertheless must have the privileges to read them, the argument of the dmesg command has to be restricted in order to prevent the user from flushing the buffer through the -c option:
user ALL = dmesg ""
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudoers_explicit_command_args
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91192-5

References:  BP28(R43)

Rule   Don't define allowed commands in sudoers by means of exclusion   [ref]

Policies applied by sudo through the sudoers file should not involve negation. Each user specification in the sudoers file contains a comma-delimited list of command specifications. The definition can make use glob patterns, as well as of negations. Indirect definition of those commands by means of exclusion of a set of commands is trivial to bypass, so it is not allowed to use such constructs.
Warning:  This rule doesn't come with a remediation, as negations indicate design issues with the sudoers user specifications design. Just removing negations doesn't increase the security - you typically have to rethink the definition of allowed commands to fix the issue.
Rationale:
Specifying access right using negation is inefficient and can be easily circumvented. For example, it is expected that a specification like
# To avoid absolutely , this rule can be easily circumvented!
user ALL = ALL ,!/ bin/sh
prevents the execution of the shell but that’s not the case: just copy the binary /bin/sh to a different name to make it executable again through the rule keyword ALL.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudoers_no_command_negation
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91193-3

References:  BP28(R42)

Rule   Don't target root user in the sudoers file   [ref]

The targeted users of a user specification should be, as much as possible, non privileged users (i.e.: non-root). User specifications have to explicitly list the runas spec (i.e. the list of target users that can be impersonated), and ALL or root should not be used.
Warning:  This rule doesn't come with a remediation, as the exact requirement allows exceptions, and removing lines from the sudoers file can make the system non-administrable.
Rationale:
It is common that the command to be executed does not require superuser rights (editing a file whose the owner is not root, sending a signal to an unprivileged process,etc.). In order to limit any attempt of privilege escalation through a command, it is better to apply normal user rights.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudoers_no_root_target
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91194-1

References:  BP28(R40)

Group   Updating Software   Group contains 8 rules
[ref]   The zypper command line tool is used to install and update software packages. The system also provides a graphical software update tool in the System menu, in the Administration submenu, called Software Update.

SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 systems contain an installed software catalog called the RPM database, which records metadata of installed packages. Consistently using zypper or the graphical Software Update for all software installation allows for insight into the current inventory of installed software on the system.

Rule   Install dnf-automatic Package   [ref]

The dnf-automatic package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install dnf-automatic
Rationale:
dnf-automatic is an alternative command line interface (CLI) to dnf upgrade suitable for automatic, regular execution.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_dnf-automatic_installed
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91163-6

References:  SRG-OS-000191-GPOS-00080, BP28(R61)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable

zypper install -y "dnf-automatic"


[[packages]]
name = "dnf-automatic"
version = "*"

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
include install_dnf-automatic

class install_dnf-automatic {
  package { 'dnf-automatic':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Ensure dnf-automatic is installed
  package:
    name: dnf-automatic
    state: present
  tags:
  - CCE-91163-6
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - package_dnf-automatic_installed

Rule   Configure dnf-automatic to Install Available Updates Automatically   [ref]

To ensure that the packages comprising the available updates will be automatically installed by dnf-automatic, set apply_updates to yes under [commands] section in /etc/dnf/automatic.conf.
Rationale:
Installing software updates is a fundamental mitigation against the exploitation of publicly-known vulnerabilities. If the most recent security patches and updates are not installed, unauthorized users may take advantage of weaknesses in the unpatched software. The lack of prompt attention to patching could result in a system compromise. The automated installation of updates ensures that recent security patches are applied in a timely manner.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_dnf-automatic_apply_updates
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91165-1

References:  0940, 1144, 1467, 1472, 1483, 1493, 1494, 1495, SI-2(5), CM-6(a), SI-2(c), FMT_SMF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000191-GPOS-00080, BP28(R61)



found=false

# set value in all files if they contain section or key
for f in $(echo -n "/etc/dnf/automatic.conf"); do
    if [ ! -e "$f" ]; then
        continue
    fi

    # find key in section and change value
    if grep -qzosP "[[:space:]]*\[commands\]([^\n\[]*\n+)+?[[:space:]]*apply_updates" "$f"; then
            sed -i "s/apply_updates[^(\n)]*/apply_updates = yes/" "$f"
            found=true

    # find section and add key = value to it
    elif grep -qs "[[:space:]]*\[commands\]" "$f"; then
            sed -i "/[[:space:]]*\[commands\]/a apply_updates = yes" "$f"
            found=true
    fi
done

# if section not in any file, append section with key = value to FIRST file in files parameter
if ! $found ; then
    file=$(echo "/etc/dnf/automatic.conf" | cut -f1 -d ' ')
    mkdir -p "$(dirname "$file")"
    echo -e "[commands]\napply_updates = yes" >> "$file"
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:unknown
- name: Configure dnf-automatic to Install Available Updates Automatically
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/dnf/automatic.conf
    section: commands
    option: apply_updates
    value: 'yes'
    create: true
  tags:
  - CCE-91165-1
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(c)
  - dnf-automatic_apply_updates
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

Rule   Configure dnf-automatic to Install Only Security Updates   [ref]

To configure dnf-automatic to install only security updates automatically, set upgrade_type to security under [commands] section in /etc/dnf/automatic.conf.
Rationale:
By default, dnf-automatic installs all available updates. Reducing the amount of updated packages only to updates that were issued as a part of a security advisory increases the system stability.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_dnf-automatic_security_updates_only
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91166-9

References:  SI-2(5), CM-6(a), SI-2(c), FMT_SMF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000191-GPOS-00080, BP28(R61)



found=false

# set value in all files if they contain section or key
for f in $(echo -n "/etc/dnf/automatic.conf"); do
    if [ ! -e "$f" ]; then
        continue
    fi

    # find key in section and change value
    if grep -qzosP "[[:space:]]*\[commands\]([^\n\[]*\n+)+?[[:space:]]*upgrade_type" "$f"; then
            sed -i "s/upgrade_type[^(\n)]*/upgrade_type = security/" "$f"
            found=true

    # find section and add key = value to it
    elif grep -qs "[[:space:]]*\[commands\]" "$f"; then
            sed -i "/[[:space:]]*\[commands\]/a upgrade_type = security" "$f"
            found=true
    fi
done

# if section not in any file, append section with key = value to FIRST file in files parameter
if ! $found ; then
    file=$(echo "/etc/dnf/automatic.conf" | cut -f1 -d ' ')
    mkdir -p "$(dirname "$file")"
    echo -e "[commands]\nupgrade_type = security" >> "$file"
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:unknown
- name: Configure dnf-automatic to Install Only Security Updates
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/dnf/automatic.conf
    section: commands
    option: upgrade_type
    value: security
    create: true
  tags:
  - CCE-91166-9
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(c)
  - dnf-automatic_security_updates_only
  - low_complexity
  - low_severity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

Rule   Ensure gpgcheck Enabled In Main zypper Configuration   [ref]

The gpgcheck option controls whether RPM packages' signatures are always checked prior to installation. To configure zypper to check package signatures before installing them, ensure the following line appears in /etc/zypp/zypp.conf in the [main] section:
gpgcheck=1
Rationale:
Changes to any software components can have significant effects on the overall security of the operating system. This requirement ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor.
Accordingly, patches, service packs, device drivers, or operating system components must be signed with a certificate recognized and approved by the organization.
Verifying the authenticity of the software prior to installation validates the integrity of the patch or upgrade received from a vendor. This ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor. Self-signed certificates are disallowed by this requirement. Certificates used to verify the software must be from an approved Certificate Authority (CA).
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83290-7

References:  11, 2, 3, 9, 5.10.4.1, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS06.02, 3.4.8, CCI-001749, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.312(b), 164.312(c)(1), 164.312(c)(2), 164.312(e)(2)(i), 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 7.6, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, CM-5(3), SI-7, SC-12, SC-12(3), CM-6(a), SA-12, SA-12(10), CM-11(a), CM-11(b), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, FPT_TUD_EXT.1, FPT_TUD_EXT.2, Req-6.2, SRG-OS-000366-GPOS-00153, SLES-15-010430, 1.2.3, BP28(R59), 6.3.3, SV-234852r877463_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q zypper; then

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^gpgcheck")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "1"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^gpgcheck\\>" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^gpgcheck\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
    fi
    cce="CCE-83290-7"
    printf '# Per %s: Set %s in %s\n' "${cce}" "${formatted_output}" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" >> "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-83290-7
  - CJIS-5.10.4.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010430
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-6.3.3
  - configure_strategy
  - ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure GPG check is globally activated
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/zypp/zypp.conf
    section: main
    option: gpgcheck
    value: 1
    no_extra_spaces: true
    create: false
  when: '"zypper" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83290-7
  - CJIS-5.10.4.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010430
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-6.3.3
  - configure_strategy
  - ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Ensure gpgcheck Enabled for Local Packages   [ref]

zypper should be configured to verify the signature(s) of local packages prior to installation. To configure zypper to verify signatures of local packages, set the localpkg_gpgcheck to 1 in /etc/zypp/zypp.conf.
Rationale:
Changes to any software components can have significant effects to the overall security of the operating system. This requirement ensures the software has not been tampered and has been provided by a trusted vendor.

Accordingly, patches, service packs, device drivers, or operating system components must be signed with a certificate recognized and approved by the organization.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_ensure_gpgcheck_local_packages
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91167-7

References:  11, 3, 9, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, 3.4.8, CCI-001749, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.312(b), 164.312(c)(1), 164.312(c)(2), 164.312(e)(2)(i), 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, SR 7.6, A.12.1.2, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, CM-11(a), CM-11(b), CM-6(a), CM-5(3), SA-12, SA-12(10), PR.IP-1, FPT_TUD_EXT.1, FPT_TUD_EXT.2, SRG-OS-000366-GPOS-00153, BP28(R59)


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q zypper; then

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^localpkg_gpgcheck")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "1"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^localpkg_gpgcheck\\>" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^localpkg_gpgcheck\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
    fi
    cce="CCE-91167-7"
    printf '# Per %s: Set %s in %s\n' "${cce}" "${formatted_output}" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" >> "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:unknown
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-91167-7
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
  - ensure_gpgcheck_local_packages
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Ensure GPG check Enabled for Local Packages (zypper)
  block:

  - name: Check stats of zypper
    stat:
      path: /etc/zypp/zypp.conf
    register: pkg

  - name: Check if config file of zypper is a symlink
    ansible.builtin.set_fact:
      pkg_config_file_symlink: '{{ pkg.stat.lnk_target if pkg.stat.lnk_target is match("^/.*")
        else "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" | dirname ~ "/" ~ pkg.stat.lnk_target }}'
    when: pkg.stat.lnk_target is defined

  - name: Ensure GPG check Enabled for Local Packages (zypper)
    ini_file:
      dest: '{{ pkg_config_file_symlink |  default("/etc/zypp/zypp.conf") }}'
      section: main
      option: localpkg_gpgcheck
      value: 1
      no_extra_spaces: true
      create: true
  when: '"zypper" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91167-7
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
  - ensure_gpgcheck_local_packages
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

Rule   Ensure gpgcheck Enabled for All zypper Package Repositories   [ref]

To ensure signature checking is not disabled for any repos, remove any lines from files in /etc/yum.repos.d of the form:
gpgcheck=0
Rationale:
Verifying the authenticity of the software prior to installation validates the integrity of the patch or upgrade received from a vendor. This ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor. Self-signed certificates are disallowed by this requirement. Certificates used to verify the software must be from an approved Certificate Authority (CA)."
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_ensure_gpgcheck_never_disabled
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85797-9

References:  11, 2, 3, 9, 5.10.4.1, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS06.02, 3.4.8, CCI-001749, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.312(b), 164.312(c)(1), 164.312(c)(2), 164.312(e)(2)(i), 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 7.6, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, CM-5(3), SI-7, SC-12, SC-12(3), CM-6(a), SA-12, SA-12(10), CM-11(a), CM-11(b), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, FPT_TUD_EXT.1, FPT_TUD_EXT.2, Req-6.2, SRG-OS-000366-GPOS-00153, 1.2.3, BP28(R59), 6.3.3



sed -i 's/gpgcheck\s*=.*/gpgcheck=1/g' /etc/zypp/repos.d/*

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Grep for zypper repo section names
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -HEr '^\[.+\]' -r /etc/zypp/repos.d/
  register: repo_grep_results
  failed_when: repo_grep_results.rc not in [0, 1]
  changed_when: false
  tags:
  - CCE-85797-9
  - CJIS-5.10.4.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-6.3.3
  - enable_strategy
  - ensure_gpgcheck_never_disabled
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set gpgcheck=1 for each zypper repo
  ini_file:
    path: '{{ item[0] }}'
    section: '{{ item[1] }}'
    option: gpgcheck
    value: '1'
    no_extra_spaces: true
  loop: '{{ repo_grep_results.stdout |regex_findall( ''(.+\.repo):\[(.+)\]\n?'' )
    if repo_grep_results is not skipped else []}}'
  when: repo_grep_results is not skipped
  tags:
  - CCE-85797-9
  - CJIS-5.10.4.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-6.3.3
  - enable_strategy
  - ensure_gpgcheck_never_disabled
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Ensure Software Patches Installed   [ref]

If the system is configured for online updates, invoking the following command will list available security updates:
$ sudo zypper refresh && sudo zypper list-patches -g security


NOTE: U.S. Defense systems are required to be patched within 30 days or sooner as local policy dictates.
Warning:  The OVAL feed of SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 is not a XML file, which may not be understood by all scanners.
Rationale:
Installing software updates is a fundamental mitigation against the exploitation of publicly-known vulnerabilities. If the most recent security patches and updates are not installed, unauthorized users may take advantage of weaknesses in the unpatched software. The lack of prompt attention to patching could result in a system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_security_patches_up_to_date
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83261-8

References:  18, 20, 4, 5.10.4.1, APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, BAI03.10, DSS05.01, DSS05.02, CCI-000366, CCI-001227, 4.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9, A.12.6.1, A.14.2.3, A.16.1.3, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3, SI-2(5), SI-2(c), CM-6(a), ID.RA-1, PR.IP-12, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-6.2, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-010010, 1.9, BP28(R61), 6.3.3, SV-234802r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:high
Reboot:true
Strategy:patch


zypper patch -g security -y

Complexity:low
Disruption:high
Reboot:true
Strategy:patch
- name: Security patches are up to date
  package:
    name: '*'
    state: latest
  tags:
  - CCE-83261-8
  - CJIS-5.10.4.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010010
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-6.3.3
  - high_disruption
  - low_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - patch_strategy
  - reboot_required
  - security_patches_up_to_date
  - skip_ansible_lint

Rule   Enable dnf-automatic Timer   [ref]

The dnf-automatic timer can be enabled with the following command:
$ sudo systemctl enable dnf-automatic.timer
Rationale:
The dnf-automatic is an alternative command line interface (CLI) to dnf upgrade with specific facilities to make it suitable to be executed automatically and regularly from systemd timers, cron jobs and similar. The tool is controlled by dnf-automatic.timer SystemD timer.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_timer_dnf-automatic_enabled
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91164-4

References:  SI-2(5), CM-6(a), SI-2(c), FMT_SMF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000191-GPOS-00080, BP28(R61)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable

SYSTEMCTL_EXEC='/usr/bin/systemctl'
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" start 'dnf-automatic.timer'
"$SYSTEMCTL_EXEC" enable 'dnf-automatic.timer'

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Enable timer dnf-automatic
  block:

  - name: Gather the package facts
    package_facts:
      manager: auto

  - name: Enable timer dnf-automatic
    systemd:
      name: dnf-automatic.timer
      enabled: 'yes'
      state: started
    when:
    - '"dnf-automatic" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91164-4
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(c)
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - timer_dnf-automatic_enabled

Rule   Prefer to use a 64-bit Operating System when supported   [ref]

Prefer installation of 64-bit operating systems when the CPU supports it.
Warning:  There is no remediation besides installing a 64-bit operating system.
Rationale:
Use of a 64-bit operating system offers a few advantages, like a larger address space range for Address Space Layout Randomization (ASLR) and systematic presence of No eXecute and Execute Disable (NX/XD) protection bits.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_prefer_64bit_os
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91195-8

References:  BP28(R1)

Group   Account and Access Control   Group contains 12 groups and 30 rules
[ref]   In traditional Unix security, if an attacker gains shell access to a certain login account, they can perform any action or access any file to which that account has access. Therefore, making it more difficult for unauthorized people to gain shell access to accounts, particularly to privileged accounts, is a necessary part of securing a system. This section introduces mechanisms for restricting access to accounts under SUSE Linux Enterprise 15.
Group   Protect Accounts by Configuring PAM   Group contains 5 groups and 14 rules
[ref]   PAM, or Pluggable Authentication Modules, is a system which implements modular authentication for Linux programs. PAM provides a flexible and configurable architecture for authentication, and it should be configured to minimize exposure to unnecessary risk. This section contains guidance on how to accomplish that.

PAM is implemented as a set of shared objects which are loaded and invoked whenever an application wishes to authenticate a user. Typically, the application must be running as root in order to take advantage of PAM, because PAM's modules often need to be able to access sensitive stores of account information, such as /etc/shadow. Traditional privileged network listeners (e.g. sshd) or SUID programs (e.g. sudo) already meet this requirement. An SUID root application, userhelper, is provided so that programs which are not SUID or privileged themselves can still take advantage of PAM.

PAM looks in the directory /etc/pam.d for application-specific configuration information. For instance, if the program login attempts to authenticate a user, then PAM's libraries follow the instructions in the file /etc/pam.d/login to determine what actions should be taken.

One very important file in /etc/pam.d is /etc/pam.d/system-auth. This file, which is included by many other PAM configuration files, defines 'default' system authentication measures. Modifying this file is a good way to make far-reaching authentication changes, for instance when implementing a centralized authentication service.
Warning:  Be careful when making changes to PAM's configuration files. The syntax for these files is complex, and modifications can have unexpected consequences. The default configurations shipped with applications should be sufficient for most users.
Warning:  Running authconfig or system-config-authentication will re-write the PAM configuration files, destroying any manually made changes and replacing them with a series of system defaults. One reference to the configuration file syntax can be found at https://fossies.org/linux/Linux-PAM-docs/doc/sag/Linux-PAM_SAG.pdf.
Group   Set Lockouts for Failed Password Attempts   Group contains 4 rules
[ref]   The pam_faillock PAM module provides the capability to lock out user accounts after a number of failed login attempts. Its documentation is available in /usr/share/doc/pam-VERSION/txts/README.pam_faillock.

Warning:  Locking out user accounts presents the risk of a denial-of-service attack. The lockout policy must weigh whether the risk of such a denial-of-service attack outweighs the benefits of thwarting password guessing attacks.

Rule   Limit Password Reuse   [ref]

Do not allow users to reuse recent passwords. This can be accomplished by using the remember option for the pam_unix or pam_pwhistory PAM modules.
Warning:  If the system relies on authselect tool to manage PAM settings, the remediation will also use authselect tool. However, if any manual modification was made in PAM files, the authselect integrity check will fail and the remediation will be aborted in order to preserve intentional changes. In this case, an informative message will be shown in the remediation report.
Warning:  Newer versions of authselect contain an authselect feature to easily and properly enable pam_pwhistory.so module. If this feature is not yet available in your system, an authselect custom profile must be used to avoid integrity issues in PAM files.
Rationale:
Preventing re-use of previous passwords helps ensure that a compromised password is not re-used by a user.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85678-1

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, 5, 5.6.2.1.1, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, 3.5.8, CCI-000200, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, IA-5(1)(e), IA-5(1).1(v), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, Req-8.2.5, SRG-OS-000077-GPOS-00045, SLES-15-020250, BP28(R31), 8.3.7, SV-234894r622137_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

var_password_pam_unix_remember='2'


if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
    if authselect list-features minimal | grep -q with-pwhistory; then
        if ! authselect check; then
        echo "
        authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
        In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        exit 1
        fi
        authselect enable-feature with-pwhistory

        authselect apply-changes -b
    else
        
        if ! authselect check; then
        echo "
        authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
        In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        exit 1
        fi

        CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
        # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
        if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
            ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
            authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
            CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
            authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
            for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                authselect enable-feature $feature;
            done
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        fi
        PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "/etc/pam.d/common-password")
        PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

        authselect apply-changes -b
        if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
            if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH")" -eq 1 ]; then
                # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
                sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwhistory.so.*)/\1'"requisite"' \2/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
            else
                LAST_MATCH_LINE=$(grep -nP "^password.*requisite.*pam_pwquality\.so" "$PAM_FILE_PATH" | tail -n 1 | cut -d: -f 1)
                if [ ! -z $LAST_MATCH_LINE ]; then
                    sed -i --follow-symlinks $LAST_MATCH_LINE' a password     '"requisite"'    pam_pwhistory.so' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
                else
                    echo 'password    '"requisite"'    pam_pwhistory.so' >> "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
                fi
            fi
        fi
    fi
else
    if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/common-password"; then
        # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
        if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/common-password")" -eq 1 ]; then
            # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwhistory.so.*)/\1'"requisite"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        else
            LAST_MATCH_LINE=$(grep -nP "^password.*requisite.*pam_pwquality\.so" "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | tail -n 1 | cut -d: -f 1)
            if [ ! -z $LAST_MATCH_LINE ]; then
                sed -i --follow-symlinks $LAST_MATCH_LINE' a password     '"requisite"'    pam_pwhistory.so' "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
            else
                echo 'password    '"requisite"'    pam_pwhistory.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
            fi
        fi
    fi
fi

PWHISTORY_CONF="/etc/security/pwhistory.conf"
if [ -f $PWHISTORY_CONF ]; then
    regex="^\s*remember\s*="
    line="remember = $var_password_pam_unix_remember"
    if ! grep -q $regex $PWHISTORY_CONF; then
        echo $line >> $PWHISTORY_CONF
    else
        sed -i --follow-symlinks 's|^\s*\(remember\s*=\s*\)\(\S\+\)|\1'"$var_password_pam_unix_remember"'|g' $PWHISTORY_CONF
    fi
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
            
            if ! authselect check; then
            echo "
            authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
            This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
            It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
            In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
            exit 1
            fi

            CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
            # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
            if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
                ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
                authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
                CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
                
                authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
                authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
                for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                    authselect enable-feature $feature;
                done
                
                authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
            fi
            PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "/etc/pam.d/common-password")
            PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

            authselect apply-changes -b
        fi
        
    if grep -qP '^\s*password\s.*\bpam_pwhistory.so\s.*\bremember\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(.*password.*pam_pwhistory.so.*)\bremember\b=?[[:alnum:]]*(.*)/\1\2/g' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
    fi
        if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
            
            authselect apply-changes -b
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password was not found" >&2
    fi
else
    PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        if ! authselect check; then
        echo "
        authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
        In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        exit 1
        fi

        CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
        # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
        if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
            ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
            authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
            CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
            authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
            for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                authselect enable-feature $feature;
            done
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        fi
        PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "/etc/pam.d/common-password")
        PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
    if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
        # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
        if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH")" -eq 1 ]; then
            # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwhistory.so.*)/\1'"requisite"' \2/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        else
            echo 'password    '"requisite"'    pam_pwhistory.so' >> "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        fi
    fi
    # Check the option
    if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*\sremember\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so.*/ s/$/ remember='"$var_password_pam_unix_remember"'/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
    else
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s+.*)('"remember"'=)[[:alnum:]]+\s*(.*)/\1\2'"$var_password_pam_unix_remember"' \3/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
    fi
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_unix_remember # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_unix_remember: !!str 2
  tags:
    - always

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if system relies on authselect tool
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /usr/bin/authselect
  register: result_authselect_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Collect the available authselect features
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: authselect list-features minimal
  register: result_authselect_available_features
  changed_when: false
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Enable pam_pwhistory.so using authselect feature
  block:

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check integrity of authselect current profile
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect check
    register: result_authselect_check_cmd
    changed_when: false
    failed_when: false

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Informative message based on the authselect integrity
      check result
    ansible.builtin.assert:
      that:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
      fail_msg:
      - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
      - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not
        selected or the selected profile is not intact.
      - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
        is available.
      - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand,
        a custom authselect profile is recommended.
      success_msg:
      - authselect integrity check passed

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current features
    ansible.builtin.shell:
      cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
    register: result_authselect_features
    changed_when: false
    when:
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure "with-pwhistory" feature is enabled using
      authselect tool
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect enable-feature with-pwhistory
    register: result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd
    when:
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
    - result_authselect_features.stdout is not search("with-pwhistory")

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd is not skipped
    - result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd is success
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  - result_authselect_available_features.stdout is search("with-pwhistory")
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Enable pam_pwhistory.so in appropriate PAM files
  block:

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the PAM file to be edited as a local fact
    ansible.builtin.set_fact:
      pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/common-password

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if system relies on authselect tool
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /usr/bin/authselect
    register: result_authselect_present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect custom profile is used if authselect
      is present
    block:

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check integrity of authselect current profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect check
      register: result_authselect_check_cmd
      changed_when: false
      failed_when: false

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Informative message based on the authselect integrity
        check result
      ansible.builtin.assert:
        that:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
        fail_msg:
        - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
          not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
          is available.
        - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
          demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
        success_msg:
        - authselect integrity check passed

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
      register: result_authselect_profile
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the current authselect profile as a local
        fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the new authselect custom profile as a local
        fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current features to also enable
        them in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
      register: result_authselect_features
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if any custom profile with the same name
        was already created
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Create an authselect custom profile based on the
        current profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
          }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the authselect custom profile is selected
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Restore the authselect features in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
      loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
      register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_features is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Change the PAM file to be edited according to the
        custom authselect profile
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
          | basename }}
    when:
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if expected PAM module line is present in {{
      pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      regexp: ^\s*password\s+{{ 'requisite' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Include or update the PAM module line in {{ pam_file_path
      }}
    block:

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if required PAM module line is present in
        {{ pam_file_path }} with different control
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*
        state: absent
      check_mode: true
      changed_when: false
      register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the correct control for the required PAM
        module line in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwhistory.so.*)
        replace: \1requisite \2
      register: result_pam_module_edit
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the required PAM module line is included
        in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        insertafter: ^password.*requisite.*pam_pwquality\.so
        line: password    requisite    pam_pwhistory.so
      register: result_pam_module_add
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
        > 1

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present is defined
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - |-
        (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
         or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
    when:
    - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
    - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - |
    (result_authselect_available_features.stdout is defined and result_authselect_available_features.stdout is not search("with-pwhistory")) or result_authselect_available_features is not defined
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Check the presence of /etc/security/pwhistory.conf
    file
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /etc/security/pwhistory.conf
  register: result_pwhistory_conf_check
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - pam_pwhistory.so parameters are configured in /etc/security/pwhistory.conf
    file
  block:

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the pam_pwhistory.so remember parameter in
      /etc/security/pwhistory.conf
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/security/pwhistory.conf
      regexp: ^\s*remember\s*=
      line: remember = {{ var_password_pam_unix_remember }}
      state: present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the pam_pwhistory.so remember parameter is
      removed from PAM files
    block:

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if /etc/pam.d/common-password file is present
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
      register: result_pam_file_present

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check the proper remediation for the system
      block:

      - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the PAM file to be edited as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/common-password

      - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if system relies on authselect tool
        ansible.builtin.stat:
          path: /usr/bin/authselect
        register: result_authselect_present

      - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect custom profile is used if authselect
          is present
        block:

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check integrity of authselect current profile
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect check
          register: result_authselect_check_cmd
          changed_when: false
          failed_when: false

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Informative message based on the authselect
            integrity check result
          ansible.builtin.assert:
            that:
            - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
            fail_msg:
            - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
            - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile
              was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
            - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect
              tool is available.
            - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
              demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
            success_msg:
            - authselect integrity check passed

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current profile
          ansible.builtin.shell:
            cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
          register: result_authselect_profile
          changed_when: false
          when:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the current authselect profile as a
            local fact
          ansible.builtin.set_fact:
            authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
            authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          when:
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the new authselect custom profile as
            a local fact
          ansible.builtin.set_fact:
            authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
            authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
          when:
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current features to also enable
            them in the custom profile
          ansible.builtin.shell:
            cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
          register: result_authselect_features
          changed_when: false
          when:
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if any custom profile with the same name
            was already created
          ansible.builtin.stat:
            path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
          register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
          changed_when: false
          when:
          - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Create an authselect custom profile based on
            the current profile
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
              }}
          when:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
          - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
          - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
          when:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
          - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the authselect custom profile is selected
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
          register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
          when:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
          - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Restore the authselect features in the custom
            profile
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
          loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
          register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
          when:
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - result_authselect_features is not skipped
          - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
          when:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Change the PAM file to be edited according
            to the custom authselect profile
          ansible.builtin.set_fact:
            pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
              | basename }}
        when:
        - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

      - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the "remember" option from "pam_pwhistory.so"
          is not present in {{ pam_file_path }}
        ansible.builtin.replace:
          dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
          regexp: (.*password.*pam_pwhistory.so.*)\bremember\b=?[0-9a-zA-Z]*(.*)
          replace: \1\2
        register: result_pam_option_removal

      - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
        when:
        - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
        - result_pam_option_removal is changed
      when:
      - result_pam_file_present.stat.exists
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pwhistory_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - pam_pwhistory.so parameters are configured in PAM files
  block:

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the PAM file to be edited as a local fact
    ansible.builtin.set_fact:
      pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/common-password

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if system relies on authselect tool
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /usr/bin/authselect
    register: result_authselect_present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect custom profile is used if authselect
      is present
    block:

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check integrity of authselect current profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect check
      register: result_authselect_check_cmd
      changed_when: false
      failed_when: false

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Informative message based on the authselect integrity
        check result
      ansible.builtin.assert:
        that:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
        fail_msg:
        - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
          not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
          is available.
        - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
          demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
        success_msg:
        - authselect integrity check passed

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
      register: result_authselect_profile
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the current authselect profile as a local
        fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the new authselect custom profile as a local
        fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current features to also enable
        them in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
      register: result_authselect_features
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if any custom profile with the same name
        was already created
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Create an authselect custom profile based on the
        current profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
          }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the authselect custom profile is selected
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Restore the authselect features in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
      loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
      register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_features is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Change the PAM file to be edited according to the
        custom authselect profile
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
          | basename }}
    when:
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if expected PAM module line is present in {{
      pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      regexp: ^\s*password\s+{{ 'requisite' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Include or update the PAM module line in {{ pam_file_path
      }}
    block:

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if required PAM module line is present in
        {{ pam_file_path }} with different control
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*
        state: absent
      check_mode: true
      changed_when: false
      register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the correct control for the required PAM
        module line in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwhistory.so.*)
        replace: \1requisite \2
      register: result_pam_module_edit
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the required PAM module line is included
        in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        line: password    requisite    pam_pwhistory.so
      register: result_pam_module_add
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
        > 1

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present is defined
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - |-
        (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
         or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
    when:
    - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
    - result_pam_line_present.found == 0

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if the required PAM module option is present
      in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      regexp: ^\s*password\s+{{ 'requisite' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*\sremember\b
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_module_remember_option_present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the "remember" PAM option for "pam_pwhistory.so"
      is included in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: ^(\s*password\s+{{ 'requisite' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_pwhistory.so.*)
      line: \1 remember={{ var_password_pam_unix_remember }}
      state: present
    register: result_pam_remember_add
    when:
    - result_pam_module_remember_option_present.found == 0

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the required value for "remember" PAM option
      from "pam_pwhistory.so" in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: ^(\s*password\s+{{ 'requisite' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s+.*)(remember)=[0-9a-zA-Z]+\s*(.*)
      line: \1\2={{ var_password_pam_unix_remember }} \3
    register: result_pam_remember_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_module_remember_option_present.found > 0

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - (result_pam_remember_add is defined and result_pam_remember_add.changed) or
      (result_pam_remember_edit is defined and result_pam_remember_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - not result_pwhistory_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts   [ref]

The SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 operating system must lock an account after - at most - 5 consecutive invalid access attempts.
Rationale:
By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-force attacks, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account. To configure the operating system to lock an account after three unsuccessful consecutive access attempts using pam_tally2.so, modify the content of both /etc/pam.d/login and /etc/pam.d/common-account as follows:

  • add or modify the pam_tally2.so module line in /etc/pam.d/login to ensure both onerr=fail and deny=5 are present. For example:
    auth required pam_tally2.so onerr=fail silent audit deny=5
               
  • add or modify the following line in /etc/pam.d/common-account:
    account required pam_tally2.so
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85554-4

References:  CCI-000044, Req-8.1.6, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005, SLES-15-020010, 5.3.2, BP28(R31), 8.3.4, SV-234867r854212_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

var_password_pam_tally2='5'

# Use a non-number regexp to force update of the value of the deny option




if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
    if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/login")" -eq 1 ]; then
        # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
    else
        echo 'auth    '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/login"
    fi
fi
# Check the option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\sdeny\b' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so.*/ s/$/ deny='"${var_password_pam_tally2}"'/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
else
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s+.*)('"deny"'=)[[:alnum:]]+\s*(.*)/\1\2'"${var_password_pam_tally2}"' \3/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
fi
if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
    if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/login")" -eq 1 ]; then
        # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
    else
        LAST_MATCH_LINE=$(grep -nP "(fail)" "/etc/pam.d/login" | tail -n 1 | cut -d: -f 1)
        if [ ! -z $LAST_MATCH_LINE ]; then
            sed -i --follow-symlinks $LAST_MATCH_LINE' a auth     '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' "/etc/pam.d/login"
        else
            echo 'auth    '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/login"
        fi
    fi
fi
# Check the option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\sonerr\b' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so.*/ s/$/ onerr='"fail"'/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
else
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s+.*)('"onerr"'=)[[:alnum:]]+\s*(.*)/\1\2'"fail"' \3/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
fi
if ! grep -qP '^\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"; then
    # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
    if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*account\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/common-account")" -eq 1 ]; then
        # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*account\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
    else
        echo 'account    '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
    fi
fi
# Check the option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\s\b' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so.*/ s/$/ /' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_tally2 # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_tally2: !!str 5
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if expected PAM module line
    is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_line_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Include or update the PAM module line
    in /etc/pam.d/login
  block:

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if required PAM module line
      is present in /etc/pam.d/login with different control
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the correct control for the
      required PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.replace:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)
      replace: \1required \2
    register: result_pam_module_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the required PAM module line
      is included in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      line: auth    required    pam_tally2.so
    register: result_pam_module_add
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
      > 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present is defined
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
  - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if the required PAM module option
    is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\sdeny\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module_deny_option_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "deny" PAM option for "pam_tally2.so"
    is included in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so.*)
    line: \1 deny={{ var_password_pam_tally2 }}
    state: present
  register: result_pam_deny_add
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_deny_option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the required value for "deny"
    PAM option from "pam_tally2.so" in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s+.*)(deny)=[0-9a-zA-Z]+\s*(.*)
    line: \1\2={{ var_password_pam_tally2 }} \3
  register: result_pam_deny_edit
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_deny_option_present.found > 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if expected PAM module line
    is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_line_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Include or update the PAM module line
    in /etc/pam.d/login
  block:

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if required PAM module line
      is present in /etc/pam.d/login with different control
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the correct control for the
      required PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.replace:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)
      replace: \1required \2
    register: result_pam_module_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the required PAM module line
      is included in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      insertafter: (fail)
      line: auth    required    pam_tally2.so
    register: result_pam_module_add
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
      > 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present is defined
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
  - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if the required PAM module option
    is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\sonerr\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module_onerr_option_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "onerr" PAM option for
    "pam_tally2.so" is included in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so.*)
    line: \1 onerr=fail
    state: present
  register: result_pam_onerr_add
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_onerr_option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the required value for "onerr"
    PAM option from "pam_tally2.so" in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s+.*)(onerr)=[0-9a-zA-Z]+\s*(.*)
    line: \1\2=fail \3
  register: result_pam_onerr_edit
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_onerr_option_present.found > 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if expected PAM module line
    is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    regexp: ^\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_line_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Include or update the PAM module line
    in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  block:

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if required PAM module line
      is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account with different control
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      regexp: ^\s*account\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the correct control for the
      required PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/common-account
    ansible.builtin.replace:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      regexp: ^(\s*account\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)
      replace: \1required \2
    register: result_pam_module_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the required PAM module line
      is included in /etc/pam.d/common-account
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      line: account    required    pam_tally2.so
    register: result_pam_module_add
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
      > 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present is defined
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
  - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if the required PAM module option
    is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    regexp: ^\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\s\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module__option_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "" PAM option for "pam_tally2.so"
    is included in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so.*)
    line: \1
    state: present
  register: result_pam__add
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module__option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Rule   Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2   [ref]

This rule configures the system to lock out the root account after a number of incorrect login attempts using pam_tally2.so.
Rationale:
By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, also known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91281-6

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, CCI-002238, CCI-000044, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, CM-6(a), AC-7(b), IA-5(c), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005, 5.3.2, BP28(R31)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

if grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s.*\bonerr=fail\b' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(.*auth.*'"required"'.*pam_tally2.so.*)\sonerr=fail=?[[:alnum:]]*(.*)/\1\2/g' "/etc/pam.d/login"
fi
if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
    if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/login")" -eq 1 ]; then
        # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
    else
        echo 'auth    '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/login"
    fi
fi
# Check the option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\seven_deny_root\b' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so.*/ s/$/ even_deny_root/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
fi
if ! grep -qP '^\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"; then
    # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
    if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*account\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/common-account")" -eq 1 ]; then
        # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*account\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
    else
        echo 'account    '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
    fi
fi
# Check the option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\s\b' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so.*/ s/$/ /' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-91281-6
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
    - Ensure the "onerr=fail" option from "pam_tally2.so" is not present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.replace:
    dest: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: (.*auth.*{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}.*pam_tally2.so.*)\bonerr=fail\b=?[0-9a-zA-Z]*(.*)
    replace: \1\2
  register: result_pam_option_removal
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91281-6
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
    - Check if expected PAM module line is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_line_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91281-6
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
    - Include or update the PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/login
  block:

  - name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
      - Check if required PAM module line is present in /etc/pam.d/login with different
      control
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

  - name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
      - Ensure the correct control for the required PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.replace:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)
      replace: \1required \2
    register: result_pam_module_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

  - name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
      - Ensure the required PAM module line is included in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      line: auth    required    pam_tally2.so
    register: result_pam_module_add
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
      > 1

  - name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
      - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present is defined
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
  - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91281-6
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
    - Check if the required PAM module option is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\seven_deny_root\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module_even_deny_root_option_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91281-6
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
    - Ensure the "even_deny_root" PAM option for "pam_tally2.so" is included in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so.*)
    line: \1 even_deny_root
    state: present
  register: result_pam_even_deny_root_add
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_even_deny_root_option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91281-6
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
    - Check if expected PAM module line is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    regexp: ^\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_line_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91281-6
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
    - Include or update the PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  block:

  - name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
      - Check if required PAM module line is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account
      with different control
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      regexp: ^\s*account\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

  - name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
      - Ensure the correct control for the required PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/common-account
    ansible.builtin.replace:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      regexp: ^(\s*account\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)
      replace: \1required \2
    register: result_pam_module_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

  - name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
      - Ensure the required PAM module line is included in /etc/pam.d/common-account
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      line: account    required    pam_tally2.so
    register: result_pam_module_add
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
      > 1

  - name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
      - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present is defined
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
  - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91281-6
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
    - Check if the required PAM module option is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    regexp: ^\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\s\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module__option_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91281-6
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure the root Account lock for Failed Password Attempts via pam_tally2
    - Ensure the "" PAM option for "pam_tally2.so" is included in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so.*)
    line: \1
    state: present
  register: result_pam__add
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module__option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91281-6
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_deny_root
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2   [ref]

This rule configures the system to lock out accounts during a specified time period after a number of incorrect login attempts using pam_tally2.so.
Rationale:
By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, also known as brute-forcing, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91282-4

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, CCI-002238, CCI-000044, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, CM-6(a), AC-7(b), IA-5(c), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-8.1.7, SRG-OS-000329-GPOS-00128, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005, 5.3.2, BP28(R31), 8.3.4


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

var_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time='1800'

# Use a non-number regexp to force update of the value of the deny option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
    if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/login")" -eq 1 ]; then
        # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
    else
        echo 'auth    '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/login"
    fi
fi
# Check the option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\sunlock_time\b' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so.*/ s/$/ unlock_time='"${var_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time}"'/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
else
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s+.*)('"unlock_time"'=)[[:alnum:]]+\s*(.*)/\1\2'"${var_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time}"' \3/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
fi
if ! grep -qP '^\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"; then
    # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
    if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*account\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/common-account")" -eq 1 ]; then
        # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*account\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
    else
        echo 'account    '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
    fi
fi
# Check the option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\s\b' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so.*/ s/$/ /' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-91282-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time: !!str 1800
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Check if
    expected PAM module line is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_line_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91282-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Include or
    update the PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/login
  block:

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Check if
      required PAM module line is present in /etc/pam.d/login with different control
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Ensure
      the correct control for the required PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.replace:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)
      replace: \1required \2
    register: result_pam_module_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Ensure
      the required PAM module line is included in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      line: auth    required    pam_tally2.so
    register: result_pam_module_add
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
      > 1

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Ensure
      authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present is defined
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
  - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91282-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Check if
    the required PAM module option is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\sunlock_time\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module_unlock_time_option_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91282-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Ensure the
    "unlock_time" PAM option for "pam_tally2.so" is included in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so.*)
    line: \1 unlock_time={{var_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time}}
    state: present
  register: result_pam_unlock_time_add
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_unlock_time_option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91282-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Ensure the
    required value for "unlock_time" PAM option from "pam_tally2.so" in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s+.*)(unlock_time)=[0-9a-zA-Z]+\s*(.*)
    line: \1\2={{var_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time}} \3
  register: result_pam_unlock_time_edit
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_unlock_time_option_present.found > 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91282-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Check if
    expected PAM module line is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    regexp: ^\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_line_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91282-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Include or
    update the PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  block:

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Check if
      required PAM module line is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account with different
      control
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      regexp: ^\s*account\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Ensure
      the correct control for the required PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/common-account
    ansible.builtin.replace:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      regexp: ^(\s*account\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)
      replace: \1required \2
    register: result_pam_module_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Ensure
      the required PAM module line is included in /etc/pam.d/common-account
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      line: account    required    pam_tally2.so
    register: result_pam_module_add
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
      > 1

  - name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Ensure
      authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present is defined
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
  - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91282-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Check if
    the required PAM module option is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    regexp: ^\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\s\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module__option_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91282-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Lockout Time for Failed Password Attempts using pam_tally2 - Ensure the
    "" PAM option for "pam_tally2.so" is included in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so.*)
    line: \1
    state: present
  register: result_pam__add
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module__option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91282-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-7(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2_unlock_time
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
Group   Set Password Quality Requirements   Group contains 2 groups and 7 rules
[ref]   The default pam_pwquality PAM module provides strength checking for passwords. It performs a number of checks, such as making sure passwords are not similar to dictionary words, are of at least a certain length, are not the previous password reversed, and are not simply a change of case from the previous password. It can also require passwords to be in certain character classes. The pam_pwquality module is the preferred way of configuring password requirements.

The man pages pam_pwquality(8) provide information on the capabilities and configuration of each.
Group   Set Password Quality Requirements, if using pam_cracklib   Group contains 5 rules
[ref]   The pam_cracklib PAM module can be configured to meet requirements for a variety of policies.

For example, to configure pam_cracklib to require at least one uppercase character, lowercase character, digit, and other (special) character, locate the following line in /etc/pam.d/system-auth:
password requisite pam_cracklib.so try_first_pass retry=3
and then alter it to read:
password required pam_cracklib.so try_first_pass retry=3 maxrepeat=3 minlen=14 dcredit=-1 ucredit=-1 ocredit=-1 lcredit=-1 difok=4
If no such line exists, add one as the first line of the password section in /etc/pam.d/system-auth. The arguments can be modified to ensure compliance with your organization's security policy. Discussion of each parameter follows.
Warning:  Note that the password quality requirements are not enforced for the root account for some reason.

Rule   Set Password Strength Minimum Digit Characters   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's dcredit parameter controls requirements for usage of digits in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many digits. When set to a positive number, pam_cracklib will grant +1 additional length credit for each digit. Add dcredit=-1 after pam_cracklib.so to require use of a digit in passwords.
Rationale:
Requiring digits makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85564-3

References:  CCI-000194, Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000071-GPOS-00039, SLES-15-020150, 5.3.1, BP28(R31), 8.3.6, SV-234884r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_dcredit='-1'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_dcredit")
VALUE_NAMES+=("dcredit")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_dcredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_dcredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "dcredit={{ var_password_pam_dcredit
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+dcredit=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_dcredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "dcredit" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+dcredit(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "dcredit" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> dcredit={{ var_password_pam_dcredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"dcredit" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Set Password Strength Minimum Lowercase Characters   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's lcredit= parameter controls requirements for usage of lowercase letters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many lowercase characters. When set to a positive number, pam_cracklib will grant +1 additional length credit for each lowercase character. Add lcredit=-1 after pam_cracklib.so to require use of a lowercase character in passwords.
Rationale:
Requiring a minimum number of lowercase characters makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85676-5

References:  CCI-000193, IA-5(1)(a), IA-5(1).1(v), Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000070-GPOS-00038, SLES-15-020140, 5.3.1, BP28(R31), 8.3.6, SV-234883r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_lcredit='-1'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_lcredit")
VALUE_NAMES+=("lcredit")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_lcredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_lcredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "lcredit={{ var_password_pam_lcredit
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+lcredit=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_lcredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "lcredit" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+lcredit(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "lcredit" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> lcredit={{ var_password_pam_lcredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"lcredit" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Set Password Minimum Length   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's minlen parameter controls requirements for minimum characters required in a password. Add minlen=15 to set minimum password length requirements.
Rationale:
Password length is one factor of several that helps to determine strength and how long it takes to crack a password. Use of more characters in a password helps to exponentially increase the time and/or resources required to compromise the password.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85573-4

References:  CCI-000205, Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000078-GPOS-00046, SLES-15-020260, 5.3.1, BP28(R31), 8.3.6, SV-234895r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_minlen='15'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_minlen")
VALUE_NAMES+=("minlen")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_minlen # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_minlen: !!str 15
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "minlen={{ var_password_pam_minlen
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+minlen=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_minlen }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "minlen" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+minlen(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "minlen" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> minlen={{ var_password_pam_minlen }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"minlen" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Set Password Strength Minimum Special Characters   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's ocredit= parameter controls requirements for usage of special (or ``other'') characters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many special characters. When set to a positive number, pam_cracklib will grant +1 additional length credit for each special character. Make sure the ocredit parameter for the pam_cracklib module is set to less than or equal to -1. For example, ocredit=-1 .
Rationale:
Requiring a minimum number of special characters makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85574-2

References:  CCI-001619, IA-5(a), IA-5(v), Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000266-GPOS-00101, SLES-15-020270, 5.3.1, BP28(R31), SV-234896r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_ocredit='-1'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_ocredit")
VALUE_NAMES+=("ocredit")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_ocredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_ocredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "ocredit={{ var_password_pam_ocredit
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+ocredit=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_ocredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "ocredit" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+ocredit(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "ocredit" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> ocredit={{ var_password_pam_ocredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"ocredit" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Set Password Strength Minimum Uppercase Characters   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's ucredit= parameter controls requirements for usage of uppercase letters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many uppercase characters. When set to a positive number, pam_cracklib will grant +1 additional length credit for each uppercase character. Add ucredit=-1 after pam_cracklib.so to require use of an upper case character in passwords.
Rationale:
Requiring a minimum number of uppercase characters makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85675-7

References:  CCI-000192, IA-5(1)(a), IA-5(1).1(v), Req-8.2.3, SRG-OS-000069-GPOS-00037, SLES-15-020130, 5.3.1, BP28(R31), SV-234882r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_ucredit='-1'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_ucredit")
VALUE_NAMES+=("ucredit")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_ucredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_ucredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "ucredit={{ var_password_pam_ucredit
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+ucredit=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_ucredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "ucredit" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+ucredit(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "ucredit" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> ucredit={{ var_password_pam_ucredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"ucredit" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
Group   Set Password Quality Requirements with pam_pwquality   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   The pam_pwquality PAM module can be configured to meet requirements for a variety of policies.

For example, to configure pam_pwquality to require at least one uppercase character, lowercase character, digit, and other (special) character, make sure that pam_pwquality exists in /etc/pam.d/system-auth:
password    requisite     pam_pwquality.so try_first_pass local_users_only retry=3 authtok_type=
If no such line exists, add one as the first line of the password section in /etc/pam.d/system-auth. Next, modify the settings in /etc/security/pwquality.conf to match the following:
difok = 4
minlen = 14
dcredit = -1
ucredit = -1
lcredit = -1
ocredit = -1
maxrepeat = 3
The arguments can be modified to ensure compliance with your organization's security policy. Discussion of each parameter follows.

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Different Categories   [ref]

The pam_pwquality module's minclass parameter controls requirements for usage of different character classes, or types, of character that must exist in a password before it is considered valid. For example, setting this value to three (3) requires that any password must have characters from at least three different categories in order to be approved. The default value is zero (0), meaning there are no required classes. There are four categories available:
* Upper-case characters
* Lower-case characters
* Digits
* Special characters (for example, punctuation)
Modify the minclass setting in /etc/security/pwquality.conf entry to require 4 differing categories of characters when changing passwords.
Rationale:
Use of a complex password helps to increase the time and resources required to compromise the password. Password complexity, or strength, is a measure of the effectiveness of a password in resisting attempts at guessing and brute-force attacks.

Password complexity is one factor of several that determines how long it takes to crack a password. The more complex the password, the greater the number of possible combinations that need to be tested before the password is compromised.

Requiring a minimum number of character categories makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_minclass
Identifiers and References

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, 5, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, CCI-000195, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, 0421, 0422, 0431, 0974, 1173, 1401, 1504, 1505, 1546, 1557, 1558, 1559, 1560, 1561, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, IA-5(c), IA-5(1)(a), CM-6(a), IA-5(4), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, SRG-OS-000072-GPOS-00040, BP28(R68)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

var_password_pam_minclass='4'






# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^minclass")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "$var_password_pam_minclass"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^minclass\\>" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^minclass\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/security/pwquality.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
    fi
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/security/pwquality.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_password_pam_minclass
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_minclass # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_minclass: !!str 4
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Minimum Different Categories -
    Ensure PAM variable minclass is set accordingly
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/security/pwquality.conf
    regexp: ^#?\s*minclass
    line: minclass = {{ var_password_pam_minclass }}
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(4)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - accounts_password_pam_minclass
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure PAM Enforces Password Requirements - Authentication Retry Prompts Permitted Per-Session   [ref]

To configure the number of retry prompts that are permitted per-session: Edit the pam_pwquality.so statement in /etc/pam.d/system-auth to show retry=3 , or a lower value if site policy is more restrictive. The DoD requirement is a maximum of 3 prompts per session.
Rationale:
Setting the password retry prompts that are permitted on a per-session basis to a low value requires some software, such as SSH, to re-connect. This can slow down and draw additional attention to some types of password-guessing attacks. Note that this is different from account lockout, which is provided by the pam_faillock module.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_retry
Identifiers and References

References:  1, 11, 12, 15, 16, 3, 5, 9, 5.5.3, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, CCI-000192, CCI-000366, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 7.6, A.12.1.2, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, CM-6(a), AC-7(a), IA-5(4), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.IP-1, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000069-GPOS-00037, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, BP28(R68)


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

var_password_pam_retry='3'



	
		if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/system-auth" ] ; then
    PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/pam.d/system-auth"
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        if ! authselect check; then
        echo "
        authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
        In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        exit 1
        fi

        CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
        # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
        if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
            ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
            authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
            CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
            authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
            for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                authselect enable-feature $feature;
            done
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        fi
        PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "/etc/pam.d/system-auth")
        PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
    if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwquality.so\s*.*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
            if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwquality.so\s*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH")" -eq 1 ]; then
                # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
                sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwquality.so.*)/\1'"requisite"' \2/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
            else
                LAST_MATCH_LINE=$(grep -nP "^\s*account" "$PAM_FILE_PATH" | tail -n 1 | cut -d: -f 1)
                if [ ! -z $LAST_MATCH_LINE ]; then
                    sed -i --follow-symlinks $LAST_MATCH_LINE' a password     '"requisite"'    pam_pwquality.so' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
                else
                    echo 'password    '"requisite"'    pam_pwquality.so' >> "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
                fi
            fi
        fi
        # Check the option
        if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwquality.so\s*.*\sretry\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwquality.so.*/ s/$/ retry='"$var_password_pam_retry"'/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        else
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwquality.so\s+.*)('"retry"'=)[[:alnum:]]+\s*(.*)/\1\2'"$var_password_pam_retry"' \3/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        fi
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
else
    echo "/etc/pam.d/system-auth was not found" >&2
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Set Password Hashing Algorithm   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   The system's default algorithm for storing password hashes in /etc/shadow is SHA-512. This can be configured in several locations.

Rule   Set PAM''s Password Hashing Algorithm   [ref]

The PAM system service can be configured to only store encrypted representations of passwords. In "/etc/pam.d/common-password", the password section of the file controls which PAM modules execute during a password change. Set the pam_unix.so module in the password section to include the argument sha512, as shown below:
password    required    pam_unix.so sha512 other arguments...
         

This will help ensure when local users change their passwords, hashes for the new passwords will be generated using the SHA-512 algorithm. This is the default.
Rationale:
Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Passwords that are encrypted with a weak algorithm are no more protected than if they are kepy in plain text.

This setting ensures user and group account administration utilities are configured to store only encrypted representations of passwords. Additionally, the crypt_style configuration option ensures the use of a strong hashing algorithm that makes password cracking attacks more difficult.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_set_password_hashing_algorithm_systemauth
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85565-0

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, 5, 5.6.2.2, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, 3.13.11, CCI-000196, CCI-000803, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, 0418, 1055, 1402, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, IA-5(c), IA-5(1)(c), CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, Req-8.2.1, SRG-OS-000073-GPOS-00041, SRG-OS-000120-GPOS-00061, SLES-15-020170, BP28(R68), 8.3.2, SV-234886r877397_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
    PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        if ! authselect check; then
        echo "
        authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
        In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        exit 1
        fi

        CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
        # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
        if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
            ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
            authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
            CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
            authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
            for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                authselect enable-feature $feature;
            done
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        fi
        PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "/etc/pam.d/common-password")
        PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
    if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"required"'\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
            if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_unix.so\s*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH")" -eq 1 ]; then
                # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
                sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_unix.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
            else
                echo 'password    '"required"'    pam_unix.so' >> "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
            fi
        fi
        # Check the option
        if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"required"'\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*\ssha512\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*password\s+'"required"'\s+pam_unix.so.*/ s/$/ sha512/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        fi
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
else
    echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password was not found" >&2
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85565-0
  - CJIS-5.6.2.2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020170
  - NIST-800-171-3.13.11
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(c)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.1
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - set_password_hashing_algorithm_systemauth

- name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if /etc/pam.d/common-password
    file is present
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
  register: result_pam_file_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85565-0
  - CJIS-5.6.2.2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020170
  - NIST-800-171-3.13.11
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(c)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.1
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - set_password_hashing_algorithm_systemauth

- name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check the proper remediation for the
    system
  block:

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Define the PAM file to be edited
      as a local fact
    ansible.builtin.set_fact:
      pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/common-password

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if system relies on authselect
      tool
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /usr/bin/authselect
    register: result_authselect_present

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure authselect custom profile
      is used if authselect is present
    block:

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check integrity of authselect current
        profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect check
      register: result_authselect_check_cmd
      changed_when: false
      failed_when: false

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Informative message based on the
        authselect integrity check result
      ansible.builtin.assert:
        that:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
        fail_msg:
        - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
          not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
          is available.
        - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
          demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
        success_msg:
        - authselect integrity check passed

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Get authselect current profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
      register: result_authselect_profile
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Define the current authselect profile
        as a local fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Define the new authselect custom
        profile as a local fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Get authselect current features
        to also enable them in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
      register: result_authselect_features
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if any custom profile with
        the same name was already created
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Create an authselect custom profile
        based on the current profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
          }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure the authselect custom profile
        is selected
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Restore the authselect features
        in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
      loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
      register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_features is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Change the PAM file to be edited
        according to the custom authselect profile
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
          | basename }}
    when:
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if expected PAM module line
      is present in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      regexp: ^\s*password\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_present

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Include or update the PAM module
      line in {{ pam_file_path }}
    block:

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if required PAM module line
        is present in {{ pam_file_path }} with different control
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_unix.so\s*
        state: absent
      check_mode: true
      changed_when: false
      register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure the correct control for
        the required PAM module line in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_unix.so.*)
        replace: \1required \2
      register: result_pam_module_edit
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure the required PAM module
        line is included in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        line: password    required    pam_unix.so
      register: result_pam_module_add
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
        > 1

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present is defined
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - |-
        (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
         or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
    when:
    - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
    - result_pam_line_present.found == 0

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if the required PAM module
      option is present in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      regexp: ^\s*password\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*\ssha512\b
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_module_sha512_option_present

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure the "sha512" PAM option for
      "pam_unix.so" is included in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: ^(\s*password\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_unix.so.*)
      line: \1 sha512
      state: present
    register: result_pam_sha512_add
    when:
    - result_pam_module_sha512_option_present.found == 0

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_sha512_add is defined and result_pam_sha512_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_sha512_edit is defined and result_pam_sha512_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_file_present.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-85565-0
  - CJIS-5.6.2.2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020170
  - NIST-800-171-3.13.11
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(c)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.1
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - set_password_hashing_algorithm_systemauth

Rule   Set Password Hashing Rounds in /etc/login.defs   [ref]

In /etc/login.defs, ensure SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS and SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS has the minimum value of 5000. For example:
SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS 5000
SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS 5000
Notice that if neither are set, they already have the default value of 5000. If either is set, they must have the minimum value of 5000.
Rationale:
Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Passwords that are encrypted with a weak algorithm are no more protected than if they are kept in plain text.

Using more hashing rounds makes password cracking attacks more difficult.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_set_password_hashing_min_rounds_logindefs
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85567-6

References:  CCI-000196, CCI-000803, SRG-OS-000073-GPOS-00041, SRG-OS-000120-GPOS-00061, SLES-15-020190, SV-234888r877397_rule



if [ -e "/etc/login.defs" ] ; then
    
    LC_ALL=C sed -i "/^\s*SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS\s*/Id" "/etc/login.defs"
else
    printf '%s\n' "Path '/etc/login.defs' wasn't found on this system. Refusing to continue." >&2
    return 1
fi
# make sure file has newline at the end
sed -i -e '$a\' "/etc/login.defs"

cp "/etc/login.defs" "/etc/login.defs.bak"
# Insert at the end of the file
printf '%s\n' "SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS 5000" >> "/etc/login.defs"
# Clean up after ourselves.
rm "/etc/login.defs.bak"

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set Password Hashing Rounds in /etc/login.defs - Ensure SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS
    has Minimum Value of 5000
  ansible.builtin.replace:
    path: /etc/login.defs
    regexp: (^\s*SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS\s+)(?!(?:[5-9]\d{3,}|\d{5,}))\S*(\s*$)
    replace: \g<1>5000\g<2>
    backup: false
  tags:
  - CCE-85567-6
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020190
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - set_password_hashing_min_rounds_logindefs

- name: Set Password Hashing Rounds in /etc/login.defs - Ensure SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS
    has Minimum Value of 5000
  ansible.builtin.replace:
    path: /etc/login.defs
    regexp: (^\s*SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS\s+)(?!(?:[5-9]\d{3,}|\d{5,}))\S*(\s*$)
    replace: \g<1>5000\g<2>
    backup: false
  tags:
  - CCE-85567-6
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020190
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - set_password_hashing_min_rounds_logindefs

Rule   Set Up a Private Namespace in PAM Configuration   [ref]

To setup a private namespace add the following line to /etc/pam.d/login:
session    required     pam_namespace.so
Rationale:
The pam_namespace PAM module sets up a private namespace for a session with polyinstantiated directories. A polyinstantiated directory provides a different instance of itself based on user name, or when using SELinux, user name, security context or both. The polyinstatied directories can be used to dedicate separate temporary directories to each account.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_enable_pam_namespace
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91196-6

References:  BP28(R55)


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

if ! grep -Eq '^\s*session\s+required\s+pam_namespace.so\s*$' '/etc/pam.d/login' ; then
    echo "session    required     pam_namespace.so" >> "/etc/pam.d/login"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-91196-6
  - enable_pam_namespace
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Make changes to /etc/pam.d/login
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    create: false
    regexp: ^\s*session\s+required\s+pam_namespace.so\s*$
    line: session    required     pam_namespace.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91196-6
  - enable_pam_namespace
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
Group   Protect Physical Console Access   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   It is impossible to fully protect a system from an attacker with physical access, so securing the space in which the system is located should be considered a necessary step. However, there are some steps which, if taken, make it more difficult for an attacker to quickly or undetectably modify a system from its console.

Rule   Configure Logind to terminate idle sessions after certain time of inactivity   [ref]

To configure logind service to terminate inactive user sessions after 600 seconds, edit the file /etc/systemd/logind.conf. Ensure that there is a section
[Login]
which contains the configuration
StopIdleSessionSec=600
        
.
Rationale:
Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been let unattended.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_logind_session_timeout
Identifiers and References

References:  1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, 7, 8, 5.5.6, APO13.01, BAI03.01, BAI03.02, BAI03.03, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, 3.1.11, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, 4.3.4.3.3, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 6.2, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.3, A.14.1.1, A.14.2.1, A.14.2.5, A.18.1.4, A.6.1.2, A.6.1.5, A.7.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, CIP-004-6 R2.2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.1, CIP-007-3 R5.3.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.3, CM-6(a), AC-17(a), AC-2(5), AC-12, AC-17(a), SC-10, CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, PR.AC-1, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.IP-2, FMT_SMF_EXT.1.1, Req-8.1.8, SRG-OS-000163-GPOS-00072, BP28(R32)


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && { ( grep -qP "^ID=[\"']?rhel[\"']?$" "/etc/os-release" && { real="$(grep -P "^VERSION_ID=[\"']?[\w.]+[\"']?$" /etc/os-release | sed "s/^VERSION_ID=[\"']\?\([^\"']\+\)[\"']\?$/\1/")"; expected="8.7"; printf "%s\n%s" "$expected" "$real" | sort -VC; } && grep -qP "^ID=[\"']?rhel[\"']?$" "/etc/os-release" && { real="$(grep -P "^VERSION_ID=[\"']?[\w.]+[\"']?$" /etc/os-release | sed "s/^VERSION_ID=[\"']\?\([^\"']\+\)[\"']\?$/\1/")"; expected="9.0"; [[ "$real" != "$expected" ]]; } ) || grep -qP "^ID=[\"']?ol[\"']?$" "/etc/os-release" && { real="$(grep -P "^VERSION_ID=[\"']?[\w.]+[\"']?$" /etc/os-release | sed "s/^VERSION_ID=[\"']\?\([^\"']\+\)[\"']\?$/\1/")"; expected="8.7"; printf "%s\n%s" "$expected" "$real" | sort -VC; }; }; then

var_logind_session_timeout='600'



# Try find '[Login]' and 'StopIdleSessionSec' in '/etc/systemd/logind.conf', if it exists, set
# to '$var_logind_session_timeout', if it isn't here, add it, if '[Login]' doesn't exist, add it there
if grep -qzosP '[[:space:]]*\[Login]([^\n\[]*\n+)+?[[:space:]]*StopIdleSessionSec' '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'; then
    
    sed -i "s/StopIdleSessionSec[^(\n)]*/StopIdleSessionSec=$var_logind_session_timeout/" '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'
elif grep -qs '[[:space:]]*\[Login]' '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'; then
    sed -i "/[[:space:]]*\[Login]/a StopIdleSessionSec=$var_logind_session_timeout" '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'
else
    if test -d "/etc/systemd"; then
        printf '%s\n' '[Login]' "StopIdleSessionSec=$var_logind_session_timeout" >> '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'
    else
        echo "Config file directory '/etc/systemd' doesnt exist, not remediating, assuming non-applicability." >&2
    fi
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_logind_session_timeout # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_logind_session_timeout: !!str 600
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set 'StopIdleSessionSec' to '{{ var_logind_session_timeout }}' in the [Login]
    section of '/etc/systemd/logind.conf'
  ini_file:
    path: /etc/systemd/logind.conf
    section: Login
    option: StopIdleSessionSec
    value: '{{ var_logind_session_timeout }}'
    create: true
    mode: 420
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ( ansible_distribution == 'RedHat' and ansible_distribution_version is version('8.7',
    '>=') and ansible_distribution == 'RedHat' and ansible_distribution_version is
    version('9.0', '!=') ) or ansible_distribution == 'OracleLinux' and ansible_distribution_version
    is version('8.7', '>=')
  tags:
  - CJIS-5.5.6
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.11
  - NIST-800-53-AC-12
  - NIST-800-53-AC-17(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-17(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-10
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - logind_session_timeout
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy
Group   Protect Accounts by Restricting Password-Based Login   Group contains 2 groups and 3 rules
[ref]   Conventionally, Unix shell accounts are accessed by providing a username and password to a login program, which tests these values for correctness using the /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow files. Password-based login is vulnerable to guessing of weak passwords, and to sniffing and man-in-the-middle attacks against passwords entered over a network or at an insecure console. Therefore, mechanisms for accessing accounts by entering usernames and passwords should be restricted to those which are operationally necessary.
Group   Set Password Expiration Parameters   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   The file /etc/login.defs controls several password-related settings. Programs such as passwd, su, and login consult /etc/login.defs to determine behavior with regard to password aging, expiration warnings, and length. See the man page login.defs(5) for more information.

Users should be forced to change their passwords, in order to decrease the utility of compromised passwords. However, the need to change passwords often should be balanced against the risk that users will reuse or write down passwords if forced to change them too often. Forcing password changes every 90-360 days, depending on the environment, is recommended. Set the appropriate value as PASS_MAX_DAYS and apply it to existing accounts with the -M flag.

The PASS_MIN_DAYS (-m) setting prevents password changes for 7 days after the first change, to discourage password cycling. If you use this setting, train users to contact an administrator for an emergency password change in case a new password becomes compromised. The PASS_WARN_AGE (-W) setting gives users 7 days of warnings at login time that their passwords are about to expire.

For example, for each existing human user USER, expiration parameters could be adjusted to a 180 day maximum password age, 7 day minimum password age, and 7 day warning period with the following command:
$ sudo chage -M 180 -m 7 -W 7 USER

Rule   Set Root Account Password Maximum Age   [ref]

Configure the root account to enforce a 365-day maximum password lifetime restriction by running the following command:
$ sudo chage -M 365 root
Rationale:
Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed periodically. If the operating system does not limit the lifetime of passwords and force users to change their passwords, there is the risk that the operating system passwords could be compromised.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_set_max_life_root
Identifiers and References

References:  BP28(R31)

Group   Restrict Root Logins   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   Direct root logins should be allowed only for emergency use. In normal situations, the administrator should access the system via a unique unprivileged account, and then use su or sudo to execute privileged commands. Discouraging administrators from accessing the root account directly ensures an audit trail in organizations with multiple administrators. Locking down the channels through which root can connect directly also reduces opportunities for password-guessing against the root account. The login program uses the file /etc/securetty to determine which interfaces should allow root logins. The virtual devices /dev/console and /dev/tty* represent the system consoles (accessible via the Ctrl-Alt-F1 through Ctrl-Alt-F6 keyboard sequences on a default installation). The default securetty file also contains /dev/vc/*. These are likely to be deprecated in most environments, but may be retained for compatibility. Root should also be prohibited from connecting via network protocols. Other sections of this document include guidance describing how to prevent root from logging in via SSH.

Rule   Direct root Logins Not Allowed   [ref]

To further limit access to the root account, administrators can disable root logins at the console by editing the /etc/securetty file. This file lists all devices the root user is allowed to login to. If the file does not exist at all, the root user can login through any communication device on the system, whether via the console or via a raw network interface. This is dangerous as user can login to the system as root via Telnet, which sends the password in plain text over the network. By default, SUSE Linux Enterprise 15's /etc/securetty file only allows the root user to login at the console physically attached to the system. To prevent root from logging in, remove the contents of this file. To prevent direct root logins, remove the contents of this file by typing the following command:
$ sudo echo > /etc/securetty
Warning:  This rule only checks the /etc/securetty file existence and its content. If you need to restrict user access using the /etc/securetty file, make sure the pam_securetty.so PAM module is properly enabled in relevant PAM files.
Rationale:
Disabling direct root logins ensures proper accountability and multifactor authentication to privileged accounts. Users will first login, then escalate to privileged (root) access via su / sudo. This is required for FISMA Low and FISMA Moderate systems.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_no_direct_root_logins
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91427-5

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, 5, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, 3.1.1, 3.1.6, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(7)(i), 164.308(a)(7)(ii)(A), 164.310(a)(1), 164.310(a)(2)(i), 164.310(a)(2)(ii), 164.310(a)(2)(iii), 164.310(b), 164.310(c), 164.310(d)(1), 164.310(d)(2)(iii), 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, CIP-003-8 R5.1.1, CIP-003-8 R5.3, CIP-004-6 R2.2.3, CIP-004-6 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.2, CIP-007-3 R5.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.1, CIP-007-3 R5.3.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.3, IA-2, CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, 5.5, BP28(R33), 8.6.1


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

echo > /etc/securetty

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Direct root Logins Not Allowed
  copy:
    dest: /etc/securetty
    content: ''
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-91427-5
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.6
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-2
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_direct_root_logins
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
Group   Secure Session Configuration Files for Login Accounts   Group contains 1 group and 12 rules
[ref]   When a user logs into a Unix account, the system configures the user's session by reading a number of files. Many of these files are located in the user's home directory, and may have weak permissions as a result of user error or misconfiguration. If an attacker can modify or even read certain types of account configuration information, they can often gain full access to the affected user's account. Therefore, it is important to test and correct configuration file permissions for interactive accounts, particularly those of privileged users such as root or system administrators.
Group   Ensure that Users Have Sensible Umask Values   Group contains 3 rules
[ref]   The umask setting controls the default permissions for the creation of new files. With a default umask setting of 077, files and directories created by users will not be readable by any other user on the system. Users who wish to make specific files group- or world-readable can accomplish this by using the chmod command. Additionally, users can make all their files readable to their group by default by setting a umask of 027 in their shell configuration files. If default per-user groups exist (that is, if every user has a default group whose name is the same as that user's username and whose only member is the user), then it may even be safe for users to select a umask of 007, making it very easy to intentionally share files with groups of which the user is a member.

Rule   Ensure the Default Bash Umask is Set Correctly   [ref]

To ensure the default umask for users of the Bash shell is set properly, add or correct the umask setting in /etc/bash.bashrc to read as follows:
umask 077
         
Rationale:
The umask value influences the permissions assigned to files when they are created. A misconfigured umask value could result in files with excessive permissions that can be read or written to by unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_umask_etc_bashrc
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91215-4

References:  18, APO13.01, BAI03.01, BAI03.02, BAI03.03, CCI-000366, 4.3.4.3.3, A.14.1.1, A.14.2.1, A.14.2.5, A.6.1.5, CIP-003-8 R5.1.1, CIP-003-8 R5.3, CIP-004-6 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R2.1, CIP-007-3 R2.2, CIP-007-3 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.2, AC-6(1), CM-6(a), PR.IP-2, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00228, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 5.4.5, BP28(R36)


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q bash; then

var_accounts_user_umask='077'






grep -q "^\s*umask" /etc/bash.bashrc && \
  sed -i -E -e "s/^(\s*umask).*/\1 $var_accounts_user_umask/g" /etc/bash.bashrc
if ! [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
    echo "umask $var_accounts_user_umask" >> /etc/bash.bashrc
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-91215-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6(1)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_umask_etc_bashrc
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_user_umask # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_user_umask: !!str 077
  tags:
    - always

- name: Check if umask in /etc/bash.bashrc is already set
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/bash.bashrc
    regexp: ^(\s*)umask\s+.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: umask_replace
  when: '"bash" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91215-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6(1)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_umask_etc_bashrc
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Replace user umask in /etc/bash.bashrc
  ansible.builtin.replace:
    path: /etc/bash.bashrc
    regexp: ^(\s*)umask(\s+).*
    replace: \g<1>umask\g<2>{{ var_accounts_user_umask }}
  when:
  - '"bash" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - umask_replace.found > 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91215-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6(1)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_umask_etc_bashrc
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure the Default umask is Appended Correctly
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    create: true
    path: /etc/bash.bashrc
    line: umask {{ var_accounts_user_umask }}
  when:
  - '"bash" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - umask_replace.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91215-4
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6(1)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_umask_etc_bashrc
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure the Default Umask is Set Correctly in /etc/profile   [ref]

To ensure the default umask controlled by /etc/profile is set properly, add or correct the umask setting in /etc/profile to read as follows:
umask 077
         
Note that /etc/profile also reads scrips within /etc/profile.d directory. These scripts are also valid files to set umask value. Therefore, they should also be considered during the check and properly remediated, if necessary.
Rationale:
The umask value influences the permissions assigned to files when they are created. A misconfigured umask value could result in files with excessive permissions that can be read or written to by unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_umask_etc_profile
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91216-2

References:  18, APO13.01, BAI03.01, BAI03.02, BAI03.03, CCI-000366, 4.3.4.3.3, A.14.1.1, A.14.2.1, A.14.2.5, A.6.1.5, CIP-003-8 R5.1.1, CIP-003-8 R5.3, CIP-004-6 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R2.1, CIP-007-3 R2.2, CIP-007-3 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.2, AC-6(1), CM-6(a), PR.IP-2, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00228, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 5.4.5, BP28(R36)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

var_accounts_user_umask='077'


readarray -t profile_files < <(find /etc/profile.d/ -type f -name '*.sh' -or -name 'sh.local')

for file in "${profile_files[@]}" /etc/profile; do
  grep -qE '^[^#]*umask' "$file" && sed -i -E "s/^(\s*umask\s*)[0-7]+/\1$var_accounts_user_umask/g" "$file"
done

if ! grep -qrE '^[^#]*umask' /etc/profile*; then
  echo "umask $var_accounts_user_umask" >> /etc/profile
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_user_umask # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_user_umask: !!str 077
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure the Default Umask is Set Correctly in /etc/profile - Locate Profile
    Configuration Files Where umask Is Defined
  ansible.builtin.find:
    paths:
    - /etc/profile.d
    patterns:
    - sh.local
    - '*.sh'
    contains: ^[\s]*umask\s+\d+
  register: result_profile_d_files
  tags:
  - CCE-91216-2
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6(1)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_umask_etc_profile
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure the Default Umask is Set Correctly in /etc/profile - Replace Existing
    umask Value in Files From /etc/profile.d
  ansible.builtin.replace:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^(\s*)umask\s+\d+
    replace: \1umask {{ var_accounts_user_umask }}
  loop: '{{ result_profile_d_files.files }}'
  register: result_umask_replaced_profile_d
  when: result_profile_d_files.matched
  tags:
  - CCE-91216-2
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6(1)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_umask_etc_profile
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure the Default Umask is Set Correctly in /etc/profile - Ensure umask Is
    Set in /etc/profile if Not Already Set Elsewhere
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    create: true
    mode: 420
    path: /etc/profile
    line: umask {{ var_accounts_user_umask }}
  when: not result_profile_d_files.matched
  tags:
  - CCE-91216-2
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6(1)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_umask_etc_profile
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure the Default Umask is Set Correctly in /etc/profile - Ensure umask Value
    For All Existing umask Definition in /etc/profile
  ansible.builtin.replace:
    path: /etc/profile
    regexp: ^(\s*)umask\s+\d+
    replace: \1umask {{ var_accounts_user_umask }}
  register: result_umask_replaced_profile
  tags:
  - CCE-91216-2
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6(1)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - accounts_umask_etc_profile
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Configure Polyinstantiation of /tmp Directories   [ref]

To configure polyinstantiated /tmp directories, first create the parent directories which will hold the polyinstantiation child directories. Use the following command:
$ sudo mkdir --mode 000 /tmp/tmp-inst
Then, add the following entry to /etc/security/namespace.conf:
/tmp     /tmp/tmp-inst/            level      root,adm
Rationale:
Polyinstantiation of temporary directories is a proactive security measure which reduces chances of attacks that are made possible by /tmp directories being world-writable.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_polyinstantiated_tmp
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91197-4

References:  BP28(R55)



# shellcheck disable=SC2174
mkdir -p --mode 000 /tmp/tmp-inst
chmod 000 /tmp/tmp-inst
chcon --reference=/tmp /tmp/tmp-inst

if ! grep -Eq '^\s*/tmp\s+/tmp/tmp-inst/\s+level\s+root,adm$' /etc/security/namespace.conf ; then
    if grep -Eq '^\s*/tmp\s+' /etc/security/namespace.conf ; then
        sed -i '/^\s*\/tmp/d' /etc/security/namespace.conf
    fi
    echo "/tmp     /tmp/tmp-inst/        level      root,adm" >> /etc/security/namespace.conf
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Create /tmp/tmp-inst directory
  file:
    path: /tmp/tmp-inst
    state: directory
    mode: '000'
    seuser: system_u
    serole: object_r
    setype: tmp_t
  tags:
  - CCE-91197-4
  - accounts_polyinstantiated_tmp
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Make changes to /etc/security/namespace.conf
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/security/namespace.conf
    create: false
    regexp: ^\s*/tmp\s+/tmp/tmp-inst/\s+level\s+root,adm$
    line: /tmp     /tmp/tmp-inst/        level      root,adm
    state: present
  tags:
  - CCE-91197-4
  - accounts_polyinstantiated_tmp
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Configure Polyinstantiation of /var/tmp Directories   [ref]

To configure polyinstantiated /tmp directories, first create the parent directories which will hold the polyinstantiation child directories. Use the following command:
$ sudo mkdir --mode 000 /var/tmp/tmp-inst
Then, add the following entry to /etc/security/namespace.conf:
/var/tmp /var/tmp/tmp-inst/    level      root,adm
Rationale:
Polyinstantiation of temporary directories is a proactive security measure which reduces chances of attacks that are made possible by /var/tmp directories being world-writable.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_polyinstantiated_var_tmp
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91198-2

References:  BP28(R55)



# shellcheck disable=SC2174
mkdir -p --mode 000 /var/tmp/tmp-inst
chmod 000 /var/tmp/tmp-inst
chcon --reference=/var/tmp /var/tmp/tmp-inst

if ! grep -Eq '^\s*/var/tmp\s+/var/tmp/tmp-inst/\s+level\s+root,adm$' /etc/security/namespace.conf ; then
    if grep -Eq '^\s*/var/tmp\s+' /etc/security/namespace.conf ; then
        sed -i '/^\s*\/var\/tmp/d' /etc/security/namespace.conf
    fi
    echo "/var/tmp /var/tmp/tmp-inst/    level      root,adm" >> /etc/security/namespace.conf
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Create /var/tmp/tmp-inst directory
  file:
    path: /var/tmp/tmp-inst
    state: directory
    mode: '000'
    seuser: system_u
    serole: object_r
    setype: tmp_t
  tags:
  - CCE-91198-2
  - accounts_polyinstantiated_var_tmp
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Make changes to /etc/security/namespace.conf
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/security/namespace.conf
    create: false
    regexp: ^\s*/var/tmp\s+/var/tmp/tmp-inst/\s+level\s+root,adm$
    line: /var/tmp /var/tmp/tmp-inst/    level      root,adm
    state: present
  tags:
  - CCE-91198-2
  - accounts_polyinstantiated_var_tmp
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Set Interactive Session Timeout   [ref]

Setting the TMOUT option in /etc/profile ensures that all user sessions will terminate based on inactivity. The value of TMOUT should be exported and read only. The TMOUT setting in /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh should read as follows:
TMOUT=600
        
readonly TMOUT export TMOUT
Rationale:
Terminating an idle session within a short time period reduces the window of opportunity for unauthorized personnel to take control of a management session enabled on the console or console port that has been left unattended.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_tmout
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83269-1

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, 3.1.11, CCI-000057, CCI-001133, CCI-002361, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, CIP-004-6 R2.2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.1, CIP-007-3 R5.3.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.3, AC-12, SC-10, AC-2(5), CM-6(a), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000163-GPOS-00072, SRG-OS-000029-GPOS-00010, SLES-15-010130, 5.4.4, BP28(R32), 8.6.1, SV-234813r622137_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

var_accounts_tmout='600'


if [ -f /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh ]; then
    if grep --silent '^\s*TMOUT' /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh ; then
        sed -i -E "s/^(\s*)TMOUT\s*=\s*(\w|\$)*(.*)$/\1TMOUT=$var_accounts_tmout\3/g" /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
    fi
else
    echo -e "\n# Set TMOUT to $var_accounts_tmout per security requirements" >> /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
    echo "TMOUT=$var_accounts_tmout" >> /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
fi
if ! grep --silent '^\s*readonly TMOUT' /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh ; then
    echo "readonly TMOUT" >> /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
fi

if ! grep --silent '^\s*export TMOUT' /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh ; then
    echo "export TMOUT" >> /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
fi
chmod +x /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_tmout # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_tmout: !!str 600
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set Interactive Session Timeout
  block:

  - name: Check for duplicate values
    lineinfile:
      path: /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
      create: true
      regexp: ^\s*TMOUT=
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: dupes

  - name: Deduplicate values from /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
    lineinfile:
      path: /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
      create: true
      regexp: ^\s*TMOUT=
      state: absent
    when: dupes.found is defined and dupes.found > 1

  - name: Insert correct line to /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
    lineinfile:
      path: /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
      create: true
      regexp: ^\s*TMOUT=
      line: TMOUT={{ var_accounts_tmout }}
      state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83269-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010130
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.11
  - NIST-800-53-AC-12
  - NIST-800-53-AC-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-10
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - accounts_tmout
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Interactive Session Timeout
  block:

  - name: Check for duplicate values
    lineinfile:
      path: /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
      create: true
      regexp: ^\s*readonly\s+
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: dupes

  - name: Deduplicate values from /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
    lineinfile:
      path: /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
      create: true
      regexp: ^\s*readonly\s+
      state: absent
    when: dupes.found is defined and dupes.found > 1

  - name: Insert correct line to /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
    lineinfile:
      path: /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
      create: true
      regexp: ^\s*readonly\s+
      line: readonly TMOUT
      state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83269-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010130
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.11
  - NIST-800-53-AC-12
  - NIST-800-53-AC-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-10
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - accounts_tmout
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set Interactive Session Timeout
  block:

  - name: Check for duplicate values
    lineinfile:
      path: /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
      create: true
      regexp: ^\s*export\s+
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: dupes

  - name: Deduplicate values from /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
    lineinfile:
      path: /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
      create: true
      regexp: ^\s*export\s+
      state: absent
    when: dupes.found is defined and dupes.found > 1

  - name: Insert correct line to /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
    lineinfile:
      path: /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
      create: true
      regexp: ^\s*export\s+
      line: export TMOUT
      state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83269-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010130
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.11
  - NIST-800-53-AC-12
  - NIST-800-53-AC-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-10
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - accounts_tmout
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set the permission for /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
  file:
    path: /etc/profile.d/autologout.sh
    mode: '0755'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83269-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010130
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.11
  - NIST-800-53-AC-12
  - NIST-800-53-AC-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-10
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - accounts_tmout
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   User Initialization Files Must Be Group-Owned By The Primary Group   [ref]

Change the group owner of interactive users files to the group found in
/etc/passwd
for the user. To change the group owner of a local interactive user home directory, use the following command:
$ sudo chgrp USER_GROUP /home/USER/.INIT_FILE
        
This rule ensures every initialization file related to an interactive user is group-owned by an interactive user.
Warning:  Due to OVAL limitation, this rule can report a false negative in a specific situation where two interactive users swap the group-ownership of their respective initialization files.
Rationale:
Local initialization files for interactive users are used to configure the user's shell environment upon logon. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_user_dot_group_ownership
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91408-5

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 6.2.8, BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) system("chgrp -f " $4" "$6"/.[^\.]?*") }' /etc/passwd

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure interactive local users are the group-owners of their respective initialization
    files
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) system("chgrp -f " $4" "$6"/.[^\.]?*")
      }' /etc/passwd
  tags:
  - CCE-91408-5
  - accounts_user_dot_group_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   User Initialization Files Must Be Owned By the Primary User   [ref]

Set the owner of the user initialization files for interactive users to the primary owner with the following command:
$ sudo chown USER /home/USER/.*
This rule ensures every initialization file related to an interactive user is owned by an interactive user.
Warning:  Due to OVAL limitation, this rule can report a false negative in a specific situation where two interactive users swap the ownership of their respective initialization files.
Rationale:
Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon logon. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_user_dot_user_ownership
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91409-3

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 6.2.8, BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) system("chown -f " $3" "$6"/.[^\.]?*") }' /etc/passwd

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure interactive local users are the owners of their respective initialization
    files
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) system("chown -f " $3" "$6"/.[^\.]?*")
      }' /etc/passwd
  tags:
  - CCE-91409-3
  - accounts_user_dot_user_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   All User Files and Directories In The Home Directory Must Be Group-Owned By The Primary Group   [ref]

Change the group of a local interactive users files and directories to a group that the interactive user is a member of. To change the group owner of a local interactive users files and directories, use the following command:
$ sudo chgrp USER_GROUP /home/USER/FILE_DIR
        
This rule ensures every file or directory under the home directory related to an interactive user is group-owned by an interactive user.
Warning:  Due to OVAL limitation, this rule can report a false negative in a specific situation where two interactive users swap the group-ownership of folders or files in their respective home directories.
Rationale:
If a local interactive users files are group-owned by a group of which the user is not a member, unintended users may be able to access them.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_users_home_files_groupownership
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91405-1

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 6.2.7, BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

for user in $(awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) print $1 }' /etc/passwd); do
    home_dir=$(getent passwd $user | cut -d: -f6)
    group=$(getent passwd $user | cut -d: -f4)
    # Only update the group-ownership when necessary. This will avoid changing the inode timestamp
    # when the group is already defined as expected, therefore not impacting in possible integrity
    # check systems that also check inodes timestamps.
    find $home_dir -not -group $group -exec chgrp -f $group {} \;
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Get all local users from /etc/passwd
  ansible.builtin.getent:
    database: passwd
    split: ':'
  tags:
  - CCE-91405-1
  - accounts_users_home_files_groupownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Create local_users variable from the getent output
  ansible.builtin.set_fact:
    local_users: '{{ ansible_facts.getent_passwd|dict2items }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-91405-1
  - accounts_users_home_files_groupownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Test for existence of home directories to avoid creating them, but only fixing
    ownership
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: '{{ item.value[4] }}'
  register: path_exists
  loop: '{{ local_users }}'
  when:
  - item.value[1]|int >= 1000
  - item.value[1]|int != 65534
  tags:
  - CCE-91405-1
  - accounts_users_home_files_groupownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure interactive local users are the owners of their respective home directories
  ansible.builtin.file:
    path: '{{ item.0.value[4] }}'
    group: '{{ item.0.value[2] }}'
    recurse: true
  loop: '{{ local_users|zip(path_exists.results)|list }}'
  when: item.1.stat is defined and item.1.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-91405-1
  - accounts_users_home_files_groupownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   All User Files and Directories In The Home Directory Must Have a Valid Owner   [ref]

Either remove all files and directories from the system that do not have a valid user, or assign a valid user to all unowned files and directories. To assign a valid owner to a local interactive user's files and directories, use the following command:
$ sudo chown -R USER /home/USER
        
This rule ensures every file or directory under the home directory related to an interactive user is owned by an interactive user.
Warning:  Due to OVAL limitation, this rule can report a false negative in a specific situation where two interactive users swap the ownership of folders or files in their respective home directories.
Rationale:
If local interactive users do not own the files in their directories, unauthorized users may be able to access them. Additionally, if files are not owned by the user, this could be an indication of system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_users_home_files_ownership
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91406-9

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 6.2.7, BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

for user in $(awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) print $1 }' /etc/passwd); do
    home_dir=$(getent passwd $user | cut -d: -f6)
    # Only update the ownership when necessary. This will avoid changing the inode timestamp
    # when the owner is already defined as expected, therefore not impacting in possible integrity
    # check systems that also check inodes timestamps.
    find $home_dir -not -user $user -exec chown -f $user {} \;
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Get all local users from /etc/passwd
  ansible.builtin.getent:
    database: passwd
    split: ':'
  tags:
  - CCE-91406-9
  - accounts_users_home_files_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Create local_users variable from the getent output
  ansible.builtin.set_fact:
    local_users: '{{ ansible_facts.getent_passwd|dict2items }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-91406-9
  - accounts_users_home_files_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Test for existence of home directories to avoid creating them, but only fixing
    ownership
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: '{{ item.value[4] }}'
  register: path_exists
  loop: '{{ local_users }}'
  when:
  - item.value[1]|int >= 1000
  - item.value[1]|int != 65534
  tags:
  - CCE-91406-9
  - accounts_users_home_files_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure interactive local users are the owners of their respective home directories
  ansible.builtin.file:
    path: '{{ item.0.value[4] }}'
    owner: '{{ item.0.value[1] }}'
    recurse: true
  loop: '{{ local_users|zip(path_exists.results)|list }}'
  when: item.1.stat is defined and item.1.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-91406-9
  - accounts_users_home_files_ownership
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   All User Files and Directories In The Home Directory Must Have Mode 0750 Or Less Permissive   [ref]

Set the mode on files and directories in the local interactive user home directory with the following command:
$ sudo chmod 0750 /home/USER/FILE_DIR
        
Files that begin with a "." are excluded from this requirement.
Rationale:
If a local interactive user files have excessive permissions, unintended users may be able to access or modify them.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_users_home_files_permissions
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91403-6

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, 6.2.6, BP28(R50)


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

for home_dir in $(awk -F':' '{ if ($3 >= 1000 && $3 != 65534) print $6 }' /etc/passwd); do
    # Only update the permissions when necessary. This will avoid changing the inode timestamp when
    # the permission is already defined as expected, therefore not impacting in possible integrity
    # check systems that also check inodes timestamps.
    find "$home_dir" -perm /7027 -exec chmod u-s,g-w-s,o=- {} \;
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Get all local users from /etc/passwd
  ansible.builtin.getent:
    database: passwd
    split: ':'
  tags:
  - CCE-91403-6
  - accounts_users_home_files_permissions
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Create local_users variable from the getent output
  ansible.builtin.set_fact:
    local_users: '{{ ansible_facts.getent_passwd|dict2items }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-91403-6
  - accounts_users_home_files_permissions
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Test for existence home directories to avoid creating them.
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: '{{ item.value[4] }}'
  register: path_exists
  loop: '{{ local_users }}'
  when:
  - item.value[1]|int >= 1000
  - item.value[1]|int != 65534
  tags:
  - CCE-91403-6
  - accounts_users_home_files_permissions
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure interactive local users have proper permissions on their respective
    home directories
  ansible.builtin.file:
    path: '{{ item.0.value[4] }}'
    mode: u-s,g-w-s,o=-
    follow: false
    recurse: true
  loop: '{{ local_users|zip(path_exists.results)|list }}'
  when: item.1.stat is defined and item.1.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-91403-6
  - accounts_users_home_files_permissions
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Ensure All User Initialization Files Have Mode 0740 Or Less Permissive   [ref]

Set the mode of the user initialization files to 0740 with the following command:
$ sudo chmod 0740 /home/USER/.INIT_FILE
        
Rationale:
Local initialization files are used to configure the user's shell environment upon logon. Malicious modification of these files could compromise accounts upon logon.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_file_permission_user_init_files
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85630-2

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040110, BP28(R50), SV-234995r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

var_user_initialization_files_regex='^(\.bashrc|\.zshrc|\.cshrc|\.profile|\.bash_login|\.bash_profile)$'


readarray -t interactive_users < <(awk -F: '$3>=1000   {print $1}' /etc/passwd)
readarray -t interactive_users_home < <(awk -F: '$3>=1000   {print $6}' /etc/passwd)
readarray -t interactive_users_shell < <(awk -F: '$3>=1000   {print $7}' /etc/passwd)

USERS_IGNORED_REGEX='nobody|nfsnobody'

for (( i=0; i<"${#interactive_users[@]}"; i++ )); do
    if ! grep -qP "$USERS_IGNORED_REGEX" <<< "${interactive_users[$i]}" && \
        [ "${interactive_users_shell[$i]}" != "/sbin/nologin" ]; then
        
        readarray -t init_files < <(find "${interactive_users_home[$i]}" -maxdepth 1 \
            -exec basename {} \; | grep -P "$var_user_initialization_files_regex")
        for file in "${init_files[@]}"; do
            chmod u-s,g-wxs,o= "${interactive_users_home[$i]}/$file"
        done
    fi
done

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_user_initialization_files_regex # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_user_initialization_files_regex: !!str ^(\.bashrc|\.zshrc|\.cshrc|\.profile|\.bash_login|\.bash_profile)$
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure All User Initialization Files Have Mode 0740 Or Less Permissive - Gather
    User Info
  ansible.builtin.getent:
    database: passwd
  tags:
  - CCE-85630-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040110
  - file_permission_user_init_files
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure All User Initialization Files Have Mode 0740 Or Less Permissive - Find
    Init Files
  ansible.builtin.find:
    paths: '{{ item.value[4] }}'
    pattern: '{{ var_user_initialization_files_regex }}'
    hidden: true
    use_regex: true
  with_dict: '{{ ansible_facts.getent_passwd }}'
  when:
  - item.value[4] != "/sbin/nologin"
  - item.key not in ["nobody", "nfsnobody"]
  - item.value[1] | int >= 1000
  register: found_init_files
  tags:
  - CCE-85630-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040110
  - file_permission_user_init_files
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure All User Initialization Files Have Mode 0740 Or Less Permissive - Fix
    Init Files Permissions
  ansible.builtin.file:
    path: '{{ item.1.path }}'
    mode: u-s,g-wxs,o=
  loop: '{{ q(''ansible.builtin.subelements'', found_init_files.results, ''files'',
    {''skip_missing'': True}) }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-85630-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040110
  - file_permission_user_init_files
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
Group   System Accounting with auditd   Group contains 8 groups and 53 rules
[ref]   The audit service provides substantial capabilities for recording system activities. By default, the service audits about SELinux AVC denials and certain types of security-relevant events such as system logins, account modifications, and authentication events performed by programs such as sudo. Under its default configuration, auditd has modest disk space requirements, and should not noticeably impact system performance.

NOTE: The Linux Audit daemon auditd can be configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules files (*.rules) located in /etc/audit/rules.d location and compile them to create the resulting form of the /etc/audit/audit.rules configuration file during the daemon startup (default configuration). Alternatively, the auditd daemon can use the auditctl utility to read audit rules from the /etc/audit/audit.rules configuration file during daemon startup, and load them into the kernel. The expected behavior is configured via the appropriate ExecStartPost directive setting in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. To instruct the auditd daemon to use the augenrules program to read audit rules (default configuration), use the following setting:
ExecStartPost=-/sbin/augenrules --load
in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. In order to instruct the auditd daemon to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules, use the following setting:
ExecStartPost=-/sbin/auditctl -R /etc/audit/audit.rules
in the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file. Refer to [Service] section of the /usr/lib/systemd/system/auditd.service configuration file for further details.

Government networks often have substantial auditing requirements and auditd can be configured to meet these requirements. Examining some example audit records demonstrates how the Linux audit system satisfies common requirements. The following example from Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Documentation available at https://access.redhat.com/documentation/en-us/red_hat_enterprise_linux/7/html-single/selinux_users_and_administrators_guide/index#sect-Security-Enhanced_Linux-Fixing_Problems-Raw_Audit_Messages shows the substantial amount of information captured in a two typical "raw" audit messages, followed by a breakdown of the most important fields. In this example the message is SELinux-related and reports an AVC denial (and the associated system call) that occurred when the Apache HTTP Server attempted to access the /var/www/html/file1 file (labeled with the samba_share_t type):
type=AVC msg=audit(1226874073.147:96): avc:  denied  { getattr } for pid=2465 comm="httpd"
path="/var/www/html/file1" dev=dm-0 ino=284133 scontext=unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0
tcontext=unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0 tclass=file

type=SYSCALL msg=audit(1226874073.147:96): arch=40000003 syscall=196 success=no exit=-13
a0=b98df198 a1=bfec85dc a2=54dff4 a3=2008171 items=0 ppid=2463 pid=2465 auid=502 uid=48
gid=48 euid=48 suid=48 fsuid=48 egid=48 sgid=48 fsgid=48 tty=(none) ses=6 comm="httpd"
exe="/usr/sbin/httpd" subj=unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0 key=(null)
  • msg=audit(1226874073.147:96)
    • The number in parentheses is the unformatted time stamp (Epoch time) for the event, which can be converted to standard time by using the date command.
  • { getattr }
    • The item in braces indicates the permission that was denied. getattr indicates the source process was trying to read the target file's status information. This occurs before reading files. This action is denied due to the file being accessed having the wrong label. Commonly seen permissions include getattr, read, and write.
  • comm="httpd"
    • The executable that launched the process. The full path of the executable is found in the exe= section of the system call (SYSCALL) message, which in this case, is exe="/usr/sbin/httpd".
  • path="/var/www/html/file1"
    • The path to the object (target) the process attempted to access.
  • scontext="unconfined_u:system_r:httpd_t:s0"
    • The SELinux context of the process that attempted the denied action. In this case, it is the SELinux context of the Apache HTTP Server, which is running in the httpd_t domain.
  • tcontext="unconfined_u:object_r:samba_share_t:s0"
    • The SELinux context of the object (target) the process attempted to access. In this case, it is the SELinux context of file1. Note: the samba_share_t type is not accessible to processes running in the httpd_t domain.
  • From the system call (SYSCALL) message, two items are of interest:
    • success=no: indicates whether the denial (AVC) was enforced or not. success=no indicates the system call was not successful (SELinux denied access). success=yes indicates the system call was successful - this can be seen for permissive domains or unconfined domains, such as initrc_t and kernel_t.
    • exe="/usr/sbin/httpd": the full path to the executable that launched the process, which in this case, is exe="/usr/sbin/httpd".
Group   Configure auditd Rules for Comprehensive Auditing   Group contains 7 groups and 51 rules
[ref]   The auditd program can perform comprehensive monitoring of system activity. This section describes recommended configuration settings for comprehensive auditing, but a full description of the auditing system's capabilities is beyond the scope of this guide. The mailing list linux-audit@redhat.com exists to facilitate community discussion of the auditing system.

The audit subsystem supports extensive collection of events, including:
  • Tracing of arbitrary system calls (identified by name or number) on entry or exit.
  • Filtering by PID, UID, call success, system call argument (with some limitations), etc.
  • Monitoring of specific files for modifications to the file's contents or metadata.

Auditing rules at startup are controlled by the file /etc/audit/audit.rules. Add rules to it to meet the auditing requirements for your organization. Each line in /etc/audit/audit.rules represents a series of arguments that can be passed to auditctl and can be individually tested during runtime. See documentation in /usr/share/doc/audit-VERSION and in the related man pages for more details.

If copying any example audit rulesets from /usr/share/doc/audit-VERSION, be sure to comment out the lines containing arch= which are not appropriate for your system's architecture. Then review and understand the following rules, ensuring rules are activated as needed for the appropriate architecture.

After reviewing all the rules, reading the following sections, and editing as needed, the new rules can be activated as follows:
$ sudo service auditd restart
Group   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls   Group contains 14 rules
[ref]   At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. Note that the "-F arch=b32" lines should be present even on a 64 bit system. These commands identify system calls for auditing. Even if the system is 64 bit it can still execute 32 bit system calls. Additionally, these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. An example of this is that the "-S" calls could be split up and placed on separate lines, however, this is less efficient. Add the following to /etc/audit/audit.rules:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod,fchmod,fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown,fchown,fchownat,lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S setxattr,lsetxattr,fsetxattr,removexattr,lremovexattr,fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If your system is 64 bit then these lines should be duplicated and the arch=b32 replaced with arch=b64 as follows:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod,fchmod,fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown,fchown,fchownat,lchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
    -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S setxattr,lsetxattr,fsetxattr,removexattr,lremovexattr,fremovexattr -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - chmod   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85693-0

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000135, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-3, AU-3.1, AU-12(c), AU-12.1(iv), AU-12(a), AU-12.1(ii), MA-4(1)(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-APP-000091-CTR-000160, SRG-APP-000492-CTR-001220, SRG-APP-000493-CTR-001225, SRG-APP-000494-CTR-001230, SRG-APP-000500-CTR-001260, SRG-APP-000507-CTR-001295, SRG-APP-000495-CTR-001235, SRG-APP-000499-CTR-001255, SLES-15-030290, 4.1.9, BP28(R73), 10.3.4, SV-234928r854238_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && rpm --quiet -q audit && { ! ( grep -q aarch64 /proc/sys/kernel/osrelease ); }; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="chmod"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chmod fchmod fchmodat"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()

# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85693-0
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit chmod tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b64
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - not ( ansible_architecture == "aarch64" )
  - ansible_architecture == "aarch64" or ansible_architecture == "ppc64" or ansible_architecture
    == "ppc64le" or ansible_architecture == "s390x" or ansible_architecture == "x86_64"
  tags:
  - CCE-85693-0
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for chmod for 32bit platform
  block:

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - chmod
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of chmod in /etc/audit/rules.d/
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: '*.rules'
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Reset syscalls found per file
    set_fact:
      syscalls_per_file: {}
      found_paths_dict: {}

  - name: Declare syscalls found per file
    set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
      :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

  - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
    set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
      | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

  - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
    set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
      0) }) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
      | list }}'

  - name: Get path with most syscalls
    set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
      | last).key }}"
    when: found_paths | length >= 1

  - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
    when: found_paths | length == 0

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
        | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
        |-F key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - chmod
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of chmod in /etc/audit/audit.rules
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: audit.rules
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found |
        join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k |-F
        key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - not ( ansible_architecture == "aarch64" )
  tags:
  - CCE-85693-0
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for chmod for 64bit platform
  block:

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - chmod
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of chmod in /etc/audit/rules.d/
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: '*.rules'
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Reset syscalls found per file
    set_fact:
      syscalls_per_file: {}
      found_paths_dict: {}

  - name: Declare syscalls found per file
    set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
      :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

  - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
    set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
      | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

  - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
    set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
      0) }) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
      | list }}'

  - name: Get path with most syscalls
    set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
      | last).key }}"
    when: found_paths | length >= 1

  - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
    when: found_paths | length == 0

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
        | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
        |-F key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - chmod
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of chmod in /etc/audit/audit.rules
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: audit.rules
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found |
        join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k |-F
        key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - not ( ansible_architecture == "aarch64" )
  - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
  - CCE-85693-0
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_chmod
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - chown   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S chown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85690-6

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000135, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-3, AU-3.1, AU-12(c), AU-12.1(iv), AU-12(a), AU-12.1(ii), MA-4(1)(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-OS-000474-GPOS-00219, SRG-APP-000091-CTR-000160, SRG-APP-000492-CTR-001220, SRG-APP-000493-CTR-001225, SRG-APP-000494-CTR-001230, SRG-APP-000500-CTR-001260, SRG-APP-000507-CTR-001295, SRG-APP-000495-CTR-001235, SRG-APP-000499-CTR-001255, SLES-15-030250, 4.1.9, BP28(R73), 10.3.4, SV-234924r854236_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && rpm --quiet -q audit && { ! ( grep -q aarch64 /proc/sys/kernel/osrelease ); }; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="chown"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chown fchown fchownat lchown"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()

# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85690-6
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030250
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit chown tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b64
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - not ( ansible_architecture == "aarch64" )
  - ansible_architecture == "aarch64" or ansible_architecture == "ppc64" or ansible_architecture
    == "ppc64le" or ansible_architecture == "s390x" or ansible_architecture == "x86_64"
  tags:
  - CCE-85690-6
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030250
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for chown for 32bit platform
  block:

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - chown
      syscall_grouping:
      - chown
      - fchown
      - fchownat
      - lchown

  - name: Check existence of chown in /etc/audit/rules.d/
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: '*.rules'
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Reset syscalls found per file
    set_fact:
      syscalls_per_file: {}
      found_paths_dict: {}

  - name: Declare syscalls found per file
    set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
      :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

  - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
    set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
      | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

  - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
    set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
      0) }) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
      | list }}'

  - name: Get path with most syscalls
    set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
      | last).key }}"
    when: found_paths | length >= 1

  - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
    when: found_paths | length == 0

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
        | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
        |-F key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - chown
      syscall_grouping:
      - chown
      - fchown
      - fchownat
      - lchown

  - name: Check existence of chown in /etc/audit/audit.rules
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: audit.rules
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found |
        join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k |-F
        key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - not ( ansible_architecture == "aarch64" )
  tags:
  - CCE-85690-6
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030250
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for chown for 64bit platform
  block:

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - chown
      syscall_grouping:
      - chown
      - fchown
      - fchownat
      - lchown

  - name: Check existence of chown in /etc/audit/rules.d/
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: '*.rules'
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Reset syscalls found per file
    set_fact:
      syscalls_per_file: {}
      found_paths_dict: {}

  - name: Declare syscalls found per file
    set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
      :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

  - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
    set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
      | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

  - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
    set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
      0) }) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
      | list }}'

  - name: Get path with most syscalls
    set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
      | last).key }}"
    when: found_paths | length >= 1

  - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
    when: found_paths | length == 0

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
        | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
        |-F key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - chown
      syscall_grouping:
      - chown
      - fchown
      - fchownat
      - lchown

  - name: Check existence of chown in /etc/audit/audit.rules
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: audit.rules
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found |
        join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k |-F
        key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - not ( ansible_architecture == "aarch64" )
  - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
  - CCE-85690-6
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030250
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_chown
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchmod   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmod -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85694-8

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000135, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-3, AU-3.1, AU-12(c), AU-12.1(iv), AU-12(a), AU-12.1(ii), MA-4(1)(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-APP-000091-CTR-000160, SRG-APP-000492-CTR-001220, SRG-APP-000493-CTR-001225, SRG-APP-000494-CTR-001230, SRG-APP-000500-CTR-001260, SRG-APP-000507-CTR-001295, SRG-APP-000495-CTR-001235, SRG-APP-000499-CTR-001255, SLES-15-030290, 4.1.9, BP28(R73), 10.3.4, SV-234928r854238_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="fchmod"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chmod fchmod fchmodat"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()

# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85694-8
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit fchmod tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b64
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_architecture == "aarch64" or ansible_architecture == "ppc64" or ansible_architecture
    == "ppc64le" or ansible_architecture == "s390x" or ansible_architecture == "x86_64"
  tags:
  - CCE-85694-8
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchmod for 32bit platform
  block:

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - fchmod
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of fchmod in /etc/audit/rules.d/
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: '*.rules'
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Reset syscalls found per file
    set_fact:
      syscalls_per_file: {}
      found_paths_dict: {}

  - name: Declare syscalls found per file
    set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
      :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

  - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
    set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
      | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

  - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
    set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
      0) }) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
      | list }}'

  - name: Get path with most syscalls
    set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
      | last).key }}"
    when: found_paths | length >= 1

  - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
    when: found_paths | length == 0

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
        | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
        |-F key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - fchmod
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of fchmod in /etc/audit/audit.rules
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: audit.rules
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found |
        join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k |-F
        key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85694-8
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchmod for 64bit platform
  block:

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - fchmod
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of fchmod in /etc/audit/rules.d/
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: '*.rules'
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Reset syscalls found per file
    set_fact:
      syscalls_per_file: {}
      found_paths_dict: {}

  - name: Declare syscalls found per file
    set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
      :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

  - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
    set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
      | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

  - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
    set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
      0) }) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
      | list }}'

  - name: Get path with most syscalls
    set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
      | last).key }}"
    when: found_paths | length >= 1

  - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
    when: found_paths | length == 0

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
        | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
        |-F key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - fchmod
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of fchmod in /etc/audit/audit.rules
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: audit.rules
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found |
        join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k |-F
        key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
  - CCE-85694-8
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmod
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchmodat   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the auditd daemon is configured to use the auditctl utility to read audit rules during daemon startup, add the following line to /etc/audit/audit.rules file:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If the system is 64 bit then also add the following line:
-a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S fchmodat -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
Warning:  Note that these rules can be configured in a number of ways while still achieving the desired effect. Here the system calls have been placed independent of other system calls. Grouping these system calls with others as identifying earlier in this guide is more efficient.
Rationale:
The changing of file permissions could indicate that a user is attempting to gain access to information that would otherwise be disallowed. Auditing DAC modifications can facilitate the identification of patterns of abuse among both authorized and unauthorized users.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85695-5

References:  1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 5.4.1.1, APO10.01, APO10.03, APO10.04, APO10.05, APO11.04, APO12.06, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI08.02, DSS01.03, DSS01.04, DSS02.02, DSS02.04, DSS02.07, DSS03.01, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, MEA01.01, MEA01.02, MEA01.03, MEA01.04, MEA01.05, MEA02.01, 3.1.7, CCI-000126, CCI-000130, CCI-000135, CCI-000169, CCI-000172, CCI-002884, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(a)(3)(ii)(A), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(C), 164.312(a)(2)(i), 164.312(b), 164.312(d), 164.312(e), 4.2.3.10, 4.3.2.6.7, 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.3.4.5.6, 4.3.4.5.7, 4.3.4.5.8, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 1.13, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.6, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 6.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.11.2.6, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.15.2.2, A.16.1.4, A.16.1.5, A.16.1.7, A.6.2.1, A.6.2.2, AU-3, AU-3.1, AU-12(c), AU-12.1(iv), AU-12(a), AU-12.1(ii), MA-4(1)(a), DE.AE-3, DE.AE-5, DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, DE.CM-7, ID.SC-4, PR.AC-3, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, RS.AN-1, RS.AN-4, FAU_GEN.1.1.c, Req-10.5.5, SRG-OS-000037-GPOS-00015, SRG-OS-000042-GPOS-00020, SRG-OS-000062-GPOS-00031, SRG-OS-000392-GPOS-00172, SRG-OS-000462-GPOS-00206, SRG-OS-000471-GPOS-00215, SRG-OS-000064-GPOS-00033, SRG-OS-000466-GPOS-00210, SRG-OS-000458-GPOS-00203, SRG-APP-000091-CTR-000160, SRG-APP-000492-CTR-001220, SRG-APP-000493-CTR-001225, SRG-APP-000494-CTR-001230, SRG-APP-000500-CTR-001260, SRG-APP-000507-CTR-001295, SRG-APP-000495-CTR-001235, SRG-APP-000499-CTR-001255, SLES-15-030290, 4.1.9, BP28(R73), 10.3.4, SV-234928r854238_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && rpm --quiet -q audit; then

# First perform the remediation of the syscall rule
# Retrieve hardware architecture of the underlying system
[ "$(getconf LONG_BIT)" = "32" ] && RULE_ARCHS=("b32") || RULE_ARCHS=("b32" "b64")

for ARCH in "${RULE_ARCHS[@]}"
do
	ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS="-a always,exit -F arch=$ARCH"
	OTHER_FILTERS=""
	AUID_FILTERS="-F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset"
	SYSCALL="fchmodat"
	KEY="perm_mod"
	SYSCALL_GROUPING="chmod fchmod fchmodat"

	# Perform the remediation for both possible tools: 'auditctl' and 'augenrules'
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()

# If audit tool is 'augenrules', then check if the audit rule is defined
# If rule is defined, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules' to the list for inspection
# If rule isn't defined yet, add '/etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules' to the list for inspection
default_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
# As other_filters may include paths, lets use a different delimiter for it
# The "F" script expression tells sed to print the filenames where the expressions matched
readarray -t files_to_inspect < <(sed -s -n -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d" -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" -e "F" /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules)
# Case when particular rule isn't defined in /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules yet
if [ ${#files_to_inspect[@]} -eq "0" ]
then
    file_to_inspect="/etc/audit/rules.d/$KEY.rules"
    files_to_inspect=("$file_to_inspect")
    if [ ! -e "$file_to_inspect" ]
    then
        touch "$file_to_inspect"
        chmod 0640 "$file_to_inspect"
    fi
fi

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
	unset syscall_a
unset syscall_grouping
unset syscall_string
unset syscall
unset file_to_edit
unset rule_to_edit
unset rule_syscalls_to_edit
unset other_string
unset auid_string
unset full_rule

# Load macro arguments into arrays
read -a syscall_a <<< $SYSCALL
read -a syscall_grouping <<< $SYSCALL_GROUPING

# Create a list of audit *.rules files that should be inspected for presence and correctness
# of a particular audit rule. The scheme is as follows:
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#  Tool used to load audit rules | Rule already defined  |  Audit rules file to inspect    |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        auditctl                |     Doesn't matter    |  /etc/audit/audit.rules         |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#        augenrules              |          Yes          |  /etc/audit/rules.d/*.rules     |
#        augenrules              |          No           |  /etc/audit/rules.d/$key.rules  |
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
#
files_to_inspect=()


# If audit tool is 'auditctl', then add '/etc/audit/audit.rules'
# file to the list of files to be inspected
default_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"
files_to_inspect+=('/etc/audit/audit.rules' )

# After converting to jinja, we cannot return; therefore we skip the rest of the macro if needed instead
skip=1

for audit_file in "${files_to_inspect[@]}"
do
    # Filter existing $audit_file rules' definitions to select those that satisfy the rule pattern,
    # i.e, collect rules that match:
    # * the action, list and arch, (2-nd argument)
    # * the other filters, (3-rd argument)
    # * the auid filters, (4-rd argument)
    readarray -t similar_rules < <(sed -e "/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS/!d"  -e "\#$OTHER_FILTERS#!d" -e "/$AUID_FILTERS/!d" "$audit_file")

    candidate_rules=()
    # Filter out rules that have more fields then required. This will remove rules more specific than the required scope
    for s_rule in "${similar_rules[@]}"
    do
        # Strip all the options and fields we know of,
        # than check if there was any field left over
        extra_fields=$(sed -E -e "s/^$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS//"  -e "s#$OTHER_FILTERS##" -e "s/$AUID_FILTERS//" -e "s/((:?-S [[:alnum:],]+)+)//g" -e "s/-F key=\w+|-k \w+//"<<< "$s_rule")
        grep -q -- "-F" <<< "$extra_fields" || candidate_rules+=("$s_rule")
    done

    if [[ ${#syscall_a[@]} -ge 1 ]]
    then
        # Check if the syscall we want is present in any of the similar existing rules
        for rule in "${candidate_rules[@]}"
        do
            rule_syscalls=$(echo "$rule" | grep -o -P '(-S [\w,]+)+' | xargs)
            all_syscalls_found=0
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls" || {
                   # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
                   all_syscalls_found=1
                   }
            done
            if [[ $all_syscalls_found -eq 0 ]]
            then
                # We found a rule with all the syscall(s) we want; skip rest of macro
                skip=0
                break
            fi

            # Check if this rule can be grouped with our target syscall and keep track of it
            for syscall_g in "${syscall_grouping[@]}"
            do
                if grep -q -- "\b${syscall_g}\b" <<< "$rule_syscalls"
                then
                    file_to_edit=${audit_file}
                    rule_to_edit=${rule}
                    rule_syscalls_to_edit=${rule_syscalls}
                fi
            done
        done
    else
        # If there is any candidate rule, it is compliant; skip rest of macro
        if [ "${#candidate_rules[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            skip=0
        fi
    fi

    if [ "$skip" -eq 0 ]; then
        break
    fi
done

if [ "$skip" -ne 0 ]; then
    # We checked all rules that matched the expected resemblance pattern (action, arch & auid)
    # At this point we know if we need to either append the $full_rule or group
    # the syscall together with an exsiting rule

    # Append the full_rule if it cannot be grouped to any other rule
    if [ -z ${rule_to_edit+x} ]
    then
        # Build full_rule while avoid adding double spaces when other_filters is empty
        if [ "${#syscall_a[@]}" -gt 0 ]
        then
            syscall_string=""
            for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
            do
                syscall_string+=" -S $syscall"
            done
        fi
        other_string=$([[ $OTHER_FILTERS ]] && echo " $OTHER_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        auid_string=$([[ $AUID_FILTERS ]] && echo " $AUID_FILTERS") || /bin/true
        full_rule="$ACTION_ARCH_FILTERS${syscall_string}${other_string}${auid_string} -F key=$KEY" || /bin/true
        echo "$full_rule" >> "$default_file"
        chmod o-rwx ${default_file}
    else
        # Check if the syscalls are declared as a comma separated list or
        # as multiple -S parameters
        if grep -q -- "," <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        then
            delimiter=","
        else
            delimiter=" -S "
        fi
        new_grouped_syscalls="${rule_syscalls_to_edit}"
        for syscall in "${syscall_a[@]}"
        do
            grep -q -- "\b${syscall}\b" <<< "${rule_syscalls_to_edit}" || {
               # A syscall was not found in the candidate rule
               new_grouped_syscalls+="${delimiter}${syscall}"
               }
        done

        # Group the syscall in the rule
        sed -i -e "\#${rule_to_edit}#s#${rule_syscalls_to_edit}#${new_grouped_syscalls}#" "$file_to_edit"
    fi
fi
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:true
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85695-5
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set architecture for audit fchmodat tasks
  set_fact:
    audit_arch: b64
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_architecture == "aarch64" or ansible_architecture == "ppc64" or ansible_architecture
    == "ppc64le" or ansible_architecture == "s390x" or ansible_architecture == "x86_64"
  tags:
  - CCE-85695-5
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchmodat for 32bit platform
  block:

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - fchmodat
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of fchmodat in /etc/audit/rules.d/
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: '*.rules'
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Reset syscalls found per file
    set_fact:
      syscalls_per_file: {}
      found_paths_dict: {}

  - name: Declare syscalls found per file
    set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
      :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

  - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
    set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
      | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

  - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
    set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
      0) }) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
      | list }}'

  - name: Get path with most syscalls
    set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
      | last).key }}"
    when: found_paths | length >= 1

  - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
    when: found_paths | length == 0

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
        | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
        |-F key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - fchmodat
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of fchmodat in /etc/audit/audit.rules
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b32(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: audit.rules
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b32)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found |
        join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k |-F
        key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85695-5
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Perform remediation of Audit rules for fchmodat for 64bit platform
  block:

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - fchmodat
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of fchmodat in /etc/audit/rules.d/
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit/rules.d
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: '*.rules'
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Reset syscalls found per file
    set_fact:
      syscalls_per_file: {}
      found_paths_dict: {}

  - name: Declare syscalls found per file
    set_fact: syscalls_per_file="{{ syscalls_per_file | combine( {item.files[0].path
      :[item.item] + syscalls_per_file.get(item.files[0].path, []) } ) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | selectattr(''matched'') | list }}'

  - name: Declare files where syscalls were found
    set_fact: found_paths="{{ find_command.results | map(attribute='files') | flatten
      | map(attribute='path') | list }}"

  - name: Count occurrences of syscalls in paths
    set_fact: found_paths_dict="{{ found_paths_dict | combine({ item:1+found_paths_dict.get(item,
      0) }) }}"
    loop: '{{ find_command.results | map(attribute=''files'') | flatten | map(attribute=''path'')
      | list }}'

  - name: Get path with most syscalls
    set_fact: audit_file="{{ (found_paths_dict | dict2items() | sort(attribute='value')
      | last).key }}"
    when: found_paths | length >= 1

  - name: No file with syscall found, set path to /etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/rules.d/perm_mod.rules"
    when: found_paths | length == 0

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_per_file[audit_file]
        | join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k
        |-F key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0

  - name: Declare list of syscalls
    set_fact:
      syscalls:
      - fchmodat
      syscall_grouping:
      - chmod
      - fchmod
      - fchmodat

  - name: Check existence of fchmodat in /etc/audit/audit.rules
    find:
      paths: /etc/audit
      contains: -a always,exit -F arch=b64(( -S |,)\w+)*(( -S |,){{ item }})+(( -S
        |,)\w+)* -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (-k\s+|-F\s+key=)\S+\s*$
      patterns: audit.rules
    register: find_command
    loop: '{{ (syscall_grouping + syscalls) | unique }}'

  - name: Set path to /etc/audit/audit.rules
    set_fact: audit_file="/etc/audit/audit.rules"

  - name: Declare found syscalls
    set_fact: syscalls_found="{{ find_command.results | selectattr('matched') | map(attribute='item')
      | list }}"

  - name: Declare missing syscalls
    set_fact: missing_syscalls="{{ syscalls | difference(syscalls_found) }}"

  - name: Replace the audit rule in {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      regexp: (-a always,exit -F arch=b64)(?=.*(?:(?:-S |,)(?:{{ syscalls_found |
        join("|") }}))\b)((?:( -S |,)\w+)+)( -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset (?:-k |-F
        key=)\w+)
      line: \1\2\3{{ missing_syscalls | join("\3") }}\4
      backrefs: true
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length > 0 and missing_syscalls | length > 0

  - name: Add the audit rule to {{ audit_file }}
    lineinfile:
      path: '{{ audit_file }}'
      line: -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S {{ syscalls | join(',') }} -F auid>=1000
        -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
      create: true
      mode: o-rwx
      state: present
    when: syscalls_found | length == 0
  when:
  - '"audit" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - audit_arch == "b64"
  tags:
  - CCE-85695-5
  - CJIS-5.4.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030290
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.7
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12(c)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(ii)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-12.1(iv)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3
  - NIST-800-53-AU-3.1
  - NIST-800-53-MA-4(1)(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-10.5.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-10.3.4
  - audit_rules_dac_modification_fchmodat
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - reboot_required
  - restrict_strategy

Rule   Record Events that Modify the System's Discretionary Access Controls - fchown   [ref]

At a minimum, the audit system should collect file permission changes for all users and root. If the auditd daemon is configured to use the augenrules program to read audit rules during daemon startup (the default), add the following line to a file with suffix .rules in the directory /etc/audit/rules.d:
-a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S fchown -F auid>=1000 -F auid!=unset -F key=perm_mod
If