Guide to the Secure Configuration of SUSE Linux Enterprise 15

with profile DISA STIG for SUSE Linux Enterprise 15
This profile contains configuration checks that align to the DISA STIG for SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 V1R4.
This guide presents a catalog of security-relevant configuration settings for SUSE Linux Enterprise 15. It is a rendering of content structured in the eXtensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF) in order to support security automation. The SCAP content is is available in the scap-security-guide package which is developed at https://www.open-scap.org/security-policies/scap-security-guide.

Providing system administrators with such guidance informs them how to securely configure systems under their control in a variety of network roles. Policy makers and baseline creators can use this catalog of settings, with its associated references to higher-level security control catalogs, in order to assist them in security baseline creation. This guide is a catalog, not a checklist, and satisfaction of every item is not likely to be possible or sensible in many operational scenarios. However, the XCCDF format enables granular selection and adjustment of settings, and their association with OVAL and OCIL content provides an automated checking capability. Transformations of this document, and its associated automated checking content, are capable of providing baselines that meet a diverse set of policy objectives. Some example XCCDF Profiles, which are selections of items that form checklists and can be used as baselines, are available with this guide. They can be processed, in an automated fashion, with tools that support the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP). The DISA STIG, which provides required settings for US Department of Defense systems, is one example of a baseline created from this guidance.
Do not attempt to implement any of the settings in this guide without first testing them in a non-operational environment. The creators of this guidance assume no responsibility whatsoever for its use by other parties, and makes no guarantees, expressed or implied, about its quality, reliability, or any other characteristic.

Profile Information

Profile TitleDISA STIG for SUSE Linux Enterprise 15
Profile IDxccdf_org.ssgproject.content_profile_stig

CPE Platforms

  • cpe:/o:suse:linux_enterprise_desktop:15
  • cpe:/o:suse:linux_enterprise_server:15

Revision History

Current version: 0.1.70

  • draft (as of 2023-09-22)

Table of Contents

  1. System Settings
    1. Installing and Maintaining Software
    2. Account and Access Control
    3. System Accounting with auditd
    4. AppArmor
    5. GRUB2 bootloader configuration
    6. Configure Syslog
    7. Network Configuration and Firewalls
    8. File Permissions and Masks
  2. Services
    1. Base Services
    2. FTP Server
    3. Mail Server Software
    4. NFS and RPC
    5. Network Time Protocol
    6. Obsolete Services
    7. SSH Server
    8. System Security Services Daemon

Checklist

Group   Guide to the Secure Configuration of SUSE Linux Enterprise 15   Group contains 83 groups and 242 rules
Group   System Settings   Group contains 66 groups and 213 rules
[ref]   Contains rules that check correct system settings.
Group   Installing and Maintaining Software   Group contains 11 groups and 30 rules
[ref]   The following sections contain information on security-relevant choices during the initial operating system installation process and the setup of software updates.
Group   System and Software Integrity   Group contains 4 groups and 9 rules
[ref]   System and software integrity can be gained by installing antivirus, increasing system encryption strength with FIPS, verifying installed software, enabling SELinux, installing an Intrusion Prevention System, etc. However, installing or enabling integrity checking tools cannot prevent intrusions, but they can detect that an intrusion may have occurred. Requirements for integrity checking may be highly dependent on the environment in which the system will be used. Snapshot-based approaches such as AIDE may induce considerable overhead in the presence of frequent software updates.
Group   Software Integrity Checking   Group contains 1 group and 7 rules
[ref]   Both the AIDE (Advanced Intrusion Detection Environment) software and the RPM package management system provide mechanisms for verifying the integrity of installed software. AIDE uses snapshots of file metadata (such as hashes) and compares these to current system files in order to detect changes.

The RPM package management system can conduct integrity checks by comparing information in its metadata database with files installed on the system.
Group   Verify Integrity with AIDE   Group contains 7 rules
[ref]   AIDE conducts integrity checks by comparing information about files with previously-gathered information. Ideally, the AIDE database is created immediately after initial system configuration, and then again after any software update. AIDE is highly configurable, with further configuration information located in /usr/share/doc/aide-VERSION.

Rule   Install AIDE   [ref]

The aide package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install aide
Rationale:
The AIDE package must be installed if it is to be available for integrity checking.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_package_aide_installed
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83289-9

References:  BP28(R51), 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 5.10.1.3, APO01.06, BAI01.06, BAI02.01, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS04.07, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06, CCI-002696, CCI-002699, CCI-001744, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.6, 1034, 1288, 1341, 1417, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.8.2.3, CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.DS-1, PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3, Req-11.5, 11.5.2, SRG-OS-000445-GPOS-00199, SLES-15-010419, 1.4.1, SV-255922r880967_rule



[[packages]]
name = "aide"
version = "*"

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
include install_aide

class install_aide {
  package { 'aide':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Ensure aide is installed
  package:
    name: aide
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83289-9
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - package_aide_installed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Build and Test AIDE Database   [ref]

Run the following command to generate a new database:
$ sudo /usr/bin/aide --init
By default, the database will be written to the file /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new. Storing the database, the configuration file /etc/aide.conf, and the binary /usr/bin/aide (or hashes of these files), in a secure location (such as on read-only media) provides additional assurance about their integrity. The newly-generated database can be installed as follows:
$ sudo cp /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new /var/lib/aide/aide.db
To initiate a manual check, run the following command:
$ sudo /usr/bin/aide --check
If this check produces any unexpected output, investigate.
Rationale:
For AIDE to be effective, an initial database of "known-good" information about files must be captured and it should be able to be verified against the installed files.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_build_database
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85787-0

References:  BP28(R51), 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 5.10.1.3, APO01.06, BAI01.06, BAI02.01, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS04.07, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.6, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.8.2.3, CM-6(a), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.DS-1, PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3, Req-11.5, 11.5.2, SRG-OS-000445-GPOS-00199, SLES-15-010419, 1.4.1, SV-255922r880967_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Ensure AIDE Is Installed
  ansible.builtin.package:
    name: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
  with_items:
  - aide
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85787-0
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Build and Test AIDE Database
  ansible.builtin.command: /usr/bin/aide --init
  changed_when: true
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85787-0
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Check Whether the Stock AIDE Database Exists
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new.gz
  register: aide_database_stat
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85787-0
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Build and Test AIDE Database - Stage AIDE Database
  ansible.builtin.copy:
    src: /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new
    dest: /var/lib/aide/aide.db
    backup: true
    remote_src: true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - (aide_database_stat.stat.exists is defined and aide_database_stat.stat.exists)
  tags:
  - CCE-85787-0
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010419
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_build_database
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

/usr/bin/aide --init
/bin/cp -p /var/lib/aide/aide.db.new /var/lib/aide/aide.db

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure AIDE to Verify the Audit Tools   [ref]

The operating system file integrity tool must be configured to protect the integrity of the audit tools.
Rationale:
Protecting the integrity of the tools used for auditing purposes is a critical step toward ensuring the integrity of audit information. Audit information includes all information (e.g., audit records, audit settings, and audit reports) needed to successfully audit information system activity. Audit tools include but are not limited to vendor-provided and open-source audit tools needed to successfully view and manipulate audit information system activity and records. Audit tools include custom queries and report generators. It is not uncommon for attackers to replace the audit tools or inject code into the existing tools to provide the capability to hide or erase system activity from the audit logs. To address this risk, audit tools must be cryptographically signed to provide the capability to identify when the audit tools have been modified, manipulated, or replaced. An example is a checksum hash of the file or files.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_check_audit_tools
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85610-4

References:  CCI-001496, AU-9(3), AU-9(3).1, SRG-OS-000278-GPOS-00108, SLES-15-030630, SV-234962r877393_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure aide is installed
  package:
    name: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
  with_items:
  - aide
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85610-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030630
  - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3).1
  - aide_check_audit_tools
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Set audit_tools fact
  set_fact:
    audit_tools:
    - /usr/sbin/audispd
    - /usr/sbin/auditctl
    - /usr/sbin/auditd
    - /usr/sbin/augenrules
    - /usr/sbin/aureport
    - /usr/sbin/ausearch
    - /usr/sbin/autrace
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85610-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030630
  - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3).1
  - aide_check_audit_tools
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure existing AIDE configuration for audit tools are correct
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/aide.conf
    regexp: ^{{ item }}\s
    line: '{{ item }} p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512'
  with_items: '{{ audit_tools }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85610-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030630
  - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3).1
  - aide_check_audit_tools
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure AIDE to properly protect audit tools
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/aide.conf
    line: '{{ item }} p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512'
  with_items: '{{ audit_tools }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85610-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-030630
  - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3)
  - NIST-800-53-AU-9(3).1
  - aide_check_audit_tools
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"










if grep -i '^.*/usr/sbin/auditctl.*$' /etc/aide.conf; then
sed -i "s#.*/usr/sbin/auditctl.*#/usr/sbin/auditctl p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512#" /etc/aide.conf
else
echo "/usr/sbin/auditctl p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512" >> /etc/aide.conf
fi

if grep -i '^.*/usr/sbin/auditd.*$' /etc/aide.conf; then
sed -i "s#.*/usr/sbin/auditd.*#/usr/sbin/auditd p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512#" /etc/aide.conf
else
echo "/usr/sbin/auditd p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512" >> /etc/aide.conf
fi

if grep -i '^.*/usr/sbin/ausearch.*$' /etc/aide.conf; then
sed -i "s#.*/usr/sbin/ausearch.*#/usr/sbin/ausearch p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512#" /etc/aide.conf
else
echo "/usr/sbin/ausearch p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512" >> /etc/aide.conf
fi

if grep -i '^.*/usr/sbin/aureport.*$' /etc/aide.conf; then
sed -i "s#.*/usr/sbin/aureport.*#/usr/sbin/aureport p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512#" /etc/aide.conf
else
echo "/usr/sbin/aureport p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512" >> /etc/aide.conf
fi

if grep -i '^.*/usr/sbin/autrace.*$' /etc/aide.conf; then
sed -i "s#.*/usr/sbin/autrace.*#/usr/sbin/autrace p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512#" /etc/aide.conf
else
echo "/usr/sbin/autrace p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512" >> /etc/aide.conf
fi

if grep -i '^.*/usr/sbin/augenrules.*$' /etc/aide.conf; then
sed -i "s#.*/usr/sbin/augenrules.*#/usr/sbin/augenrules p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512#" /etc/aide.conf
else
echo "/usr/sbin/augenrules p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512" >> /etc/aide.conf
fi

if grep -i '^.*/usr/sbin/audispd.*$' /etc/aide.conf; then
sed -i "s#.*/usr/sbin/audispd.*#/usr/sbin/audispd p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512#" /etc/aide.conf
else
echo "/usr/sbin/audispd p+i+n+u+g+s+b+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha512" >> /etc/aide.conf
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Systemd Timer Execution of AIDE   [ref]

At a minimum, AIDE should be configured to run a weekly scan. To implement a systemd service and a timer unit to run the service periodically: For example, if a systemd timer is expected to be started every day at 5AM
OnCalendar=*-*-* 05:00:0
[Timer]
section in the timer unit and a Unit section starting the AIDE check service unit should be referred.
Rationale:
AIDE provides a means to check if unauthorized changes are made to the system. AIDE itself does not setup a periodic execution, so in order to detect unauthorized changes a systemd service to run the check and a systemd timer to take care of periodical execution of that systemd service should be defined.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-92516-4

References:  BP28(R51), 1, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 5.10.1.3, APO01.06, BAI01.06, BAI02.01, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS04.07, DSS05.02, DSS05.03, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06, CCI-001744, CCI-002699, CCI-002702, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 6.2, SR 7.6, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, A.8.2.3, SI-6(d), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.DS-1, PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3, Req-11.5, 11.5.2, SRG-OS-000363-GPOS-00150, SRG-OS-000446-GPOS-00200, SRG-OS-000447-GPOS-00201, SLES-15-010570, 1.4.2, SV-234864r902854_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-92516-4
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-SI-6(d)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Configure Systemd Timer Execution of AIDE - Define AIDE Periodic Check Service
  ansible.builtin.blockinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.service
    owner: root
    group: root
    mode: '0644'
    block: |
      [Unit]
      Description=Aide Check
      [Service]
      Type=simple
      ExecStart=/usr/sbin/aide --check
      [Install]
      WantedBy=multi-user.target
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"aide" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-92516-4
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-SI-6(d)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Configure Systemd Timer Execution of AIDE - Define AIDE Periodic Check Service
    Timer
  ansible.builtin.blockinfile:
    create: true
    dest: /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.timer
    owner: root
    group: root
    mode: '0644'
    block: |
      [Unit]
      Description=Aide check every day at 5AM
      [Timer]
      OnCalendar=*-*-* 05:00:00
      Unit=aidecheck.service
      [Install]
      WantedBy=multi-user.target
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"aide" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-92516-4
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-SI-6(d)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Configure Systemd Timer Execution of AIDE - Ensure AIDE Service is Enabled
  ansible.builtin.systemd:
    name: aidecheck.service
    enabled: true
    daemon_reload: true
    masked: false
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"aide" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-92516-4
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-SI-6(d)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Configure Systemd Timer Execution of AIDE - Ensure AIDE Service Timer is Enabled
  ansible.builtin.systemd:
    name: aidecheck.timer
    state: started
    enabled: true
    daemon_reload: true
    masked: false
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"aide" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-92516-4
  - CJIS-5.10.1.3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-SI-6(d)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-11.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-11.5.2
  - aide_periodic_checking_systemd_timer
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && { rpm --quiet -q aide; }; then

zypper install -y "aide"

# create unit file for periodic aide database check
cat > /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.service <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=Aide Check
[Service]
Type=simple
ExecStart=/usr/sbin/aide --check
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

# create unit file for the aide check timer
cat > /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.timer <<EOF
[Unit]
Description=Aide check every day at 5AM
[Timer]
OnCalendar=*-*-* 05:00:00
Unit=aidecheck.service
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF

#  setup service unit files attributes
chown root:root /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.*
chmod 0644 /etc/systemd/system/aidecheck.*

# enable the aide related services
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl enable aidecheck.service
systemctl --now enable aidecheck.timer

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Notification of Post-AIDE Scan Details   [ref]

AIDE should notify appropriate personnel of the details of a scan after the scan has been run. If AIDE has already been configured for periodic execution in /etc/crontab, append the following line to the existing AIDE line:
 | /bin/mail -s "$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check" root@localhost
Otherwise, add the following line to /etc/crontab:
05 4 * * * root /usr/sbin/aide --check | /bin/mail -s "$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check" root@localhost
AIDE can be executed periodically through other means; this is merely one example.
Rationale:
Unauthorized changes to the baseline configuration could make the system vulnerable to various attacks or allow unauthorized access to the operating system. Changes to operating system configurations can have unintended side effects, some of which may be relevant to security.

Detecting such changes and providing an automated response can help avoid unintended, negative consequences that could ultimately affect the security state of the operating system. The operating system's Information Management Officer (IMO)/Information System Security Officer (ISSO) and System Administrators (SAs) must be notified via email and/or monitoring system trap when there is an unauthorized modification of a configuration item.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_scan_notification
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91214-7

References:  BP28(R51), 1, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, BAI01.06, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.02, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, CCI-001744, CCI-002699, CCI-002702, 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, SR 6.2, SR 7.6, A.12.1.2, A.12.4.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, A.14.2.7, A.15.2.1, CM-6(a), CM-3(5), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-7, PR.IP-1, PR.IP-3, SRG-OS-000363-GPOS-00150, SRG-OS-000446-GPOS-00200, SRG-OS-000447-GPOS-00201, SLES-15-010570, SV-234864r902854_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_aide_scan_notification_email # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_aide_scan_notification_email: !!str root@localhost
  tags:
    - always

- name: Ensure AIDE is installed
  package:
    name: '{{ item }}'
    state: present
  with_items:
  - aide
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-91214-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-CM-3(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - aide_scan_notification
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure Notification of Post-AIDE Scan Details
  cron:
    name: run AIDE check
    minute: 5
    hour: 4
    weekday: 0
    user: root
    job: /usr/bin/aide  --check | /bin/mail -s "$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check"
      {{ var_aide_scan_notification_email }}
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-91214-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010570
  - NIST-800-53-CM-3(5)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - aide_scan_notification
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"
var_aide_scan_notification_email='root@localhost'


CRONTAB=/etc/crontab
CRONDIRS='/etc/cron.d /etc/cron.daily /etc/cron.weekly /etc/cron.monthly'

# NOTE: on some platforms, /etc/crontab may not exist
if [ -f /etc/crontab ]; then
	CRONTAB_EXIST=/etc/crontab
fi

if [ -f /var/spool/cron/root ]; then
	VARSPOOL=/var/spool/cron/root
fi

if ! grep -qR '^.*/usr/bin/aide\s*\-\-check.*|.*\/bin\/mail\s*-s\s*".*"\s*.*@.*$' $CRONTAB_EXIST $VARSPOOL $CRONDIRS; then
	echo "0 5 * * * root /usr/bin/aide  --check | /bin/mail -s \"\$(hostname) - AIDE Integrity Check\" $var_aide_scan_notification_email" >> $CRONTAB
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure AIDE to Verify Access Control Lists (ACLs)   [ref]

By default, the acl option is added to the FIPSR ruleset in AIDE. If using a custom ruleset or the acl option is missing, add acl to the appropriate ruleset. For example, add acl to the following line in /etc/aide.conf:
FIPSR = p+i+n+u+g+s+m+c+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha256
AIDE rules can be configured in multiple ways; this is merely one example that is already configured by default. The remediation provided with this rule adds acl to all rule sets available in /etc/aide.conf
Rationale:
ACLs can provide permissions beyond those permitted through the file mode and must be verified by the file integrity tools.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_verify_acls
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85623-7

References:  BP28(R51), 2, 3, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, DSS06.02, CCI-000366, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, A.11.2.4, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.4, SI-7, SI-7(1), CM-6(a), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040040, SV-234986r880968_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather list of packages
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ''
  tags:
  - CCE-85623-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040040
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_acls
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Get rules groups
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" /etc/aide.conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u || true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  register: find_rules_groups_results
  tags:
  - CCE-85623-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040040
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_acls
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure the acl rule is present when aide is installed.
  replace:
    path: /etc/aide.conf
    regexp: (^\s*{{ item }}\s*=\s*)(?!.*acl)([^\s]*)
    replace: \g<1>\g<2>+acl
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  with_items: '{{ find_rules_groups_results.stdout_lines | map(''trim'') | list }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-85623-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040040
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_acls
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

aide_conf="/etc/aide.conf"

groups=$(LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" $aide_conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u)

for group in $groups
do
	config=$(grep "^$group\s*=" $aide_conf | cut -f2 -d '=' | tr -d ' ')

	if ! [[ $config = *acl* ]]
	then
		if [[ -z $config ]]
		then
			config="acl"
		else
			config=$config"+acl"
		fi
	fi
	sed -i "s/^$group\s*=.*/$group = $config/g" $aide_conf
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure AIDE to Verify Extended Attributes   [ref]

By default, the xattrs option is added to the FIPSR ruleset in AIDE. If using a custom ruleset or the xattrs option is missing, add xattrs to the appropriate ruleset. For example, add xattrs to the following line in /etc/aide.conf:
FIPSR = p+i+n+u+g+s+m+c+acl+selinux+xattrs+sha256
AIDE rules can be configured in multiple ways; this is merely one example that is already configured by default. The remediation provided with this rule adds xattrs to all rule sets available in /etc/aide.conf
Rationale:
Extended attributes in file systems are used to contain arbitrary data and file metadata with security implications.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_aide_verify_ext_attributes
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85624-5

References:  BP28(R51), 2, 3, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, DSS06.02, CCI-000366, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, A.11.2.4, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.4, SI-7, SI-7(1), CM-6(a), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040050, SV-234987r880969_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather list of packages
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ''
  tags:
  - CCE-85624-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040050
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_ext_attributes
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Get rules groups
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" /etc/aide.conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u || true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  register: find_rules_groups_results
  tags:
  - CCE-85624-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040050
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_ext_attributes
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure the xattrs rule is present when aide is installed.
  replace:
    path: /etc/aide.conf
    regexp: (^\s*{{ item }}\s*=\s*)(?!.*xattrs)([^\s]*)
    replace: \g<1>\g<2>+xattrs
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '''aide'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  with_items: '{{ find_rules_groups_results.stdout_lines | map(''trim'') | list }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-85624-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040050
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7(1)
  - aide_verify_ext_attributes
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "aide"

aide_conf="/etc/aide.conf"

groups=$(LC_ALL=C grep "^[A-Z][A-Za-z_]*" $aide_conf | grep -v "^ALLXTRAHASHES" | cut -f1 -d '=' | tr -d ' ' | sort -u)

for group in $groups
do
	config=$(grep "^$group\s*=" $aide_conf | cut -f2 -d '=' | tr -d ' ')

	if ! [[ $config = *xattrs* ]]
	then
		if [[ -z $config ]]
		then
			config="xattrs"
		else
			config=$config"+xattrs"
		fi
	fi
	sed -i "s/^$group\s*=.*/$group = $config/g" $aide_conf
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS)   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) is a computer security standard which is developed by the U.S. Government and industry working groups to validate the quality of cryptographic modules. The FIPS standard provides four security levels to ensure adequate coverage of different industries, implementation of cryptographic modules, and organizational sizes and requirements.

FIPS 140-2 is the current standard for validating that mechanisms used to access cryptographic modules utilize authentication that meets industry and government requirements. For government systems, this allows Security Levels 1, 2, 3, or 4 for use on SUSE Linux Enterprise 15.

See http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/PubsFIPS.html for more information.

Rule   Verify '/proc/sys/crypto/fips_enabled' exists   [ref]

On a system where FIPS 140-2 mode is enabled, /proc/sys/crypto/fips_enabled must exist. To verify FIPS mode, run the following command:
cat /proc/sys/crypto/fips_enabled
Warning:  To configure the OS to run in FIPS 140-2 mode, the kernel parameter "fips=1" needs to be added during its installation. Enabling FIPS mode on a preexisting system involves a number of modifications to it. Refer to the vendor installation guidances.
Warning:  System Crypto Modules must be provided by a vendor that undergoes FIPS-140 certifications. FIPS-140 is applicable to all Federal agencies that use cryptographic-based security systems to protect sensitive information in computer and telecommunication systems (including voice systems) as defined in Section 5131 of the Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996, Public Law 104-106. This standard shall be used in designing and implementing cryptographic modules that Federal departments and agencies operate or are operated for them under contract. See https://nvlpubs.nist.gov/nistpubs/FIPS/NIST.FIPS.140-2.pdf To meet this, the system has to have cryptographic software provided by a vendor that has undergone this certification. This means providing documentation, test results, design information, and independent third party review by an accredited lab. While open source software is capable of meeting this, it does not meet FIPS-140 unless the vendor submits to this process.
Rationale:
Use of weak or untested encryption algorithms undermines the purposes of utilizing encryption to protect data. The operating system must implement cryptographic modules adhering to the higher standards approved by the federal government since this provides assurance they have been tested and validated.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_is_fips_mode_enabled
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85763-1

References:  CCI-002450, SC-12(2), SC-12(3), SC-13, SRG-OS-000396-GPOS-00176, SRG-OS-000478-GPOS-00223, SLES-15-010510, SV-234859r877380_rule

Group   Operating System Vendor Support and Certification   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The assurance of a vendor to provide operating system support and maintenance for their product is an important criterion to ensure product stability and security over the life of the product. A certified product that follows the necessary standards and government certification requirements guarantees that known software vulnerabilities will be remediated, and proper guidance for protecting and securing the operating system will be given.

Rule   The Installed Operating System Is Vendor Supported   [ref]

The installed operating system must be maintained by a vendor. SUSE Linux Enterprise is supported by SUSE. As the SUSE Linux Enterprise vendor, SUSE is responsible for providing security patches.
Warning:  There is no remediation besides switching to a different operating system.
Rationale:
An operating system is considered "supported" if the vendor continues to provide security patches for the product. With an unsupported release, it will not be possible to resolve any security issue discovered in the system software.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_installed_OS_is_vendor_supported
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83260-0

References:  18, 20, 4, APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, BAI03.10, DSS05.01, DSS05.02, CCI-000366, 4.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9, A.12.6.1, A.14.2.3, A.16.1.3, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3, CM-6(a), MA-6, SA-13(a), ID.RA-1, PR.IP-12, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-010000, SV-234800r622137_rule

Group   Disk Partitioning   Group contains 4 rules
[ref]   To ensure separation and protection of data, there are top-level system directories which should be placed on their own physical partition or logical volume. The installer's default partitioning scheme creates separate logical volumes for /, /boot, and swap.
  • If starting with any of the default layouts, check the box to \"Review and modify partitioning.\" This allows for the easy creation of additional logical volumes inside the volume group already created, though it may require making /'s logical volume smaller to create space. In general, using logical volumes is preferable to using partitions because they can be more easily adjusted later.
  • If creating a custom layout, create the partitions mentioned in the previous paragraph (which the installer will require anyway), as well as separate ones described in the following sections.
If a system has already been installed, and the default partitioning scheme was used, it is possible but nontrivial to modify it to create separate logical volumes for the directories listed above. The Logical Volume Manager (LVM) makes this possible. See the LVM HOWTO at http://tldp.org/HOWTO/LVM-HOWTO/ for more detailed information on LVM.

Rule   Encrypt Partitions   [ref]

SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 natively supports partition encryption through the Linux Unified Key Setup-on-disk-format (LUKS) technology. The easiest way to encrypt a partition is during installation time.

For manual installations, select the Encrypt checkbox during partition creation to encrypt the partition. When this option is selected the system will prompt for a passphrase to use in decrypting the partition. The passphrase will subsequently need to be entered manually every time the system boots.

Detailed information on encrypting partitions using LUKS or LUKS ciphers can be found on the SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 Documentation web site:
https://www.suse.com/documentation/sled-12/book_security/data/sec_security_cryptofs_y2.html .
Rationale:
The risk of a system's physical compromise, particularly mobile systems such as laptops, places its data at risk of compromise. Encrypting this data mitigates the risk of its loss if the system is lost.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_encrypt_partitions
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85719-3

References:  13, 14, APO01.06, BAI02.01, BAI06.01, DSS04.07, DSS05.03, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, DSS06.06, 3.13.16, CCI-001199, CCI-002475, CCI-002476, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.308(b)(1), 164.310(d), 164.312(a)(1), 164.312(a)(2)(iii), 164.312(a)(2)(iv), 164.312(b), 164.312(c), 164.314(b)(2)(i), 164.312(d), SR 3.4, SR 4.1, SR 5.2, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, CIP-003-8 R4.2, CIP-007-3 R5.1, SC-28, SC-28.1, PR.DS-1, PR.DS-5, SRG-OS-000405-GPOS-00184, SRG-OS-000185-GPOS-00079, SRG-OS-000404-GPOS-00183, SLES-15-010330, SV-234831r854191_rule

Rule   Ensure /home Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

If user home directories will be stored locally, create a separate partition for /home at installation time (or migrate it later using LVM). If /home will be mounted from another system such as an NFS server, then creating a separate partition is not necessary at installation time, and the mountpoint can instead be configured later.
Rationale:
Ensuring that /home is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options, and also helps ensure that users cannot trivially fill partitions used for log or audit data storage.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_home
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85639-3

References:  BP28(R12), 12, 15, 8, APO13.01, DSS05.02, CCI-000366, CCI-001208, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, CM-6(a), SC-5(2), PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040200, 1.1.17, SV-235004r622137_rule

Rule   Ensure /var Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

The /var directory is used by daemons and other system services to store frequently-changing data. Ensure that /var has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM.
Rationale:
Ensuring that /var is mounted on its own partition enables the setting of more restrictive mount options. This helps protect system services such as daemons or other programs which use it. It is not uncommon for the /var directory to contain world-writable directories installed by other software packages.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85640-1

References:  BP28(R12), 12, 15, 8, APO13.01, DSS05.02, CCI-000366, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.6, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, CM-6(a), SC-5(2), PR.PT-4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040210, 1.1.10, SV-235005r622137_rule

Rule   Ensure /var/log/audit Located On Separate Partition   [ref]

Audit logs are stored in the /var/log/audit directory. Ensure that /var/log/audit has its own partition or logical volume at installation time, or migrate it using LVM. Make absolutely certain that it is large enough to store all audit logs that will be created by the auditing daemon.
Rationale:
Placing /var/log/audit in its own partition enables better separation between audit files and other files, and helps ensure that auditing cannot be halted due to the partition running out of space.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_partition_for_var_log_audit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85618-7

References:  BP28(R43), 1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, APO11.04, APO13.01, BAI03.05, BAI04.04, DSS05.02, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, MEA02.01, CCI-000366, CCI-001849, 164.312(a)(2)(ii), 4.3.3.3.9, 4.3.3.5.8, 4.3.4.4.7, 4.4.2.1, 4.4.2.2, 4.4.2.4, SR 2.10, SR 2.11, SR 2.12, SR 2.8, SR 2.9, SR 3.1, SR 3.5, SR 3.8, SR 4.1, SR 4.3, SR 5.1, SR 5.2, SR 5.3, SR 7.1, SR 7.2, SR 7.6, A.12.1.3, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.2, A.12.4.3, A.12.4.4, A.12.7.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.2.1, A.14.1.3, A.17.2.1, CIP-007-3 R6.5, CM-6(a), AU-4, SC-5(2), PR.DS-4, PR.PT-1, PR.PT-4, FMT_SMF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000341-GPOS-00132, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SRG-APP-000357-CTR-000800, SLES-15-030810, 1.1.16, SV-234980r622137_rule

Group   GNOME Desktop Environment   Group contains 2 groups and 7 rules
[ref]   GNOME is a graphical desktop environment bundled with many Linux distributions that allow users to easily interact with the operating system graphically rather than textually. The GNOME Graphical Display Manager (GDM) provides login, logout, and user switching contexts as well as display server management.

GNOME is developed by the GNOME Project and is considered the default Red Hat Graphical environment.

For more information on GNOME and the GNOME Project, see https://www.gnome.org.
Group   Configure GNOME Login Screen   Group contains 1 rule
Group   Configure GNOME Screen Locking   Group contains 4 rules
[ref]   In the default GNOME3 desktop, the screen can be locked by selecting the user name in the far right corner of the main panel and selecting Lock.

The following sections detail commands to enforce idle activation of the screensaver, screen locking, a blank-screen screensaver, and an idle activation time.

Because users should be trained to lock the screen when they step away from the computer, the automatic locking feature is only meant as a backup.

The root account can be screen-locked; however, the root account should never be used to log into an X Windows environment and should only be used to for direct login via console in emergency circumstances.

For more information about enforcing preferences in the GNOME3 environment using the DConf configuration system, see http://wiki.gnome.org/dconf and the man page dconf(1).

Rule   Set GNOME3 Screensaver Inactivity Timeout   [ref]

The idle time-out value for inactivity in the GNOME3 desktop is configured via the idle-delay setting must be set under an appropriate configuration file(s) in the /etc/dconf/db/local.d directory and locked in /etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks directory to prevent user modification.

For example, to configure the system for a 15 minute delay, add the following to /etc/dconf/db/local.d/00-security-settings:
[org/gnome/desktop/session]
idle-delay=uint32 900
Rationale:
A session time-out lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not logout because of the temporary nature of the absence. Rather than relying on the user to manually lock their operating system session prior to vacating the vicinity, GNOME3 can be configured to identify when a user's session has idled and take action to initiate a session lock.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_dconf_gnome_screensaver_idle_delay
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85669-0

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, 5.5.5, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, 3.1.10, CCI-000057, CCI-000060, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, AC-11(a), AC-11.1 (ii), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-8.1.8, 8.2.8, SRG-OS-000029-GPOS-00010, SRG-OS-000031-GPOS-00012, SLES-15-010120, SV-234812r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:unknown
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85669-0
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010120
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11.1 (ii)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_idle_delay
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value inactivity_timeout_value # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    inactivity_timeout_value: !!str 900
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set GNOME3 Screensaver Inactivity Timeout
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/dconf/db/local.d/00-security-settings
    section: org/gnome/desktop/session
    option: idle-delay
    value: uint32 {{ inactivity_timeout_value }}
    create: true
    no_extra_spaces: true
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85669-0
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010120
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11.1 (ii)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_idle_delay
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Dconf Update
  command: dconf update
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85669-0
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010120
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11.1 (ii)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_idle_delay
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q gdm && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

inactivity_timeout_value='900'


# Check for setting in any of the DConf db directories
# If files contain ibus or distro, ignore them.
# The assignment assumes that individual filenames don't contain :
readarray -t SETTINGSFILES < <(grep -r "\\[org/gnome/desktop/session\\]" "/etc/dconf/db/" \
                                | grep -v 'distro\|ibus\|local.d' | cut -d":" -f1)
DCONFFILE="/etc/dconf/db/local.d/00-security-settings"
DBDIR="/etc/dconf/db/local.d"

mkdir -p "${DBDIR}"

# Comment out the configurations in databases different from the target one
if [ "${#SETTINGSFILES[@]}" -ne 0 ]
then
    if grep -q "^\\s*idle-delay\\s*=" "${SETTINGSFILES[@]}"
    then
        
        sed -Ei "s/(^\s*)idle-delay(\s*=)/#\1idle-delay\2/g" "${SETTINGSFILES[@]}"
    fi
fi


[ ! -z "${DCONFFILE}" ] && echo "" >> "${DCONFFILE}"
if ! grep -q "\\[org/gnome/desktop/session\\]" "${DCONFFILE}"
then
    printf '%s\n' "[org/gnome/desktop/session]" >> ${DCONFFILE}
fi

escaped_value="$(sed -e 's/\\/\\\\/g' <<< "uint32 ${inactivity_timeout_value}")"
if grep -q "^\\s*idle-delay\\s*=" "${DCONFFILE}"
then
        sed -i "s/\\s*idle-delay\\s*=\\s*.*/idle-delay=${escaped_value}/g" "${DCONFFILE}"
    else
        sed -i "\\|\\[org/gnome/desktop/session\\]|a\\idle-delay=${escaped_value}" "${DCONFFILE}"
fi

dconf update

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Enable GNOME3 Screensaver Lock After Idle Period   [ref]

To activate locking of the screensaver in the GNOME3 desktop when it is activated, run the following command to configure the SUSE operating system to allow the user to lock the GUI:
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.lockdown disable-lock-screen false
Validate that disable-lock-screen has been set to false with the command:
gsettings get org.gnome.desktop.lockdown disable-lock-screen
Rationale:
A session lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not want to logout because of the temporary nature of the absense.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_dconf_gnome_screensaver_lock_enabled
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85766-4

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, 5.5.5, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, 3.1.10, CCI-000056, CCI-000058, CCI-000060, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, CM-6(a), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-8.1.8, 8.2.8, SRG-OS-000028-GPOS-00009, SRG-OS-000030-GPOS-00011, SLES-15-010100, SV-234810r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:unknown
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85766-4
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_lock_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Dconf Update
  command: dconf update
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_distribution == 'SLES'
  tags:
  - CCE-85766-4
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_lock_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Enable GNOME3 Screensaver Lock After Idle Period
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/dconf/db/local.d/00-security-settings
    section: org/gnome/desktop/screensaver
    option: lock-enabled
    value: 'true'
    create: true
    no_extra_spaces: true
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_distribution != 'SLES'
  tags:
  - CCE-85766-4
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_lock_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Prevent user modification of GNOME lock-enabled
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock
    regexp: ^/org/gnome/desktop/screensaver/lock-enabled$
    line: /org/gnome/desktop/screensaver/lock-enabled
    create: true
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_distribution != 'SLES'
  tags:
  - CCE-85766-4
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_lock_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Enable GNOME3 Screensaver Lock After Idle Period
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/dconf/db/local.d/00-security-settings
    section: org/gnome/desktop/lockdown
    option: disable-lock-screen
    value: 'false'
    create: true
    no_extra_spaces: true
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_distribution == 'SLES'
  tags:
  - CCE-85766-4
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_lock_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Prevent user modification of GNOME disable-lock-screen
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock
    regexp: ^/org/gnome/desktop/lockdown/disable-lock-screen$
    line: /org/gnome/desktop/lockdown/disable-lock-screen
    create: true
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_distribution == 'SLES'
  tags:
  - CCE-85766-4
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_lock_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Check GNOME3 screenserver disable-lock-screen false
  command: gsettings get org.gnome.desktop.lockdown disable-lock-screen
  register: cmd_out
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_distribution == 'SLES'
  tags:
  - CCE-85766-4
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_lock_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Update GNOME3 screenserver disable-lock-screen false
  command: gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.lockdown disable-lock-screen false
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_distribution == 'SLES'
  tags:
  - CCE-85766-4
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_lock_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Dconf Update
  command: dconf update
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85766-4
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_lock_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q gdm && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.lockdown disable-lock-screen false
# Check for setting in any of the DConf db directories
# If files contain ibus or distro, ignore them.
# The assignment assumes that individual filenames don't contain :
readarray -t SETTINGSFILES < <(grep -r "\\[org/gnome/desktop/lockdown\\]" "/etc/dconf/db/" \
                                | grep -v 'distro\|ibus\|local.d' | cut -d":" -f1)
DCONFFILE="/etc/dconf/db/local.d/00-security-settings"
DBDIR="/etc/dconf/db/local.d"

mkdir -p "${DBDIR}"

# Comment out the configurations in databases different from the target one
if [ "${#SETTINGSFILES[@]}" -ne 0 ]
then
    if grep -q "^\\s*disable-lock-screen\\s*=" "${SETTINGSFILES[@]}"
    then
        
        sed -Ei "s/(^\s*)disable-lock-screen(\s*=)/#\1disable-lock-screen\2/g" "${SETTINGSFILES[@]}"
    fi
fi


[ ! -z "${DCONFFILE}" ] && echo "" >> "${DCONFFILE}"
if ! grep -q "\\[org/gnome/desktop/lockdown\\]" "${DCONFFILE}"
then
    printf '%s\n' "[org/gnome/desktop/lockdown]" >> ${DCONFFILE}
fi

escaped_value="$(sed -e 's/\\/\\\\/g' <<< "false")"
if grep -q "^\\s*disable-lock-screen\\s*=" "${DCONFFILE}"
then
        sed -i "s/\\s*disable-lock-screen\\s*=\\s*.*/disable-lock-screen=${escaped_value}/g" "${DCONFFILE}"
    else
        sed -i "\\|\\[org/gnome/desktop/lockdown\\]|a\\disable-lock-screen=${escaped_value}" "${DCONFFILE}"
fi

dconf update
# Check for setting in any of the DConf db directories
LOCKFILES=$(grep -r "^/org/gnome/desktop/lockdown/disable-lock-screen$" "/etc/dconf/db/" \
            | grep -v 'distro\|ibus\|local.d' | grep ":" | cut -d":" -f1)
LOCKSFOLDER="/etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks"

mkdir -p "${LOCKSFOLDER}"

# Comment out the configurations in databases different from the target one
if [[ ! -z "${LOCKFILES}" ]]
then
    sed -i -E "s|^/org/gnome/desktop/lockdown/disable-lock-screen$|#&|" "${LOCKFILES[@]}"
fi

if ! grep -qr "^/org/gnome/desktop/lockdown/disable-lock-screen$" /etc/dconf/db/local.d/
then
    echo "/org/gnome/desktop/lockdown/disable-lock-screen" >> "/etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock"
fi

dconf update

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Implement Blank Screensaver   [ref]

On SUSE users should set the screensaver to use publicly viewable images or blank screen by doing the following: Find the Settings menu and then navigate to the Background selection section - Click "Activities" on the top left. - Click "Show Applications" at the bottom of the Activities menu. - Click the "Settings" icon. - Click "Background" from left hand menu. - Select image and set the Lock Screen image to the user's choice. - Exit Settings Dialog. To set the screensaver mode in the GNOME3 desktop to a blank screen, add or set picture-uri to string '' in /etc/dconf/db/local.d/00-security-settings. For example:
[org/gnome/desktop/screensaver]
picture-uri=string ''
Once the settings have been added, add a lock to /etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock to prevent user modification. For example:
/org/gnome/desktop/screensaver/picture-uri
After the settings have been set, run dconf update.
Rationale:
Setting the screensaver mode to blank-only conceals the contents of the display from passersby.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_dconf_gnome_screensaver_mode_blank
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85715-1

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, 5.5.5, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, 3.1.10, CCI-000060, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, AC-11(1), CM-6(a), AC-11(1).1, PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-8.1.8, 8.2.8, SRG-OS-000031-GPOS-00012, SLES-15-010140, SV-234814r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:unknown
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85715-1
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010140
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(1)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(1).1
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_mode_blank
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Implement Blank Screensaver
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/dconf/db/local.d/00-security-settings
    section: org/gnome/desktop/screensaver
    option: picture-uri
    value: string ''
    create: true
    no_extra_spaces: true
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85715-1
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010140
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(1)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(1).1
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_mode_blank
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Prevent user modification of GNOME picture-uri
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock
    regexp: ^/org/gnome/desktop/screensaver/picture-uri$
    line: /org/gnome/desktop/screensaver/picture-uri
    create: true
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85715-1
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010140
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(1)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(1).1
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_mode_blank
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Dconf Update
  command: dconf update
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85715-1
  - CJIS-5.5.5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010140
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.10
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(1)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-11(1).1
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.8
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.8
  - dconf_gnome_screensaver_mode_blank
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q gdm && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

# Check for setting in any of the DConf db directories
# If files contain ibus or distro, ignore them.
# The assignment assumes that individual filenames don't contain :
readarray -t SETTINGSFILES < <(grep -r "\\[org/gnome/desktop/screensaver\\]" "/etc/dconf/db/" \
                                | grep -v 'distro\|ibus\|local.d' | cut -d":" -f1)
DCONFFILE="/etc/dconf/db/local.d/00-security-settings"
DBDIR="/etc/dconf/db/local.d"

mkdir -p "${DBDIR}"

# Comment out the configurations in databases different from the target one
if [ "${#SETTINGSFILES[@]}" -ne 0 ]
then
    if grep -q "^\\s*picture-uri\\s*=" "${SETTINGSFILES[@]}"
    then
        
        sed -Ei "s/(^\s*)picture-uri(\s*=)/#\1picture-uri\2/g" "${SETTINGSFILES[@]}"
    fi
fi


[ ! -z "${DCONFFILE}" ] && echo "" >> "${DCONFFILE}"
if ! grep -q "\\[org/gnome/desktop/screensaver\\]" "${DCONFFILE}"
then
    printf '%s\n' "[org/gnome/desktop/screensaver]" >> ${DCONFFILE}
fi

escaped_value="$(sed -e 's/\\/\\\\/g' <<< "string ''")"
if grep -q "^\\s*picture-uri\\s*=" "${DCONFFILE}"
then
        sed -i "s/\\s*picture-uri\\s*=\\s*.*/picture-uri=${escaped_value}/g" "${DCONFFILE}"
    else
        sed -i "\\|\\[org/gnome/desktop/screensaver\\]|a\\picture-uri=${escaped_value}" "${DCONFFILE}"
fi

dconf update
# Check for setting in any of the DConf db directories
LOCKFILES=$(grep -r "^/org/gnome/desktop/screensaver/picture-uri$" "/etc/dconf/db/" \
            | grep -v 'distro\|ibus\|local.d' | grep ":" | cut -d":" -f1)
LOCKSFOLDER="/etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks"

mkdir -p "${LOCKSFOLDER}"

# Comment out the configurations in databases different from the target one
if [[ ! -z "${LOCKFILES}" ]]
then
    sed -i -E "s|^/org/gnome/desktop/screensaver/picture-uri$|#&|" "${LOCKFILES[@]}"
fi

if ! grep -qr "^/org/gnome/desktop/screensaver/picture-uri$" /etc/dconf/db/local.d/
then
    echo "/org/gnome/desktop/screensaver/picture-uri" >> "/etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock"
fi

dconf update

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure Users Cannot Change GNOME3 Session Idle Settings   [ref]

If not already configured, ensure that users cannot change GNOME3 session idle settings by adding /org/gnome/desktop/session/idle-delay to /etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock to prevent user modification. For example:
/org/gnome/desktop/session/idle-delay
After the settings have been set, run dconf update.
Rationale:
A session time-out lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not logout because of the temporary nature of the absence. Rather than relying on the user to manually lock their operating system session prior to vacating the vicinity, GNOME desktops can be configured to identify when a user's session has idled and take action to initiate the session lock. As such, users should not be allowed to change session settings.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_dconf_gnome_session_idle_user_locks
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91245-1

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, 3.1.10, CCI-000057, CCI-000060, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, CM-6(a), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-8.1.8, 8.2.8, SRG-OS-000029-GPOS-00010, SRG-OS-000031-GPOS-00012, SLES-15-010120, SV-234812r622137_rule


# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q gdm && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

# Check for setting in any of the DConf db directories
LOCKFILES=$(grep -r "^/org/gnome/desktop/session/idle-delay$" "/etc/dconf/db/" \
            | grep -v 'distro\|ibus\|local.d' | grep ":" | cut -d":" -f1)
LOCKSFOLDER="/etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks"

mkdir -p "${LOCKSFOLDER}"

# Comment out the configurations in databases different from the target one
if [[ ! -z "${LOCKFILES}" ]]
then
    sed -i -E "s|^/org/gnome/desktop/session/idle-delay$|#&|" "${LOCKFILES[@]}"
fi

if ! grep -qr "^/org/gnome/desktop/session/idle-delay$" /etc/dconf/db/local.d/
then
    echo "/org/gnome/desktop/session/idle-delay" >> "/etc/dconf/db/local.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock"
fi

dconf update

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Make sure that the dconf databases are up-to-date with regards to respective keyfiles   [ref]

By default, DConf uses a binary database as a data backend. The system-level database is compiled from keyfiles in the /etc/dconf/db/ directory by the
dconf update
command. More specifically, content present in the following directories:
/etc/dconf/db/gdm.d
/etc/dconf/db/local.d
Rationale:
Unlike text-based keyfiles, the binary database is impossible to check by OVAL. Therefore, in order to evaluate dconf configuration, both have to be true at the same time - configuration files have to be compliant, and the database needs to be more recent than those keyfiles, which gives confidence that it reflects them.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_dconf_db_up_to_date
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83288-1

References:  164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(5)(ii)(A), Req-6.2, 6.3.3, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-010090, 1.10, SV-234809r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:unknown
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-83288-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010090
  - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-6.3.3
  - dconf_db_up_to_date
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Run dconf update
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: dconf update
  when:
  - '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83288-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010090
  - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-6.3.3
  - dconf_db_up_to_date
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q gdm && { [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; }; then

dconf update

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Sudo   Group contains 7 rules
[ref]   Sudo, which stands for "su 'do'", provides the ability to delegate authority to certain users, groups of users, or system administrators. When configured for system users and/or groups, Sudo can allow a user or group to execute privileged commands that normally only root is allowed to execute.

For more information on Sudo and addition Sudo configuration options, see https://www.sudo.ws.

Rule   Ensure Users Re-Authenticate for Privilege Escalation - sudo !authenticate   [ref]

The sudo !authenticate option, when specified, allows a user to execute commands using sudo without having to authenticate. This should be disabled by making sure that the !authenticate option does not exist in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Without re-authentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which they do not have authorization.

When operating systems provide the capability to escalate a functional capability, it is critical that the user re-authenticate.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_remove_no_authenticate
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83291-5

References:  BP28(R5), BP28(R59), 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, CCI-002038, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, IA-11, CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-7, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00156, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00157, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00158, SLES-15-010450, SV-234853r854199_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Find /etc/sudoers.d/ files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sudoers.d/
  register: sudoers
  tags:
  - CCE-83291-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010450
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_remove_no_authenticate

- name: Remove lines containing !authenticate from sudoers files
  replace:
    regexp: (^(?!#).*[\s]+\!authenticate.*$)
    replace: '# \g<1>'
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  with_items:
  - path: /etc/sudoers
  - '{{ sudoers.files }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-83291-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010450
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_remove_no_authenticate

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

for f in /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.d/* ; do
  if [ ! -e "$f" ] ; then
    continue
  fi
  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]+\!authenticate.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      # comment out "!authenticate" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i "s/^${entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"

    /usr/sbin/visudo -cf $f &> /dev/null || echo "Fail to validate $f with visudo"
  fi
done

Rule   Ensure Users Re-Authenticate for Privilege Escalation - sudo NOPASSWD   [ref]

The sudo NOPASSWD tag, when specified, allows a user to execute commands using sudo without having to authenticate. This should be disabled by making sure that the NOPASSWD tag does not exist in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/.
Rationale:
Without re-authentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which they do not have authorization.

When operating systems provide the capability to escalate a functional capability, it is critical that the user re-authenticate.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_remove_nopasswd
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85663-3

References:  BP28(R5), BP28(R59), 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, CCI-002038, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, IA-11, CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-7, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00156, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00157, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00158, SLES-15-010450, SV-234853r854199_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Find /etc/sudoers.d/ files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sudoers.d/
  register: sudoers
  tags:
  - CCE-85663-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010450
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_remove_nopasswd

- name: Remove lines containing NOPASSWD from sudoers files
  replace:
    regexp: (^(?!#).*[\s]+NOPASSWD[\s]*\:.*$)
    replace: '# \g<1>'
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  with_items:
  - path: /etc/sudoers
  - '{{ sudoers.files }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-85663-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010450
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_remove_nopasswd

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

for f in /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.d/* ; do
  if [ ! -e "$f" ] ; then
    continue
  fi
  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]+NOPASSWD[\s]*\:.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      # comment out "NOPASSWD" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i "s/^${entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"

    /usr/sbin/visudo -cf $f &> /dev/null || echo "Fail to validate $f with visudo"
  fi
done

Rule   Ensure Users Re-Authenticate for Privilege Escalation - sudo   [ref]

The sudo NOPASSWD and !authenticate option, when specified, allows a user to execute commands using sudo without having to authenticate. This should be disabled by making sure that NOPASSWD and/or !authenticate do not exist in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/."
Rationale:
Without re-authentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which they do not have authorization.

When operating systems provide the capability to escalate a functional capability, it is critical that the user re-authenticate.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_require_authentication
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85673-2

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, 5, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, CCI-002038, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, IA-11, CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-7, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00156, SLES-15-010450, SV-234853r854199_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Find /etc/sudoers.d/ files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sudoers.d/
  register: sudoers
  tags:
  - CCE-85673-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010450
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_require_authentication

- name: Remove lines containing NOPASSWD from sudoers files
  replace:
    regexp: (^(?!#).*[\s]+NOPASSWD[\s]*\:.*$)
    replace: '# \g<1>'
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  with_items:
  - path: /etc/sudoers
  - '{{ sudoers.files }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-85673-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010450
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_require_authentication

- name: Find /etc/sudoers.d/ files
  find:
    paths:
    - /etc/sudoers.d/
  register: sudoers
  tags:
  - CCE-85673-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010450
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_require_authentication

- name: Remove lines containing !authenticate from sudoers files
  replace:
    regexp: (^(?!#).*[\s]+\!authenticate.*$)
    replace: '# \g<1>'
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  with_items:
  - path: /etc/sudoers
  - '{{ sudoers.files }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-85673-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010450
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_require_authentication

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

for f in /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.d/* ; do
  if [ ! -e "$f" ] ; then
    continue
  fi
  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]+NOPASSWD[\s]*\:.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      # comment out "NOPASSWD" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i "s/^${entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"

    /usr/sbin/visudo -cf $f &> /dev/null || echo "Fail to validate $f with visudo"
  fi
done

for f in /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.d/* ; do
  if [ ! -e "$f" ] ; then
    continue
  fi
  matching_list=$(grep -P '^(?!#).*[\s]+\!authenticate.*$' $f | uniq )
  if ! test -z "$matching_list"; then
    while IFS= read -r entry; do
      # comment out "!authenticate" matches to preserve user data
      sed -i "s/^${entry}$/# &/g" $f
    done <<< "$matching_list"

    /usr/sbin/visudo -cf $f &> /dev/null || echo "Fail to validate $f with visudo"
  fi
done

Rule   Require Re-Authentication When Using the sudo Command   [ref]

The sudo timestamp_timeout tag sets the amount of time sudo password prompt waits. The default timestamp_timeout value is 5 minutes. The timestamp_timeout should be configured by making sure that the timestamp_timeout tag exists in /etc/sudoers configuration file or any sudo configuration snippets in /etc/sudoers.d/. If the value is set to an integer less than 0, the user's time stamp will not expire and the user will not have to re-authenticate for privileged actions until the user's session is terminated.
Rationale:
Without re-authentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which they do not have authorization.

When operating systems provide the capability to escalate a functional capability, it is critical that the user re-authenticate.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_require_reauthentication
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85764-9

References:  CCI-002038, IA-11, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00156, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00157, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00158, SLES-15-020102, SV-234878r861108_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85764-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020102
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_require_reauthentication
- name: XCCDF Value var_sudo_timestamp_timeout # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_sudo_timestamp_timeout: !!str 0
  tags:
    - always

- name: Find out if /etc/sudoers.d/* files contain 'Defaults timestamp_timeout' to
    be deduplicated
  find:
    path: /etc/sudoers.d
    patterns: '*'
    contains: ^[\s]*Defaults\s.*\btimestamp_timeout[\s]*=.*
  register: sudoers_d_defaults_timestamp_timeout
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85764-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020102
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_require_reauthentication

- name: Remove found occurrences of 'Defaults timestamp_timeout' from /etc/sudoers.d/*
    files
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults\s.*\btimestamp_timeout[\s]*=.*
    state: absent
  with_items: '{{ sudoers_d_defaults_timestamp_timeout.files }}'
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85764-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020102
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_require_reauthentication

- name: Ensure timestamp_timeout is enabled with the appropriate value in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^[\s]*Defaults\s(.*)\btimestamp_timeout[\s]*=[\s]*[-]?\w+\b(.*)$
    line: Defaults \1timestamp_timeout={{ var_sudo_timestamp_timeout }}\2
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
    backrefs: true
  register: edit_sudoers_timestamp_timeout_option
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85764-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020102
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_require_reauthentication

- name: Enable timestamp_timeout option with appropriate value in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    line: Defaults timestamp_timeout={{ var_sudo_timestamp_timeout }}
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
  when:
  - '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - edit_sudoers_timestamp_timeout_option is defined and not edit_sudoers_timestamp_timeout_option.changed
  tags:
  - CCE-85764-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020102
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudo_require_reauthentication

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q sudo; then

var_sudo_timestamp_timeout='0'


if grep -Px '^[\s]*Defaults.*timestamp_timeout[\s]*=.*' /etc/sudoers.d/*; then
    find /etc/sudoers.d/ -type f -exec sed -Ei "/^[[:blank:]]*Defaults.*timestamp_timeout[[:blank:]]*=.*/d" {} \;
fi

if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
    cp /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.bak
    if ! grep -P '^[\s]*Defaults.*timestamp_timeout[\s]*=[\s]*[-]?\w+.*$' /etc/sudoers; then
        # sudoers file doesn't define Option timestamp_timeout
        echo "Defaults timestamp_timeout=${var_sudo_timestamp_timeout}" >> /etc/sudoers
    else
        # sudoers file defines Option timestamp_timeout, remediate if appropriate value is not set
        if ! grep -P "^[\s]*Defaults.*timestamp_timeout[\s]*=[\s]*${var_sudo_timestamp_timeout}.*$" /etc/sudoers; then
            
            sed -Ei "s/(^[[:blank:]]*Defaults.*timestamp_timeout[[:blank:]]*=)[[:blank:]]*[-]?\w+(.*$)/\1${var_sudo_timestamp_timeout}\2/" /etc/sudoers
        fi
    fi
    
    # Check validity of sudoers and cleanup bak
    if /usr/sbin/visudo -qcf /etc/sudoers; then
        rm -f /etc/sudoers.bak
    else
        echo "Fail to validate remediated /etc/sudoers, reverting to original file."
        mv /etc/sudoers.bak /etc/sudoers
        false
    fi
else
    echo "Skipping remediation, /etc/sudoers failed to validate"
    false
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   The operating system must restrict privilege elevation to authorized personnel   [ref]

The sudo command allows a user to execute programs with elevated (administrator) privileges. It prompts the user for their password and confirms your request to execute a command by checking a file, called sudoers. Restrict privileged actions by removing the following entries from the sudoers file: ALL ALL=(ALL) ALL ALL ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL
Warning:  This rule doesn't come with a remediation, as the exact requirement allows exceptions, and removing lines from the sudoers file can make the system non-administrable.
Rationale:
If the "sudoers" file is not configured correctly, any user defined on the system can initiate privileged actions on the target system.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudo_restrict_privilege_elevation_to_authorized
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85712-8

References:  CCI-000366, CM-6(b), CM-6(iv), SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-020101, SV-234877r622137_rule

Rule   Ensure sudo only includes the default configuration directory   [ref]

Administrators can configure authorized sudo users via drop-in files, and it is possible to include other directories and configuration files from the file currently being parsed. Make sure that /etc/sudoers only includes drop-in configuration files from /etc/sudoers.d, or that no drop-in file is included. Either the /etc/sudoers should contain only one #includedir directive pointing to /etc/sudoers.d, and no file in /etc/sudoers.d/ should include other files or directories; Or the /etc/sudoers should not contain any #include, @include, #includedir or @includedir directives. Note that the '#' character doesn't denote a comment in the configuration file.
Rationale:
Some sudo configurtion options allow users to run programs without re-authenticating. Use of these configuration options makes it easier for one compromised accound to be used to compromise other accounts.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudoers_default_includedir
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91151-1

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-020099, SV-251723r833006_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Check for duplicate values
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^#includedir.*$
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: dupes
  tags:
  - CCE-91151-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020099
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - sudoers_default_includedir

- name: Deduplicate values from /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^#includedir.*$
    state: absent
  when: dupes.found is defined and dupes.found > 1
  tags:
  - CCE-91151-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020099
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - sudoers_default_includedir

- name: Insert correct line into /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^#includedir.*$
    line: '#includedir /etc/sudoers.d'
    state: present
  tags:
  - CCE-91151-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020099
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - sudoers_default_includedir

- name: Ensure sudoers doesn't include other non-default file
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^[#@]include[\s]+.*$
    state: absent
  tags:
  - CCE-91151-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020099
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - sudoers_default_includedir

- name: Ensure sudoers doesn't have non-default includedir
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^@includedir[\s]+.*$
    state: absent
  tags:
  - CCE-91151-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020099
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - sudoers_default_includedir

- name: Find out if /etc/sudoers.d/* files contain file or directory includes
  find:
    path: /etc/sudoers.d
    patterns: '*'
    contains: ^[#@]include(dir)?\s.*$
  register: sudoers_d_includes
  tags:
  - CCE-91151-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020099
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - sudoers_default_includedir

- name: Remove found occurrences of file and directory includes from /etc/sudoers.d/*
    files
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^[#@]include(dir)?\s.*$
    state: absent
  with_items: '{{ sudoers_d_includes.files }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-91151-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020099
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - sudoers_default_includedir


sudoers_config_file="/etc/sudoers"
sudoers_config_dir="/etc/sudoers.d"
sudoers_includedir_count=$(grep -c "#includedir" "$sudoers_config_file")
if [ "$sudoers_includedir_count" -gt 1 ]; then
    sed -i "/#includedir/d" "$sudoers_config_file"
    echo "#includedir /etc/sudoers.d" >> "$sudoers_config_file"
elif [ "$sudoers_includedir_count" -eq 0 ]; then
    echo "#includedir /etc/sudoers.d" >> "$sudoers_config_file"
else
    if ! grep -q "^#includedir /etc/sudoers.d" "$sudoers_config_file"; then
        sed -i "s|^#includedir.*|#includedir /etc/sudoers.d|g" "$sudoers_config_file"
    fi
fi

sed -Ei "/^#include\s/d; /^@includedir\s/d" "$sudoers_config_file"

if grep -Pr "^[#@]include(dir)?\s" "$sudoers_config_dir" ; then
    sed -Ei "/^[#@]include(dir)?\s/d" "$sudoers_config_dir"/*
fi

Rule   Ensure invoking users password for privilege escalation when using sudo   [ref]

The sudoers security policy requires that users authenticate themselves before they can use sudo. When sudoers requires authentication, it validates the invoking user's credentials. The expected output for:
 sudo cvtsudoers -f sudoers /etc/sudoers | grep -E '^Defaults !?(rootpw|targetpw|runaspw)$' 
 Defaults !targetpw
      Defaults !rootpw
      Defaults !runaspw 
or if cvtsudoers not supported:
 sudo find /etc/sudoers /etc/sudoers.d \( \! -name '*~' -a \! -name '*.*' \) -exec grep -E --with-filename '^[[:blank:]]*Defaults[[:blank:]](.*[[:blank:]])?!?\b(rootpw|targetpw|runaspw)' -- {} \; 
 /etc/sudoers:Defaults !targetpw
      /etc/sudoers:Defaults !rootpw
      /etc/sudoers:Defaults !runaspw 
Rationale:
If the rootpw, targetpw, or runaspw flags are defined and not disabled, by default the operating system will prompt the invoking user for the "root" user password.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_sudoers_validate_passwd
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85747-4

References:  CCI-000366, CCI-002227, CM-6(b), CM-6.1(iv), SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-020103, SV-234879r833010_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Find out if /etc/sudoers.d/* files contain Defaults targetpw to be deduplicated
  find:
    path: /etc/sudoers.d
    patterns: '*'
    contains: ^Defaults targetpw$
  register: sudoers_d_defaults
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Remove found occurrences of Defaults targetpw from /etc/sudoers.d/* files
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^Defaults targetpw$
    state: absent
  with_items: '{{ sudoers_d_defaults.files }}'
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Find out if /etc/sudoers.d/* files contain Defaults rootpw to be deduplicated
  find:
    path: /etc/sudoers.d
    patterns: '*'
    contains: ^Defaults rootpw$
  register: sudoers_d_defaults
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Remove found occurrences of Defaults rootpw from /etc/sudoers.d/* files
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^Defaults rootpw$
    state: absent
  with_items: '{{ sudoers_d_defaults.files }}'
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Find out if /etc/sudoers.d/* files contain Defaults runaspw to be deduplicated
  find:
    path: /etc/sudoers.d
    patterns: '*'
    contains: ^Defaults runaspw$
  register: sudoers_d_defaults
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Remove found occurrences of Defaults runaspw from /etc/sudoers.d/* files
  lineinfile:
    path: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: ^Defaults runaspw$
    state: absent
  with_items: '{{ sudoers_d_defaults.files }}'
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Remove any ocurrences of Defaults targetpw in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^Defaults targetpw$
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
    state: absent
  register: sudoers_file_defaults
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Remove any ocurrences of Defaults rootpw in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^Defaults rootpw$
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
    state: absent
  register: sudoers_file_defaults
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Remove any ocurrences of Defaults runaspw in /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    regexp: ^Defaults runaspw$
    validate: /usr/sbin/visudo -cf %s
    state: absent
  register: sudoers_file_defaults
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Check for duplicate values
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^Defaults !targetpw$
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: dupes
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Deduplicate values from /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^Defaults !targetpw$
    state: absent
  when:
  - '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - dupes.found is defined and dupes.found > 1
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Insert correct line into /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^Defaults !targetpw$
    line: Defaults !targetpw
    state: present
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Check for duplicate values
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^Defaults !rootpw$
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: dupes
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Deduplicate values from /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^Defaults !rootpw$
    state: absent
  when:
  - '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - dupes.found is defined and dupes.found > 1
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Insert correct line into /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^Defaults !rootpw$
    line: Defaults !rootpw
    state: present
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Check for duplicate values
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^Defaults !runaspw$
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: dupes
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Deduplicate values from /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^Defaults !runaspw$
    state: absent
  when:
  - '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - dupes.found is defined and dupes.found > 1
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

- name: Insert correct line into /etc/sudoers
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/sudoers
    create: false
    regexp: ^Defaults !runaspw$
    line: Defaults !runaspw
    state: present
  when: '"sudo" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85747-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020103
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - sudoers_validate_passwd

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q sudo; then

if grep -x '^Defaults targetpw$' /etc/sudoers; then
    sed -i "/Defaults targetpw/d" /etc/sudoers \;
fi
if grep -x '^Defaults targetpw$' /etc/sudoers.d/*; then
    find /etc/sudoers.d/ -type f -exec sed -i "/Defaults targetpw/d" {} \;
fi
if grep -x '^Defaults rootpw$' /etc/sudoers; then
    sed -i "/Defaults rootpw/d" /etc/sudoers \;
fi
if grep -x '^Defaults rootpw$' /etc/sudoers.d/*; then
    find /etc/sudoers.d/ -type f -exec sed -i "/Defaults rootpw/d" {} \;
fi
if grep -x '^Defaults runaspw$' /etc/sudoers; then
    sed -i "/Defaults runaspw/d" /etc/sudoers \;
fi
if grep -x '^Defaults runaspw$' /etc/sudoers.d/*; then
    find /etc/sudoers.d/ -type f -exec sed -i "/Defaults runaspw/d" {} \;
fi

if [ -e "/etc/sudoers" ] ; then
    
    LC_ALL=C sed -i "/Defaults !targetpw/d" "/etc/sudoers"
else
    touch "/etc/sudoers"
fi
# make sure file has newline at the end
sed -i -e '$a\' "/etc/sudoers"

cp "/etc/sudoers" "/etc/sudoers.bak"
# Insert at the end of the file
printf '%s\n' "Defaults !targetpw" >> "/etc/sudoers"
# Clean up after ourselves.
rm "/etc/sudoers.bak"
if [ -e "/etc/sudoers" ] ; then
    
    LC_ALL=C sed -i "/Defaults !rootpw/d" "/etc/sudoers"
else
    touch "/etc/sudoers"
fi
# make sure file has newline at the end
sed -i -e '$a\' "/etc/sudoers"

cp "/etc/sudoers" "/etc/sudoers.bak"
# Insert at the end of the file
printf '%s\n' "Defaults !rootpw" >> "/etc/sudoers"
# Clean up after ourselves.
rm "/etc/sudoers.bak"
if [ -e "/etc/sudoers" ] ; then
    
    LC_ALL=C sed -i "/Defaults !runaspw/d" "/etc/sudoers"
else
    touch "/etc/sudoers"
fi
# make sure file has newline at the end
sed -i -e '$a\' "/etc/sudoers"

cp "/etc/sudoers" "/etc/sudoers.bak"
# Insert at the end of the file
printf '%s\n' "Defaults !runaspw" >> "/etc/sudoers"
# Clean up after ourselves.
rm "/etc/sudoers.bak"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Updating Software   Group contains 3 rules
[ref]   The zypper command line tool is used to install and update software packages. The system also provides a graphical software update tool in the System menu, in the Administration submenu, called Software Update.

SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 systems contain an installed software catalog called the RPM database, which records metadata of installed packages. Consistently using zypper or the graphical Software Update for all software installation allows for insight into the current inventory of installed software on the system.

Rule   Ensure zypper Removes Previous Package Versions   [ref]

zypper should be configured to remove previous software components after new versions have been installed. To configure zypper to remove the previous software components after updating, set the solver.upgradeRemoveDroppedPackages to 1 in /etc/zypp/zypp.conf.
Rationale:
Previous versions of software components that are not removed from the information system after updates have been installed may be exploited by some adversaries.
Severity: 
low
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_clean_components_post_updating
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85551-0

References:  18, 20, 4, APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, BAI03.10, DSS05.01, DSS05.02, 3.4.8, CCI-002617, 4.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9, A.12.6.1, A.14.2.3, A.16.1.3, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3, SI-2(6), CM-11(a), CM-11(b), CM-6(a), ID.RA-1, PR.IP-12, SRG-OS-000437-GPOS-00194, SLES-15-010560, SV-234863r854209_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85551-0
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010560
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(6)
  - clean_components_post_updating
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure zypper Removes Previous Package Versions - Ensure Zypper Removes Previous
    Package Versions
  ansible.builtin.ini_file:
    dest: /etc/zypp/zypp.conf
    section: main
    option: solver.upgradeRemoveDroppedPackages
    value: true
    create: false
  when: '"zypper" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85551-0
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010560
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(6)
  - clean_components_post_updating
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - low_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q zypper; then

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^solver.upgradeRemoveDroppedPackages")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s=%s" "$stripped_key" "true"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^solver.upgradeRemoveDroppedPackages\\>" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^solver.upgradeRemoveDroppedPackages\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
    fi
    cce="CCE-85551-0"
    printf '# Per %s: Set %s in %s\n' "${cce}" "${formatted_output}" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" >> "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure gpgcheck Enabled In Main zypper Configuration   [ref]

The gpgcheck option controls whether RPM packages' signatures are always checked prior to installation. To configure zypper to check package signatures before installing them, ensure the following line appears in /etc/zypp/zypp.conf in the [main] section:
gpgcheck=1
Rationale:
Changes to any software components can have significant effects on the overall security of the operating system. This requirement ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor.
Accordingly, patches, service packs, device drivers, or operating system components must be signed with a certificate recognized and approved by the organization.
Verifying the authenticity of the software prior to installation validates the integrity of the patch or upgrade received from a vendor. This ensures the software has not been tampered with and that it has been provided by a trusted vendor. Self-signed certificates are disallowed by this requirement. Certificates used to verify the software must be from an approved Certificate Authority (CA).
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83290-7

References:  BP28(R15), 11, 2, 3, 9, 5.10.4.1, APO01.06, BAI03.05, BAI06.01, BAI10.01, BAI10.02, BAI10.03, BAI10.05, DSS06.02, 3.4.8, CCI-001749, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(D), 164.312(b), 164.312(c)(1), 164.312(c)(2), 164.312(e)(2)(i), 4.3.4.3.2, 4.3.4.3.3, 4.3.4.4.4, SR 3.1, SR 3.3, SR 3.4, SR 3.8, SR 7.6, A.11.2.4, A.12.1.2, A.12.2.1, A.12.5.1, A.12.6.2, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.14.2.2, A.14.2.3, A.14.2.4, CM-5(3), SI-7, SC-12, SC-12(3), CM-6(a), SA-12, SA-12(10), CM-11(a), CM-11(b), PR.DS-6, PR.DS-8, PR.IP-1, FPT_TUD_EXT.1, FPT_TUD_EXT.2, Req-6.2, 6.3.3, SRG-OS-000366-GPOS-00153, SLES-15-010430, 1.2.3, SV-234852r877463_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-83290-7
  - CJIS-5.10.4.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010430
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-6.3.3
  - configure_strategy
  - ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure GPG check is globally activated
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/zypp/zypp.conf
    section: main
    option: gpgcheck
    value: 1
    no_extra_spaces: true
    create: false
  when: '"zypper" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83290-7
  - CJIS-5.10.4.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010430
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.8
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-11(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-5(3)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12
  - NIST-800-53-SA-12(10)
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12
  - NIST-800-53-SC-12(3)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-7
  - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-6.3.3
  - configure_strategy
  - ensure_gpgcheck_globally_activated
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q zypper; then

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^gpgcheck")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s = %s" "$stripped_key" "1"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^gpgcheck\\>" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^gpgcheck\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
    fi
    cce="CCE-83290-7"
    printf '# Per %s: Set %s in %s\n' "${cce}" "${formatted_output}" "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf" >> "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/zypp/zypp.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure Software Patches Installed   [ref]

If the system is configured for online updates, invoking the following command will list available security updates:
$ sudo zypper refresh && sudo zypper list-patches -g security


NOTE: U.S. Defense systems are required to be patched within 30 days or sooner as local policy dictates.
Rationale:
Installing software updates is a fundamental mitigation against the exploitation of publicly-known vulnerabilities. If the most recent security patches and updates are not installed, unauthorized users may take advantage of weaknesses in the unpatched software. The lack of prompt attention to patching could result in a system compromise.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_security_patches_up_to_date
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83261-8

References:  BP28(R08), 18, 20, 4, 5.10.4.1, APO12.01, APO12.02, APO12.03, APO12.04, BAI03.10, DSS05.01, DSS05.02, CCI-000366, CCI-001227, 4.2.3, 4.2.3.12, 4.2.3.7, 4.2.3.9, A.12.6.1, A.14.2.3, A.16.1.3, A.18.2.2, A.18.2.3, SI-2(5), SI-2(c), CM-6(a), ID.RA-1, PR.IP-12, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, Req-6.2, 6.3.3, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-010010, 1.9, SV-234802r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:high
Reboot:true
Strategy:patch
- name: Security patches are up to date
  package:
    name: '*'
    state: latest
  tags:
  - CCE-83261-8
  - CJIS-5.10.4.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010010
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(5)
  - NIST-800-53-SI-2(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-6.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-6.3.3
  - high_disruption
  - low_complexity
  - medium_severity
  - patch_strategy
  - reboot_required
  - security_patches_up_to_date
  - skip_ansible_lint

Complexity:low
Disruption:high
Reboot:true
Strategy:patch


zypper patch -g security -y
Group   Account and Access Control   Group contains 18 groups and 52 rules
[ref]   In traditional Unix security, if an attacker gains shell access to a certain login account, they can perform any action or access any file to which that account has access. Therefore, making it more difficult for unauthorized people to gain shell access to accounts, particularly to privileged accounts, is a necessary part of securing a system. This section introduces mechanisms for restricting access to accounts under SUSE Linux Enterprise 15.
Group   Warning Banners for System Accesses   Group contains 1 group and 5 rules
[ref]   Each system should expose as little information about itself as possible.

System banners, which are typically displayed just before a login prompt, give out information about the service or the host's operating system. This might include the distribution name and the system kernel version, and the particular version of a network service. This information can assist intruders in gaining access to the system as it can reveal whether the system is running vulnerable software. Most network services can be configured to limit what information is displayed.

Many organizations implement security policies that require a system banner provide notice of the system's ownership, provide warning to unauthorized users, and remind authorized users of their consent to monitoring.
Group   Implement a GUI Warning Banner   Group contains 4 rules

Rule   Modify the System GUI Login Banner   [ref]

To configure the GUI system login banner edit /etc/gdm/banner. Replace the default text with a message compliant with the local site policy or a legal disclaimer. The DoD required text is either:

You are accessing a U.S. Government (USG) Information System (IS) that is provided for USG-authorized use only. By using this IS (which includes any device attached to this IS), you consent to the following conditions:
-The USG routinely intercepts and monitors communications on this IS for purposes including, but not limited to, penetration testing, COMSEC monitoring, network operations and defense, personnel misconduct (PM), law enforcement (LE), and counterintelligence (CI) investigations.
-At any time, the USG may inspect and seize data stored on this IS.
-Communications using, or data stored on, this IS are not private, are subject to routine monitoring, interception, and search, and may be disclosed or used for any USG-authorized purpose.
-This IS includes security measures (e.g., authentication and access controls) to protect USG interests -- not for your personal benefit or privacy.
-Notwithstanding the above, using this IS does not constitute consent to PM, LE or CI investigative searching or monitoring of the content of privileged communications, or work product, related to personal representation or services by attorneys, psychotherapists, or clergy, and their assistants. Such communications and work product are private and confidential. See User Agreement for details.


OR:

I've read & consent to terms in IS user agreem't.
Rationale:
Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance.

System use notifications are required only for access via login interfaces with human users and are not required when such human interfaces do not exist.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_banner_etc_gdm_banner
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83264-2

References:  CCI-000050, AC-8(b), SLES-15-010060, SV-234807r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:unknown
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-83264-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010060
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(b)
  - banner_etc_gdm_banner
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value login_banner_text # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    login_banner_text: !!str ^(You[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+accessing[\s\n]+a[\s\n]+U\.S\.[\s\n]+Government[\s\n]+\(USG\)[\s\n]+Information[\s\n]+System[\s\n]+\(IS\)[\s\n]+that[\s\n]+is[\s\n]+provided[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+USG\-authorized[\s\n]+use[\s\n]+only\.[\s\n]+By[\s\n]+using[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+\(which[\s\n]+includes[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+device[\s\n]+attached[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS\),[\s\n]+you[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+following[\s\n]+conditions\:(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-The[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+routinely[\s\n]+intercepts[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+monitors[\s\n]+communications[\s\n]+on[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+purposes[\s\n]+including,[\s\n]+but[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+limited[\s\n]+to,[\s\n]+penetration[\s\n]+testing,[\s\n]+COMSEC[\s\n]+monitoring,[\s\n]+network[\s\n]+operations[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+defense,[\s\n]+personnel[\s\n]+misconduct[\s\n]+\(PM\),[\s\n]+law[\s\n]+enforcement[\s\n]+\(LE\),[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+counterintelligence[\s\n]+\(CI\)[\s\n]+investigations\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-At[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+time,[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+may[\s\n]+inspect[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+seize[\s\n]+data[\s\n]+stored[\s\n]+on[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-Communications[\s\n]+using,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+data[\s\n]+stored[\s\n]+on,[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+private,[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+subject[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+routine[\s\n]+monitoring,[\s\n]+interception,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+search,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+may[\s\n]+be[\s\n]+disclosed[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+used[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+USG\-authorized[\s\n]+purpose\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-This[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+includes[\s\n]+security[\s\n]+measures[\s\n]+\(e\.g\.,[\s\n]+authentication[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+access[\s\n]+controls\)[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+protect[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+interests\-\-not[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+your[\s\n]+personal[\s\n]+benefit[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+privacy\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-Notwithstanding[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+above,[\s\n]+using[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+does[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+constitute[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+PM,[\s\n]+LE[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+CI[\s\n]+investigative[\s\n]+searching[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+monitoring[\s\n]+of[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+content[\s\n]+of[\s\n]+privileged[\s\n]+communications,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+work[\s\n]+product,[\s\n]+related[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+personal[\s\n]+representation[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+services[\s\n]+by[\s\n]+attorneys,[\s\n]+psychotherapists,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+clergy,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+their[\s\n]+assistants\.[\s\n]+Such[\s\n]+communications[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+work[\s\n]+product[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+private[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+confidential\.[\s\n]+See[\s\n]+User[\s\n]+Agreement[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+details\.|I've[\s\n]+read[\s\n]+\&[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+terms[\s\n]+in[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+user[\s\n]+agreem't\.)$
  tags:
    - always

- name: Modify the System GUI Login Banner
  lineinfile:
    dest: /etc/gdm/banner
    line: '{{ login_banner_text | regex_replace("^\^(.*)\$$", "\1") | regex_replace("^\((.*\.)\|.*\)$",
      "\1") | regex_replace("\[\\s\\n\]\+"," ") | regex_replace("\(\?:\[\\n\]\+\|\(\?:\\\\n\)\+\)",
      "\n") | regex_replace("\\", "") | wordwrap() }}'
    create: true
  when: '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83264-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010060
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(b)
  - banner_etc_gdm_banner
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q gdm; then

login_banner_text='^(You[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+accessing[\s\n]+a[\s\n]+U\.S\.[\s\n]+Government[\s\n]+\(USG\)[\s\n]+Information[\s\n]+System[\s\n]+\(IS\)[\s\n]+that[\s\n]+is[\s\n]+provided[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+USG\-authorized[\s\n]+use[\s\n]+only\.[\s\n]+By[\s\n]+using[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+\(which[\s\n]+includes[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+device[\s\n]+attached[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS\),[\s\n]+you[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+following[\s\n]+conditions\:(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-The[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+routinely[\s\n]+intercepts[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+monitors[\s\n]+communications[\s\n]+on[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+purposes[\s\n]+including,[\s\n]+but[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+limited[\s\n]+to,[\s\n]+penetration[\s\n]+testing,[\s\n]+COMSEC[\s\n]+monitoring,[\s\n]+network[\s\n]+operations[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+defense,[\s\n]+personnel[\s\n]+misconduct[\s\n]+\(PM\),[\s\n]+law[\s\n]+enforcement[\s\n]+\(LE\),[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+counterintelligence[\s\n]+\(CI\)[\s\n]+investigations\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-At[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+time,[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+may[\s\n]+inspect[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+seize[\s\n]+data[\s\n]+stored[\s\n]+on[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-Communications[\s\n]+using,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+data[\s\n]+stored[\s\n]+on,[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+private,[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+subject[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+routine[\s\n]+monitoring,[\s\n]+interception,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+search,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+may[\s\n]+be[\s\n]+disclosed[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+used[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+USG\-authorized[\s\n]+purpose\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-This[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+includes[\s\n]+security[\s\n]+measures[\s\n]+\(e\.g\.,[\s\n]+authentication[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+access[\s\n]+controls\)[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+protect[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+interests\-\-not[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+your[\s\n]+personal[\s\n]+benefit[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+privacy\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-Notwithstanding[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+above,[\s\n]+using[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+does[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+constitute[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+PM,[\s\n]+LE[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+CI[\s\n]+investigative[\s\n]+searching[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+monitoring[\s\n]+of[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+content[\s\n]+of[\s\n]+privileged[\s\n]+communications,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+work[\s\n]+product,[\s\n]+related[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+personal[\s\n]+representation[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+services[\s\n]+by[\s\n]+attorneys,[\s\n]+psychotherapists,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+clergy,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+their[\s\n]+assistants\.[\s\n]+Such[\s\n]+communications[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+work[\s\n]+product[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+private[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+confidential\.[\s\n]+See[\s\n]+User[\s\n]+Agreement[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+details\.|I've[\s\n]+read[\s\n]+\&[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+terms[\s\n]+in[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+user[\s\n]+agreem't\.)$'


# Multiple regexes transform the banner regex into a usable banner
# 0 - Remove anchors around the banner text
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/^\^\(.*\)\$$/\1/g')
# 1 - Keep only the first banners if there are multiple
#    (dod_banners contains the long and short banner)
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/^(\(.*\.\)|.*)$/\1/g')
# 2 - Add spaces ' '. (Transforms regex for "space or newline" into a " ")
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/\[\\s\\n\]+/ /g')
# 3 - Adds newlines. (Transforms "(?:\[\\n\]+|(?:\\n)+)" into "\n")
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/(?:\[\\n\]+|(?:\\\\n)+)/\n/g')
# 4 - Remove any leftover backslash. (From any parethesis in the banner, for example).
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/\\//g')
formatted=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | fold -sw 80)

cat <<EOF >/etc/gdm/banner
$formatted
EOF

chmod 0644 /etc/gdm/banner

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Enable GNOME3 Login Warning Banner   [ref]

In the default graphical environment, displaying a login warning banner in the GNOME Display Manager's login screen can be enabled on the login screen by setting banner-message-enable to true.

To enable, add or edit banner-message-enable to /etc/dconf/db/gdm.d/00-security-settings. For example:
[org/gnome/login-screen]
banner-message-enable=true
Once the setting has been added, add a lock to /etc/dconf/db/gdm.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock to prevent user modification. For example:
/org/gnome/login-screen/banner-message-enable
After the settings have been set, run dconf update. The banner text must also be set.
Rationale:
Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance.

For U.S. Government systems, system use notifications are required only for access via login interfaces with human users and are not required when such human interfaces do not exist.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_dconf_gnome_banner_enabled
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83265-9

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, 3.1.9, CCI-000048, CCI-000050, CCI-001384, CCI-001385, CCI-001386, CCI-001387, CCI-001388, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, AC-8(a), AC-8(b), AC-8(c), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000023-GPOS-00006, SRG-OS-000228-GPOS-00088, SLES-15-010080, 1.10, SV-234808r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:unknown
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-83265-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010080
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.9
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(b)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(c)
  - dconf_gnome_banner_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Enable GNOME3 Login Warning Banner
  ini_file:
    dest: /etc/dconf/db/gdm.d/00-security-settings
    section: org/gnome/login-screen
    option: banner-message-enable
    value: 'true'
    create: true
    no_extra_spaces: true
  when: '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83265-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010080
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.9
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(b)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(c)
  - dconf_gnome_banner_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Prevent user modification of GNOME banner-message-enabled
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/dconf/db/gdm.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock
    regexp: ^/org/gnome/login-screen/banner-message-enable$
    line: /org/gnome/login-screen/banner-message-enable
    create: true
  when: '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83265-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010080
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.9
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(b)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(c)
  - dconf_gnome_banner_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Dconf Update
  command: dconf update
  when: '"gdm" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83265-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010080
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.9
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(b)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(c)
  - dconf_gnome_banner_enabled
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q gdm; then

# Check for setting in any of the DConf db directories
# If files contain ibus or distro, ignore them.
# The assignment assumes that individual filenames don't contain :
readarray -t SETTINGSFILES < <(grep -r "\\[org/gnome/login-screen\\]" "/etc/dconf/db/" \
                                | grep -v 'distro\|ibus\|gdm.d' | cut -d":" -f1)
DCONFFILE="/etc/dconf/db/gdm.d/00-security-settings"
DBDIR="/etc/dconf/db/gdm.d"

mkdir -p "${DBDIR}"

# Comment out the configurations in databases different from the target one
if [ "${#SETTINGSFILES[@]}" -ne 0 ]
then
    if grep -q "^\\s*banner-message-enable\\s*=" "${SETTINGSFILES[@]}"
    then
        
        sed -Ei "s/(^\s*)banner-message-enable(\s*=)/#\1banner-message-enable\2/g" "${SETTINGSFILES[@]}"
    fi
fi


[ ! -z "${DCONFFILE}" ] && echo "" >> "${DCONFFILE}"
if ! grep -q "\\[org/gnome/login-screen\\]" "${DCONFFILE}"
then
    printf '%s\n' "[org/gnome/login-screen]" >> ${DCONFFILE}
fi

escaped_value="$(sed -e 's/\\/\\\\/g' <<< "true")"
if grep -q "^\\s*banner-message-enable\\s*=" "${DCONFFILE}"
then
        sed -i "s/\\s*banner-message-enable\\s*=\\s*.*/banner-message-enable=${escaped_value}/g" "${DCONFFILE}"
    else
        sed -i "\\|\\[org/gnome/login-screen\\]|a\\banner-message-enable=${escaped_value}" "${DCONFFILE}"
fi

dconf update
# Check for setting in any of the DConf db directories
LOCKFILES=$(grep -r "^/org/gnome/login-screen/banner-message-enable$" "/etc/dconf/db/" \
            | grep -v 'distro\|ibus\|gdm.d' | grep ":" | cut -d":" -f1)
LOCKSFOLDER="/etc/dconf/db/gdm.d/locks"

mkdir -p "${LOCKSFOLDER}"

# Comment out the configurations in databases different from the target one
if [[ ! -z "${LOCKFILES}" ]]
then
    sed -i -E "s|^/org/gnome/login-screen/banner-message-enable$|#&|" "${LOCKFILES[@]}"
fi

if ! grep -qr "^/org/gnome/login-screen/banner-message-enable$" /etc/dconf/db/gdm.d/
then
    echo "/org/gnome/login-screen/banner-message-enable" >> "/etc/dconf/db/gdm.d/locks/00-security-settings-lock"
fi

dconf update

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Modify the System Login Banner   [ref]

To configure the system login banner edit /etc/issue. Replace the default text with a message compliant with the local site policy or a legal disclaimer. The DoD required text is either:

You are accessing a U.S. Government (USG) Information System (IS) that is provided for USG-authorized use only. By using this IS (which includes any device attached to this IS), you consent to the following conditions:
-The USG routinely intercepts and monitors communications on this IS for purposes including, but not limited to, penetration testing, COMSEC monitoring, network operations and defense, personnel misconduct (PM), law enforcement (LE), and counterintelligence (CI) investigations.
-At any time, the USG may inspect and seize data stored on this IS.
-Communications using, or data stored on, this IS are not private, are subject to routine monitoring, interception, and search, and may be disclosed or used for any USG-authorized purpose.
-This IS includes security measures (e.g., authentication and access controls) to protect USG interests -- not for your personal benefit or privacy.
-Notwithstanding the above, using this IS does not constitute consent to PM, LE or CI investigative searching or monitoring of the content of privileged communications, or work product, related to personal representation or services by attorneys, psychotherapists, or clergy, and their assistants. Such communications and work product are private and confidential. See User Agreement for details.


OR:

I've read & consent to terms in IS user agreem't.
Rationale:
Display of a standardized and approved use notification before granting access to the operating system ensures privacy and security notification verbiage used is consistent with applicable federal laws, Executive Orders, directives, policies, regulations, standards, and guidance.

System use notifications are required only for access via login interfaces with human users and are not required when such human interfaces do not exist.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_banner_etc_issue
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83262-6

References:  1, 12, 15, 16, DSS05.04, DSS05.10, DSS06.10, 3.1.9, CCI-000048, CCI-000050, CCI-001384, CCI-001385, CCI-001386, CCI-001387, CCI-001388, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, A.18.1.4, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.4, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, AC-8(a), AC-8(c), PR.AC-7, FMT_MOF_EXT.1, SRG-OS-000023-GPOS-00006, SRG-OS-000228-GPOS-00088, SLES-15-010020, 1.8.1.2, SV-234803r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:unknown
- name: XCCDF Value login_banner_text # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    login_banner_text: !!str ^(You[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+accessing[\s\n]+a[\s\n]+U\.S\.[\s\n]+Government[\s\n]+\(USG\)[\s\n]+Information[\s\n]+System[\s\n]+\(IS\)[\s\n]+that[\s\n]+is[\s\n]+provided[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+USG\-authorized[\s\n]+use[\s\n]+only\.[\s\n]+By[\s\n]+using[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+\(which[\s\n]+includes[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+device[\s\n]+attached[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS\),[\s\n]+you[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+following[\s\n]+conditions\:(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-The[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+routinely[\s\n]+intercepts[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+monitors[\s\n]+communications[\s\n]+on[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+purposes[\s\n]+including,[\s\n]+but[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+limited[\s\n]+to,[\s\n]+penetration[\s\n]+testing,[\s\n]+COMSEC[\s\n]+monitoring,[\s\n]+network[\s\n]+operations[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+defense,[\s\n]+personnel[\s\n]+misconduct[\s\n]+\(PM\),[\s\n]+law[\s\n]+enforcement[\s\n]+\(LE\),[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+counterintelligence[\s\n]+\(CI\)[\s\n]+investigations\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-At[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+time,[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+may[\s\n]+inspect[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+seize[\s\n]+data[\s\n]+stored[\s\n]+on[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-Communications[\s\n]+using,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+data[\s\n]+stored[\s\n]+on,[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+private,[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+subject[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+routine[\s\n]+monitoring,[\s\n]+interception,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+search,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+may[\s\n]+be[\s\n]+disclosed[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+used[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+USG\-authorized[\s\n]+purpose\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-This[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+includes[\s\n]+security[\s\n]+measures[\s\n]+\(e\.g\.,[\s\n]+authentication[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+access[\s\n]+controls\)[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+protect[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+interests\-\-not[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+your[\s\n]+personal[\s\n]+benefit[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+privacy\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-Notwithstanding[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+above,[\s\n]+using[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+does[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+constitute[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+PM,[\s\n]+LE[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+CI[\s\n]+investigative[\s\n]+searching[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+monitoring[\s\n]+of[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+content[\s\n]+of[\s\n]+privileged[\s\n]+communications,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+work[\s\n]+product,[\s\n]+related[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+personal[\s\n]+representation[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+services[\s\n]+by[\s\n]+attorneys,[\s\n]+psychotherapists,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+clergy,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+their[\s\n]+assistants\.[\s\n]+Such[\s\n]+communications[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+work[\s\n]+product[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+private[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+confidential\.[\s\n]+See[\s\n]+User[\s\n]+Agreement[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+details\.|I've[\s\n]+read[\s\n]+\&[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+terms[\s\n]+in[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+user[\s\n]+agreem't\.)$
  tags:
    - always

- name: Modify the System Login Banner Ensure issue-generator is Installed
  package:
    name: issue-generator
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83262-6
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010020
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.9
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(c)
  - banner_etc_issue
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Modify the System Login Banner - Ensure Correct Banner
  copy:
    dest: /etc/issue.d/99-oscap-setting
    content: '{{ login_banner_text | regex_replace("^\^(.*)\$$", "\1") | regex_replace("^\((.*\.)\|.*\)$",
      "\1") | regex_replace("\[\\s\\n\]\+"," ") | regex_replace("\(\?:\[\\n\]\+\|\(\?:\\\\n\)\+\)",
      "\n") | regex_replace("\\", "") | wordwrap() }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83262-6
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010020
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.9
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(c)
  - banner_etc_issue
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

- name: Modify the System Login Banner Retart issue-generator Service on Issue Configration
    Change
  ansible.builtin.systemd:
    name: issue-generator
    enabled: 'yes'
    state: restarted
    masked: 'no'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83262-6
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010020
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.9
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(a)
  - NIST-800-53-AC-8(c)
  - banner_etc_issue
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - unknown_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

login_banner_text='^(You[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+accessing[\s\n]+a[\s\n]+U\.S\.[\s\n]+Government[\s\n]+\(USG\)[\s\n]+Information[\s\n]+System[\s\n]+\(IS\)[\s\n]+that[\s\n]+is[\s\n]+provided[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+USG\-authorized[\s\n]+use[\s\n]+only\.[\s\n]+By[\s\n]+using[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+\(which[\s\n]+includes[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+device[\s\n]+attached[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS\),[\s\n]+you[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+following[\s\n]+conditions\:(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-The[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+routinely[\s\n]+intercepts[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+monitors[\s\n]+communications[\s\n]+on[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+purposes[\s\n]+including,[\s\n]+but[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+limited[\s\n]+to,[\s\n]+penetration[\s\n]+testing,[\s\n]+COMSEC[\s\n]+monitoring,[\s\n]+network[\s\n]+operations[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+defense,[\s\n]+personnel[\s\n]+misconduct[\s\n]+\(PM\),[\s\n]+law[\s\n]+enforcement[\s\n]+\(LE\),[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+counterintelligence[\s\n]+\(CI\)[\s\n]+investigations\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-At[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+time,[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+may[\s\n]+inspect[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+seize[\s\n]+data[\s\n]+stored[\s\n]+on[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-Communications[\s\n]+using,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+data[\s\n]+stored[\s\n]+on,[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+private,[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+subject[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+routine[\s\n]+monitoring,[\s\n]+interception,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+search,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+may[\s\n]+be[\s\n]+disclosed[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+used[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+any[\s\n]+USG\-authorized[\s\n]+purpose\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-This[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+includes[\s\n]+security[\s\n]+measures[\s\n]+\(e\.g\.,[\s\n]+authentication[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+access[\s\n]+controls\)[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+protect[\s\n]+USG[\s\n]+interests\-\-not[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+your[\s\n]+personal[\s\n]+benefit[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+privacy\.(?:[\n]+|(?:\\n)+)\-Notwithstanding[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+above,[\s\n]+using[\s\n]+this[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+does[\s\n]+not[\s\n]+constitute[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+PM,[\s\n]+LE[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+CI[\s\n]+investigative[\s\n]+searching[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+monitoring[\s\n]+of[\s\n]+the[\s\n]+content[\s\n]+of[\s\n]+privileged[\s\n]+communications,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+work[\s\n]+product,[\s\n]+related[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+personal[\s\n]+representation[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+services[\s\n]+by[\s\n]+attorneys,[\s\n]+psychotherapists,[\s\n]+or[\s\n]+clergy,[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+their[\s\n]+assistants\.[\s\n]+Such[\s\n]+communications[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+work[\s\n]+product[\s\n]+are[\s\n]+private[\s\n]+and[\s\n]+confidential\.[\s\n]+See[\s\n]+User[\s\n]+Agreement[\s\n]+for[\s\n]+details\.|I've[\s\n]+read[\s\n]+\&[\s\n]+consent[\s\n]+to[\s\n]+terms[\s\n]+in[\s\n]+IS[\s\n]+user[\s\n]+agreem't\.)$'


# Multiple regexes transform the banner regex into a usable banner
# 0 - Remove anchors around the banner text
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/^\^\(.*\)\$$/\1/g')
# 1 - Keep only the first banners if there are multiple
#    (dod_banners contains the long and short banner)
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/^(\(.*\.\)|.*)$/\1/g')
# 2 - Add spaces ' '. (Transforms regex for "space or newline" into a " ")
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/\[\\s\\n\]+/ /g')
# 3 - Adds newlines. (Transforms "(?:\[\\n\]+|(?:\\n)+)" into "\n")
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/(?:\[\\n\]+|(?:\\\\n)+)/\n/g')
# 4 - Remove any leftover backslash. (From any parethesis in the banner, for example).
login_banner_text=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | sed 's/\\//g')
formatted=$(echo "$login_banner_text" | fold -sw 80)
zypper install -y "issue-generator"
cat <<EOF >/etc/issue.d/99-oscap-setting
$formatted
EOF
/usr/bin/systemctl enable "issue-generator"
/usr/bin/systemctl start "issue-generator"
# The service may not be running because it has been started and failed,
# so let's reset the state so OVAL checks pass.
# Service should be 'inactive', not 'failed' after reboot though.
if /usr/bin/systemctl --failed | grep -q "issue-generator"; then
    /usr/bin/systemctl reset-failed "issue-generator"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Protect Accounts by Configuring PAM   Group contains 4 groups and 16 rules
[ref]   PAM, or Pluggable Authentication Modules, is a system which implements modular authentication for Linux programs. PAM provides a flexible and configurable architecture for authentication, and it should be configured to minimize exposure to unnecessary risk. This section contains guidance on how to accomplish that.

PAM is implemented as a set of shared objects which are loaded and invoked whenever an application wishes to authenticate a user. Typically, the application must be running as root in order to take advantage of PAM, because PAM's modules often need to be able to access sensitive stores of account information, such as /etc/shadow. Traditional privileged network listeners (e.g. sshd) or SUID programs (e.g. sudo) already meet this requirement. An SUID root application, userhelper, is provided so that programs which are not SUID or privileged themselves can still take advantage of PAM.

PAM looks in the directory /etc/pam.d for application-specific configuration information. For instance, if the program login attempts to authenticate a user, then PAM's libraries follow the instructions in the file /etc/pam.d/login to determine what actions should be taken.

One very important file in /etc/pam.d is /etc/pam.d/system-auth. This file, which is included by many other PAM configuration files, defines 'default' system authentication measures. Modifying this file is a good way to make far-reaching authentication changes, for instance when implementing a centralized authentication service.
Warning:  Be careful when making changes to PAM's configuration files. The syntax for these files is complex, and modifications can have unexpected consequences. The default configurations shipped with applications should be sufficient for most users.
Warning:  Running authconfig or system-config-authentication will re-write the PAM configuration files, destroying any manually made changes and replacing them with a series of system defaults. One reference to the configuration file syntax can be found at https://fossies.org/linux/Linux-PAM-docs/doc/sag/Linux-PAM_SAG.pdf.
Group   Set Lockouts for Failed Password Attempts   Group contains 3 rules
[ref]   The pam_faillock PAM module provides the capability to lock out user accounts after a number of failed login attempts. Its documentation is available in /usr/share/doc/pam-VERSION/txts/README.pam_faillock.

Warning:  Locking out user accounts presents the risk of a denial-of-service attack. The lockout policy must weigh whether the risk of such a denial-of-service attack outweighs the benefits of thwarting password guessing attacks.

Rule   Limit Password Reuse   [ref]

Do not allow users to reuse recent passwords. This can be accomplished by using the remember option for the pam_unix or pam_pwhistory PAM modules.
Warning:  If the system relies on authselect tool to manage PAM settings, the remediation will also use authselect tool. However, if any manual modification was made in PAM files, the authselect integrity check will fail and the remediation will be aborted in order to preserve intentional changes. In this case, an informative message will be shown in the remediation report.
Warning:  Newer versions of authselect contain an authselect feature to easily and properly enable pam_pwhistory.so module. If this feature is not yet available in your system, an authselect custom profile must be used to avoid integrity issues in PAM files.
Rationale:
Preventing re-use of previous passwords helps ensure that a compromised password is not re-used by a user.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85678-1

References:  BP28(R18), 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, 5.6.2.1.1, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, 3.5.8, CCI-000200, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, IA-5(1)(e), IA-5(1).1(v), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, Req-8.2.5, 8.3.7, SRG-OS-000077-GPOS-00045, SLES-15-020250, SV-234894r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_unix_remember # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_unix_remember: !!str 5
  tags:
    - always

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if system relies on authselect tool
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /usr/bin/authselect
  register: result_authselect_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Collect the available authselect features
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: authselect list-features minimal
  register: result_authselect_available_features
  changed_when: false
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Enable pam_pwhistory.so using authselect feature
  block:

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check integrity of authselect current profile
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect check
    register: result_authselect_check_cmd
    changed_when: false
    failed_when: false

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Informative message based on the authselect integrity
      check result
    ansible.builtin.assert:
      that:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
      fail_msg:
      - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
      - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not
        selected or the selected profile is not intact.
      - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
        is available.
      - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand,
        a custom authselect profile is recommended.
      success_msg:
      - authselect integrity check passed

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current features
    ansible.builtin.shell:
      cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
    register: result_authselect_features
    changed_when: false
    when:
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure "with-pwhistory" feature is enabled using
      authselect tool
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect enable-feature with-pwhistory
    register: result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd
    when:
    - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
    - result_authselect_features.stdout is not search("with-pwhistory")

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd is not skipped
    - result_authselect_enable_feature_cmd is success
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
  - result_authselect_available_features.stdout is search("with-pwhistory")
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Enable pam_pwhistory.so in appropriate PAM files
  block:

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the PAM file to be edited as a local fact
    ansible.builtin.set_fact:
      pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/common-password

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if system relies on authselect tool
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /usr/bin/authselect
    register: result_authselect_present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect custom profile is used if authselect
      is present
    block:

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check integrity of authselect current profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect check
      register: result_authselect_check_cmd
      changed_when: false
      failed_when: false

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Informative message based on the authselect integrity
        check result
      ansible.builtin.assert:
        that:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
        fail_msg:
        - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
          not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
          is available.
        - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
          demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
        success_msg:
        - authselect integrity check passed

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
      register: result_authselect_profile
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the current authselect profile as a local
        fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the new authselect custom profile as a local
        fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current features to also enable
        them in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
      register: result_authselect_features
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if any custom profile with the same name
        was already created
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Create an authselect custom profile based on the
        current profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
          }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the authselect custom profile is selected
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Restore the authselect features in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
      loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
      register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_features is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Change the PAM file to be edited according to the
        custom authselect profile
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
          | basename }}
    when:
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if expected PAM module line is present in {{
      pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      regexp: ^\s*password\s+{{ 'requisite' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Include or update the PAM module line in {{ pam_file_path
      }}
    block:

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if required PAM module line is present in
        {{ pam_file_path }} with different control
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*
        state: absent
      check_mode: true
      changed_when: false
      register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the correct control for the required PAM
        module line in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwhistory.so.*)
        replace: \1requisite \2
      register: result_pam_module_edit
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the required PAM module line is included
        in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        insertafter: ^password.*requisite.*pam_pwquality\.so
        line: password    requisite    pam_pwhistory.so
      register: result_pam_module_add
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
        > 1

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present is defined
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - |-
        (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
         or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
    when:
    - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
    - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - |
    (result_authselect_available_features.stdout is defined and result_authselect_available_features.stdout is not search("with-pwhistory")) or result_authselect_available_features is not defined
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - Check the presence of /etc/security/pwhistory.conf
    file
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /etc/security/pwhistory.conf
  register: result_pwhistory_conf_check
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - pam_pwhistory.so parameters are configured in /etc/security/pwhistory.conf
    file
  block:

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the pam_pwhistory.so remember parameter in
      /etc/security/pwhistory.conf
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/security/pwhistory.conf
      regexp: ^\s*remember\s*=
      line: remember = {{ var_password_pam_unix_remember }}
      state: present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the pam_pwhistory.so remember parameter is
      removed from PAM files
    block:

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if /etc/pam.d/common-password file is present
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
      register: result_pam_file_present

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check the proper remediation for the system
      block:

      - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the PAM file to be edited as a local fact
        ansible.builtin.set_fact:
          pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/common-password

      - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if system relies on authselect tool
        ansible.builtin.stat:
          path: /usr/bin/authselect
        register: result_authselect_present

      - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect custom profile is used if authselect
          is present
        block:

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check integrity of authselect current profile
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect check
          register: result_authselect_check_cmd
          changed_when: false
          failed_when: false

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Informative message based on the authselect
            integrity check result
          ansible.builtin.assert:
            that:
            - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
            fail_msg:
            - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
            - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile
              was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
            - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect
              tool is available.
            - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
              demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
            success_msg:
            - authselect integrity check passed

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current profile
          ansible.builtin.shell:
            cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
          register: result_authselect_profile
          changed_when: false
          when:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the current authselect profile as a
            local fact
          ansible.builtin.set_fact:
            authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
            authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
          when:
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the new authselect custom profile as
            a local fact
          ansible.builtin.set_fact:
            authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
            authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
          when:
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current features to also enable
            them in the custom profile
          ansible.builtin.shell:
            cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
          register: result_authselect_features
          changed_when: false
          when:
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if any custom profile with the same name
            was already created
          ansible.builtin.stat:
            path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
          register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
          changed_when: false
          when:
          - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Create an authselect custom profile based on
            the current profile
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
              }}
          when:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
          - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
          - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
          when:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
          - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the authselect custom profile is selected
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
          register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
          when:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
          - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Restore the authselect features in the custom
            profile
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
          loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
          register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
          when:
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - result_authselect_features is not skipped
          - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
          ansible.builtin.command:
            cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
          when:
          - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
          - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
          - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

        - name: Limit Password Reuse - Change the PAM file to be edited according
            to the custom authselect profile
          ansible.builtin.set_fact:
            pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
              | basename }}
        when:
        - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

      - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the "remember" option from "pam_pwhistory.so"
          is not present in {{ pam_file_path }}
        ansible.builtin.replace:
          dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
          regexp: (.*password.*pam_pwhistory.so.*)\bremember\b=?[0-9a-zA-Z]*(.*)
          replace: \1\2
        register: result_pam_option_removal

      - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
        ansible.builtin.command:
          cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
        when:
        - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
        - result_pam_option_removal is changed
      when:
      - result_pam_file_present.stat.exists
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pwhistory_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Limit Password Reuse - pam_pwhistory.so parameters are configured in PAM files
  block:

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the PAM file to be edited as a local fact
    ansible.builtin.set_fact:
      pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/common-password

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if system relies on authselect tool
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /usr/bin/authselect
    register: result_authselect_present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect custom profile is used if authselect
      is present
    block:

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check integrity of authselect current profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect check
      register: result_authselect_check_cmd
      changed_when: false
      failed_when: false

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Informative message based on the authselect integrity
        check result
      ansible.builtin.assert:
        that:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
        fail_msg:
        - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
          not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
          is available.
        - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
          demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
        success_msg:
        - authselect integrity check passed

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
      register: result_authselect_profile
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the current authselect profile as a local
        fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Define the new authselect custom profile as a local
        fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Get authselect current features to also enable
        them in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
      register: result_authselect_features
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if any custom profile with the same name
        was already created
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Create an authselect custom profile based on the
        current profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
          }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the authselect custom profile is selected
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Restore the authselect features in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
      loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
      register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_features is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Change the PAM file to be edited according to the
        custom authselect profile
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
          | basename }}
    when:
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if expected PAM module line is present in {{
      pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      regexp: ^\s*password\s+{{ 'requisite' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Include or update the PAM module line in {{ pam_file_path
      }}
    block:

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if required PAM module line is present in
        {{ pam_file_path }} with different control
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*
        state: absent
      check_mode: true
      changed_when: false
      register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the correct control for the required PAM
        module line in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwhistory.so.*)
        replace: \1requisite \2
      register: result_pam_module_edit
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the required PAM module line is included
        in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        line: password    requisite    pam_pwhistory.so
      register: result_pam_module_add
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
        > 1

    - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present is defined
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - |-
        (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
         or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
    when:
    - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
    - result_pam_line_present.found == 0

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Check if the required PAM module option is present
      in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      regexp: ^\s*password\s+{{ 'requisite' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*\sremember\b
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_module_remember_option_present

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the "remember" PAM option for "pam_pwhistory.so"
      is included in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: ^(\s*password\s+{{ 'requisite' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_pwhistory.so.*)
      line: \1 remember={{ var_password_pam_unix_remember }}
      state: present
    register: result_pam_remember_add
    when:
    - result_pam_module_remember_option_present.found == 0

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure the required value for "remember" PAM option
      from "pam_pwhistory.so" in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: ^(\s*password\s+{{ 'requisite' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s+.*)(remember)=[0-9a-zA-Z]+\s*(.*)
      line: \1\2={{ var_password_pam_unix_remember }} \3
    register: result_pam_remember_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_module_remember_option_present.found > 0

  - name: Limit Password Reuse - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - (result_pam_remember_add is defined and result_pam_remember_add.changed) or
      (result_pam_remember_edit is defined and result_pam_remember_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - not result_pwhistory_conf_check.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-85678-1
  - CJIS-5.6.2.1.1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020250
  - NIST-800-171-3.5.8
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(e)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.7
  - accounts_password_pam_unix_remember
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

var_password_pam_unix_remember='5'


if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
    if authselect list-features minimal | grep -q with-pwhistory; then
        if ! authselect check; then
        echo "
        authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
        In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        exit 1
        fi
        authselect enable-feature with-pwhistory

        authselect apply-changes -b
    else
        
        if ! authselect check; then
        echo "
        authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
        In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        exit 1
        fi

        CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
        # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
        if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
            ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
            authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
            CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
            authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
            for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                authselect enable-feature $feature;
            done
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        fi
        PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "/etc/pam.d/common-password")
        PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

        authselect apply-changes -b
        if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
            if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH")" -eq 1 ]; then
                # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
                sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwhistory.so.*)/\1'"requisite"' \2/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
            else
                LAST_MATCH_LINE=$(grep -nP "^password.*requisite.*pam_pwquality\.so" "$PAM_FILE_PATH" | tail -n 1 | cut -d: -f 1)
                if [ ! -z $LAST_MATCH_LINE ]; then
                    sed -i --follow-symlinks $LAST_MATCH_LINE' a password     '"requisite"'    pam_pwhistory.so' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
                else
                    echo 'password    '"requisite"'    pam_pwhistory.so' >> "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
                fi
            fi
        fi
    fi
else
    if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/common-password"; then
        # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
        if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/common-password")" -eq 1 ]; then
            # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwhistory.so.*)/\1'"requisite"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        else
            LAST_MATCH_LINE=$(grep -nP "^password.*requisite.*pam_pwquality\.so" "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | tail -n 1 | cut -d: -f 1)
            if [ ! -z $LAST_MATCH_LINE ]; then
                sed -i --follow-symlinks $LAST_MATCH_LINE' a password     '"requisite"'    pam_pwhistory.so' "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
            else
                echo 'password    '"requisite"'    pam_pwhistory.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
            fi
        fi
    fi
fi

PWHISTORY_CONF="/etc/security/pwhistory.conf"
if [ -f $PWHISTORY_CONF ]; then
    regex="^\s*remember\s*="
    line="remember = $var_password_pam_unix_remember"
    if ! grep -q $regex $PWHISTORY_CONF; then
        echo $line >> $PWHISTORY_CONF
    else
        sed -i --follow-symlinks 's|^\s*\(remember\s*=\s*\)\(\S\+\)|\1'"$var_password_pam_unix_remember"'|g' $PWHISTORY_CONF
    fi
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
            
            if ! authselect check; then
            echo "
            authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
            This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
            It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
            In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
            exit 1
            fi

            CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
            # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
            if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
                ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
                authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
                CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
                
                authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
                authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
                for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                    authselect enable-feature $feature;
                done
                
                authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
            fi
            PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "/etc/pam.d/common-password")
            PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

            authselect apply-changes -b
        fi
        
    if grep -qP '^\s*password\s.*\bpam_pwhistory.so\s.*\bremember\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(.*password.*pam_pwhistory.so.*)\bremember\b=?[[:alnum:]]*(.*)/\1\2/g' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
    fi
        if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
            
            authselect apply-changes -b
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password was not found" >&2
    fi
else
    PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        if ! authselect check; then
        echo "
        authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
        In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        exit 1
        fi

        CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
        # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
        if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
            ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
            authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
            CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
            authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
            for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                authselect enable-feature $feature;
            done
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        fi
        PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "/etc/pam.d/common-password")
        PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
    if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
        # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
        if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH")" -eq 1 ]; then
            # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_pwhistory.so.*)/\1'"requisite"' \2/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        else
            echo 'password    '"requisite"'    pam_pwhistory.so' >> "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        fi
    fi
    # Check the option
    if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s*.*\sremember\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so.*/ s/$/ remember='"$var_password_pam_unix_remember"'/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
    else
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(\s*password\s+'"requisite"'\s+pam_pwhistory.so\s+.*)('"remember"'=)[[:alnum:]]+\s*(.*)/\1\2'"$var_password_pam_unix_remember"' \3/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
    fi
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Enforce Delay After Failed Logon Attempts   [ref]

To configure the system to introduce a delay after failed logon attempts, add or correct the pam_faildelay settings in /etc/pam.d/common-auth to make sure its delay parameter is at least 4000000 or greater. For example:
auth required pam_faildelay.so delay=4000000
Rationale:
Limiting the number of logon attempts over a certain time interval reduces the chances that an unauthorized user may gain access to an account.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_faildelay_delay
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85619-5

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00226, SLES-15-040000, SV-234982r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85619-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040000
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faildelay_delay
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_delay # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_delay: !!str 4000000
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: required
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85619-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040000
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faildelay_delay
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_faildelay.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-auth'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*auth\s+\S+\s+pam_faildelay.so' /etc/pam.d/common-auth || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85619-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040000
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faildelay_delay
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_faildelay.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-auth'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-auth
    line: auth required pam_faildelay.so
    state: present
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - '"pam_faildelay.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85619-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040000
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faildelay_delay
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_faildelay.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-auth
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+)\S+(\s+pam_faildelay.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>required\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85619-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040000
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faildelay_delay
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_faildelay.so" module has argument "delay={{ var_password_pam_delay
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-auth
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+required\s+pam_faildelay.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+delay=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_delay }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85619-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040000
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faildelay_delay
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "delay" argument in "pam_faildelay.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*auth\s+required\s+pam_faildelay.so.*\s+delay(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-auth || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85619-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040000
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faildelay_delay
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "delay" argument to "pam_faildelay.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-auth
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+required\s+pam_faildelay.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> delay={{ var_password_pam_delay }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - '"delay" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85619-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040000
  - accounts_passwords_pam_faildelay_delay
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

var_password_pam_delay='4000000'


if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" ] ; then
    valueRegex="$var_password_pam_delay" defaultValue="$var_password_pam_delay"
    # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
    [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
    # add an equals sign to non-empty values
    [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

    # fix 'type' if it's wrong
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*(?"'!'"auth\\s)[[:alnum:]]+\\s+[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_faildelay.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*)[[:alnum:]]+(\\s+[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_faildelay.so)/\\1auth\\2/" "/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
    fi

    # fix 'control' if it's wrong
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*auth\\s+(?"'!'"required)[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_faildelay.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*auth\\s+)[[:alnum:]]+(\\s+pam_faildelay.so)/\\1required\\2/" "/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
    fi

    # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*auth\\s+required\\s+pam_faildelay.so(\\s.+)?\\s+delay(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*auth\\s+required\\s+pam_faildelay.so(\\s.+)?\\s)delay=[^[:space:]]*/\\1delay${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-auth"

    # add 'option=default' if option is not set
    elif grep -q -E "^\\s*auth\\s+required\\s+pam_faildelay.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" &&
            grep    -E "^\\s*auth\\s+required\\s+pam_faildelay.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" | grep -q -E -v "\\sdelay(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*auth\\s+required\\s+pam_faildelay.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 delay${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
    # add a new entry if none exists
    elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*auth\\s+required\\s+pam_faildelay.so(\\s.+)?\\s+delay${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" ; then
        echo "auth required pam_faildelay.so delay${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
    fi
else
    echo "/etc/pam.d/common-auth doesn't exist" >&2
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts   [ref]

The SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 operating system must lock an account after - at most - 3 consecutive invalid access attempts.
Rationale:
By limiting the number of failed logon attempts, the risk of unauthorized system access via user password guessing, otherwise known as brute-force attacks, is reduced. Limits are imposed by locking the account. To configure the operating system to lock an account after three unsuccessful consecutive access attempts using pam_tally2.so, modify the content of both /etc/pam.d/login and /etc/pam.d/common-account as follows:

  • add or modify the pam_tally2.so module line in /etc/pam.d/login to ensure both onerr=fail and deny=3 are present. For example:
    auth required pam_tally2.so onerr=fail silent audit deny=3
  • add or modify the following line in /etc/pam.d/common-account:
    account required pam_tally2.so
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85554-4

References:  BP28(R18), CCI-000044, Req-8.1.6, 8.3.4, SRG-OS-000021-GPOS-00005, SLES-15-020010, 5.3.2, SV-234867r854212_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_tally2 # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_tally2: !!str 3
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if expected PAM module line
    is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_line_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Include or update the PAM module line
    in /etc/pam.d/login
  block:

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if required PAM module line
      is present in /etc/pam.d/login with different control
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the correct control for the
      required PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.replace:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)
      replace: \1required \2
    register: result_pam_module_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the required PAM module line
      is included in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      line: auth    required    pam_tally2.so
    register: result_pam_module_add
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
      > 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present is defined
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
  - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if the required PAM module option
    is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\sdeny\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module_deny_option_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "deny" PAM option for "pam_tally2.so"
    is included in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so.*)
    line: \1 deny={{ var_password_pam_tally2 }}
    state: present
  register: result_pam_deny_add
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_deny_option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the required value for "deny"
    PAM option from "pam_tally2.so" in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s+.*)(deny)=[0-9a-zA-Z]+\s*(.*)
    line: \1\2={{ var_password_pam_tally2 }} \3
  register: result_pam_deny_edit
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_deny_option_present.found > 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if expected PAM module line
    is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_line_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Include or update the PAM module line
    in /etc/pam.d/login
  block:

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if required PAM module line
      is present in /etc/pam.d/login with different control
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the correct control for the
      required PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.replace:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)
      replace: \1required \2
    register: result_pam_module_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the required PAM module line
      is included in /etc/pam.d/login
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/login
      insertafter: (fail)
      line: auth    required    pam_tally2.so
    register: result_pam_module_add
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
      > 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present is defined
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
  - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if the required PAM module option
    is present in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    regexp: ^\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\sonerr\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module_onerr_option_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "onerr" PAM option for
    "pam_tally2.so" is included in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so.*)
    line: \1 onerr=fail
    state: present
  register: result_pam_onerr_add
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_onerr_option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the required value for "onerr"
    PAM option from "pam_tally2.so" in /etc/pam.d/login
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/login
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s+.*)(onerr)=[0-9a-zA-Z]+\s*(.*)
    line: \1\2=fail \3
  register: result_pam_onerr_edit
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module_onerr_option_present.found > 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if expected PAM module line
    is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    regexp: ^\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_line_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Include or update the PAM module line
    in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  block:

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if required PAM module line
      is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account with different control
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      regexp: ^\s*account\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the correct control for the
      required PAM module line in /etc/pam.d/common-account
    ansible.builtin.replace:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      regexp: ^(\s*account\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)
      replace: \1required \2
    register: result_pam_module_edit
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the required PAM module line
      is included in /etc/pam.d/common-account
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      dest: /etc/pam.d/common-account
      line: account    required    pam_tally2.so
    register: result_pam_module_add
    when:
    - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
      > 1

  - name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present is defined
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
  - result_pam_line_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Check if the required PAM module option
    is present in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    regexp: ^\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\s\b
    state: absent
  check_mode: true
  changed_when: false
  register: result_pam_module__option_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Set Deny For Failed Password Attempts - Ensure the "" PAM option for "pam_tally2.so"
    is included in /etc/pam.d/common-account
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-account
    backrefs: true
    regexp: ^(\s*account\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_tally2.so.*)
    line: \1
    state: present
  register: result_pam__add
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_module__option_present.found == 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85554-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020010
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - accounts_passwords_pam_tally2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

var_password_pam_tally2='3'

# Use a non-number regexp to force update of the value of the deny option




if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
    if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/login")" -eq 1 ]; then
        # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
    else
        echo 'auth    '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/login"
    fi
fi
# Check the option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\sdeny\b' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so.*/ s/$/ deny='"${var_password_pam_tally2}"'/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
else
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s+.*)('"deny"'=)[[:alnum:]]+\s*(.*)/\1\2'"${var_password_pam_tally2}"' \3/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
fi
if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
    if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*auth\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/login")" -eq 1 ]; then
        # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*auth\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
    else
        LAST_MATCH_LINE=$(grep -nP "(fail)" "/etc/pam.d/login" | tail -n 1 | cut -d: -f 1)
        if [ ! -z $LAST_MATCH_LINE ]; then
            sed -i --follow-symlinks $LAST_MATCH_LINE' a auth     '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' "/etc/pam.d/login"
        else
            echo 'auth    '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/login"
        fi
    fi
fi
# Check the option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\sonerr\b' "/etc/pam.d/login"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so.*/ s/$/ onerr='"fail"'/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
else
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/(\s*auth\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s+.*)('"onerr"'=)[[:alnum:]]+\s*(.*)/\1\2'"fail"' \3/' "/etc/pam.d/login"
fi
if ! grep -qP '^\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"; then
    # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
    if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*account\s+.*\s+pam_tally2.so\s*' "/etc/pam.d/common-account")" -eq 1 ]; then
        # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
        sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*account\s+).*(\bpam_tally2.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
    else
        echo 'account    '"required"'    pam_tally2.so' >> "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
    fi
fi
# Check the option
if ! grep -qP '^\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so\s*.*\s\b' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"; then
    sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*account\s+'"required"'\s+pam_tally2.so.*/ s/$/ /' "/etc/pam.d/common-account"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Set Password Quality Requirements   Group contains 1 group and 7 rules
[ref]   The default pam_pwquality PAM module provides strength checking for passwords. It performs a number of checks, such as making sure passwords are not similar to dictionary words, are of at least a certain length, are not the previous password reversed, and are not simply a change of case from the previous password. It can also require passwords to be in certain character classes. The pam_pwquality module is the preferred way of configuring password requirements.

The man pages pam_pwquality(8) provide information on the capabilities and configuration of each.
Group   Set Password Quality Requirements, if using pam_cracklib   Group contains 7 rules
[ref]   The pam_cracklib PAM module can be configured to meet requirements for a variety of policies.

For example, to configure pam_cracklib to require at least one uppercase character, lowercase character, digit, and other (special) character, locate the following line in /etc/pam.d/system-auth:
password requisite pam_cracklib.so try_first_pass retry=3
and then alter it to read:
password required pam_cracklib.so try_first_pass retry=3 maxrepeat=3 minlen=14 dcredit=-1 ucredit=-1 ocredit=-1 lcredit=-1 difok=4
If no such line exists, add one as the first line of the password section in /etc/pam.d/system-auth. The arguments can be modified to ensure compliance with your organization's security policy. Discussion of each parameter follows.
Warning:  Note that the password quality requirements are not enforced for the root account for some reason.

Rule   Set Password Strength Minimum Digit Characters   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's dcredit parameter controls requirements for usage of digits in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many digits. When set to a positive number, pam_cracklib will grant +1 additional length credit for each digit. Add dcredit=-1 after pam_cracklib.so to require use of a digit in passwords.
Rationale:
Requiring digits makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85564-3

References:  BP28(R18), CCI-000194, Req-8.2.3, 8.3.6, SRG-OS-000071-GPOS-00039, SLES-15-020150, 5.3.1, SV-234884r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_dcredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_dcredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "dcredit={{ var_password_pam_dcredit
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+dcredit=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_dcredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "dcredit" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+dcredit(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "dcredit" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> dcredit={{ var_password_pam_dcredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"dcredit" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85564-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020150
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_dcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_dcredit='-1'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_dcredit")
VALUE_NAMES+=("dcredit")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Rule   Set Password Strength Minimum Different Characters   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's difok parameter controls requirements for usage of different characters during a password change. The number of changed characters refers to the number of changes required with respect to the total number of positions in the current password. In other words, characters may be the same within the two passwords; however, the positions of the like characters must be different. Make sure the difok parameter for the pam_cracklib module is configured to greater than or equal to 8.
Rationale:
Requiring a minimum number of different characters during password changes ensures that newly changed passwords should not resemble previously compromised ones. Note that passwords which are changed on compromised systems will still be compromised, however.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_difok
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85677-3

References:  CCI-000195, IA-5(1).1(v), IA-5(1)(b), SRG-OS-000072-GPOS-00040, SLES-15-020160, SV-234885r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_difok # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_difok: !!str 8
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85677-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020160
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(b)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_difok
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85677-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020160
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(b)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_difok
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85677-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020160
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(b)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_difok
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85677-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020160
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(b)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_difok
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "difok={{ var_password_pam_difok
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+difok=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_difok }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85677-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020160
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(b)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_difok
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "difok" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+difok(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85677-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020160
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(b)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_difok
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "difok" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> difok={{ var_password_pam_difok }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"difok" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85677-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020160
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(b)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_difok
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_difok='8'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_difok")
VALUE_NAMES+=("difok")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Rule   Set Password Strength Minimum Lowercase Characters   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's lcredit= parameter controls requirements for usage of lowercase letters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many lowercase characters. When set to a positive number, pam_cracklib will grant +1 additional length credit for each lowercase character. Add lcredit=-1 after pam_cracklib.so to require use of a lowercase character in passwords.
Rationale:
Requiring a minimum number of lowercase characters makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85676-5

References:  BP28(R18), CCI-000193, IA-5(1)(a), IA-5(1).1(v), Req-8.2.3, 8.3.6, SRG-OS-000070-GPOS-00038, SLES-15-020140, 5.3.1, SV-234883r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_lcredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_lcredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "lcredit={{ var_password_pam_lcredit
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+lcredit=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_lcredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "lcredit" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+lcredit(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "lcredit" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> lcredit={{ var_password_pam_lcredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"lcredit" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85676-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020140
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_lcredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_lcredit='-1'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_lcredit")
VALUE_NAMES+=("lcredit")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Rule   Set Password Minimum Length   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's minlen parameter controls requirements for minimum characters required in a password. Add minlen=15 to set minimum password length requirements.
Rationale:
Password length is one factor of several that helps to determine strength and how long it takes to crack a password. Use of more characters in a password helps to exponentially increase the time and/or resources required to compromise the password.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85573-4

References:  BP28(R18), CCI-000205, Req-8.2.3, 8.3.6, SRG-OS-000078-GPOS-00046, SLES-15-020260, 5.3.1, SV-234895r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_minlen # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_minlen: !!str 15
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "minlen={{ var_password_pam_minlen
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+minlen=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_minlen }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "minlen" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+minlen(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "minlen" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> minlen={{ var_password_pam_minlen }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"minlen" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85573-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020260
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_minlen
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_minlen='15'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_minlen")
VALUE_NAMES+=("minlen")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Rule   Set Password Strength Minimum Special Characters   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's ocredit= parameter controls requirements for usage of special (or ``other'') characters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many special characters. When set to a positive number, pam_cracklib will grant +1 additional length credit for each special character. Make sure the ocredit parameter for the pam_cracklib module is set to less than or equal to -1. For example, ocredit=-1.
Rationale:
Requiring a minimum number of special characters makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85574-2

References:  BP28(R18), CCI-001619, IA-5(a), IA-5(v), Req-8.2.3, 8.3.6, SRG-OS-000266-GPOS-00101, SLES-15-020270, 5.3.1, SV-234896r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_ocredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_ocredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "ocredit={{ var_password_pam_ocredit
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+ocredit=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_ocredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "ocredit" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+ocredit(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "ocredit" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> ocredit={{ var_password_pam_ocredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"ocredit" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85574-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020270
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ocredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_ocredit='-1'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_ocredit")
VALUE_NAMES+=("ocredit")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Rule   Set Password Retry Limit   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's retry parameter controls the maximum number of times to prompt the user for the password before returning with error. Make sure it is configured with a value that is no more than 3. For example, retry=1.
Rationale:
To reduce opportunities for successful guesses and brute-force attacks.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_retry
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85575-9

References:  CCI-000366, Req-8.1.6, Req-8.1.7, 8.3.4, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00225, SLES-15-020290, 5.3.1, SV-234897r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_retry # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_retry: !!str 3
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85575-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020290
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_retry
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85575-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020290
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_retry
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85575-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020290
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_retry
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85575-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020290
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_retry
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "retry={{ var_password_pam_retry
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+retry=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_retry }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85575-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020290
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_retry
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "retry" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+retry(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85575-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020290
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_retry
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "retry" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> retry={{ var_password_pam_retry }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"retry" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85575-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020290
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.6
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.1.7
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.4
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_retry
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_retry='3'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_retry")
VALUE_NAMES+=("retry")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done

Rule   Set Password Strength Minimum Uppercase Characters   [ref]

The pam_cracklib module's ucredit= parameter controls requirements for usage of uppercase letters in a password. When set to a negative number, any password will be required to contain that many uppercase characters. When set to a positive number, pam_cracklib will grant +1 additional length credit for each uppercase character. Add ucredit=-1 after pam_cracklib.so to require use of an upper case character in passwords.
Rationale:
Requiring a minimum number of uppercase characters makes password guessing attacks more difficult by ensuring a larger search space.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85675-7

References:  BP28(R18), CCI-000192, IA-5(1)(a), IA-5(1).1(v), Req-8.2.3, 8.3.6, SRG-OS-000069-GPOS-00037, SLES-15-020130, 5.3.1, SV-234882r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_pam_ucredit # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_pam_ucredit: !!str -1
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set control_flag fact
  set_fact:
    control_flag: requisite
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check to see if 'pam_cracklib.so' module is configured in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+\S+\s+pam_cracklib.so' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Configure 'pam_cracklib.so' module in '/etc/pam.d/common-password'
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    line: password requisite pam_cracklib.so
    state: present
  when: '"pam_cracklib.so" not in check_pam_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure 'pam_cracklib.so' module has conforming control flag
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+)\S+(\s+pam_cracklib.so\s+.*)
    line: \g<1>requisite\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: control_flag|length
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure "pam_cracklib.so" module has argument "ucredit={{ var_password_pam_ucredit
    }}"
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so(?:\s+\S+)*\s+ucredit=)(?:\S+)((\s+\S+)*\s*\\*\s*)$
    line: \g<1>{{ var_password_pam_ucredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check the presence of "ucredit" argument in "pam_cracklib.so" module
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    grep -E '^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+ucredit(=|\s|\s*$)' /etc/pam.d/common-password || true
  register: check_pam_module_argument_result
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Add "ucredit" argument to "pam_cracklib.so" module
  lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
    regexp: ^(\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so)((\s+\S+)*\s*(\\)*$)
    line: \g<1> ucredit={{ var_password_pam_ucredit }}\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when: '"ucredit" not in check_pam_module_argument_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85675-7
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020130
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - cracklib_accounts_password_pam_ucredit
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

declare -a VALUES=()
declare -a VALUE_NAMES=()
declare -a ARGS=()
declare -a NEW_ARGS=()

var_password_pam_ucredit='-1'

VALUES+=("$var_password_pam_ucredit")
VALUE_NAMES+=("ucredit")
ARGS+=("")
NEW_ARGS+=("")

for idx in "${!VALUES[@]}"
do
    if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
        valueRegex="${VALUES[$idx]}" defaultValue="${VALUES[$idx]}"
        # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
        [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
        # add an equals sign to non-empty values
        [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

        # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
        if grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s)${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"

        # add 'option=default' if option is not set
        elif grep -q -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" &&
                grep    -E "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" | grep -q -E -v "\\s${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

            sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        # add a new entry if none exists
        elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ; then
            echo "password requisite pam_cracklib.so ${VALUE_NAMES[$idx]}${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-password"
        fi
    else
        echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password doesn't exist" >&2
    fi
done

for idx in "${!ARGS[@]}"
do
    if ! grep -q -P "^\s*password\s+requisite\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\s+${ARGS[$idx]}\s*$" /etc/pam.d/common-password ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^\\s*password\\s+requisite\\s+pam_cracklib.so.*\$/& ${NEW_ARGS[$idx]}/" /etc/pam.d/common-password
    fi
done
Group   Set Password Hashing Algorithm   Group contains 3 rules
[ref]   The system's default algorithm for storing password hashes in /etc/shadow is SHA-512. This can be configured in several locations.

Rule   Set Password Hashing Algorithm in /etc/login.defs   [ref]

In /etc/login.defs, add or correct the following line to ensure the system will use SHA512 as the hashing algorithm:
ENCRYPT_METHOD SHA512
Rationale:
Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Passwords that are encrypted with a weak algorithm are no more protected than if they are kept in plain text.

Using a stronger hashing algorithm makes password cracking attacks more difficult.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_set_password_hashing_algorithm_logindefs
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83279-0

References:  BP28(R32), 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, 5.6.2.2, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, 3.13.11, CCI-000196, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, 0418, 1055, 1402, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, IA-5(c), IA-5(1)(c), CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, Req-8.2.1, 8.3.2, SRG-OS-000073-GPOS-00041, SLES-15-010260, 5.4.1.1, SV-234825r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-83279-0
  - CJIS-5.6.2.2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010260
  - NIST-800-171-3.13.11
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(c)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.1
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.2
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - set_password_hashing_algorithm_logindefs
- name: XCCDF Value var_password_hashing_algorithm # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_password_hashing_algorithm: !!str SHA512
  tags:
    - always

- name: Set Password Hashing Algorithm in /etc/login.defs
  lineinfile:
    dest: /etc/login.defs
    regexp: ^#?ENCRYPT_METHOD
    line: ENCRYPT_METHOD {{ var_password_hashing_algorithm }}
    state: present
    create: true
  when: '"shadow" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83279-0
  - CJIS-5.6.2.2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010260
  - NIST-800-171-3.13.11
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(c)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.1
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.2
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - set_password_hashing_algorithm_logindefs

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q shadow; then

var_password_hashing_algorithm='SHA512'


if grep --silent ^ENCRYPT_METHOD /etc/login.defs ; then
	sed -i "s/^ENCRYPT_METHOD .*/ENCRYPT_METHOD $var_password_hashing_algorithm/g" /etc/login.defs
else
	echo "" >> /etc/login.defs
	echo "ENCRYPT_METHOD $var_password_hashing_algorithm" >> /etc/login.defs
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Set PAM''s Password Hashing Algorithm   [ref]

The PAM system service can be configured to only store encrypted representations of passwords. In "/etc/pam.d/common-password", the password section of the file controls which PAM modules execute during a password change. Set the pam_unix.so module in the password section to include the argument sha512, as shown below:
password    required    pam_unix.so sha512 other arguments...

This will help ensure when local users change their passwords, hashes for the new passwords will be generated using the SHA-512 algorithm. This is the default.
Rationale:
Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Passwords that are encrypted with a weak algorithm are no more protected than if they are kepy in plain text.

This setting ensures user and group account administration utilities are configured to store only encrypted representations of passwords. Additionally, the crypt_style configuration option ensures the use of a strong hashing algorithm that makes password cracking attacks more difficult.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_set_password_hashing_algorithm_systemauth
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85565-0

References:  BP28(R32), 1, 12, 15, 16, 5, 5.6.2.2, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, 3.13.11, CCI-000196, CCI-000803, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, 0418, 1055, 1402, A.18.1.4, A.7.1.1, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, IA-5(c), IA-5(1)(c), CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, Req-8.2.1, 8.3.2, SRG-OS-000073-GPOS-00041, SRG-OS-000120-GPOS-00061, SLES-15-020170, SV-234886r877397_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85565-0
  - CJIS-5.6.2.2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020170
  - NIST-800-171-3.13.11
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(c)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.1
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - set_password_hashing_algorithm_systemauth

- name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if /etc/pam.d/common-password
    file is present
  ansible.builtin.stat:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-password
  register: result_pam_file_present
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85565-0
  - CJIS-5.6.2.2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020170
  - NIST-800-171-3.13.11
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(c)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.1
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - set_password_hashing_algorithm_systemauth

- name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check the proper remediation for the
    system
  block:

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Define the PAM file to be edited
      as a local fact
    ansible.builtin.set_fact:
      pam_file_path: /etc/pam.d/common-password

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if system relies on authselect
      tool
    ansible.builtin.stat:
      path: /usr/bin/authselect
    register: result_authselect_present

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure authselect custom profile
      is used if authselect is present
    block:

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check integrity of authselect current
        profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect check
      register: result_authselect_check_cmd
      changed_when: false
      failed_when: false

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Informative message based on the
        authselect integrity check result
      ansible.builtin.assert:
        that:
        - result_authselect_check_cmd.rc == 0
        fail_msg:
        - authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        - This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was
          not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        - It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool
          is available.
        - In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific
          demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended.
        success_msg:
        - authselect integrity check passed

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Get authselect current profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }'
      register: result_authselect_profile
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Define the current authselect profile
        as a local fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is match("custom/")

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Define the new authselect custom
        profile as a local fact
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        authselect_current_profile: '{{ result_authselect_profile.stdout }}'
        authselect_custom_profile: custom/hardening
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_profile.stdout is not match("custom/")

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Get authselect current features
        to also enable them in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.shell:
        cmd: authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }'
      register: result_authselect_features
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if any custom profile with
        the same name was already created
      ansible.builtin.stat:
        path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_authselect_custom_profile_present
      changed_when: false
      when:
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Create an authselect custom profile
        based on the current profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect create-profile hardening -b {{ authselect_current_profile
          }}
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - not result_authselect_custom_profile_present.stat.exists

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure the authselect custom profile
        is selected
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect select {{ authselect_custom_profile }}
      register: result_pam_authselect_select_profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - authselect_current_profile is not match("custom/")
      - authselect_custom_profile is not match(authselect_current_profile)

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Restore the authselect features
        in the custom profile
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect enable-feature {{ item }}
      loop: '{{ result_authselect_features.stdout_lines }}'
      register: result_pam_authselect_restore_features
      when:
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_authselect_features is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_select_profile is not skipped

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
      when:
      - result_authselect_check_cmd is success
      - result_authselect_profile is not skipped
      - result_pam_authselect_restore_features is not skipped

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Change the PAM file to be edited
        according to the custom authselect profile
      ansible.builtin.set_fact:
        pam_file_path: /etc/authselect/{{ authselect_custom_profile }}/{{ pam_file_path
          | basename }}
    when:
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if expected PAM module line
      is present in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      regexp: ^\s*password\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_line_present

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Include or update the PAM module
      line in {{ pam_file_path }}
    block:

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if required PAM module line
        is present in {{ pam_file_path }} with different control
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_unix.so\s*
        state: absent
      check_mode: true
      changed_when: false
      register: result_pam_line_other_control_present

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure the correct control for
        the required PAM module line in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.replace:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        regexp: ^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_unix.so.*)
        replace: \1required \2
      register: result_pam_module_edit
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 1

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure the required PAM module
        line is included in {{ pam_file_path }}
      ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
        dest: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
        line: password    required    pam_unix.so
      register: result_pam_module_add
      when:
      - result_pam_line_other_control_present.found == 0 or result_pam_line_other_control_present.found
        > 1

    - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure authselect changes are applied
      ansible.builtin.command:
        cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
      when:
      - result_authselect_present is defined
      - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
      - |-
        (result_pam_module_add is defined and result_pam_module_add.changed)
         or (result_pam_module_edit is defined and result_pam_module_edit.changed)
    when:
    - result_pam_line_present.found is defined
    - result_pam_line_present.found == 0

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Check if the required PAM module
      option is present in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      regexp: ^\s*password\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*\ssha512\b
      state: absent
    check_mode: true
    changed_when: false
    register: result_pam_module_sha512_option_present

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure the "sha512" PAM option for
      "pam_unix.so" is included in {{ pam_file_path }}
    ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
      path: '{{ pam_file_path }}'
      backrefs: true
      regexp: ^(\s*password\s+{{ 'required' | regex_escape() }}\s+pam_unix.so.*)
      line: \1 sha512
      state: present
    register: result_pam_sha512_add
    when:
    - result_pam_module_sha512_option_present.found == 0

  - name: Set PAM's Password Hashing Algorithm - Ensure authselect changes are applied
    ansible.builtin.command:
      cmd: authselect apply-changes -b
    when:
    - result_authselect_present.stat.exists
    - |-
      (result_pam_sha512_add is defined and result_pam_sha512_add.changed)
       or (result_pam_sha512_edit is defined and result_pam_sha512_edit.changed)
  when:
  - '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - result_pam_file_present.stat.exists
  tags:
  - CCE-85565-0
  - CJIS-5.6.2.2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020170
  - NIST-800-171-3.13.11
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(c)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.1
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.2
  - configure_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - set_password_hashing_algorithm_systemauth

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-password" ] ; then
    PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/pam.d/common-password"
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        if ! authselect check; then
        echo "
        authselect integrity check failed. Remediation aborted!
        This remediation could not be applied because an authselect profile was not selected or the selected profile is not intact.
        It is not recommended to manually edit the PAM files when authselect tool is available.
        In cases where the default authselect profile does not cover a specific demand, a custom authselect profile is recommended."
        exit 1
        fi

        CURRENT_PROFILE=$(authselect current -r | awk '{ print $1 }')
        # If not already in use, a custom profile is created preserving the enabled features.
        if [[ ! $CURRENT_PROFILE == custom/* ]]; then
            ENABLED_FEATURES=$(authselect current | tail -n+3 | awk '{ print $2 }')
            authselect create-profile hardening -b $CURRENT_PROFILE
            CURRENT_PROFILE="custom/hardening"
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=before-hardening-custom-profile
            authselect select $CURRENT_PROFILE
            for feature in $ENABLED_FEATURES; do
                authselect enable-feature $feature;
            done
            
            authselect apply-changes -b --backup=after-hardening-custom-profile
        fi
        PAM_FILE_NAME=$(basename "/etc/pam.d/common-password")
        PAM_FILE_PATH="/etc/authselect/$CURRENT_PROFILE/$PAM_FILE_NAME"

        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
    if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"required"'\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            # Line matching group + control + module was not found. Check group + module.
            if [ "$(grep -cP '^\s*password\s+.*\s+pam_unix.so\s*' "$PAM_FILE_PATH")" -eq 1 ]; then
                # The control is updated only if one single line matches.
                sed -i -E --follow-symlinks 's/^(\s*password\s+).*(\bpam_unix.so.*)/\1'"required"' \2/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
            else
                echo 'password    '"required"'    pam_unix.so' >> "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
            fi
        fi
        # Check the option
        if ! grep -qP '^\s*password\s+'"required"'\s+pam_unix.so\s*.*\ssha512\b' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"; then
            sed -i -E --follow-symlinks '/\s*password\s+'"required"'\s+pam_unix.so.*/ s/$/ sha512/' "$PAM_FILE_PATH"
        fi
    if [ -f /usr/bin/authselect ]; then
        
        authselect apply-changes -b
    fi
else
    echo "/etc/pam.d/common-password was not found" >&2
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Set Password Hashing Rounds in /etc/login.defs   [ref]

In /etc/login.defs, ensure SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS and SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS has the minimum value of 5000. For example:
SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS 5000
SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS 5000
Notice that if neither are set, they already have the default value of 5000. If either is set, they must have the minimum value of 5000.
Rationale:
Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised. Passwords that are encrypted with a weak algorithm are no more protected than if they are kept in plain text.

Using more hashing rounds makes password cracking attacks more difficult.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_set_password_hashing_min_rounds_logindefs
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85567-6

References:  BP28(R68), CCI-000196, CCI-000803, SRG-OS-000073-GPOS-00041, SRG-OS-000120-GPOS-00061, SLES-15-020190, SV-234888r877397_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Set Password Hashing Rounds in /etc/login.defs - Ensure SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS
    has Minimum Value of 5000
  ansible.builtin.replace:
    path: /etc/login.defs
    regexp: (^\s*SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS\s+)(?!(?:[5-9]\d{3,}|\d{5,}))\S*(\s*$)
    replace: \g<1>5000\g<2>
    backup: false
  tags:
  - CCE-85567-6
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020190
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - set_password_hashing_min_rounds_logindefs

- name: Set Password Hashing Rounds in /etc/login.defs - Ensure SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS
    has Minimum Value of 5000
  ansible.builtin.replace:
    path: /etc/login.defs
    regexp: (^\s*SHA_CRYPT_MAX_ROUNDS\s+)(?!(?:[5-9]\d{3,}|\d{5,}))\S*(\s*$)
    replace: \g<1>5000\g<2>
    backup: false
  tags:
  - CCE-85567-6
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020190
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - set_password_hashing_min_rounds_logindefs


if [ -e "/etc/login.defs" ] ; then
    
    LC_ALL=C sed -i "/^\s*SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS\s*/Id" "/etc/login.defs"
else
    printf '%s\n' "Path '/etc/login.defs' wasn't found on this system. Refusing to continue." >&2
    return 1
fi
# make sure file has newline at the end
sed -i -e '$a\' "/etc/login.defs"

cp "/etc/login.defs" "/etc/login.defs.bak"
# Insert at the end of the file
printf '%s\n' "SHA_CRYPT_MIN_ROUNDS 5000" >> "/etc/login.defs"
# Clean up after ourselves.
rm "/etc/login.defs.bak"

Rule   Disallow Configuration to Bypass Password Requirements for Privilege Escalation   [ref]

Verify the operating system is not configured to bypass password requirements for privilege escalation. Check the configuration of the "/etc/pam.d/sudo" file with the following command:
$ sudo grep pam_succeed_if /etc/pam.d/sudo
If any occurrences of "pam_succeed_if" is returned from the command, this is a finding.
Rationale:
Without re-authentication, users may access resources or perform tasks for which they do not have authorization. When operating systems provide the capability to escalate a functional capability, it is critical the user re-authenticate.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_disallow_bypass_password_sudo
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91156-0

References:  CCI-002038, IA-11, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00156, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00157, SRG-OS-000373-GPOS-00158, SLES-15-020104, SV-251724r854274_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-91156-0
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020104
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - disallow_bypass_password_sudo
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Check for pam_succeed_if entry
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/sudo
    create: false
    regexp: pam_succeed_if
    state: absent
  when: '"pam" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-91156-0
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020104
  - NIST-800-53-IA-11
  - disallow_bypass_password_sudo
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam; then

sed -i '/pam_succeed_if/d' /etc/pam.d/sudo

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   The PAM configuration should not be changed automatically   [ref]

Verify the SUSE operating system is configured to not overwrite Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM) configuration on package changes.
Rationale:
pam-config is a command line utility that automatically generates a system PAM configuration as packages are installed, updated or removed from the system. pam-config removes configurations for PAM modules and parameters that it does not know about. It may render ineffective PAM configuration by the system administrator and thus impact system security.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_pam_disable_automatic_configuration
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85641-9

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040220, SV-235006r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85641-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040220
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - pam_disable_automatic_configuration
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Find soft links /etc/pam.d/
  find:
    paths: /etc/pam.d
    file_type: link
    patterns: common-.*
    use_regex: true
  register: find_pam_soft_links_result
  when: '"pam_apparmor" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85641-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040220
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - pam_disable_automatic_configuration
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Remove soft links in /etc/pam.d/
  shell: |
    set -o pipefail
    target=$(readlink -f "{{ item.path }}")
    cp -p --remove-destination "$target" "{{ item.path }}"
  with_items: '{{ find_pam_soft_links_result.files }}'
  when: '"pam_apparmor" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85641-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040220
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - pam_disable_automatic_configuration
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if rpm --quiet -q pam_apparmor; then

while IFS= read -r -d '' link; do
    target=$(readlink -f "$link")
    cp -p --remove-destination "$target" "$link"
done <   <(find /etc/pam.d/ -type l -iname "common-*" -print0)

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Protect Physical Console Access   Group contains 3 groups and 7 rules
[ref]   It is impossible to fully protect a system from an attacker with physical access, so securing the space in which the system is located should be considered a necessary step. However, there are some steps which, if taken, make it more difficult for an attacker to quickly or undetectably modify a system from its console.
Group   Configure Screen Locking   Group contains 2 groups and 5 rules
[ref]   When a user must temporarily leave an account logged-in, screen locking should be employed to prevent passersby from abusing the account. User education and training is particularly important for screen locking to be effective, and policies can be implemented to reinforce this.

Automatic screen locking is only meant as a safeguard for those cases where a user forgot to lock the screen.
Group   Configure Console Screen Locking   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   A console screen locking mechanism is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not logout because of the temporary nature of the absence. Rather than relying on the user to manually lock their operation system session prior to vacating the vicinity, operating systems need to be able to identify when a user's session has idled and take action to initiate the session lock.

Rule   Check that vlock is installed to allow session locking   [ref]

The SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 operating system must have vlock installed to allow for session locking. The kbd package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install kbd
Rationale:
A session lock is a temporary action taken when a user stops work and moves away from the immediate physical vicinity of the information system but does not want to log out because of the temporary nature of the absence. The session lock is implemented at the point where session activity can be determined. Regardless of where the session lock is determined and implemented, once invoked, the session lock must remain in place until the user reauthenticates. No other activity aside from reauthentication must unlock the system.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_vlock_installed
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83268-3

References:  CCI-000056, CCI-000058, CCI-000060, SRG-OS-000028-GPOS-00009, SRG-OS-000030-GPOS-00011, SLES-15-010110, SV-234811r622137_rule



[[packages]]
name = "kbd"
version = "*"

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
include install_kbd

class install_kbd {
  package { 'kbd':
    ensure => 'installed',
  }
}

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Ensure kbd is installed
  package:
    name: kbd
    state: present
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-83268-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010110
  - enable_strategy
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - vlock_installed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

zypper install -y "kbd"

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Hardware Tokens for Authentication   Group contains 4 rules

Rule   Install Smart Card Packages For Multifactor Authentication   [ref]

Configure the operating system to implement multifactor authentication by installing the required package with the following command: The pam_pkcs11 package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install pam_pkcs11
The mozilla-nss package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install mozilla-nss
The mozilla-nss-tools package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install mozilla-nss-tools
The pcsc-ccid package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install pcsc-ccid
The pcsc-lite package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install pcsc-lite
The pcsc-tools package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install pcsc-tools
The opensc package can be installed with the following command:
$ sudo zypper install opensc
Rationale:
Using an authentication device, such as a CAC or token that is separate from the information system, ensures that even if the information system is compromised, that compromise will not affect credentials stored on the authentication device.

Multifactor solutions that require devices separate from information systems gaining access include, for example, hardware tokens providing time-based or challenge-response authenticators and smart cards such as the U.S. Government Personal Identity Verification card and the DoD Common Access Card.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_install_smartcard_packages
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83292-3

References:  CCI-000765, CCI-001948, CCI-001953, CCI-001954, CM-6(a), Req-8.3, 8.4, SRG-OS-000105-GPOS-00052, SRG-OS-000375-GPOS-00160, SRG-OS-000375-GPOS-00161, SRG-OS-000377-GPOS-00162, SLES-15-010460, SV-234854r854200_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
- name: Set smartcard packages fact
  set_fact:
    smartcard_packages:
    - pam_pkcs11
    - mozilla-nss
    - mozilla-nss-tools
    - pcsc-ccid
    - pcsc-lite
    - pcsc-tools
    - opensc
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_architecture != "s390x"
  tags:
  - CCE-83292-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010460
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.4
  - enable_strategy
  - install_smartcard_packages
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Ensure {{ smartcard_packages }} are installed
  package:
    name: '{{ smartcard_packages }}'
    state: present
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_architecture != "s390x"
  tags:
  - CCE-83292-3
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010460
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.4
  - enable_strategy
  - install_smartcard_packages
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:enable
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && { ! grep -q s390x /proc/sys/kernel/osrelease; }; then

SMARTCARD_PACKAGES=( "pam_pkcs11"  "mozilla-nss"  "mozilla-nss-tools"  "pcsc-ccid"  "pcsc-lite"  "pcsc-tools"  "opensc")

for PKGNAME in "${SMARTCARD_PACKAGES[@]}"
do
    zypper install -y "$PKGNAME"
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Smart Card Certificate Authority Validation   [ref]

Configure the operating system to do certificate status checking for PKI authentication. Modify all of the cert_policy lines in /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf to include ca like so:
cert_policy = ca, ocsp_on, signature;
Rationale:
Using an authentication device, such as a CAC or token that is separate from the information system, ensures that even if the information system is compromised, that compromise will not affect credentials stored on the authentication device.

Multifactor solutions that require devices separate from information systems gaining access include, for example, hardware tokens providing time-based or challenge-response authenticators and smart cards such as the U.S. Government Personal Identity Verification card and the DoD Common Access Card.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_smartcard_configure_ca
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83272-5

References:  CCI-000185, CCI-001991, SRG-OS-000066-GPOS-00034, SRG-OS-000384-GPOS-00167, SLES-15-010170, SV-234817r854185_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Package facts
  package_facts: null
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ''
  tags:
  - CCE-83272-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010170
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_configure_ca

- name: Replace 'none' from cert_policy
  replace:
    path: /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf
    regexp: (^\s*cert_policy\s*=\s*)none\s*;(\s*$)
    replace: \g<1>ocsp_on,ca,signature;\g<2>
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '''pam_pkcs11'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83272-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010170
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_configure_ca

- name: Add 'ca' parameter for cert_policy in /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf
  replace:
    path: /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf
    regexp: (^\s*cert_policy\s*=\s*)(?!.*ca)(.*)
    replace: \g<1>ca,\g<2>
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '''pam_pkcs11'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83272-5
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010170
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_configure_ca

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

if rpm -qa pam_pkcs11; then
    if grep "^\s*cert_policy" /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf | grep -q "ca"; then
        sed -i "/^\s*#/! s/cert_policy.*/cert_policy = ca, ocsp_on, signature;/g" /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf
    fi
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Configure Smart Card Certificate Status Checking   [ref]

Configure the operating system to do certificate status checking for PKI authentication. Modify all of the cert_policy lines in /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf to include ocsp_on like so:
cert_policy = ca, ocsp_on, signature;
Rationale:
Using an authentication device, such as a CAC or token that is separate from the information system, ensures that even if the information system is compromised, that compromise will not affect credentials stored on the authentication device.

Multifactor solutions that require devices separate from information systems gaining access include, for example, hardware tokens providing time-based or challenge-response authenticators and smart cards such as the U.S. Government Personal Identity Verification card and the DoD Common Access Card.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_smartcard_configure_cert_checking
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-83293-1

References:  CCI-001948, CCI-001953, CCI-001954, SRG-OS-000375-GPOS-00160, SRG-OS-000376-GPOS-00161, SRG-OS-000377-GPOS-00162, SRG-OS-000384-GPOS-00167, SLES-15-010470, SV-234855r854201_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Package facts
  package_facts: null
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_architecture != "s390x"
  tags:
  - CCE-83293-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010470
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_configure_cert_checking

- name: Replace 'none' from cert_policy
  replace:
    path: /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf
    regexp: (^\s*cert_policy\s*=\s*)none\s*;(\s*$)
    replace: \g<1>ocsp_on,ca,signature;\g<2>
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_architecture != "s390x"
  - '''pam_pkcs11'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83293-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010470
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_configure_cert_checking

- name: Add 'ocsp_on' parameter for cert_policy in /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf
  replace:
    path: /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf
    regexp: (^\s*cert_policy\s*=\s*)(?!.*ocsp_on)(.*)
    replace: \g<1>ocsp_on,\g<2>
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - ansible_architecture != "s390x"
  - '''pam_pkcs11'' in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-83293-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-010470
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_configure_cert_checking

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && { ! grep -q s390x /proc/sys/kernel/osrelease; }; then

zypper install -y "pam_pkcs11"

if grep "^\s*cert_policy" /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf | grep -qv "ocsp_on"; then
	sed -i "/^\s*#/! s/cert_policy.*/cert_policy = ca, ocsp_on, signature;/g" /etc/pam_pkcs11/pam_pkcs11.conf
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Enable Smart Card Logins in PAM   [ref]

This requirement only applies to components where this is specific to the function of the device or has the concept of an organizational user (e.g., VPN, proxy capability). This does not apply to authentication for the purpose of configuring the device itself (management). Check that the pam_pkcs11.so option is configured in the etc/pam.d/common-auth file with the following command:
# grep pam_pkcs11.so /etc/pam.d/common-auth


auth sufficient pam_pkcs11.so
For general information about enabling smart card authentication, consult the documentation at:
Rationale:
Smart card login provides two-factor authentication stronger than that provided by a username and password combination. Smart cards leverage PKI (public key infrastructure) in order to provide and verify credentials. Using an authentication device, such as a CAC or token that is separate from the information system, ensures that even if the information system is compromised, that compromise will not affect credentials stored on the authentication device. Multifactor solutions that require devices separate from information systems gaining access include, for example, hardware tokens providing time-based or challenge-response authenticators and smart cards such as the U.S. Government Personal Identity Verification card and the DoD Common Access Card.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_smartcard_pam_enabled
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85556-9

References:  CCI-000765, CCI-000766, CCI-000767, CCI-000768, CCI-000187, CCI-001948, CCI-001953, CCI-001954, SRG-OS-000068-GPOS-00036, SRG-OS-000105-GPOS-00052, SRG-OS-000106-GPOS-00053, SRG-OS-000107-GPOS-00054, SRG-OS-000108-GPOS-00055, SRG-OS-000375-GPOS-00160, SRG-OS-000375-GPOS-00161, SRG-OS-000375-GPOS-00162, SLES-15-020030, SV-234869r854213_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85556-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020030
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_pam_enabled

- name: Enable Smart Card Logins in PAM - Gather List of Packages
  ansible.builtin.package_facts:
    manager: auto
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85556-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020030
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_pam_enabled

- name: Enable Smart Card Logins in PAM - Check to See if 'pam_pkcs11' Module Is Configured
    in '/etc/pam.d/common-auth'
  ansible.builtin.shell: grep -E '^\s*auth\s+\S+\s+pam_pkcs11\.so' /etc/pam.d/common-auth
    || true
  register: check_pam_pkcs11_module_result
  changed_when: false
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"pam_pkcs11" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85556-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020030
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_pam_enabled

- name: Enable Smart Card Logins in PAM - Configure 'pam_pkcs11' Module in '/etc/pam.d/common-auth'
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-auth
    line: auth sufficient pam_pkcs11.so
    insertafter: ^\s*#
    state: present
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"pam_pkcs11" in ansible_facts.packages'
  - '"pam_pkcs11.so" not in check_pam_pkcs11_module_result.stdout'
  tags:
  - CCE-85556-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020030
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_pam_enabled

- name: Enable Smart Card Logins in PAM - Ensure 'pam_pkcs11' Module Has sufficient
    Control Flag
  ansible.builtin.lineinfile:
    path: /etc/pam.d/common-auth
    regexp: ^(\s*auth\s+)\S+(\s+pam_pkcs11\.so.*)
    line: \g<1>sufficient\g<2>
    backrefs: true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"pam_pkcs11" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85556-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020030
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy
  - smartcard_pam_enabled

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

if [ -e "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" ] ; then
    valueRegex="" defaultValue=""
    # non-empty values need to be preceded by an equals sign
    [ -n "${valueRegex}" ] && valueRegex="=${valueRegex}"
    # add an equals sign to non-empty values
    [ -n "${defaultValue}" ] && defaultValue="=${defaultValue}"

    # fix 'type' if it's wrong
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*(?"'!'"auth\\s)[[:alnum:]]+\\s+[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_pkcs11.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*)[[:alnum:]]+(\\s+[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_pkcs11.so)/\\1auth\\2/" "/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
    fi

    # fix 'control' if it's wrong
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*auth\\s+(?"'!'"sufficient)[[:alnum:]]+\\s+pam_pkcs11.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*auth\\s+)[[:alnum:]]+(\\s+pam_pkcs11.so)/\\1sufficient\\2/" "/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
    fi

    # fix the value for 'option' if one exists but does not match 'valueRegex'
    if grep -q -P "^\\s*auth\\s+sufficient\\s+pam_pkcs11.so(\\s.+)?\\s+(?"'!'"${valueRegex}(\\s|\$))" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" ; then
        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*auth\\s+sufficient\\s+pam_pkcs11.so(\\s.+)?\\s)=[^[:space:]]*/\\1${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-auth"

    # add 'option=default' if option is not set
    elif grep -q -E "^\\s*auth\\s+sufficient\\s+pam_pkcs11.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" &&
            grep    -E "^\\s*auth\\s+sufficient\\s+pam_pkcs11.so" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" | grep -q -E -v "\\s(=|\\s|\$)" ; then

        sed --follow-symlinks -i -E -e "s/^(\\s*auth\\s+sufficient\\s+pam_pkcs11.so[^\\n]*)/\\1 ${defaultValue}/" "/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
    # add a new entry if none exists
    elif ! grep -q -P "^\\s*auth\\s+sufficient\\s+pam_pkcs11.so(\\s.+)?\\s+${valueRegex}(\\s|\$)" < "/etc/pam.d/common-auth" ; then
        echo "auth sufficient pam_pkcs11.so ${defaultValue}" >> "/etc/pam.d/common-auth"
    fi
else
    echo "/etc/pam.d/common-auth doesn't exist" >&2
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Ctrl-Alt-Del Burst Action   [ref]

By default, SystemD will reboot the system if the Ctrl-Alt-Del key sequence is pressed Ctrl-Alt-Delete more than 7 times in 2 seconds.

To configure the system to ignore the CtrlAltDelBurstAction setting, add or modify the following to /etc/systemd/system.conf:
CtrlAltDelBurstAction=none
Warning:  Disabling the Ctrl-Alt-Del key sequence in /etc/init/control-alt-delete.conf DOES NOT disable the Ctrl-Alt-Del key sequence if running in runlevel 6 (e.g. in GNOME, KDE, etc.)! The Ctrl-Alt-Del key sequence will only be disabled if running in the non-graphical runlevel 3.
Rationale:
A locally logged-in user who presses Ctrl-Alt-Del, when at the console, can reboot the system. If accidentally pressed, as could happen in the case of mixed OS environment, this can create the risk of short-term loss of availability of systems due to unintentional reboot.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_disable_ctrlaltdel_burstaction
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85665-8

References:  12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, APO01.06, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, 3.4.5, CCI-000366, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(7)(i), 164.308(a)(7)(ii)(A), 164.310(a)(1), 164.310(a)(2)(i), 164.310(a)(2)(ii), 164.310(a)(2)(iii), 164.310(b), 164.310(c), 164.310(d)(1), 164.310(d)(2)(iii), 4.3.3.7.3, SR 2.1, SR 5.2, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, CIP-003-8 R5.1.1, CIP-003-8 R5.3, CIP-004-6 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R2.1, CIP-007-3 R2.2, CIP-007-3 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.2, CM-6(b), CM-6.1(iv), PR.AC-4, PR.DS-5, FAU_GEN.1.2, SRG-OS-000324-GPOS-00125, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040062, SV-234990r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:disable
- name: Gather the package facts
  package_facts:
    manager: auto
  tags:
  - CCE-85665-8
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040062
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.5
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - disable_ctrlaltdel_burstaction
  - disable_strategy
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Disable Ctrl-Alt-Del Burst Action
  lineinfile:
    dest: /etc/systemd/system.conf
    state: present
    regexp: ^CtrlAltDelBurstAction
    line: CtrlAltDelBurstAction=none
    create: true
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - '"systemd" in ansible_facts.packages'
  tags:
  - CCE-85665-8
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040062
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.5
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - disable_ctrlaltdel_burstaction
  - disable_strategy
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ] && { rpm --quiet -q systemd; }; then

# Strip any search characters in the key arg so that the key can be replaced without
# adding any search characters to the config file.
stripped_key=$(sed 's/[\^=\$,;+]*//g' <<< "^CtrlAltDelBurstAction=")

# shellcheck disable=SC2059
printf -v formatted_output "%s=%s" "$stripped_key" "none"

# If the key exists, change it. Otherwise, add it to the config_file.
# We search for the key string followed by a word boundary (matched by \>),
# so if we search for 'setting', 'setting2' won't match.
if LC_ALL=C grep -q -m 1 -i -e "^CtrlAltDelBurstAction=\\>" "/etc/systemd/system.conf"; then
    escaped_formatted_output=$(sed -e 's|/|\\/|g' <<< "$formatted_output")
    LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks "s/^CtrlAltDelBurstAction=\\>.*/$escaped_formatted_output/gi" "/etc/systemd/system.conf"
else
    if [[ -s "/etc/systemd/system.conf" ]] && [[ -n "$(tail -c 1 -- "/etc/systemd/system.conf" || true)" ]]; then
        LC_ALL=C sed -i --follow-symlinks '$a'\\ "/etc/systemd/system.conf"
    fi
    cce="CCE-85665-8"
    printf '# Per %s: Set %s in %s\n' "${cce}" "${formatted_output}" "/etc/systemd/system.conf" >> "/etc/systemd/system.conf"
    printf '%s\n' "$formatted_output" >> "/etc/systemd/system.conf"
fi

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Disable Ctrl-Alt-Del Reboot Activation   [ref]

By default, SystemD will reboot the system if the Ctrl-Alt-Del key sequence is pressed.

To configure the system to ignore the Ctrl-Alt-Del key sequence from the command line instead of rebooting the system, do either of the following:
ln -sf /dev/null /etc/systemd/system/ctrl-alt-del.target
or
systemctl mask ctrl-alt-del.target


Do not simply delete the /usr/lib/systemd/system/ctrl-alt-del.service file, as this file may be restored during future system updates.
Rationale:
A locally logged-in user who presses Ctrl-Alt-Del, when at the console, can reboot the system. If accidentally pressed, as could happen in the case of mixed OS environment, this can create the risk of short-term loss of availability of systems due to unintentional reboot.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_disable_ctrlaltdel_reboot
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85625-2

References:  12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, APO01.06, DSS05.04, DSS05.07, DSS06.02, 3.4.5, CCI-000366, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(7)(i), 164.308(a)(7)(ii)(A), 164.310(a)(1), 164.310(a)(2)(i), 164.310(a)(2)(ii), 164.310(a)(2)(iii), 164.310(b), 164.310(c), 164.310(d)(1), 164.310(d)(2)(iii), 4.3.3.7.3, SR 2.1, SR 5.2, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, CIP-003-8 R5.1.1, CIP-003-8 R5.3, CIP-004-6 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R2.1, CIP-007-3 R2.2, CIP-007-3 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.2, CM-6(a), AC-6(1), PR.AC-4, PR.DS-5, FAU_GEN.1.2, SRG-OS-000324-GPOS-00125, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-040060, SV-234988r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:disable
- name: Disable Ctrl-Alt-Del Reboot Activation
  systemd:
    name: ctrl-alt-del.target
    force: true
    masked: true
    state: stopped
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85625-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-040060
  - NIST-800-171-3.4.5
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6(1)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - disable_ctrlaltdel_reboot
  - disable_strategy
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

systemctl disable --now ctrl-alt-del.target
systemctl mask --now ctrl-alt-del.target

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Protect Accounts by Restricting Password-Based Login   Group contains 4 groups and 13 rules
[ref]   Conventionally, Unix shell accounts are accessed by providing a username and password to a login program, which tests these values for correctness using the /etc/passwd and /etc/shadow files. Password-based login is vulnerable to guessing of weak passwords, and to sniffing and man-in-the-middle attacks against passwords entered over a network or at an insecure console. Therefore, mechanisms for accessing accounts by entering usernames and passwords should be restricted to those which are operationally necessary.
Group   Set Account Expiration Parameters   Group contains 3 rules
Group   Set Password Expiration Parameters   Group contains 3 rules
[ref]   The file /etc/login.defs controls several password-related settings. Programs such as passwd, su, and login consult /etc/login.defs to determine behavior with regard to password aging, expiration warnings, and length. See the man page login.defs(5) for more information.

Users should be forced to change their passwords, in order to decrease the utility of compromised passwords. However, the need to change passwords often should be balanced against the risk that users will reuse or write down passwords if forced to change them too often. Forcing password changes every 90-360 days, depending on the environment, is recommended. Set the appropriate value as PASS_MAX_DAYS and apply it to existing accounts with the -M flag.

The PASS_MIN_DAYS (-m) setting prevents password changes for 7 days after the first change, to discourage password cycling. If you use this setting, train users to contact an administrator for an emergency password change in case a new password becomes compromised. The PASS_WARN_AGE (-W) setting gives users 7 days of warnings at login time that their passwords are about to expire.

For example, for each existing human user USER, expiration parameters could be adjusted to a 180 day maximum password age, 7 day minimum password age, and 7 day warning period with the following command:
$ sudo chage -M 180 -m 7 -W 7 USER

Rule   Set Existing Passwords Maximum Age   [ref]

Configure non-compliant accounts to enforce a 60-day maximum password lifetime restriction by running the following command:
$ sudo chage -M 60 USER
Rationale:
Any password, no matter how complex, can eventually be cracked. Therefore, passwords need to be changed periodically. If the operating system does not limit the lifetime of passwords and force users to change their passwords, there is the risk that the operating system passwords could be compromised.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_set_max_life_existing
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85571-8

References:  CCI-000199, IA-5(f), IA-5(1)(d), CM-6(a), SRG-OS-000076-GPOS-00044, SLES-15-020230, 5.4.1.2, SV-234892r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_maximum_age_login_defs # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_maximum_age_login_defs: !!str 60
  tags:
    - always

- name: Collect users with not correct maximum time period between password changes
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: awk -F':' '(/^[^:]+:[^!*]/ && ($5 > {{ var_accounts_maximum_age_login_defs
      }} || $5 == "")) {print $1}' /etc/shadow
  register: user_names
  tags:
  - CCE-85571-8
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020230
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(d)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(f)
  - accounts_password_set_max_life_existing
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Change the maximum time period between password changes
  ansible.builtin.command:
    cmd: passwd -q -x {{ var_accounts_maximum_age_login_defs }} {{ item }}
  with_items: '{{ user_names.stdout_lines }}'
  when: user_names.stdout_lines | length > 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85571-8
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020230
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(d)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(f)
  - accounts_password_set_max_life_existing
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

var_accounts_maximum_age_login_defs='60'


while IFS= read -r i; do
    
    passwd -q -x $var_accounts_maximum_age_login_defs $i

done <   <(awk -v var="$var_accounts_maximum_age_login_defs" -F: '(/^[^:]+:[^!*]/ && ($5 > var || $5 == "")) {print $1}' /etc/shadow)

Rule   Set Existing Passwords Minimum Age   [ref]

Configure non-compliant accounts to enforce a 24 hours/1 day minimum password lifetime by running the following command:
$ sudo chage -m 1 USER
Rationale:
Enforcing a minimum password lifetime helps to prevent repeated password changes to defeat the password reuse or history enforcement requirement. If users are allowed to immediately and continually change their password, the password could be repeatedly changed in a short period of time to defeat the organization's policy regarding password reuse.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_set_min_life_existing
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85710-2

References:  CCI-000198, IA-5(1).1(v), SRG-OS-000075-GPOS-00043, SLES-15-020210, 5.4.1.3, SV-234890r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_minimum_age_login_defs # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_minimum_age_login_defs: !!str 7
  tags:
    - always

- name: Collect users with not correct minimum time period between password changes
  command: |
    awk -F':' '(/^[^:]+:[^!*]/ && ($4 < {{ var_accounts_minimum_age_login_defs }} || $4 == "")) {print $1}' /etc/shadow
  register: user_names
  tags:
  - CCE-85710-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020210
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - accounts_password_set_min_life_existing
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Change the minimum time period between password changes
  command: |
    passwd -q -n {{ var_accounts_minimum_age_login_defs }} {{ item }}
  with_items: '{{ user_names.stdout_lines }}'
  when: user_names.stdout_lines | length > 0
  tags:
  - CCE-85710-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020210
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1).1(v)
  - accounts_password_set_min_life_existing
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

var_accounts_minimum_age_login_defs='7'


while IFS= read -r i; do
    
    passwd -q -n $var_accounts_minimum_age_login_defs $i

done <   <(awk -v var="$var_accounts_minimum_age_login_defs" -F: '(/^[^:]+:[^!*]/ && ($4 < var || $4 == "")) {print $1}' /etc/shadow)
Group   Verify Proper Storage and Existence of Password Hashes   Group contains 3 rules
[ref]   By default, password hashes for local accounts are stored in the second field (colon-separated) in /etc/shadow. This file should be readable only by processes running with root credentials, preventing users from casually accessing others' password hashes and attempting to crack them. However, it remains possible to misconfigure the system and store password hashes in world-readable files such as /etc/passwd, or to even store passwords themselves in plaintext on the system. Using system-provided tools for password change/creation should allow administrators to avoid such misconfiguration.

Rule   Verify All Account Password Hashes are Shadowed with SHA512   [ref]

Verify the operating system requires the shadow password suite configuration be set to encrypt interactive user passwords using a strong cryptographic hash. Check that the interactive user account passwords are using a strong password hash with the following command:
$ sudo cut -d: -f2 /etc/shadow
$6$kcOnRq/5$NUEYPuyL.wghQwWssXRcLRFiiru7f5JPV6GaJhNC2aK5F3PZpE/BCCtwrxRc/AInKMNX3CdMw11m9STiql12f/
Password hashes ! or * indicate inactive accounts not available for logon and are not evaluated. If any interactive user password hash does not begin with $6, this is a finding.
Rationale:
Passwords need to be protected at all times, and encryption is the standard method for protecting passwords. If passwords are not encrypted, they can be plainly read (i.e., clear text) and easily compromised.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_password_all_shadowed_sha512
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85566-8

References:  CCI-000196, CCI-000803, IA-5(1)(c), IA-5(1).1(v), IA-7, IA-7.1, SRG-OS-000073-GPOS-00041, SRG-OS-000120-GPOS-00061, SLES-15-020180, 5.4.1.1, SV-234887r877397_rule

Rule   Prevent Login to Accounts With Empty Password   [ref]

If an account is configured for password authentication but does not have an assigned password, it may be possible to log into the account without authentication. Remove any instances of the nullok in password authentication configurations in /etc/pam.d/ to prevent logins with empty passwords.
Warning:  If the system relies on authselect tool to manage PAM settings, the remediation will also use authselect tool. However, if any manual modification was made in PAM files, the authselect integrity check will fail and the remediation will be aborted in order to preserve intentional changes. In this case, an informative message will be shown in the remediation report. Note that this rule is not applicable for systems running within a container. Having user with empty password within a container is not considered a risk, because it should not be possible to directly login into a container anyway.
Rationale:
If an account has an empty password, anyone could log in and run commands with the privileges of that account. Accounts with empty passwords should never be used in operational environments.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_no_empty_passwords
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85576-7

References:  1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, 5.5.2, APO01.06, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.02, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, 3.1.1, 3.1.5, CCI-000366, 164.308(a)(1)(ii)(B), 164.308(a)(7)(i), 164.308(a)(7)(ii)(A), 164.310(a)(1), 164.310(a)(2)(i), 164.310(a)(2)(ii), 164.310(a)(2)(iii), 164.310(b), 164.310(c), 164.310(d)(1), 164.310(d)(2)(iii), 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 5.2, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.18.1.4, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, IA-5(1)(a), IA-5(c), CM-6(a), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.DS-5, FIA_UAU.1, Req-8.2.3, 8.3.6, 8.3.9, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-020300, SV-234898r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
- name: Find files in /etc/pam.d/ with password auth
  find:
    paths: /etc/pam.d
    contains: .*pam_unix\.so.*nullok.*
    recurse: true
  register: find_pam_conf_files_result
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85576-7
  - CJIS-5.5.2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020300
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.9
  - configure_strategy
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_empty_passwords
  - no_reboot_needed

- name: Prevent Log In to Accounts with Empty Password
  replace:
    dest: '{{ item.path }}'
    regexp: nullok
  with_items: '{{ find_pam_conf_files_result.files }}'
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-85576-7
  - CJIS-5.5.2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020300
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(1)(a)
  - NIST-800-53-IA-5(c)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.2.3
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.6
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.3.9
  - configure_strategy
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - no_empty_passwords
  - no_reboot_needed

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:configure
# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

PAM_PATH="/etc/pam.d/"
NULLOK_FILES=$(grep -rl ".*pam_unix\\.so.*nullok.*" ${PAM_PATH})
for FILE in ${NULLOK_FILES}; do
   sed --follow-symlinks -i 's/\<nullok\>//g' ${FILE}
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi

Rule   Ensure There Are No Accounts With Blank or Null Passwords   [ref]

Check the "/etc/shadow" file for blank passwords with the following command:
$ sudo awk -F: '!$2 {print $1}' /etc/shadow
If the command returns any results, this is a finding. Configure all accounts on the system to have a password or lock the account with the following commands: Perform a password reset:
$ sudo passwd [username]
Lock an account:
$ sudo passwd -l [username]
Warning:  Note that this rule is not applicable for systems running within a container. Having user with empty password within a container is not considered a risk, because it should not be possible to directly login into a container anyway.
Rationale:
If an account has an empty password, anyone could log in and run commands with the privileges of that account. Accounts with empty passwords should never be used in operational environments.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_no_empty_passwords_etc_shadow
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-91155-2

References:  CCI-000366, CM-6(b), CM-6.1(iv), SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-020181, SV-251725r809487_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Collect users with no password
  command: |
    awk -F: '!$2 {print $1}' /etc/shadow
  register: users_nopasswd
  when: ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  tags:
  - CCE-91155-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020181
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_empty_passwords_etc_shadow
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Lock users with no password
  command: |
    passwd -l {{ item }}
  with_items: '{{ users_nopasswd.stdout_lines }}'
  when:
  - ansible_virtualization_type not in ["docker", "lxc", "openvz", "podman", "container"]
  - users_nopasswd.stdout_lines | length > 0
  tags:
  - CCE-91155-2
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020181
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_empty_passwords_etc_shadow
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

# Remediation is applicable only in certain platforms
if [ ! -f /.dockerenv ] && [ ! -f /run/.containerenv ]; then

readarray -t users_with_empty_pass < <(sudo awk -F: '!$2 {print $1}' /etc/shadow)

for user_with_empty_pass in "${users_with_empty_pass[@]}"
do
    passwd -l $user_with_empty_pass
done

else
    >&2 echo 'Remediation is not applicable, nothing was done'
fi
Group   Restrict Root Logins   Group contains 2 rules
[ref]   Direct root logins should be allowed only for emergency use. In normal situations, the administrator should access the system via a unique unprivileged account, and then use su or sudo to execute privileged commands. Discouraging administrators from accessing the root account directly ensures an audit trail in organizations with multiple administrators. Locking down the channels through which root can connect directly also reduces opportunities for password-guessing against the root account. The login program uses the file /etc/securetty to determine which interfaces should allow root logins. The virtual devices /dev/console and /dev/tty* represent the system consoles (accessible via the Ctrl-Alt-F1 through Ctrl-Alt-F6 keyboard sequences on a default installation). The default securetty file also contains /dev/vc/*. These are likely to be deprecated in most environments, but may be retained for compatibility. Root should also be prohibited from connecting via network protocols. Other sections of this document include guidance describing how to prevent root from logging in via SSH.

Rule   Verify Only Root Has UID 0   [ref]

If any account other than root has a UID of 0, this misconfiguration should be investigated and the accounts other than root should be removed or have their UID changed.
If the account is associated with system commands or applications the UID should be changed to one greater than "0" but less than "1000." Otherwise assign a UID greater than "1000" that has not already been assigned.
Rationale:
An account has root authority if it has a UID of 0. Multiple accounts with a UID of 0 afford more opportunity for potential intruders to guess a password for a privileged account. Proper configuration of sudo is recommended to afford multiple system administrators access to root privileges in an accountable manner.
Severity: 
high
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_no_uid_except_zero
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85664-1

References:  1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, APO01.06, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS05.10, DSS06.02, DSS06.03, DSS06.10, 3.1.1, 3.1.5, CCI-000366, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.6.1, 4.3.3.6.2, 4.3.3.6.3, 4.3.3.6.4, 4.3.3.6.5, 4.3.3.6.6, 4.3.3.6.7, 4.3.3.6.8, 4.3.3.6.9, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.10, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 5.2, A.10.1.1, A.11.1.4, A.11.1.5, A.11.2.1, A.13.1.1, A.13.1.3, A.13.2.1, A.13.2.3, A.13.2.4, A.14.1.2, A.14.1.3, A.18.1.4, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.7.1.2, A.7.3.1, A.8.2.2, A.8.2.3, A.9.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, CIP-003-8 R5.1.1, CIP-003-8 R5.3, CIP-004-6 R2.2.3, CIP-004-6 R2.3, CIP-007-3 R5.1, CIP-007-3 R5.1.2, CIP-007-3 R5.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.1, CIP-007-3 R5.3.2, CIP-007-3 R5.3.3, CM-6(b), CM-6.1(iv), PR.AC-1, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7, PR.DS-5, Req-8.5, 8.2.2, 8.2.3, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-020100, 6.2.3, SV-234876r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Get all /etc/passwd file entries
  getent:
    database: passwd
    split: ':'
  tags:
  - CCE-85664-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.3
  - accounts_no_uid_except_zero
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Lock the password of the user accounts other than root with uid 0
  command: passwd -l {{ item.key }}
  loop: '{{ getent_passwd | dict2items | rejectattr(''key'', ''search'', ''root'')
    | list }}'
  when: item.value.1  == '0'
  tags:
  - CCE-85664-1
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020100
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.1
  - NIST-800-171-3.1.5
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - PCI-DSS-Req-8.5
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.2
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.2.3
  - accounts_no_uid_except_zero
  - high_severity
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

awk -F: '$3 == 0 && $1 != "root" { print $1 }' /etc/passwd | xargs --no-run-if-empty --max-lines=1 passwd -l

Rule   Ensure that System Accounts Do Not Run a Shell Upon Login   [ref]

Some accounts are not associated with a human user of the system, and exist to perform some administrative functions. Should an attacker be able to log into these accounts, they should not be granted access to a shell.

The login shell for each local account is stored in the last field of each line in /etc/passwd. System accounts are those user accounts with a user ID less than 1000. The user ID is stored in the third field. If any system account other than root has a login shell, disable it with the command:
$ sudo usermod -s /sbin/nologin account
Warning:  Do not perform the steps in this section on the root account. Doing so might cause the system to become inaccessible.
Rationale:
Ensuring shells are not given to system accounts upon login makes it more difficult for attackers to make use of system accounts.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_no_shelllogin_for_systemaccounts
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85672-4

References:  1, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 3, 5, 7, 8, DSS01.03, DSS03.05, DSS05.04, DSS05.05, DSS05.07, DSS06.03, CCI-000366, 4.3.3.2.2, 4.3.3.5.1, 4.3.3.5.2, 4.3.3.7.2, 4.3.3.7.3, 4.3.3.7.4, SR 1.1, SR 1.2, SR 1.3, SR 1.4, SR 1.5, SR 1.7, SR 1.8, SR 1.9, SR 2.1, SR 6.2, 1491, A.12.4.1, A.12.4.3, A.6.1.2, A.7.1.1, A.9.1.2, A.9.2.1, A.9.2.2, A.9.2.3, A.9.2.4, A.9.2.6, A.9.3.1, A.9.4.1, A.9.4.2, A.9.4.3, A.9.4.4, A.9.4.5, AC-6, CM-6(a), CM-6(b), CM-6.1(iv), DE.CM-1, DE.CM-3, PR.AC-1, PR.AC-4, PR.AC-6, 8.6.1, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-020091, 5.4.2, SV-234875r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: Ensure that System Accounts Do Not Run a Shell Upon Login - Get All Local
    Users From /etc/passwd
  ansible.builtin.getent:
    database: passwd
    split: ':'
  tags:
  - CCE-85672-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020091
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - no_shelllogin_for_systemaccounts
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure that System Accounts Do Not Run a Shell Upon Login - Create local_users
    Variable From getent_passwd Facts
  ansible.builtin.set_fact:
    local_users: '{{ ansible_facts.getent_passwd | dict2items }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-85672-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020091
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - no_shelllogin_for_systemaccounts
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Ensure that System Accounts Do Not Run a Shell Upon Login -  Disable Login
    Shell for System Accounts
  ansible.builtin.user:
    name: '{{ item.key }}'
    shell: /sbin/nologin
  loop: '{{ local_users }}'
  when:
  - item.key not in ['root']
  - item.value[1]|int < 1000
  - item.value[5] not in ['/sbin/shutdown', '/sbin/halt', '/bin/sync']
  tags:
  - CCE-85672-4
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020091
  - NIST-800-53-AC-6
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(a)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6(b)
  - NIST-800-53-CM-6.1(iv)
  - PCI-DSSv4-8.6.1
  - low_complexity
  - medium_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - no_shelllogin_for_systemaccounts
  - restrict_strategy

Complexity:low
Disruption:medium
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict

readarray -t systemaccounts < <(awk -F: '($3 < 1000 && $3 != root \
  && $7 != "\/sbin\/shutdown" && $7 != "\/sbin\/halt" && $7 != "\/bin\/sync") \
  { print $1 }' /etc/passwd)

for systemaccount in "${systemaccounts[@]}"; do
    usermod -s /sbin/nologin "$systemaccount"
done

Rule   Only Authorized Local User Accounts Exist on Operating System   [ref]

Enterprise Application tends to use the server or virtual machine exclusively. Besides the default operating system user, there should be only authorized local users required by the installed software groups and applications that exist on the operating system. The authorized user list can be customized in the refine value variable var_accounts_authorized_local_users_regex. OVAL regular expression is used for the user list. Configure the system so all accounts on the system are assigned to an active system, application, or user account. Remove accounts that do not support approved system activities or that allow for a normal user to perform administrative-level actions. To remove unauthorized system accounts, use the following command:
$ sudo userdel unauthorized_user
Rationale:
Accounts providing no operational purpose provide additional opportunities for system compromise. Unnecessary accounts include user accounts for individuals not requiring access to the system and application accounts for applications not installed on the system.
Severity: 
medium
Rule ID:xccdf_org.ssgproject.content_rule_accounts_authorized_local_users
Identifiers and References

Identifiers:  CCE-85561-9

References:  CCI-000366, SRG-OS-000480-GPOS-00227, SLES-15-020090, SV-234874r622137_rule


Complexity:low
Disruption:low
Reboot:false
Strategy:restrict
- name: XCCDF Value var_accounts_authorized_local_users_regex # promote to variable
  set_fact:
    var_accounts_authorized_local_users_regex: !!str ^(root|bin|daemon|adm|lp|sync|shutdown|halt|mail|operator|games|ftp|nobody|pegasus|systemd-bus-proxy|systemd-network|dbus|polkitd|abrt|unbound|tss|libstoragemgmt|rpc|colord|usbmuxd$|pcp|saslauth|geoclue|setroubleshoot|rtkit|chrony|qemu|radvd|rpcuser|nfsnobody|pulse|gdm|gnome-initial-setup|postfix|avahi|ntp|sshd|tcpdump|oprofile|uuidd|systemd-resolve|systemd-coredump|sssd|rngd|man|systemd-timesync|scard|hacluster|statd|at|dockremap|vnc|messagebus|nscd)$
  tags:
    - always

- name: Read /etc/shadow
  getent:
    database: shadow
  tags:
  - CCE-85561-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020090
  - accounts_authorized_local_users
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy

- name: Remove unauthorized accounts
  user:
    name: '{{ item.key }}'
    force: true
    state: absent
  when: item.key is not regex(var_accounts_authorized_local_users_regex)
  with_dict: '{{ getent_shadow }}'
  tags:
  - CCE-85561-9
  - DISA-STIG-SLES-15-020090
  - accounts_authorized_local_users
  - low_complexity
  - low_disruption
  - medium_severity
  - no_reboot_needed
  - restrict_strategy


var_accounts_authorized_local_users_regex='^(root|bin|daemon|adm|lp|sync|shutdown|halt|mail|operator|games|ftp|nobody|pegasus|systemd-bus-proxy|systemd-network|dbus|polkitd|abrt|unbound|tss|libstoragemgmt|rpc|colord|usbmuxd$|pcp|saslauth|geoclue|setroubleshoot|rtkit|chrony|qemu|radvd|rpcuser|nfsnobody|pulse|gdm|gnome-initial-setup|postfix|avahi|ntp|sshd|tcpdump|oprofile|uuidd|systemd-resolve|systemd-coredump|sssd|rngd|man|systemd-timesync|scard|hacluster|statd|at|dockremap|vnc|messagebus|nscd)$'


# never delete the root user
default_os_user="root"

# delete users that is in /etc/passwd but neither in default_os_user
# nor in var_accounts_authorized_local_users_regex
for username in $( sed 's/:.*//' /etc/passwd ) ; do
	if [[ ! "$username" =~ ($default_os_user|$var_accounts_authorized_local_users_regex) ]];
        then
		userdel $username ;
	fi
done
Group   Secure Session Configuration Files for Login Accounts   Group contains 1 group and 11 rules
[ref]   When a user logs into a Unix account, the system configures the user's session by reading a number of files. Many of these files are located in the user's home directory, and may have weak permissions as a result of user error or misconfiguration. If an attacker can modify or even read certain types of account configuration information, they can often gain full access to the affected user's account. Therefore, it is important to test and correct configuration file permissions for interactive accounts, particularly those of privileged users such as root or system administrators.
Group   Ensure that Users Have Sensible Umask Values   Group contains 1 rule
[ref]   The umask setting controls the default permissions for the creation of new files. With a default umask setting of 077, files and directories created by users will not be readable by any other user on the system. Users who wish to make specific files group- or world-readable can accomplish this by using the chmod command. Additionally, users can make all their files readable to their group by default by setting a umask of 027 in their shell configuration files. If default per-user groups exist (that is, if every user has a default group whose name is the same as that user's username and whose only member is the user), then it may even be safe for users to select a umask of 007, making it very easy to intentionally share files with groups of which the user is a member.